Bibliography of the current world literature This bibliography is compiled by geneticists and developmental biologists from the journals listed at the end of this publication. It is based on literature entered into our database between 1st August 1991 and 31st July 1992 (articles are generally added to the database about two and a half months after publication). In addition, the bibliography contains every paper annotated by reviewers; these references were obtained from a variety of bibliographic databases and published between the beginning of the review period and the time of going to press. The bibliography has been grouped into topics that relate to the reviews in this issue. • Papers considered by the reviewers to be of special interest. • • Papers considered by the reviewers to be of outstanding interest. The number in square brackets following a selected paper, e.g. [7], refers to its number in the annotated references of the corresponding review.

Contents Genomes and evolution Population genetics Retroposition and transposition Horizontal transfer SINEs and LINEs Molecular evolution in single copy sequence and multigene families Genome stability and evolution Position effect and related phenomena

947 952 954 955 955 963 965

Chromatin and chromosome structure, and genome mapping Mitochondrial DNA The chloroplast genome Polymerase, reverse transcriptase and virus evolution Population genetics of microbial organisms Selection, mutation, breeding and transgenics Exons and Introns Miscellaneous

967 972 974 976 978 982 984 984

Genomes and evolution Population genetics Related review: Population cytogenetics (pp 844--849)t; Biology and applications of human minisatellite loci (pp 850-856)tt; DNA fingerprinting in non-human populations (857-860) ABADJp, CAKHENAM, 8AM~S. S^UNDEP6ILDC,GLOVER DM, LODENAP, SEN'~SC, "I~'LEF6MITHC, VIIL~&~TE A: Dodeca Satellite - - A Conserved G + C-Rdeh S a t e ~ t e from the CenU'omeHc Heterochromatin of DrosophRa-Mel~nogaster. Proc Natl Acx,d Sci U S /! 1992, 89:4663-~667. ABADP, QUILESC, TARESS, PIOTIEC, CASTAGNONESERENOP, ABADONM, DALM&~SOA: Sequences Homologous to Tc(s) Transposable ~ l e m e n ~ o f CaenorhabcUtist~legans are Widely DisUdbuted ha the Phylum Nematoda. J Mol EvM 1991, 33:251-258. ADKINSRbi. HONEYCLrl"YRL Molecular Phylogeny o f the Superorder Archonta. Proc Naa Acxul Sci U S A 1991, 88:10317-10321. ALATALORV, HOGLUNDJ, LUNDBERG~ I ~ k ~ o g In the Black Grouse - - A Test of Made V ~ b i l l ~ [Le~er]. Nature 1991, 352:155. ALLARDMW, HON~'COTrRI2 Nucleotlde Sequence Variation In the Mltochondrlal 12S RRNA Gone and the Phylogeny of African Mole-Rats (Rodentla, Bathyergidae). Mol Biol Eta! 1992, 9:27--40. ANDERSON~ , ARNOLDJ, BALDWIN[ ~ , BECKENBACHAT, BROWNCJ, BRYANTSH, COYNEJA. HAt~HMANLG, HEED ~ , JEFFEIWDE, KLAC2KOLB, MOOREBC, PORTER JM, POWELLJIL PROUrT, SCHAEFFERSW, STEPHENS JC, TAYLORCE, TURNERME, WIUJ~L~GO, MOOREJA: Four Decades of Inversion Polymoeph~m In Drosoph~a-Pseudoob~ura. p r ~ Natl Acad Sci U S A 1991, 88:10367-10371. A~D~ C, LEVY& WALBOTV: Sm all Repeated Sequences and the Structure o f plant ~ U t o c h o n d r L ~ Gcnomes. Trends Genet 1992, 8:128-132. ANONYMOUS:Ancieot DNA: Stir Busy a~er Death - If not a Dinosaur, a ,Mammoth? Science 1991, 253:1354-1356. ARMOURJ&L, CRG6ERM, JEFFRE~"SAJ: Hu¢~an MIn~atellite &Uelcs Detectable Only a~er PCR AmpHficatinn. Genomics 1992, 12:116-124.

ARMOURJAL CROSIERM. JEFFR~3AJ: Human Mlnlsateifite • Alleles Detectable Only after PCR Amplification. Genomics 1992, 12:116-124. [64tt]. ASNASONE, L~Oh'nN RC: Perturbation-Reperturbation Test of Selection Vs Hitchhiking of The 2 Major ABeles of Esterase-5 In Drosophila. Pseudoobscura. Genetics 1991, 129:145-168. ASAKURAK, IWAGUCHISl, HO,~LAM, SUKMT, H[GASHIDE K, TANAKAK: EJec~rophoretic Karyotypes of Cll~dca~y Isolated Yeasts o f Candida-Albicans and Cd3labrat~ J Gen Microbio11991, 137:2531-2538. ASMUSSENb ~ SCHNABEL~ Comparative Effec~ o f pollen and Seed M~gcation on the Cylonuclear S~uc0ure of Phmt Populations. I. Matern~ Ctop~smic Inhe~tance. Genetics 1991, 128:639-654. A56UMG, FINKT, KLETrC, LENGLB, SCHANBACHERM, UHLS, WOHRG: A New Multisequence Family in Human. Genomic.~ 1991, 11:397-409. ATCHLEY~/R, FWCHX~M:G e n t Trees and the O d g i n s o f Inbred Strains of Mice. Science 1991, 254:554-558. AVARELLOP~ PEDICINIA. CAIULOA. ZUFFARDIO, FRACCAROM: Evidence for an Ancestral Alphold Domain on the Long Arm of Human Chromosome-2. Phtm Goner 1992, 89:247-249. BMAZSl, NEUWEILERJ, GUNNP, KIDDJ, KIDDKK, KUHLJ,LIU MJ: Human Population Genetic Studies Using Hypc~le Loci. I. Analysis o f Assamcse, AustraUan, Cambodian, Caucasian, Chinese and Me~meslan Populations. Genetics 1992, 131:191-198. BALDINI~ ARCHIDIACONON, CARBONER, BO~NO~ SHRIDHAR V, MILLEROJ, MILLERDA, WARDDC, ROCCH[M: Isolation and Comparative Mapping of a Human Chromosome 20-Specific Mpha-Satelllte DNA Clone. Cytogene! Cell Genet 1992, 59:12-16. BALUNGERSW, SCHUP.~TG, TORRON~A. GANYY, HODGEJA, K, CHENKH, WALLACEDC: Southeast Asian MJtochondr~d DNA &n~lysis Revea~ Genetic C o n t i n u l w o f Ancient Mongoloid M~grations. Genetics 1992, 130:139-152. BANFIELDDK, ~L~CGIK~RAyRT~ Patti ~1 Characterhxation o f Vertebrate Prothrombin CDNAS - AmpKfication and Sequence A n ~ y s ~ of the C h i n o f Thrombhn from Nine Different Species. proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:2779-2783. BANKRA. HETTEMAEH, MUIJSM~ PALSG, ARWERTF, BOOb~Sm DI, PRONKJC: Var~tion In G~ne Copy Number and P o l y m o r p h ~ m o f the Human

(~) Current Biology Ltd ISSN 0959-437X

Salivary Amylase Isoenzyme System in Caucasians. Hum Genet 1992, 89:213-222. BARTONNH. ROUHAhqS: The Probability o f FLxation o f e e a New Karyotype tn a Continuous Population. Evolution 1991, 45:499-517. [42t]. BgSGOZN. QM)pa l, Nm^R~O D, SEAKSA. LEt'~qETTEE. YOUNGBLOMJ, PEREIRAL The Amino Terminus o f Humall Cytomegalovtrus Gly¢oproteln-B Contains Epltopes that Vary Among S / . J Gen i'iro/1992, 73:983-988. BA'rZERM, GUDIV/L MENAJC, FOr2 DW, HERRERARJ, DEININGERpl. Amplification Dynamics of Human Specific (HS) AIU Family Members. Nudeic Acids R~ 1991, 19:3619-3623. BALr~ENSS, VANOOS~IDT P, ENGLERG, VANMONWAGUhi: Distribution of the RDNA and Three CLasses of Highly Repetitive DNA In the Chromatin o f Interphase Nuclei of Arabldopsts-Thalhuza. Cbromosoma 1991, 101:41-48. BE/d.~TP, BOOTHRO~I)JC: Sequence Divergence Among Members of a Trypannsome Variant Surface Glycoprote In Gene Family. J Mol Bio11992, 225:973-983. BECK~NN JS, WEBER JL Survey of Human and Rat Mlcrosatellltes. Genomics 1992, 12:627-631. BEGUNDJ, AQUADROCF: Molecu~r Population Genetics o f the Dbt~l Portion of the X.Chromosome In Drosophila - - Evidence for Genetic Hitchhiking o f the Yeilow-Achaete Region. Genetics 1991. 129:1147-1158. BEUCHMP, MADRIGALJA. HILDEBRANDWH, ZEMMOUR J, WILIJ~LSRC, LUZR, PEVLL-ERLERMl~ PARH~t P: Unusu ~1 HLA-B Alleles In Two Tdbes o f B i a n Indinns [Leuer]. Nature 1992, 357:326-328. BELL~JL BUTUNRK, FERNSC, HE~qTr GM: Asymmetrical e e Homogamy and U n e q u ~ Sex Ratio from Reclpro¢~ Mating-order Crosses Between C~bo~ Parallelus Subspecies. J Hered 1992, 68:345-352. [31t]. BENACHENHOUN, BALDACC[G: The Gene for a H~op~d~c Glutamate Dehydrogenase - - Sequence, Transcription A n ~ y s ~ and PhylogeneOc Imp"cations. Mol Gen Genet 1991, 230:345-352. BERBEEML, TAYLORJ~¢: Two Aacomycete cb,,,~es Based o n Fruiting-Body Characters and ~ b o s o m ~ DNA Sequence. Mol Btol E~11992, 9:278-284. BEUTLERE, GELImRTT, KUHLW, SORGEJ, WESTC: Identification o f the Second Common Jewish Gaucher D~mase Mutation Makes



Genomes and evolution

Population genetics

Passible Population.based Screening for the Heterozygous State. proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1991. 8&10544-10547. BHATrACHARYAD. STICKELSK. SOGINMI= Molecular Phylogenetlc Analysis of Actin Ganic Regions from Achlya-Blsexualis (Oomycota) and Costarta-costata ( C h r o m o p h y t a ) . J Mol Et~11991. 33:525-536. BIDENNEC, BLONDINB, DEQUINS. VE~JNHETF: Analysis o f the Chromosomal DNA Polymorphism o f Wine Strains o f Saccharomyces-Cerevtsiae. C u r t Genet 1992, 22:1-7. BIJUDLWALC, EN~*NAI-A ' AH, DENNEBOIIYN. MONNEROTM. MIGNOTTEF. SORIGUERRC, EEG,~AIEDt~ EIJIIIJ A. MOUNOLOUJC: Mltochondrial DNA Evolotlon in Lagomorphs - - Origin o f Systematic H e t e r o p l a s m y a n d O r g a n i z a t i o n o f D i v e r s i t y in European Rabbits. J Mo/E~0/1991, 33:92-102. BISERCICM, FELq'PdERJY, RE:EVF~SPR: Nucleotlde Sequeoees of the Gnd Genes from Nine Natural Isolates of Eschcrichla-Coli - - Evidence o f Intragenlc Recombinatiou as a Contributing Factor in the Evolution of the Polymoephic Gnd Lo~us. J Ba¢terio11991, 173:~9`1-3900. BONACCORSlS. bOUlEPc Fine Mapping o f Satellite DNA Sequences Along the Y.Cliromosome of Drosophlla-Melanogaster - - Relationships Between Satellite Seqoences and Fertility Factors. Genetics 1991. 129:177,-189. BON'I~IROND. COLLINST. GRTL';CIIIKKH. V&NROYN, SPELEM,~'~ F: Flatelet-Derived Growth Factor a Chain Confirmation of Localizatloo of PDGFA to Chromosome-7p22 and Description of an Uousual MlnisateUIte. Genomics 1992, 13:257-263. BOW~L~NBH, TAYLORJ~/, BROX~LEEAG, IJ~EJ, I.u SD, WHnZ TJ: Molecular Evolution of the Fungi - - Relationship of the Rasidlomycetes, Ascomycetes, and Chytridlomycetes. Mol Biol E m l 1992. 9:28%296. BOYI.~AL WARDDC: Isolation a nd Initial Characterization of a Large Repeat Sequence Element Specific to Mouse Chromosome-& Genomics 1992, 12:517-525. BROOKF~RI.OJ: Law and Probabilities. Nature 1992, * 355:207-208. [5711]. BRO~X~JW. 1L~.S 1:%.jgMES BD, IlttN'r D& PACE NR: Phylogenetic Analysis aud Evolution of RNaseP RNA in Proteobacterta../Baclerio11991. 173:3855-3863 BRO~X~RP, TltORPEKS. llAEZM: Parallel Within Island Microevolutlon of Lizards on Neighbouriog Islands [Letted. Nature 1991, 352:60~1 BIIDOX~q.RB. CItAKRAI|ORTY R, GEIhW1PcM.ELSENBERGAJ. AIJ~N • RC: Analysis of the ~ Locus DIS80 by the PCR Followed by High-Resolution PAGE. Am J H u m Genet 1991, 48:137-144. [411*]. BIIIX)WLEB, GIIIbT"IPcM.WA'tq~JS. BAECIfYELF~, FOLIRIqF~" • Rbl,ADAXLSDE. PRF_~U:3"[A. DEAl)MAN HA, MO,~gONKI: Fixed-Bin Analysis for Statistical Evaluation of Continuous Distributions o f Allelic Data from VNTR Loci, for use in Forensic Comparisons. Am J H u m Genet 1991, 48:841-855. [50tt]. BIINGE S. WOLTEI¢.SJ, APEI.K: A Comparison o f Leaf T h lonin Sequeoces o f Barley Cultlvars and Wild Barley Species. ,Ih# Gen Genet 1992. 231:460-468. BURGEC. C~|I'BELL AM. KARUNS: Over - - a nd Unde r - - Representation o f Short Oligonucleotldes in DNA Sequences. proc N a t l A c a d S c i U S A 1992, 89:1358-1362. BL~FLINRK, RITCItlE MG. I'[E~TITGM: Comparisons m Amoog Morphological Characters and Between Localities in the ~ b o r t / ~ t n ~ P a r a l l e l u s Hybrid Zone (Orthoptera: Acridtdae). Pbilos Trans R Soc Lond/Biol/ 1991, 334:297-308 [41t]. CACCONEA. GI£ASONJM. POWEU.JR: Comple me nta r y DNA-DNA Hybridization in Drosophila. J Mol P.'t~31 1992, 34:130-140. CALXlBR, HONGTJ, FINDLEYSD. GELIIART"~M: Evidence for a Common Evolutionary O r i g i n o f Inverted Repeat Transposons in Drosophila and Plants - Hobo, Activator, and Tam3. Cell 1991, 66:465-472. C.~MMAR/uNOp, PALMP, CRETI P,, CECCAREI£1E, SANANGELAN'rONIAM, TEIONIO: Early Evolutionary Relationships Among Known Life Forms Inferred from Elongation Factor EF-2/EF-G Sequences - - Phylogenetlc Cohe r e nc e and Structure of the Kechaeal Domain. J Mol EI~11992, 54:396-405. CARUERM, ROUBERTOUXPL, PA.SWORETC: T h e YChromosome Effect on i n t e r m a l e Aggreaston in Mice Depends on the Maternal E n v i r o n m e n t . Genetl~ 1991, 129:231-236. CARRERAp, MART1NF.Z-BAI.BhS/viA,PORTUGALJ, AZORIN F: Identification of Sequeoce Elements Contributing to the Intrinsic Curvatore o f the Mouse Satellite DNA Repeat. Nudeic Acids Res 1991, 19:5639-5644.

CgSKEYCT, Pct~tm A. FU Y-H, FEN~qCK RG JR, NEt.SONDU 0 0 Triplet Mutations in Human Disease. Science 1992, 256:784-789. [65tt]. CHAKRAIR~RTYR, KJDDKK: The Utility of DNA Typing in I t • Forensic Work. Science 1991, 234:173%1739. [56~t]. CItEN ZQ, RFU/~ELRG, UN CC. HODGV.TrSRB: Sequence Conservation in Avian CRI - - An Interspersed Repetitive DNA Family Evolving Under Functinnal Coostralnts. prc¢ Nail Acad Sci U S A 1991.88:581-1-5818. CI|E$SER RK: Influence of Gene Flow and Breeding Tactics oo Gene Diversity Within Populations. Genetic.~" 1991, 129:573-583. CliO0 KHA. EARLEE, VL~SELB. KAl.n.xts P: A Chromosome14-Specific Human Satellite-HI DNA Subfamily that Shows Variable Presence on Different Chromosomes-14. A m J H u m Genet 1992, 50:706-716. CHOUDHARYM. COIq.THART MB, SINGH 17~:A Comprehensive Study of Genetic Variation in Natural P o p u l a t i o n s o f D r o s o p h i l a M e l a n o g a s t e r . 6. Patterns a n d Processes o f G e n e t i c D i v e r g e n c e Between D-melanogaster a n d Its Sibling Species, Drosophila-simulans. Gencqics 1992. 130:843-85,1. CHOUDFb~RYM, LAURIECC: US~ of in Vitro Mutagenesis to Analyze the Molecular Basis of the Difference in Adh Expressioo Associated with the Allozyme Polymorphism in Drosophlla-Melanogaster. Genetics 1991, 129:481-488. CIAVERIEJM: Identifying c o d i n g Exons by Similarity Search - - Alu-Derived a n d O t h e r Potentially Misleading Protein Sequences. Genomics 1992. 12:8.~¢-8-iI. COOK XXrB,WALKERJC: Identification of a Maize Nucleic Acid-Binding Protein (NBP) Belonging to a Family of Nuclear-Encoded Chloroplast Proteins. Nucleic A¢id~ Rt~ 1992, 20:359-364 COOLEYRN, CA'[XNCE: Variation in Electrophoretlc Karyotype B e | w e e • Strains o f SeptoriaN o d • r u m . Mol Gen Gene11991, 228:17-23 COh~E jA. AULM~DS, BERRYPc Lack of U n d e r d o m l n a n c e u in a Naturally Occuring Pericentric Iuversion in DrosoptMla M e t a n o g n s t e r a n d Its Implications for Chromosome Evolution. Genetics 1991. 129:791-802 [17']. CREASE"['J, IXNCII M: Ribosomal DNA Variation in Daphnla.Pulex. Mot Biol El~o11991, 8:620~i0. CRF2kSXtq!U.N. HI!RRONP~. SAIINDERSVA. WEUJNGTONEMII: T h e Fate of Introduced Streptomycetes, Plasmld and Phage Populations tn a Dynamic Soil System. J Gen Microbio11992, 138:6~9X.'66. CROWJF: Centennial - - Haldane.J.B.S. - - 1892-1964. Genetic¢ 1¢)92, 1 3 0 : 1 ~ CRow JF: Schrodinger,Erwin a n d the Hornless Cattle Problem. Genetics 1992, 130:237-239. CROWHURSTRN, HAXXTItORNE BT. RIKKERINKEHA. TEMPLRION MD: Differentiation of Fusarlum-Solani F-Sp Cucurbltae Raced and Race-2 by Random Amplificatlou o f Polymorphtc DNA. Cure" Genet 1991, 20:391-396. DEGIORGIC. L~NAVEC. MUSCI hiD, SACCONEC: Mltochondrtal DNA In the Sea Urchin ArbaciaLlxula - - Evolutionary Inferences from Nucleotlde Sequence Analysis. ,11ol Biol El~d 1991. 8:51%529. DEGROUCHYJ, NICOLEA. COCItETC. SINETPM. CREAUGOLDBERGN: Increased SODI Enzymatic Activity and Gene Modifications in Orangutans - - Evolutionary Implications. I t u m Genet 1991, 87:567-570. DEKA R, CHAKKMIORTYR, FERRELLRE: A Population Genetic Study of Six VNTR LOCI in T h r e e Ethnically Defined Populations. Genomic.~ 1991, 11:83-92. DF_WFOMBEC. DOUGLASSE: Rublsco Spacer Sequence Divergence In th e Rhodophyte Alga GractlariaVerrucosa and Closely Related Species. Curt Genet 1991.19:39%398. DIAMONDJM: Population Genetics: A Way to World Knowledge. Nature 1991. 352:567. DIB,hRTOLOMEISShi. TARTOFKD. JACILSONFR: A Superfamily of DrosophiLa Satellhe Related (SR) DNA Repeats Restricted to the X C h r o m o s o m e Euchromatin. Nudeic Acids Res 1992.20:1113-1116. DIMICItELE L, pAYNWERKT. POWEtLSDPc Evidence of Lactate Dehydrogenase-B Allozyme Effects in th e Teleost, Funduins Heteroclltus. Science 1991, 253:898-899. DOI~RZ&~SKAM, SZUIO,IAK B: A Moderately Repeated DNA Sequence o f Wheat a n d Rye Genomes. Plant MOI Blot 1992, 18:603-fa05. DOEBt~' J, STECA: Genetic Analysis of the Morphological Differences Between Maize and Teosinte. Genetics 1991, 129:285-295. OOSHI P, KAUSHALS, BENYAJATIC, WU Cl: Molecular Analysis o f th e flesponder Satellite DNA In Drnsophila-Melanogaster - - DNA Bending,

N u c l e o s o m e S t r u c t u r e , a n d Rsp-flinding Proteins. Mo/Biol Et~11991.8:721-7-il. DOUGLgSSE. TUP~';ERS: Molecular Evidence for the Origin o f Plastlds from a Cyanobacterium-Llke Ancestor../,11ol El~311991. 33:267-273. DUNtlAM 1, LENGAUERC, CREMERT, FEATHEIZqTONET: Rapid Generation o f Chromosome-Specific Alphold DNA Probes Using t h e Polymerase Chain Reaction. I l u m Genet 1992, 88:457-462. D'~'t'ER KG. LALONI)EBA. NASRAIJAHJB, N&SRAIJ.MI hiE: Structure and Expression o f AtS1, an Arabldopsis-Thallana Gene Homologous to the S-Locus Related Genes of Brnsslca. Mo/Gen Genet 1992. 231:4,12-448. EDWARDSA, Cg~q3~lJ-OA. I bLMMONDHA. CA.SKE.YCT: DNA o n Typing and Genetic Mapping with T r i m e r i c and T e t r a m e r i c Tandem Repeats. :lm J Hltm Genet 1991.49:746-756. [4311]. EDWARDSA, H&MMONDHA, JIN L C&SKEYCT. CIIAKKM~ORTY R: Genetic Variation at Five T r i m e r i c and T e t r a m e r i c Tandem Repeat Loci In Four Human Population Groups. Genomics 1992, 12:2,11-253. ELADttAMIW, ROBERq~I. VICKERYA. INGUSB, GIBikSA, STI-_XV?,RTPR: Epldemlologlcal Analysis o f a Met h Icllltn-Resistant Staphylococc us-Aoreus Ootbreak Using Restriction Fragment Leugth Polymorphlsms of Genomic DNA. J Gen Microbiol 1991, 137:2713-2720. EPPLENJT: DNA-Flngerprintlng - - A Short Note On Mutation Rates - - Reply [Letter[. H u m Genet 1991. 87:633. FARRCJ. CK'K)DFEUDWPN: DNA Fingerprinting: New Variations on the Theme. Nature 1991, 354:184. FEDYKS, CHETNICKI W, BA~NAST.EKPC Genetic • Differentiation o f Polish Populations of S o r e x A r a n e t ~ L. Ill. I n t e r c h r u m o s o m a l Recombinatiou in a Hybrid Zone. Et~31ution 1991, 45:I384-1392. [261]. FIELI)SCA* GKADYDL MO~'ZISRK: The Human THE. LTR(O) and MSUI Interspersed Repeats are Sublamlltes of a Single Widely Distributed Highly Variable Repeat Family. G e n o m i ~ 1992, 13:431-436. FIORE3q3G, DF~GIOI~Tla M, MgV.2bMNGEIJDF. LACERRAG. SC.MIALIJDA, DEBONISC, PAGAN• L GUARINOE, DEROSA I~ SALVAI"IF, CARF_STIAC: Origin Heterogeneity of Hb Lepore-Boston Gene in Italy. A m . / H u m Genet 1992, 50:781-786. FITCH DHA, BAIleY\X.q.TAGIE DA, GOOD.~L~'JM, SIEU L SUGIffOMJU Duplication o f the Gamma Globln Gene Mediated by LI Long Interspersed Repetitive Elements in an Early Ancestor of Simian Primates. proc Nail/1cad Sci U S :1 1991, 88:7396-7400. I:ORBt~SKJ, BRUCEKD, JORDENSJZ. I~ALLA. PENNINGTONT[I: Rapid Methods in Bacterial DNA Fingerprinting. J Gen MicroGio11991, 137:2051-2058. FORNAGEM. CHAN l~ SIF~-I"G, BOERk~qNKLEE: Allele Frequeucy Distributinn of the ( T G ) n ( A G ) m MIcrosatelllte in the Apoilpoproteln C-II Gene. Genomic.s 1992, 12:63-68. FRANKSPC Models of Plant-Pathogen Coevolution. Trend~ Genet 1992, 8:213-219 FRIED,~b~N~rE: Evidence of a Pre-Angiosperm Origin of Endosperm - - Implications for the Evolution of Flowering Plants. Science 1992, 255:336-339. GALIU U, SW&'JSONK: Gane Sequences Soggest Inactivation o f Alpha 1,3 Galactosyhransferase in Catarrhines after t h e Divergence of Apes from Monkeys. proc N a a A ~ l d Sci U S A 1991, 88:7401-740q. GIL~SAINA, GALIDRC, FP.~NCHIN1G: LOW Degree of Human T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Virus Type.I Genetic Drift Invtvo as a Means of Monitoring Viral Transmlssinn and Movement of Ancient Human Populations. J Viro11992, 66:2288-2295. GIBBO~S PC Chimps - - More Diverse Than a Barrel of Monkeys. Science 1992, 253:287-288. GIBBS HL, BOAGPT. WHITEBN, WF.ATHERHF~d)PJ, TMiAK12,1: Detection of a H y p e r s a d a b l e DNA Locus in Birds by Hybridization w i t h a Mouse MHC Probe. Mol Biol Et~t 1991, 8:,i33-446. GIBSONJB, WILICSAV, AGROllSPc Molecular Relationships Between Alcohol Dehydrogenase NuU-Activlty Alleles from Natural Populations of Drosophilamelanogaster. Mol Biol El~o11992, 9:250-260. GILBERT DM, I-IEm',IANDEZR, COHEN SN: Mouse Genomlc DNA Seqoences Homologous to Sea Urchin TU E l e m e n t s a r e G e n e t i c a l l y Stable P o l y d t s p e r s e d Repeats useful for Analysis of Multiple RFLPs. GeT:omits 1992, 12:357-362. GIMELFARBPc Pleiotropy a n d Multllocos Polymorphisms. Genetics 1992. 130:223-227. GINTZINGERDG, SHRIDHARV, BAIDINI A, TAGGARTRT, MILLER OJ, SMITHDI: T h e Hu m a n Loci DNF15S2 and D3S94 have a High Degree of Sequence Similarity to Acyl-Peptide Hydrolase a n d are Located at 3p21.3. A m J H u m Gene11992, 50:826-833.

Genomes and evolution Population genetics GJETVAJB. COOK DI, ZOUrOSE: Repeated Sequences and Large.Scale Size Variation of Mltochondrlal DNA - - A Common Feature Among Scallops (Blvalvia, Pectlnidae). Mol Biol E*.~o11992, 9:1t~o-124. GNIADKOV?3KIM, FIEVrJ, BORSUKP, HOFFMANZACHARSKAD, STEPIENPP, BAgl~IKE: Structure a nd Evolution of 5S RRNA Genes and Pseadogenes In the Genus A~pergillus. J Mol Et~o1199], 33:175-178. GR~DY DL RA11JFFRL ROm,'~oN DL MCCANUESEC, ME3~qE J, MOY'/JSRK: Highly Conserved Repetitive DNA Sequences are Present at Human Centromeces. Prec Natl Acad Sct U S A 1992, 89:1695-1699. GRAYIC, JEFt'P.E~ AJ: Evolationary Transience of • Hypervarlable Minisatellites in Man and the Primates. Proc R Soc Lurid [Biol] 199l, 243:241-253. [66tt I. GREEN KY. SARASINIA~QIANY, GERNAG: GeOCtiC Variation in Rotavtros Serotype-4 Subtypes. Virology 1992, 188:362-368. GREENWOODSJ, .¢~DGINML LYNNDH: Phylogenetic Relatinnships Within the Class Ollgohymenophorca, Phylum Cifiophora, Inferred from the Complete Small Subunlt RRNA Gene Sequences of Colpldlum-Campylum,


and Opisthonecta-Henneguyl. J Mol Et ~11991, 33:163-174. GREIGGM, PAKIKHS, GEORGEJ, POX~ERSVE, WIUARDHF: Molecular Cytogenetics of Alpha-Satellite DNA from Chromnsome-12 - - Fluorescence insltu Hybridization and Description of DNA a nd Array Length Polymorphisms. O,togenet Cell Gc,~tel 1991, 56:144-148. GREIG GM, WIUaRDHF: beta-Satellite DNA - Characterization and Localization of Two Subfamilies from the Distal and Proximal Short Arms o f the Human Acrocentric Chromosomes. Genontic~ ]992, 12:573-580. GRENFEU.BT, PRICEOF, AIJIONSD, CLLFIffON-BROCK"Ill: Overcompensatlon and Population Cycles in an Ungulate [Lettec]. Nature 1992, 355:823-826. GRETAESDOVHRS, A~'q~SON U: Evolution o f the Common Cetacean Highly Repetitive DNA Component a nd the Systematic Position of Oreaella-Brevirostris. J Mol 1,'.~11992, 34:201-208. GRIPPING B, SCIIOLLILL Qualitative and Quantitative Genetic Studies of Arahldopsis.Thallana. Genetic.~ 1991, 129:605-609. GROETEESFR, SHAWDD: Association Between • Latitudinal Variation for Embryonic Development Time and Chromosome Structure in the Grasshopper C a l e d l a c a p | i r a ( O r t h o p t e r a : Acrtdldse). I:~olution |992, 46:2,15-257. [30t]. GUREVITCHJ: Sources of Varlatloo In Leaf Shape Amoog 2 Populations of Achlliea-Lanulosa. Genetic~ 1992, 130:385-394. GuIm.ER V, WILSONVA. MAYALLBC: Classification of Medically Important Clostridia Using Restriction Endonuclease Site Differences of PCR-Amplified 16S-rDNA. J Gen Microbio11991, 137:2673-2679. HAACKH, HODGKINJ: Tests for Parental I m p r i n t i n g in the Nematode Caeoorhabditis-elegans. Mot Gen Genet 199|, 228:.182-485. HAGELBERGE. GRAYIC, JEPFRL~'SAJ: Identification of the • • Skeletal Remains of a Murder Victim by DNA Analysis. Nature 199|, 332:427-429. [44H]. HALELR. SINGHP~: A Comprehensive Study of Geoic Variation in Natural Populations of DrosophilaMelanogaster. 4. MItochondrial DNA Variation and the Role of History Vs Selection in the Genetic Structure of Geographic Populations. GenetiCs 1991, 129:103-117. H~,W~D T, STALKERT, LARUE E, KOCHERTG: Use o f SingleP r i m e r DNA Amplifications in Genetic Studies of Peanut (Arachls-Hypogaea L). Plant Mol Biol |992, 18:3l 5-325. HAMILTONMJ. HUNGG, WICHMAN~L~ I n t r a g e o o m i c Movement and Concerted Evolution o f Satellite DNA In Peromyscus - - Evidence from Iusltu Hybridization. Cytogenet Cell Genet 1992, 60:40. HANtSCL. BEgnN TK:Juxtaposed Short Sequence Repeat Types and Haplotypes Near Exon-3 o f the Insulin Receptor Locus Among Mexican Americans. GenonnK~ 1992, 12:BA2~45, HA.STINGSIM: Germdine Selection -Population Geoetlc Aspects of the Sexual Asexual Life Cycle. Geneti~* 1991, 129:1167-] 176. HAYA.¢dhKAK, ISHIDAT, HORAIS: Heteropissmy a nd Polymorphlsm in the Major N o • c o d i n g Region of Mituchondrial DNA in Japanese Monkeys - Association with Tandemly Repeated Sequences. Mol BioI Evo11991, 8:399-415. HAZANJ, DUBAYC, PANKOWIAKMP, BECUWEN, WEISSENI~CH J: A Genetic Linkaga Map o f Human Chromos•me-20 Composed Entirely of Mlcrosatellite Markers. Gcmomics 1992, 12:183-189. HEDGESSB, BE~" Rl~ MAXSONLR: Phyiogenetic lie|at|unships a nd Biogeography o f Xantuslld

Elzards, Inferred from Mitochondrial DNA Sequences. Mol Biol Et~11991, 8:767-780. HEDGESSB, BOGARTJP, MAXSONLI~ Ancestry of Unisexual Salamanders [Letter]. Nature 1992, 356:708-709. HEDGESSB, MAXSONLP~ Pancreatic Polypeptlde a n d the Sister Group of Birds [Letter]. Mol Biol Eto11991, 8:888--891. HEtX;ES SB, MAXSONLR: 18S-rRNA Sequences and Amninte Phylogeny - - Reply to Marshall [Letter]. Mol Biol Et'o11992, 9:374-377. HEDRlCK P: Population Genetics: Shooting the RAPDs. Nature 1992. 355:679. HEDRlCK PW, WHFI*rAMTS, PARHAMP: Hetevozygosity at individual Amino Acid Sites - - Extremely High Levels for H L A - A a n d HI.A-B G e n e s . proc N a n Acxtd S¢i U S A 1991, 88:5897-5901. I-|ENDEK~DNST, PETESTD: Instability o f Simple Sequence DNA I • saccharomyces.Cerevislae. Mol Cell Bio11992, 12:2749--2757. I IEYJ: T h e Structure of Genealogies and the Distribution o f Fixed Dlffereuces Between DNA Sequence Samples from Natural Populations. Gc.neti~* 1991. 1 2 8 : 8 3 1 ~ 0 . HIGHTON R: Molecular Phylogeny of Plethodonine Salamanders and Hyltd Frogs - - Statistical Analysis o f Protein Comparisons. Mo/Biol Evo/ 1991, 8:79(~818. HILL AVS, AIJ.~OPPCEM, KX~qATKOX~3KID, TAYIDR"I'E, YAI"F.SSNR. ANbWEYNM, WIPd?L~JJ, BRE~.'~TERDR. MCMICIIAELAJ, MOI.3~EUXME, GREENWOODBM: Extensive Geoetlc Diversity in the HLA Class IH Region o f Africans, with a Focally Pr e d o m in a n t Allele, DRBI'I304. Pro6 Natl Acad M i U S A 1992, 89:2277-2281. I llLLISDM, BUI£JJ, WHf11~ME, BADGE'Vr MR, NIOUNEUXIJ: Experimental Phyingeoetics - - Generation of a Known Phylogeny. Scien6e 1992, 255:589-592. HOEIZELAS, HANCOCKJM, Do~q~RGA: Evolution o f the Cetacean Mitochondrtal D-Loop Region. ,tlol Biol E**M 1991, 8:475-493. HOIJxOCIIER H, TEMPLETONAR, DF.gALLER, JOHNS-|'ONJS: The Molecular T h r o u g h Ecological Genetics of Abnormal-Abdomen. 4. Components of Genetic Variation in a Natural Population o f Drosophila Mercatorum. Genetics 1992, 130:355-366. HOLMESEC: Dlffereot Rates of Substitution May Produce Different Phylogenies o f the Eutherian M a m m a L s . J Mol E~11991, 33:209-215. Houl~ D: Comparing Evolvablllty and Variability of Quantitative Traits. Genetic.* 1992, 130:195-2~i. I-ILI&'~GTHM, COYrlNGHAMRW, LEDBE1TERDH, ZOGIIBI l-r~': Genetic Mapping of 4 Dinucleotide Repeat Loci, DXS453, DXS458, DXS454, and DXS424, on the X-Chromosome Using Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction. Genomics 1992, 13:375-380. HIIGIIES FL I~'BICKI EP, VO,'O.~CHM~ MB: Genome Typing of Southern African Subgroup-I Gemlniviruses../ Gen |'iro11992, 73:1031-1(H0. HtJLLGA. I-bXLFORDNG, KREISM, SHEXCRYPI~ Isolation a n d Characterisatton o f Genes Encoding Rye Pr o la m ln s Containing a Highly Repetitive Sequeoce Motif. Plant Mol Bio11991, 17:111 l-] 115. FII3~-r GDD, HURSTLD, MAJERUSMEN: Evolutionary Genetics: Selfish Genes Move Sideways. Nature 1992, 356:659. I'[UI~STLD, POMIANKO~3KI A: Causes of Sex Ratio Bias May Account for Unisexual Sterility In Hybrids - - A New Explanation o f H a l d a n e ' s Rule a n d Related P h e n o m e n a . Geneticx 199l, 12.8:8-II-858. IlZUKAM, ~,LLSHIYAMAS, OSHIRIURAM, SEKIYAT, HAYASItlK: Cloning a n d Polymerase Chain Reaction SingleStrand Conformation Polymorphism Analysis o f Anonymous Alu Repeats on Chromos•me-11. Genomic-~ 1992, 12:139-146. IVEy DM, KRUL~,qCH "FA: Organization and Nucleottde Sequence of th e Atp Genes Eric•din 8 the ATP Synthese from Alkaliphllic Raclllus-firmns O1:4. Mol Gen Genet 1991, 229:292-300. [WATAH. CHUMAT, ROY P: Characterization o f the Genes Encodin 8 Two o f the Major Capsld Proteins o f Eplzootlc Elaemorrhagic Disease Virus Indicates a Close Genetic Relationship to Bluetongue Virus. J Gen Viro11992, 73:915-924. JAMESSH: I n b r e e d in g , Self-fertilization, Lethal • Genes and Genomlc Coalescence. J Hered 1992, 68:449-456. [43t]. JEFFRI~'S AJ, ALLENM, HAGELBERGE, SONNBERGA: • ldentlficattoo of th e Skeletal Remains of Josef Mengele by DNA Analysis. Forensic Sci In| 1992, ( in Press):. [45tt]. JEFFRI~S AJ, MACI2~ODA. TAMAKIK, NElLDL MONCIGON 0 • DG: Mlnlsatellite Repeat Coding ~ a Digital Approach to DNA Typing. Nature 1991, 354:204-209. |46tt]. JEFFREYSAJ, NEUMANNR. WILSON V: Repeat Unit Sequence • • Variatioo In Mlnisatellites: A Novel Source of DNA P o l y m o r p h i s m for Studying Variation a n d

Mutation by Single Molecule Analysis. Cell 1990, 60:473-485. [63tt]. JEFFREYSAJ, TUI~NERM, DEBENH&MP: Th e Efficiency * of Multilocus DNA Fin g e r p r in t Probes for Individualization and Establishment of Family Relationships, D e t e r m i n e d from Extensive Casework. A m J H u m Genet 1991, 48:824-840. [25't]. JENKINS D, PENNYMA. UCHIGATAY, JACOIk~KH, MIJOVlCCH, HIRATAY, •TAN1T, FLETCHERJ, BRADWEIJ.AR, BARNEII" AH: Investigation of th e Mode of I n h e r i t a n c e of Insulin-Dependent Diabetes-Mellltns in Japanese Subjects. A m J H u m Genet ISg)2, 50:1018-1021. JORGENSENAL LAURSENHB, JONES C, BAKAI2 Evolutinnarily Different Alphoid Repeat DNA on Homologous Chromosomes in Human arid Chimpanzee. proc Natl AcxJd Sci U S A 1992, 89:33 IO-3314. JLrBIEI~MAURINV, CUt~' G, LAURENIAM, PAQUEREAUL ROr/~ES G: A New 5' Sequence Associated with Mouse L1 Elements is Representative o f a Major Class of LI T e r m i n i . Mo/Biol Evo11992, KARl.SA, AVlSEJC: Balancing Selection at Allozyme Loci In Oysters - - lmplicatinns from Nuclear RFLPs. Science 1992, 256:100-102. KARl.SA~ BOWENBW, A~ISEJC: Global Population Genetic Structure and Male-Mediated Gene Flow in th e Green Turtle (Chelonia Mydas) - - RFLP Analyses o f Anonymous Nuclear Loci. Genelic¢ 1992, 131:163-173. K&~E, 17d~M~IUUK: Invlvo TopoisomeraSe-H Cleavage of the Drosophila Histune and Satellite-HI Repeats - - DNA Sequence a n d Structural Characteristics. /~llBOJ 1992, 11:703-716. I~XULR. TAO S, WENS|ANWM: Interspecles Structural Dlveralty Among Chlamydiai Genes Encoding Hlstone HI. Gene 1992, 112:129-132. KEI£EY_L QINGFIUAX: Extreme Sexual D l m o r p h i s m In a Mlocene H o m i n o i d [Letter]. Nature-1991, 352:151-152. KELLYR. GIBBS M, COUJCKA. JEFFREYSAJ: Spontaneous • Mutation at the Hypervarlable Mouse Mln "lsatellite Locas M$6-bra: Flanking DNA Sequence and Analysis of Germline and Early Somatic Mutation Events. Proc R $oc Lond [Biol] 1991, 245:235-245. [62tt]. KEMPENAERSB, VEEHEYENGR. VAN DEN BEOECKM, BURKE. T, VMNBROECKHOVENC, DHONDTA~ Extra-pair Paternity Results from Female Preference for HIgh-qaallty Males in the Blue Tit [Letter]. Nature 1992, 357:494--196. KhMURAM: Recent Development o f the Neutral Theory Viewed from the W ri g h t |a n Tradition of Theoretical Population Genetics. proc N a a . t . u / Sci U S A 1991, 88:5969-5973. KIPUNGD, ACKFORDHE, TAVLOSBA~ COOKE HJ: Mouse Minor Satellite DNA Genetically Maps to the C e n t r o m e r e and is Physically Linked to t h e Proximal T e l • m e r e . Genomic.~ 1991, 11:235-241. KIESCHJAW, DICKE.RM~'~AW, REIGOA. SPRINGERMS: DNA Hybridization Evidence for the Australian Affinity of th e American Marsupial Dromlcinps Australis. Proc Natl Acad Sci Ir S A 1991, 88:10465-10469. KOEHLERCM, LINDBERGGL, BROWNDR, BERg [X~, FREEhL~'~ AE, MAYFIELDJE, M~le; Abl: Replacement of Bovine Mitochondrtal DNA by a Sequence Variant Within Ooe Generation. GenetiCs 1991, 129:247-255. KOHLMANNB. SPL~WD: T h e Effect o f a Partial B a rri e r o • o e th e Movement of a Hybrid Zone. Et~olution 1991, 45:1606-1617. [29t]. KOMADAH, KUSAGAWAS, ORVELLC, TSURUDOMEM, NISHIO M, B~'~DO H, IG~W&'~OM. ~ISTSUMURAH, NORRBYE. IT• Y: Antigenic Diversity of Human Parainfluenza Virus Type-I Isolates a n d T h e i r Immunological Relationship w i t h Sendal Virus Revealed by Using Monocional Antibodies. J Gen Viro11992. 73:875-884. KORRI~NECJ, SCHAAFFGERffrENSCHIAGERI, ZIMMERbL~NN FK, PERECKOD, KUNTZELH: Nuclear Migratino in Saccharomyces-Cerevislae Is Controlled by the Highly Repetitive 313-kDA NUM1 Protein. Mo/ Gen Genet 1991. 230:277-787. R, KAD'fKL I.EINW,h'*DLA: Sequence Organization o f Variant Mouse 4.5 S-RNA Genes a n d Pseudogenes. Genomic.¢ 1992, 12:555-566, KRAWCZAKM, BOCKEL B: DNA.Fingerprinting - - A Short Note on Mutatioo Rates [Letter]. H u m Gene11991, 87:632. KRONE PH, SNOWA. AU A~ pA.~WEI~NAKJJ, HEIKKILAU: Comparison of Regulatory a n d Structural Regions of th e Xenopus-Laevis Small HeatShock Protein-Encoding Gene Family. Gene 1992, 110:159-166. KWIATKOWSKIDJ, HENSKEEP, WEt?mr K, OZEUUS l., GUSELLA JF, HAINESJ: Construction o f a GT P o l y m o r p h i s m Map o f H u ma n 9q. Gmlomics 1992, 12:229-240.



Genomes and evolution Population genetics LADUNGAI: Phylogenetic Continuum Indicates C'~laTIcs In the Protein Universe - - PrelimInary Results on the Natural Group Structures of Proteins. J ?40/Era/1992, 34:358-375. LAMBERTIB, NAPOUTANOP~ FUCHSREP: CarcinogenInduced Frameshlfl Mutagenesis in Repetitive Sequences. Proc Natl A c a d Sci U S A 1992, 89:1310-1314. I.~E iJ, WATERBURYPG, CARROLLWT, SMARDONAM, FAIDAgZ BD, PESHtCKSM, M~TE S, HUCKABYCS, Koum RE, HANLONDJ, ET At.: Variation in Genomlc Alu Repeat Density as a Basis for Rapid Construction o f Low Resolution Physical Maps o f Human Chromosomes. CZ~romosoma1992, 101:349-357. LAK~NA. KIRKI~LM,KIRKDI2 Molecular Phylogeny o f the Volvoclne Flagellates. Mol Biol Et.~11992, 9:85-105. I.ASKERBA, PAGEIS, LOT]-TJ, KOBAYASHIGS, MEDOFFG: Characterization o f CARE-I - - Candida-Albicans Repetitive Element-1. Gene 1991, 102:45-50. LAURIECC. BRIDGHAMJT, CHOUDHARYM: ASSOClatioos Between DNA Sequence Variation and Variation In Expression o f the Adh Gene in Natural Populations o f Drosophila-Melanogaster. Genetics 1991. 129.~189-499. LAWRENCEJG, OcH~.t~ H, HASTLDL Molecular and Evolutionary Relationships Among Enteric Bacteria. J Gtett Microbio11991, 137:1911-1921. LEEX/D,STAPLETONM, HUANG B: Genomic Structure o f Chlamydomonas Caltractin. Evidence for l n t r o n Insertion Sug~gests a Probable Genealogy for the EF-hand Superfamily o f Proteins. J Mo/Bio11991, 221:175-191. LESSAEP: Rapid Surveying o f DNA Sequence Variation In Natural Populations. Mot Biol En311992, 9'323-330. LEWONTINt~C:25 Years Ago In Genetics Elech'ophorcsis in the Development of Evolutionary Genetics -Milestone or Millstone. Genetics 1991. 128:657-662. LEXVON'I~NRC, HAR'rLD b Population Genetics In 0 0 Forensic DNA Typing. Science 1991, 254:1745-1750. [55"1. It N, HEDBERGNil:,CA1"FOUCORA: Chloropis~t DNA Heterogeneity In Monodus Sp (Eustiwalatophyta). Curr Genet 1991, 20:157-159. D WH, SADLERL& Low Nuelentlde Diversity In Man. Genetics 1991, 129:513-523. U X.M, YEN PH, SHAPIROLJ: Characterization of a Low Copy Repetitive Element $232 Involved in the Generation of Frequent Deletions o f the DIstal Short Arm of the Human X Chromosome. Nudeic Adds Res 1992, 20:1117-1122. UN CC, SASlR. F~'~YS, CHENZQ: New Evidence for Tandem Chromosome Fustons In the Karyotyplc Evolution of Asian MuntJacs. Chromo~oma 1991, 101:19-24 LIVO.'OtLTP, WILL~"MS: prOSpeCts for an Invaston - Competition Between Aedes-Alboplctns and Native Aedes-Trisertatns. Science 1991, 253:189-191. LOCKIF. PINF-~J, HUNWERT, GILBERTDJ, GOPAI~'qG, JENKINS NA. COPELANDNG, DONOVANPJ: A Single Cyclln-A Gene and Multiple Cyclln-B1-Related Sequences are Dispersed In the Mouse Genome. Genomics 1992, 13:415-424. LUCOTIEG ETA/.: North-west/south-east Gradient in AFs08 Frequency In Europe [Letter]. Lancet 1991, 338:882. LDKASHEV1CHIS: Generation of Reassortants Between African Arenaviruses. Viro/oKP1992, 18&600~05. MAC~UGHTONSJ, ROSEDA, ODONNEU-AG: PersIstence of a XylE Marker Gene In l~eudomonas-Putlda Introduced into Soils o f Differing Texture. J Gen Microbio11992, 138:667-673. MADISONJ, ARMK, SAK~iOTOY, FELDRE), KYLERA. WATKINS S, DAVISE, MATSUDA*lq, AMAKII, PUTNAM FW: Genetic Variants o f Serum Albumin in A m e r i c a n s and Japanese. pro~ Nail A c a d Sci U S A 1991, 88:9853-9857. MADSENLH, KREIBERGJD, GAUSINGK: A Small Gene Family In Barley Encodes R i b o s o m a l Proteins Homologous to Yeast YL17 and 1.22 from ArchaebacterLa, Eubacterla, and Chloroplasts. Curt Genet 1991, 19:417-422. MALCOLMS, CLVfION-SMITHJ, NICHOLSM, ROBBS, WEBBT, • ARMOUR JAL,JEFFREYSAJ, PEMBREYME: Unlparental Paternal lsodlsomy In Angelman's Syndrome. Lancet 1991, 337:694-697. [39ft]. MAIBOTRA& THORPE RS: Experimental Detection of Rapid Evolutionary Response in Natural Lizard Populations [Letter]. Nature 1991, 353:347. MARCONIRT, GARONCF: Phylogenetic Analysis o f the Genus Borrella - - A Comparison o f North American and European Isolates of BorrellaBurgdorferi. J Batter/o/1992, 174:241-244. MAREANYG, G O , ' ~ d . ~ m U ~ I~ The DrosophUasubobscura Adh Genomic Region Contains

Valuable Evolutionary Markers. Mol Biol Et~11992, 9:261-277. M~aAT D, VERGNAUDG: Detection o f Polymorphlc Loci in Complex Genomes with Synthetic Tandem Repeats. G e n o m i ~ 1992, 12:454-458. NL~SHALLCP~ Character Analysis and the Integration of Molecular and Morphological Data In an UnderstandIng o f Sand Dollar Phylogeny. Mo/ Bit! Et.~11992, 9:309-322 MARSHALl.CPc Substitution Bias, Weighted Parsimony, and Amulote Phylogeny as Inferred from 18SrRNA Sequences [Letter]. Mot Btol Ez~11992, 9:370-373. MARSHALLCR. SWIFTH: DNA-DNA Hybridizatinn Phylogeny o f Sand Dollars and Highly Reproducible Extent of Hybridization Values. J Mo/E~0/1992, 34:31-44. NIA~N FN: Characterization o f Circular Mltochondrtal Plasmlds in Three Pythlum Species. Curr Gene11991, 20:91-97. NIAR~NI~ Pulaeoanthropology: Teeth Sex and Species. Nature 1991, 352:11 l. MAKnN PG, DOWDJM: A Comparison of 18s Ribosomal RNA and RuBISCO Large Subunlt Sequences for StudyIng Angiosperm Phylogeny. J Mol Et~l 1991, 33:274-282. N~RTINC,~',IPO~JM, COMERONJM, MIY&SHITAN, AGUADE M: Intraspecttic and Interspecific Variation at the Y-ac-sc Reglou o f Drosophila Simulans and Drosophila Melanogaster. Genetics 1992, 130:805-816. MATSUTANIA, JANSSENR. DONISKELLERH, PE~IUTTN~ A Polymorphlc (CA)n Repeat Element Maps the Human Glucoldnase Gene (C,CK) to Chromosome-Tp. Genomics 1992, 12:319-325. NIERCERSJ, WALLACEBMN, SEARLEJB: Ma}e Common • Shrews (Sorex A r a n e u s ) w i t h Long Meiotic ~'h~!q Configurations can be Fertile: Implications for Chromosomal Models of Speclation. O,togenet Cell Genet 1992, 60:68-73.


MIHJGANBG: Chloroplast DNA Diversity Within and Among Populations of Trifolium.Pratense. Curt Genet 1991, 19:411-416. N|INDELLDP, DICKCW, BAKERRJ: Phylogenetic Relationships Among Megabats, Mlcrobats, and Primates. pro~ Natl A c a d Sci U S A 1991, 88:10322-10326. MIRAGUAL SEP~ERTS, IGELAH, ARESJR M: Limited Functional Evidence o f Phylogenetic Variation In Small Nudear RNA: Yeast U2 RNA with Altered BranchpoInt Complementarity Inhibits Splicing and Produces a Dominant Lethal Phenotype. proc Natl A c a d Sci U S A 1991, 88:7061-7065. MODI RI, C&S'RH~LH, PUSKASROZ.SAS, HELLINGRB, ADAM~ J: Genetic Changes Accompanying Increased Fitness In Evolving Populations of Escherichla Coll. Genetic~ 1992, 130:241-249. MONTCHAMPMOREAUC, FERVEURJF, JACQUESM: Geographic Dlstributioo and Inheritance of 3 Cytoplasmic Incompatibility Types In Drosopblla-Slmulans. Genetics 1991, 129:399-407. MOORESS, SARGEANTLL. KINGTJ, MATRCKJS, GEORGESM, HETLELDJS: The Conservation o f DInucleotide MlcrosateUltes Among Mammalian Genomes Allows the use o f Heterologous PCR Primer Pairs In Closely Related Species. Genomics 1991, 10:654-660. MORrI'LC: The Origin and Evolution o f Parthenogenesis In Heteronotla-Binoel (Gekkonldae) - - Evidence for Recent and Localized Ortglus o f Widespread Clones. Genetics 1991, 129:211-219. MOI~X. C: Evolutionary Dynamics of Mltochondrlal DNA Duplications In Parthenogenetic Geckos, Heteronotla-Binoei. Genetl~ 1991, 129:221-230. MORTONNE: Genetic Structure of Forensic Populations. Proc N a a A c a d Sci U S A 1992, 89:2556-2560. MORTON NE, MACPHERSONJN: Population Genetics o f the Fraglle-X Syndrome: Multlallelic Model for t h e FMR1 L o c u s . Proc Nail Acad SCi U S A 1992, 89:4215-4217. MUROY, MASUMOTOH, YODAK, NOZAKIN, OHtkSHI M, OKAZAKIT: Centromere Protein-B Assembles Human Centromeric Alpha-Satellite DNA at the 17-bp Sequence, CENP-B Box. J Cell Bio11992, 116:585-596. NANDAI, SHARTLM, FEICH~NGERW, EPPLENJT, SCHMIDM: Early Stages o f Sex Chromosome Differentiation In Fish as A n a l y ~ d by Simple Repetitive DNA Sequences. ~romosoma 1992, 101:301-310. NA31ONALRESEARCHCOUNCIL,COMMrl~t~ON DNA • TECHNOLOGYIN FORENSICSCIENCE(MCKL~ICKVA. CHAIRMAN):D N A T e c h n o l o g y i n F o r e n s i c S c l e n c ~ W a . a M n g t o n DC: N a t i o n a l A c a d e m y Press. 1992,


NAZARETS, COURNOYERB, NORMANDP, SIMONETP: Phylogenetic Relationships Among Fraulda Genomlc Species Determined by use o f Amplified 16S RDNA Sequences. J Bacterio11991, 173:4072-4078. NELL[.WE: Population Variation In the Ontogeny o f Predator-induced Vertical Migration of Copepods [Letter]. Nature 1992, 356:54-56. NELSONDL BALLKBIOA. VICTORIAMF, PIERETTIM, BtES RD, GIBBSRA. MALEYJA, CHINAULTAC, WEBSTER TD, CASKEYCT: Mu-Primed Polymerase Chain Reaction for Regional Assignment of 110 Yeast Artificial Chromosome Clones from the Human X.Chromosome - - Identification of Clones Associated with a Disease Locus. proc N a t l A c a d SCi U S A 1991, 88:6157-6161. NEU~tANNPE: Does Sex o f the Offspring Influence Transmission Ratio [Letter}. Genetics 1992, 130:685-686. NG LK, DILLONJAR: Molecular Fingerprinting o f Isolates o f the Genus Peptostreptococcus Using RRNA Genes from Escherichla-Cull and P. Anaerobins. J Gen Microbio11991, 137:1323-1331. NIGRO1~SOIJGNACM, SHARPPM: Mltochondrlal DNA Sequence Divergence In the Melanoguster and Oriental Species Subgroups o f Drosophila. J Mol Evo/1991, 33:156-162. NORDERH. HAMMASB, LOFDAliLS, COUROUCEAbl, MAGNIUS LO: Comparison o f the Amino Acid Sequences o f 9 Different Serotypes o f Hepatitis-B Surface Antigen and Genomlc Classification o f the CorrespondIng Hepatitis-B Virus Strains. J Gen Viro/1992, 73:1201-1208. NOIL~t.~KBB, MCCU,~.AR. HANSON RG: Pbylogenetic Relationships o f Neopteryglan Fishes, lnferred from Mitochondrlal DNA Sequences. Mol Biol EtW 1991, 8:819-834, OKAMOTOH, KURAIK, OKADASl, YAgL~IOTOK, LIZtIKA H, TANAKAT, FUKUDAS, TSUDAF, MISHIROS: FullLength Sequence of a Hepatltis-C Virus Genome Having Poor Homology to Reported Isolates - Comparative Study o f Four DistInct Genotypes. Virologo, 1992, 188:331-341. OKEEFE RT, HENDEF~ONSC, SPECTORD[~ Dynamic Organization of DNA Replication in Mammalian Cell Nuclei - - Spatially and Temporally Defined Replication of Chromosome-Specific Alpha-Satellite DNA Sequences. J Cell Bit/1992, 116:1095-1110. OLERUPO, TROYEBLOMBERGM, SCItREUDERGMT, FUI~t' EM: HI.A-DR and HLA-DQ Gene Polymorphism In West Africans Is Twice as Extensive as In North European Caucasians - - Evolutionary Impllcatious. Proc Natl Accul Sci U S A 1991. 88:8480-8484. OI.SENGJ: Systematic Underestimation o f Tree Branch Lengths by Lake's Operator Metrics - - An Effect o f Position-Dependent Substitution Rates. Mol Biol Et~11991. 8:592-608.

O ~ ~b~ A Test o f FIsher's Theory o f Dominance. proc N a t I A c a d s c i U S A 1991, 88:11413-11415. OSWRANDEREA.JONG PM, RINEJ, DUYKG: Construction o f Small.Insert Genomic DNA IAhrartes Highly Enriched for Mlcrosatelllte Repeat Sequences. Proc N a a Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:3419-3423. OUDETC, HEIUGR, HANAUER/% N~qDEt.Jl2 N o m d i n a c t i v e Assay for New Microsatelllte Polymorphisms at the 5' End of the Dyatrophin Geoe, and Estimation o f Intragenlc Recomhinatton. A m J H u m Gene11991, 49:311-319. OVERHOFFB, KLEINM, SPIESM, FREUDLR: Identification o f a Gene Fragment Which Codes for the 364 Amino-Terminal Amino Acid Residues of a See.#, Homologue from Bactllus-subtllis - - Further Evidence for the Conservation o f the Protein Export Apparatus In Gram-Positive and GramNegative Bacteria. Mol Gen Gene! 1991, 228:417-423. PACKERC, GILBERTDA. PUSEYAE, O'BRIENsJ: A Molecular 0 0 Genetic Analysis o f Kinship and Cooperation in African Lions. Nature 1991, 351:562-565. [5]. PF-~CE GP, SPENCERHG: Population Genetic Models o f Genomlc ImprintIng. GenetiCs 1992, 130:899-908. PEAKI~tANRE, TSAON, MOENSPB: Synaptonemal Complexes from DNAse-treated Rat Pachytene Chromosomes Contain (GT)n and LINE/SINE Sequences. Genetics 1992, 130:865--872. PE~OTO AA. KIXCZKOLB: Linkage Disequilibrium Analysis o f Chromosomal Inveraion Polymorphisms o f Drosophila. Genetics 1991, 129:773-777. PERKINSHD, BEDODG, HOWEU.~AJ: Characterization and Chromosomal Distribution o f a Tandemly Repeated DNA Sequence from the Australian Sheep Blowfly, Lucilla.Cuprlna. Chromosoma 1992, 101:358-364. PERLA. AVWD, GALUNE: Nuclear-Organelle Interaction in Solanum - - Interspeclfic Cybrldizations and

Genomes and evolution Population genetics Their Correlation with a Plastome Dendrogram. Mol Gen Genet 1991, 228:193-200. PERPdNPECONTALP, GOUYM, NIGONVM, TRABUCHETG: Evolution of the Primate Beta-Globin Gene Region - - Nucleotide Sequence o f the Deltabeta-Globin Intergenic Region o f Gorilla and Phylogenetic Relationships Between African Apes and Matt. J Mol Evo11992, 34:17-30. pESOLEG, SBISAE, MIGNOTrEF, S^CCONEC: The Branching Order of Mammals - - Phylogeoetic Trees Inferred from Nuclear and Mitochoodrlal Molecular Data. J Mol Et~11991, 33:537-542. pILDERSH, HAMMERMF, SILVERLM:A Novel Mouse Chromosome-17 Hybrid Sterility Locus - Implications for the Orlgio of T-Haplotypes. Genetics 1991, 129:237-246. PO'I'~SWJ, MANNINGCJ, WAKELANDEK: Mating Patterns in Semiuatural Populations of Mice Influenced by MHC G~notype [Letter]. Nature 1991, 352:619-620. POWELLJR: Monophyly/Paraphyly/Polyphyly and G~ne/Species Trees - - An Example from Drosophila [Letter]. Mot Biol EI~11991, S:892-896. PRINSLDOP. ROBtreSONTJ: Geographic Mitochoodrial DNA Variation in the Rock Hyrax. ProcaviaCapeosis. Mot Biol Et~11992. 9:447-456. PSOVtNEWB: Sturtevant,Alfred Henry and Crosses Between Drosophila-Melanogaster and Drosophila-Slmulans. Genettc~* 1991, 129:1-5. QuAYrRoJM, AVlSEJC, VRIJENHOEKRC: An Ancient Clonal Lineage in the Fish Genus Poeciliopsis (Atheriniformes, Poectilidae). Proc Nat/Acad Sci U SA 1992, 89:348-352. QUAYrROJbl. AriSEJC, VRIJENHOEKRC: Mode o f Origha and Sources of Genotyplc Diversity in Triplold Gynogenetic Fish Clones (Poecilinpsis, Poecillidae). Genetics 1992, 130:621-628. QUENTINy: Fusion of a Free Left Alu Monomer and a Free Right Alu Monomer at the Origin o f the Alu Family In the Primate Genomes. Nucleic Acid~ Rc~. 1992, 20:487-493. RAJUbiB, PERKINSDD: Expression of Meiotic Drive Elements Spore Killer.2 and Spore Killer-3 in Ascl of Neurospora-Tetrasperma. Genetics 1991, 129:2%37 RANKGH, CASEYGP, Xt~OW, PRINGLEAT: Polymorphism Within the Nuclear and 2-mum Genomes o f Saccharomyces.Cerevlslae. Curr Genet 1991, 20:189-194. RAPFOLDGA, HENKEA, POIII2~CHMIDM, HtlISMANTHJ: Pseudoautosomal Repeat Displays Higher Variability in Blacks Than in Caucasians. H u m Genet 1992, 88:573-578. RAUBESONL/LJANSENRK: Chloroplast DNA Evidence on the Ancient Evolutionary Split in Vascular Land Plants. Scie~ce 1992, 255:1697-1699. RAZR, PUIGDOMENECHP, MAIVIINEZIZQUIERDOJA~ A New Family of Repetitive Nucleotlde Sequences IS Restricted to the Genus Zea. Geae 1991, 105:151-158. PECIPON H, PERASSOP~ ADOtrlTEA. QtlE~]ERF: ATP Synthase Subunlt-c/UI/9 Gefle Sequeoces as a Tool for Interktngdom and Metaphytes Molecular Phylogenies. J Mol Ergot 1992. 34:292-303 PEEt.ERA, PAO GM, SALESMH: Evolutionary Relationships Amoog the Permease Proteins o f the Bacterial Phnsphocnolpyruvate - - Sugar Phusphotransfeease System - - Construction o f Phylogenetlc Trees and Possible Relatedness to Proteins of Euksryotic Mltochondrla. J MOt Evol 1991, 33:179-193 RICHM~ AD, PRICET: Evolution of Ecological Differences in the Old World Leaf Warblers (correction) [Letter]. Nature 1992, 357:176. PaCKI£FSRE: Embryonic Development Period and the Prevaleoee o f Avian Blood Parasites. Proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:4722--4725. RILEY1 ~ KAPLANSR, VEUILI£M: Nucleotide Polymorphism at the Xanthine Dehydrogennse Locus in Drnsophila-Pseudoobscura. Mol Blot E~ol 1992, 9:56-69 ROBINSONDR, GUlLK: I ~ Body Movements as a Meehanlam for Mltochondrlal Genome Segregation in the Trypanosome Cell Cycle [Letter]. Nature 1991, 352:731-730. ROBINSONWP, ASMUSSENMA, THOMSONG: 3-LOCUSSystems Impose Additional Constraints o n Palrwlae Disequilibria. Goteli~ 1991, 129:925-930. ROBINSONWP, C~tBONTHOMSENA, BOROTN, Klffl'z. W, THO~t~ONG: Selection, Hitchhiking and Disequifibrium Analysis at 3 Linked Loci with Application to HLA Data. Genetics 1991, 129:931-948. ROBISONMM, ROVESJC, HORG~NPA: Homology Between Mitochondrlal DNA of Agartcus-Bisporus and an internal Portion o f a Linear Mitochondrtal Plasmld of Agm'lcus-Bltorquls. Curt Gene11991, 19:49%502.

RODERMS, SORRELLSME, TAUKRI~'SD: 5S Ribosomal Gene Clusters in ~trheat - - Poised Eleld Gel Electrophoresis Reveals a HiBh Degree of Polymorphism. Mol Gun Genet 1992, 232:21%220. ROGEILgAR, HARPENDINGH: Population Growth Makes Waves in the Distribution o f Pairwlae Geoetic Differences. Mol Biol E~11992, 9:552-569. ROMEOJ, H~tERJE: Genetic O r~anlT~tion of a Repeated DNA Sequence Family in the Rlce Blast Fungus. proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:5316-5320. ROTAJS, HUMMELKB, ROTAPA, BEWNIWJ: Genetic Variability o f the Glycoprotein Geoes of Curreot WUd-Type Measles Isolates. Virolog3,1992. 188:13%142. ROWANR, PO~.RS DA: Ribosomal RNA Sequeoces and the Diversity of Symbiotic DInoflagellates (Zooxanthellae). proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:3639-3643. ROZASJ, AGUADEM: Using Restriction-Map Analysis tO Characterize the Colonization Process o f Drusophila-Subobscura on the American Continent. 1. Rp49 Region. Mol Biol Et~o11991, 8:447-457. RUANOG, KIDDKK: Genotyping and Haplotyping of Polymorphisms Directly from Genomlc DNA v i a Coupled Amplification and Sequencing (CAS). Nucleic Acids Rea 1991, 19:6877-6882. RUmA, SANTOSM, BARBAD~LtA& QUE~.M3ADL~.JE, I-L~SON E, FONTDEXqLA& The Evolutionary History of Drosophila-BuzxatiL 18. Genetic Variance for Body Size in a Natural Population of DrosophilaBuzzatli. Geneti6s 1991, 128:739-750. RUSTCHENKOBUI~3ACEP: Variations of Candlda-Alblcans Electrophoretic Karyot'ypes. J ILacterio11991, 173:6586-6596. SADLE'RLA, BRUNKCF: Phylogenetic Relationships and Unusual Diversity in Histone H4 Proteins Within the Tetrahymena.Pyrlformis Complex. Mo/B/o/ Evo11992, 9:70-84. SAIDK, BRITroN-D^VlDL~NJ: Genetic Dtffereotlation w and Habitat Partition o f Robertsonlan House Mouse PopulaUous (Mus Mnsculus Dome*Hcu.$) o f Tunisia. J E ~ l Blot 1991, 3:409-427. [37']. SAI~/.J, pEVN3"L Wu Y, C~,N'rORCR, SMrrHCL: Distribution o f Interspersed Repeats (Alu and Kpn) on not I restrietioo Fragments o f Human Chromosome 21. pro~ Natl Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:1080-1084. SAITOHY, SAITOHIt. OHTOMOK. MIZUNOS: Occupancy o f the Majority o f DNA in the Chicken WC h r o m o s o m e by Bent-Repetitive Sequences. O~mmosoma 1991, 101:32-40. SAJANTIIAA, BUDOWLEB, STROMM, JOHNSON V, LUKKA M, PELTONEN[~ EHNHOI2~|C: PCR Amplification o f Alleles at the DISg0-Locus - - Comparison o f a Finnish and a North American Caucasian Population Sample, and Forensic Casework Evaluation, AmJ Hum Ge~wt 1992, 50:816-825. SCIL~EFFERb~W,MILLEREL: Nucleotlde Sequence Analysis o f ADH Geoes Estimates the Time of Geographic Isolation of the Bogota Population o f Drosophlla-Pseudoobscura. proc Nat/Acxtd Sci U S A 1991, 88:6097-6101. SCHARTI.M, SCHIAJppI, S C ~ A. ME~V.RMK, NANDAl, SCHMID M, EPPLENJT, PAI~.EFALLJ: Off the Stability o f Dispensable Constituents of the Eukaryotlc Genome - - Stability of Coding Sequences Versus Truly Hypervarlable Sequences in a Clonal Vertebrate, the Amazon Molly, Poecilla-Formosa. Proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1991, 88:8759-8763. SCHEWE T, KUIINl-I:DO 15-Llpoxygenases have a Common Binloglcal Role. Trend~ Bi~x~n Sci 1991, 16:369-373. SCHI~DE'rI'ERERC, AMOSW, TAUTZD: Conservation of o e Polymorphic Simple Sequence LOCI In Cetacean Species. Nature 1991, 354:63-65. [20]. SCHNEIDERSO, DEGROOTEJ: Sequences o f Two RbcS CDNA Clones o f Ratophora.Oerstedli - Structural and Evolutionary Considerations. Curr Genet 1991, 20:173-175. SCFtWAGERJ, BORCKERTN, COURTErM. DU pASQOIER I~ The Ontogeny o f Diversification at the l m m u n o g i o b u l i n Heavy Chain Locus in Xenopns. ~VBOJ 1991, 10:2461-2470. S:EAI~JIB:A Hybrid Zone Comprising Staggered • Chromosomal Clines in the House Mouse (Mus Mnsculus D o m e s ~ ) . Proc R Soc Lom/ [giol] 1991, 246:47-52. [38t]. SEGARRAC, AGUADEM: Molecular Org-anl=ation of the X-Chrnmusome in Differeot Species o f the Obscura Group o f Drosophila. Genetics 1992. 130:513-521. SHAPIRAE, YARUSS, FAINSODA: Genomlc Organization and Expression During Embryogenesla o f the Chicken CR1 Repeat. Genomics 1991, 10:931-939. SHEFFIELDVC, BECKJS, NICHOLSB, COURINEAUA, / IDK.~L AC, STONEEM: Detection o f Multlallele Polymorphlams w i t h i n Gene Sequences

by GC-clamped Denaturing Gradient G~i Electrophoresis. Am J Hum Genet 1992, 50:567-575. SHEN M~ BA'[7-ERNL~ DEININGERPL: Evolution of the Master Alu Geoe(s). J Afol E~11991, 33:311-320. SHERPdNGTONR, MELMERG, DIXONM, CUR~SD, MANKOO B, KAL~tG, GURLING H: Linkage Disequilibrium Between Two Highly Polymorphic Microsatellites. Am J Hum Genet 1991, 49:966-971. SHIELDSGF, HECKERK, VOEVODAhE, REEDJK: Absence of the Asian.Specific Region-V Mltochoodrtal Marker in Native Beringians. An: J Hum Genet 1992, 50:758-765. SIRACUSAl.D, ALVORDWG. BICKMOREWA~JENKINSN~ COPEtAND NG: Interspeclfic Backcfoas Mice Show Sex-Specific Differences in Allelic Inheritance. Genetics 1991, 128:813-821. SLATKh'~M, HUDSONRI~ Palrwise Comparisons o f Mitochondrlal DNA Sequences in stable and Exponentially Growing Populations. Genetics 1991, t 29:55%562. SMITHJM: Clonal Histories: Age and Unisexual Lineage. Nature 1992, 356:661. SMn~HMW, DOOLn'~. RF: Anomalous Phylogeny involving the Enzyme Glucose-6-Phnsphate Isomerase [Letter]. J Mol Et~o11992, 34:544-545. SMrrH V, BARI~LLBG: Cloning o f a Yeast U1 and SnRNP 70K Protein Homoingue: Fuoctinnal Conservation of an RNA-bindin8 Domain Between Humans and Yeast. EMBOJ 1991, 10:2627-263,L S~WIa~DR: Chromosoma Focus - - Dispersed Repeats in Plant Genomes. Cbromosoma 1991, 100~35%359. SOI.~s PS, SOI.TISDE, SMIt--~'YCJ: An RbcL Sequence from a Miocene Taxodinm (Bald Cypress). Proc Naa Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:449--451. SPIELVOGELH, HENNIFAI-{C, CIAU~ENU, WASHINGTONSS, CHAKRAVART1A. PEtSA: Band-Specific Localization o f the Mlcrosatelllte at D13S71 by Mtcrodissectino and Enzymatic Amplification. Am J Hum Genet 1992, 50:1031-1037. SPOt.SkYCM, PHIIJJPSCA: Antiquity o f CIonal Salamander Lineages Revealed by Mltochondrial DNA [Letter]. Nature 1992, 356:706-707. STANTONDJ+ CREASETJ, HEBERTPDN: Cloning and Characterization o f Daphnia Mitochondrlal DNA. J M~/El~0/1991, 33:152-155. STE.INDB, CONANTDS, A:q~.' ME, JORD&'~El', KIRCH SA, H~SEBEM, IWA'I~UKIK, T.MNMK, THOMSONJA: Structural Rearrangements o f the Chloroplast Genome Provide an Important Phylogenetic Link in Ferns. proc Naa Acad Sci U S/| 1992, 89:1856-1860. S1EWARTAFR, CAMOREVrlMERCADOB, PERLMAND, GUPTAM, JAKOVCICS, ZAK P~ Structural and Phyingenetie Analysis of the Chickeo Ventricular Myosin Heavy Chain Rod. J Mol Et~11991. 33:357-366. SI~NEOC, DOVERGJ, ZHU D, SMITHKD: The Evolution o f Two West African Populations. J Mol El~o11992, 34:336-344. SO CJ, DAILOSF, ALDEt~Ud'~H, BASEM~'~JB: Distinctions in DNA and Protein Profiles Among Clinical Isolates o f Mycoplasma-Pneumoniae. J Gen Microbio11991, 137:2727-2732. SYKESB: Ancient DNA: the Past Comes Alive. Nature 1991, 352:381. TAJIMAF: Statistical Method for Estimating the Standard Errors of Branch Lengths In a Phylogenetlc Tree Reconstructed Without Assuming Equal Rates of Nucleotide Substitution Among Different Lineages. Mol Bioi Evo11992, 9:168-181. TAKADAN: HCV Genotypes in Different Countries. Ixaacet 1992, 339:808. TAKAI-I~SHIN, HWA,~tAK, KOOAIP~M, S^TOHC: The Leogth Polymorphism in the 5' Flanking Region o f the Human Beta-Globin Gene with Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrnphoresis In a Japanese Population. Hum Genet 1991, 87:219-220. TAKAHAT^N: Genealogy o f Neutral Genes and S p r o d l - g o f Selected Mutations in a Geographically Structured Population. Genetics 1991, 129:58%595. TAK&'~OTS, KUSAKABES, MUKAIT: The Genetic Structure o f Natural Populations o f DrosophiLa Melanogaster. 22. Comparative Study of DNA Polymorphisms i n Northern and Southern Natural Populations. Ge*leO~$1991, 129:753-761. TERIPLE'rONAR: Human Origins and Analysis of Mltochondrial DNA Sequences. Science 1992, 255:737. THOM,~ RH, HUNTJ.~ The Molecular Evolution o f the Alcohol Dehydrogenase Locus and the Phylogeny o f Elaw'ai;*- Drosophila. M0/Biol Evol 1591, 8:687-702. THOSt~SS, StNGHRS: A Comprehensive Study of Genic Variation in Natural Populations o f Drnsophila-Melanogaster. 7. Varying Rates o f



Genomes and evolution Retroposition and transposition Genic Divergence as Revealed by 2-Dimensional Electrophoresls. Mol Biol E~11992. 9:507-525. THOMPSON~XzC,FORDS: The Meaning o f a Match: • Sources o f Ambiguity in the i n t e r p r e t a t i o n of DNA Prints. In F o r e n s ~ D N A T e c h n o l o g y . Edited by Farley MA and Harrtngton JJ. Chelsea, Michigan. Lew/s PublLshers, /tic. 1991. :93-152. [49tt]. TIBONIO, CA~N'FONIR. CRET1R. CA),LMAK'M"IOP, SAN.hNGEI~N'rONIAM: Phylogenetle Depth of Thermotoga.Maritima Inferred from Analysis of the Fus Gene - - Amino Acid Sequence o f Elongation Factor-G and Organization o f the Thermotoga.str Operon. J Mo/ /='m/1991, 33:142-151. TORIYA.~t~S. Gt~' PL FUJI S. TAK.MtASlII M: Characterization of a New Pieorna.Like Virus, Hlmetobl P-Virus, In Planthoppers. J Gen Viro/1992. 73:1021-1023. TOEIIONI A, .qCIII[RR TG, Y,'~NG CC, STA'IllMAItY EJE. WILIJ.~t% RC. SCH~NFIEIJ)MS. TROt!P G& KNO\Xq.ERWC, L~*\%q{ENCE DN, WEI~ KM, WAUACEDC: Native American Mttochondrial DNA Analysis Indicates that the Amerind and the Nadene Populations Were Founded By 2 Independent Migrations. Genelic~ 19¢)2, 130:153-162 TRABUCHETG, EIJONJ, DtlNDAO. L~I'OtlMEROUUEC. DucrocQ R, NM)IFI S. ZOIIOLIN 1. CIIAVEN'rRE A. CARNEWALEp, NAGEI. P.L. KRISHNAMOORI"I~' R: LMHE D: Nucleottde Sequence Evidence of the Unlcentric Origin of the Betac Mutatino In Africa. I t u m Gene11991, 87:597.6OI. TIfF•NOV EN: DNA In Profile. Trt.m~ Hi•dram Sci 19¢)1, 16:q67-qTO, T,~AONNG. TSAO,~GS. PF&RIAt~NRE: A Micronueleus. Limited Sequence Family in TetrahymenaT he r mophila -Or wanl.~tion and Sequence Consertmtinn. Dev Genet 1992. 13:73-'~9. Tt!m~E~llMiJM, FIELD KG, R,~FF RA: Phylogenetic Position of Phylum Nemertinl, Inferred from 18SrRNA Sequeoces - - Molecular Data as a Test of Morphological Character Homology. Mol Bt~d E*wl ]992. 9:235-2.t9 TIIRBE\~Ia~JM, pEEIFERDM, FIELDKG. rAFI: RA: The Phylogenetle Status of Arthropods, as Inferred from ISS RRNA Sequences. Mol Biol I:t~d 1991, 8:669~¢6. TURELLIM, HOFFMANNtMMRapid Spread o f an I n h e r i t e d Incompatibility Factor in California Drosophila [Letter]. Naltlr¢, 1991, 353:4~0--~-12. VALOISKP, MARTELI.KJ. \VEBER\X~Xz;Diverse Point Mutations In the Human Geoe for Polymorphle N-Acetyltransferase. Proc :Vail/Ic(Id .'~C[ ~ r .~"A ] 9¢)], 88:6333-6337. VERGNAUDG, MARIAT D, APIOUF. AURDXSA, LA111ROP • 0 M, LAtrlTIIERV: The use of Synthetic Tandem Repeats to Isolate New VNTR Loci: ClonIng of a Human Hypermutable Sequence. Genomic.* 1991, 11:135-1~4. [lSft]. VIGIL&Mr L STONEKING M, [-LMlPENDING l-J. ItA~q~.ES K, '~VII.'4ON AC: African Populations and the Evolution of Human Mltochondrlal DNA. ~¢ienee 19¢)1. 253:1503-1507. VOHKAGB, GOLDINGGB. TSAON, PFatJ~LM~NRE; A Phylogenetic Analysis Based o • the Gene EncodIng Phosphoglycerate Kinase. J Mol E m l 1992, 34:383-395. VULIL~MNTJ, OFIlM~NA. TO~'N M. NAlltW,~NIA. FALUSI AG, I~LLSONpJ, l.l.r,r2~13"O L: Polymorphte Sites In the African Population Detected by Sequence Analysis of the Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrosenase Gene Outline the Evolution of the Varlaxtt.A and Variant-A-. pro~ Nail Acad Sci L~S A 1991.88:8568-8571. WAHLSWP. WALLACELJ. MOORE PD: Hype r r a r ta ble 0 • Mlnfsateillte DNA ts a Hotspot for Homologous Recombination in Human Ceils. Cell 1990, 60:95-103. [72¢*]. WAKARCItUKW~, MULLERF~~, BECKel:: 2 GC-Rich DNA Elements of Chlamydomonas.Reinhardtil w i t h Complex Arrangements o f Directly Repeated Sequence Motifs. Plont Mol Bio11992, 18:143-146. ~'ALLACExt,|R,A~NDEKSENLB, SAUUNOAM, GREGOI~"PE. GLOVERTW, COLIJNS ~S: A De Nov• Mu i n s e r t i o n Results In Neurofibromatosis Type 1 [Letter]. Nature 1 9 9 1 , 3 5 3 : ~ 5 . WALLI~THI~ FIOEDM~TB: Species Differences in the Temporal Pattern of Drosophila Urate Oxidase Gene Expression a r e Attributed to Trans.ActIng Regulatory Changes. Proc Natl A~ad Sci U S A 1991, 88:5489-5493. W&NGy, El At_: HCV Geootypes in China [Letter]. Lancet 1992, 339:1168. WARBURTONPE, GI~IG GM. HAAFT, WILLARDHF: PCR Amplification o f Chromosome-Specific AlphaSatellite DNA - - Definition o f C e n t r o m e r i c STS Markers a nd Polymorphic Analysis. G e n o m i ~ 1991, 11:324-333.

\VARD RH, FRAZIERBL DE\\SAGERK, pAABOS: Exteoslve Mltochondrtal Diversity Within a Single Amerindlafi Tribe. proc N a n Aead Sci U S A 1991, 88:8720-8724. W&~HBURNJO, MERCERDR. A.~I)E~SONJR: Regulatory Role of Parasites - - Impact on Host Population Shifts with Resource Availability. Science 199I, 253:185-188. X.VATIGNSDI. MC.ADAM SN. IJtt X, STRANGCR. MILFORDEL, LE~,qNE CG, GARNERTL DOGON A L LORD CI, GtlIM SH, TROUPGM. HUGHESAI. LET~,qNNI2 New Recombinant EII~-B Alleles in a Tribe of South Ameriean Amerindlans indicate Rapid Evolution of MHC Class I Loci [Letter]. Nature 1992, 357:329-332. \VAUGHR: CLARKG. BRO~ .IXX,~:Sequence Variation and Linkage of Potato U2snRNA-Encodlng Genes Established by PCR. Gene 1991. 107:197-20"1. WEBERJL POLYMEROPOtq&36MH. ~L~YPE, K~X~I!KAE, XIAO H, MCPHEP~SONJD, \V&'~M~q't1.0:Mapping of Human Chromosome-5 M i t t • s a t e l l i t e DNA Polymorphisms. G u n • n i t s 1991, 11:695-700. \XIEIR ~.%:Independence of VNTR Alleles Defined as Fixed Bins. Genetic.s 1992, 130:873-8,88. WELSHJ. MCCLELL.%%q)M: G u n • t a l c F i n g e r p r i n t i n g Using Arbitrarily Primed PCR and a ~Latrlx o f Palrwise Combinations of Primers. Nudeic ..Ici~L~Res 1991, 19:5275-5279 WHISENANWEC, RAY,ttEED BKA.O~I~E.R H, BIIATNAGARYM: EvolutiOn and Sequence Analysis of a Human Y-Chromosomal DNA Fragmeot. J Mol I:t~d 1991. 33:133-141. WICKES BL HICKSJB. MERZWG. KWONCHI~NGKJ: T h e Molecular Analysis of Synonymy Among Medically Important Yeasts Within th e Geous Candlda. J Gun ,tlierob:o11992, 138:901-907. \'~qI,KIE :\OM, I IIC.GS DR; A n Unusually Large (CA)n Repeat In the Region o f Divergence Between Subtelomertc Alleles of Human Chromosome16p. G u n • n i t s 1992. 13:81.q8. \VILKIN.~3NGS, CHAP~bLNAn\l: Length a n d Sequeoee Variation in Evening Bat D-loop MtDNA. G'enelA~ 1991. 125:607~18. \X!INI£AIIERT, JAGERS. VAI.ENq'INK. ZtTL~CHI!K: Structut-.d Similarities Between PsbA Genes from Red a n d Brown Algae. O~rr Genet 1991.20:177-180. WINq~EROAK, FREDHOLMM, TIIOMSENPD: Variable (dGdT)n.(dC-dA)n Sequences in the Porcine Genome. Gt'llomics" 19¢)2, 12:281-288 WOIY PG, .~t.315 PS: Estimates of Gene Flow Among Populations, Geographic Races, and Species in the Ipomopsis Aggregats Complex. Genetic.~ 1992, 130:639.647 \VOIJ-~ON R. I-{IGGINSKG, Slb\~ BB: Evidence for Replication Slippage in th e Evolution of O e n o t h e r a Chloroplast DNA. Mol Biol Et*d 1991, 8:709-720. WOOD S, .Cd:IIERI'/.ERM; Linkage Mapping of th e D8S133 Locus to Chromosome Sp Using a Highly Informative, Polymorphic, Complex Dinucleotlde Repeat. G u n • n i t s 1992. 13:232. YE L LI y, I:trKAMbKOI~AYAS,HI K. GO M, ONL";III T. ~'(;AI"ANAI|E A. SL!GIItRAM: Diversity o f a Ribonucleoprotein Family in Tobacco Chloroplasts: Two New Chloroplast RIbonucleoproteIns and a P h y l o g e n e t i r Tree of Ten Chloroplast RNA. b i n d i n g Domains. Nuch'i¢ AcidLy"R~" 1991. 19:6485~'~90. YEIJCK PC. KOT.~ C, KWON~ , SELDINMF, HEClfl"NB: T h e Mouse Transition Protein-1 Gene Co•rains a B1 Repetitive Element a n d Is Located on C h r o m o s o m e . l . Gun•miCa 1991, 11:687~o9.i. YOUNGJR, DII)YMUSJM, Bo~x~"qPR. pRIN'SB, NL~'~NS: Crystal Assembly a n d Phylogenetle Evolution In Heterococcoilth$ [Letter]. Nalltr¢. 1992, 356:516-~18. ZENGZB. COCKERI~I CO: Variance of Neutral Geoetlc Variances Within a n d Between Populations for a Quantitative Character. Genelic-~ 1991, 129:53%5~3, ZERBAKE, KFZ%SLINGt~\|. DAVIGNONJ, SING CF: Genetic Structure a n d the Search for Gun•type. Pheootype Relationships - - An Example from Disequilibrium In th e APO-B Gene Region. Geneli~ 1991. 129:525-533. ZHAOXP, KOCHEkq"G: Characterization a n d G~netlc Mapping o f a Short, Highly Repeated, I n t e r s p e r s e d DNA Sequence from Rice (Ory-zaSatlva L.). Mol Gun Gene11992, 231:353-359. ZHU ZF. VlNCEKV, FIGUESOAF, SCHONBACHC, KLEIN J: Mhc-DRB Genes of the Pigtail Macaque (Macaca.Nemestrtna) - - Impllcatinns for th e Evolution of Human DRB Genes. Mol Biol Er~l 1991, 8:563-578. ZIELENSKI j, I~.~,YdE~qCZD, RININSI./d~D F. ROMMENSJ, TSUI I.C: A Cluster o f Highly P o l y m o r p h l e Dlnucleotlde Repeats in l n t r o n 17b o f th e Cystic Fibrosis T r a n s m e m b r a n e Conductance Regulator (CFTR) Gene. A m J H u m Gullet 1991, 49:1256-1262.

ZUCCltl l, SCHLESSINGERD: Distribution o f Moderately Repetitive Sequences PTR5 a n d LF1 In Xq24-q28 Human DNA a n d T h e i r use In Assembling YAC Contlgs. Genomia* 1992, 12:264-275.

Retroposition and transposition Related review: Transposable elements (pp 861-867) ABAD P, QUILESC, TARESS, PIOTFEC, CAS%XGNONESERENOP, ABAIXJNM, DAI~tA~,SO& Sequences Homologous to T c ( s ) Transposable Elements of CaenorhabdttisElegans are Widely Distributed in the Phylum Nematoda. J Mol Et~11991, 33:251-258. ABO;~L,~ B, HOUrDrYJ. KRIEGPA, DENISH, ~LV.M~RALID A~Germ Cell-Specific Expression of a Gene Encoding Eukaryotlc Translatino Elongation Factor-lalpha (eEF-lalpha) and Generation of EEF-lalpha Retropseudogenes In XenopusLaevis. I ' r ~ N a n Acxld $ci U S A 1991, 88:9277~281 ANO,X~,~tOt*S:A ' mite y ' Theory for Gene J u m p i n g Getting a J u m p on Gene Transfer in Drosophila. Sc'iettce 1991, 253:1092-1093. AIII,\b ~, P. GROTEWOIDE, PEIZK~ONT: Inseftinnal Mutagenesls of the Maize P-Geoe by Intrageole Transposition of Ac. Genetics 19¢)2, 131:199-209. BANGA~%. BOVDJB: Oltgonucleotlde-Directed • Site-Specific Mutsgenesis Io D r o s o p h i l a M e l a n o g a s t e r . prr~c Atall Acad Sci I '.'~'A 1992. 89:173~ 1739 [31]. BArN G, EDiT C. BOrEal: T, WE.~.~LERS: Molecular Analysis o f th e Maize OmegacbI-B3 Allele Indicates that Precise Excision of t h e Transposable Ac Element is Rare.*x* 1~)2, 130:377-384. nECKER D. LIqq'ICKE R. Ia MG. STARUNGERP: Control of Excision Frequency of Maize Transposable Element Ds in Petunia Protoplasts. Pn~c N a t l A e a d Sci U S A 19¢)2, 89:5~52-~5~6. BElaJ{N HJ, D'E\~I.YN I)& lIAR,S" M, EIJJ!DGF. SI: Isolation l • of Temperature-Seosltlve D i p h t h e r i a Toxins in Yeast and T h e i r Effects on D r o s o p h i l a Ceils. Development 1992. 114:787-796. [28]. BIF^%~MANNI1. CILLMPION I.E. O'HAIR M. IKE~%t.GAK, KASRAVI B, O • 5L~';ONJM: Frequent Transpositions of D r o s o p h i l a M e l a n o g a s t e r HeT-A Transposable Elements to Receding C h r o m o s o m e Ends. F~tIBOJ 1992, (In Press):. 1371. BIE~..MANNH. VAIL~EIRSDOI"IIR V, LOF.'SK~ft~ CIIIN C, GIN111ER • B, [.EX1SR~l, PARI)IIEM'b HuT-A, a Transposable Element Specifically Involved in 'Healing" Broken C h r o m o s o m e Ends in Drosophila. Mo/ Cell Bio11992. 12:3910-3918 [36]. BIJNOVAG, ~)BA~N()V~1~.r, GAII)AMAKOVA EK, I~OGACFIEVSS. KOI~SNIKOVNN, [:IIJI,POVAMA. KIKNAI)ZEI1: MEC - A Transposable Element from Chlronomust h u m m i ( D i p t e r a ) . ,11ol Gun Genel 1991, 229: I ~2-15a. BOEKEJD. EICIHNGEEDJ, NAI:~OtlIJSG: Doubling Ty l Element Copy Number in SaccharomycesCerevislae - - Host G u n • m e Stability and Phenotypic Effects. Geneti~ 1¢)91,129:1043-1052. BRETrEIZRIS. DENNISES: Reactivation of a Silent Ac Following Tissue Culture is Associated with Heritable Alterations in Its Methylatlon Pattern. Mol Gun Genet 19¢)1,229:365-372. BRII"r AB, WAIJIOTV: Germinal and Somatic Products of Mul Excision from t h e B r o n z e d Gene of ZeaMays. ,11ol Gett Genet 1991, 227:267-276. BRO~VNJ. Sl INDARESANV: Genetic Study of the Loss a-qd Restoration of Mutator Transposoo Activity In Maize - - E v i d e n c e AgaInst Dominant-negative Regulator Associated w i t h Loss of Activity. Genelic.~ 1992, 130:889-4~98. BRYANrrLA. BRIERLEYC, FI&VEU.AJ, SINCLAIRJH: The Retrotransposon Copla Regolates Drosophila Gene Expression Both Positively and Negatively. Nucleic A d d s Re~* 1991, 19:5533-5536. BURNSNR, SAIBII.FIR, WHHV:NS, PARDONJF, TLMMINS • PA. RICFIARDSON,SMH, KINGSMANSM, KINGSMANAJ: Symmetry, Flexibility a n d Permeahlllty In t h e Str u c tu r e of Yeast Retrotransposon Virus-Like Particles. F~tlBOJ 1992, ll:1155-116,1. [2]. BURNSNR. SAIBILFIR, WHITE NS. pARDONJF, TIMMINS PA. RICHARDSONSMH, I~CHARDSBM. ADA,SLSSE, KINGS~L~NSM. KINGSMANAJ: Symmetry, Flexibility and P e r m e a b | l l t y [n t h e Structure of Yeast Retrotransposon Virus-like Particles. F~tlBOJ 1992, 11:1155-1164 BUR1ON FH. LOEBDD, EDGELLMH, Hu'rcHISON CA: L1 Gene Conversion o r Same-Site Transposition. Mol Biol EI~/1991.8:609~19. CALVlBR. HONG "0, FINDt£YSO, GELBAKEWM: Evidence for a Common Evolutionary Origin o f Inverted Repeat Transposons in Drosophila and Plants - Hobo, Activator, a nd Tam3. Cell 19¢)1,66:465~72.

Genomes and evolution Retroposition and transposition CApy P, KOGAA, DAXqDJR, ["IAR~.DI= Sequence Analysis of Active Mariner Elements In Natural Populailons of Drosophliz Simulans. GenetiCs 1992, 130:499-506. CAPYP, MABLW,,~IA K, DA\qDJR, HARTLDI= I nse r tion Sites of the Transposable Element Mariner are Fixed in the Gnu•me of Drosophlia-Seehellla. J Mot Erol 1991, 33:450--156 CAVALIEREV, GRAZlANIF, ANDONES, N~NZIA. ~LM.VAC: Complete Reversion of the Abo Phenotype In D Melanosaster Occurs Only w h e n the Blood Tr,msposon Is Lost from Region 32E. Mo/Ge~ Genet 1991,230:433-4.i 1. CHALKERDL SANDME~V.RSB: Ty3 Integrates Within the Region of RNA Polymerase.lll Tr a nsc r iption Initiation. Genes Dee, 1992, 6:117-128. CHAPMANKB. B't~I"ROMAS, BOEKEJD: Initiator Methtonine Transfer RNA is Essential for T y l Transposition In Yeast. P r ~ N a a Acad Sci Ir S A 1992, 89:3236-3240. CHENJ, GREENBLAYI"[M, DELIAPOIO'A5[= Molecular Analysis of Ac Transposition and DNA Replication. Geneti~ 1992. 130:665~76. CHOMETP, IJSCll D, HAPd)EMANKJ, CIIANDI£R\q. FP.EEUNG M: Identification of a Regulatory Tcansposoo that Coutrol the Mutator Transposable Element System In Maize. GenetiC.~ 1991, 129:261-270. CIRIAC3"M, FREIDEtK, LOIININGC: Characterization of Trans.Acting Mutations Affecting Ty and TyMediated Transcription in SaccharomycesCerevisiae. Curt Genet 1991, 20:4.11-q.i8. CRAIGIE R: Hotspurs and Warm SPOts -Integration Specificity of Retroelement..~. Trend~ Genet 1992. 8:187-190. CURet• MJ, GARF1NKEI.DJ: Regulation o f a a Retrotransposltion in S a c c b a r o m y c e s C ~ a e . Mol Micrr~;io11991, 5:1823-1829. [231. CURCIO Mj, GAREINKEI.OJ: Posttransiational Control of • T yl Retrotransposttion Occurs at the Level of Protein Processing. Mol C~,IIBio11992. 12:2813-2825. [241.

DABOtI.~SlIvlJ,I.~NGINT, BRYGOOy; Fotl, a New Family of Fungal Transposable Elements. Mol Gen Genet 1992, 232:12-16. DEEN PMT, IIOIJBC6EW. /~rlT.NS GJM: Presence of VI-Transposon.Llke Elements In the Prooplomelanocortin Gene-A of Xenopus-Laevls D o ~ not Affect Gene Activity. Mol Gen Genet 1991, 230:491-493. DILLNERI~ I IEINO P. MORENOIDPEZJ, DIIJ.NERJ: Antigenic and l m m u n o g e n l c Epltopes Shared by Human Papillomavtrus Type-16 and Bovine, Canine, and Avian Papillomaviruses. J Viral 1991, 65:6862-6871. EIOMBROSiKIBA. MAlllIA.~ SL NAN'nlAKllMAR E, ~:OYI"AF. • KA;tAT.t~NIIH: Isolation of an Active Human Transposable Element. Science 1991, 254:1805-1807.

I~01. DOONER HK, BEIACHE~X'A: Chromosome Breakage by Pairs of Closely Linked Transposable Elements of the Ae-Ds Family in Maize. Getteti~ 1991, 129:855-862. DLIttREN~IE~GESF, ROOIAIXJD: Chloroplast Ribosomal Intron of Chlamydomonas Reinhardtll: in Vitro Self Splicing DNA Endonuclease Activity a nd in Viva Mobility. FMBOJ 1991, 10:3495-3502. EDDYSR, GOLD I~ Artificial Mobile DNA Element Constructed from the EeoRi Endonuclease Gene. Proc N a a Acad 3"ciU S A 1992, 89:1 ~-I,l-1547. EVANSJP, PALMWERRD: Retrotransposltion of a • Mouse L1 Element. Proc N a t l A c a d S c i USA 1991. 88.'8792-8795. 161. F&~I.ERJS, GRAYW, LEEJP, Yt~ GY, GINGERICHG: The Saccharomyees.cerevisiae SPT14 Gene Is Essential for Normal Expression of the Yeast Transposon, Ty, as Well as for Expression o f the HIS4 Gene and Several Genes in the Mating Pathway. Mol Gen Genet 1991. 230:310-320. FELD~ S, KU~.,'..E R: The ORFa Protein, the Putative Transposase of Maize Transposable Element Ac, Has a Basic DNA Binding Domain. IStfBOJ 1991, 10:.1003-4010. FIRTH N, SKURRAY R: Characterization of the F-Plasmid Blfunctional Conjugation Gene, TraG. Mo/Gen Ge~wt 1992, 232:145-153. Fn'CH DHA, BAIIJ~"WJ, TAGLEDA. GOOD~L~NM. SIELI1~ SUGHTOMJl~ Duplication of the Gamma Giobin Gene Mediated by L1 Long Interspersed Repetitive Elements in an Early Ancestor o f S i m i a n P r i m a t e s . proc Nall Acad S d U S A 1991, 88:7396-7400. FIAVELtAJ, SMITHDB: A "ryl-copia Group Retrotransposon Sequence in a Vertebrate. Mo/ Gen Genet 1992, 233:322-326. FIAVELLAJ, SMITHDB, KUMARA: Extreme He te r oge ne ity of Tyl-Copia Group Retrotcansposons in Plants. , Gen Genet 1992, 231:233-242. GABRIELA, BOEKEJD: Reverse Transcrlptase Encoded • by a Retrotransposon from the Trypanosomatld

C r y t h t d i a F a s d c u l a t a . proc N a a Acad Sci USA 1991, 88:9794-9798. [8]. GE3TS RC, BEHEMJ: Eukaryotl¢ DNA Does • a t Form Nucleus•rues as Readtly as Some Prokaryotlc DNA. Nucleic Acids Res 1991, 19:5923-5927. GIL3ORGB, N&~SIENA, JOHNSON.SCHLITZDM, PRF.N'ION a • CR, ENGELSXXIR:Targeted Gene Replacement in D r o s o p h i l a Via P Element-Induced Gap Repair. Science 1991, 253:1110-I117. [29]. GP~NDBASTIENMtM Retroelements In Higher Plants. Trends Genet 1992, 8:103-108. GROTEWOU) E, A'IIIMAP, PETEILgONT: A Fosslhle Hot Spot for Ac Insertion in the Maize P-Ge•e. Mol Get1 Genet 1991, 230:329-331. [ IAGE,~L~NNS, MIH.ER\~q, PINSKERXXI:Identification of a Complete F-element In the Genome of Drosophila Blfasclam. Nucleic Acids Res 1992, 20:q09--4| 3. l-tARINGMt~ SCOF1ELDS, TEEI~V.NDEVROOMENMJ. IJ!IIRING GS. NIJK~MPI'lJJ, HII£EJ: Novel DNA Structures Resulting from DTam3 Excision In Tobacco. PkoH ,1167/Bio11991.17:995-100-i. I IIEIIERTJC. BISCIILERJA: Dosage Compensation of th e Copia Retrotcansposon in Drosophila Meianogaster. Geneli~ 1992, 130:539-5.1& IIIEOCIIIKAH, FUKUCHIA. KIKIICtllF: Retrutransposon Families in Rice. Mol Gen Gene11992, 233:209-216. IVANOVVA. MELNIKOVA. SIUNOVAV, FODORII, It.~qNYV: • Authentic Reverse Tcanscriptase is Coded by Jockey, a Mobile D r o s o p h i l a Element Related to Mammalian LINEs. luHBOJ 1991. 10:2489-2,i95. [7]. 17~.XX'AT, MIY/#~XKIC, YAMtLMOTOM. TI!I~XDAR, IlDAS, SIIINL~MOTOK: I n t r o d • c t i o n and Transposition of the Maize Transposable Element Ac In Rice (Oryza-Sativa L). Mol Gen Genet 1991, 227:391-396. JAKtIBCZAKJL ~'~NN[ MK, WOODRLIEFRC, F.ICKIIIISHTH: T u r n o v e r of R1 (Type-l) and R2 (Type-II) Retrotransposable Elemeots in the Ribosomal DNA of Drosophila Melanogaster. Genetic~ 1992, 131:]29-1.i2. JURKAJ, ZUCKERKANDLE: Free Left Arms as Precursor Molecules in th e Evolution of Alu Sequences. J Mol Et'ol 1991, 33:-i9-56. KA~NGXL YADAOF, GIkTZRD, KU~Z BA~ Elimination o f th e Yeast RAD6 Ublqultin Conjugase Enhances Base-Pair T r a n s itio n s and G.C- > T.A Transverslons as Well as Transposition of the Ty Element - - Implications for th e Control o f Spontaneous Mutation. Genetic.a 1992, 130:285-29.L KA..K~ISJ& NOI£ E. Vr~N~ICKI~EP, ODEN%VAIJ)\X~F,PERRIMON • N: Altering the in s e r tio n a l Specificity of a D r o s o p h i l a Transposable Element. I'mc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1992. 89:1919-1923. [19]. KAI~FM&NPD. RIO De: F Element Transposition In Vitro • 0 Proceeds by a Cut-and-Paste Mechanism and uses GTP as a Cofactor. Celt 1992, 69:27-39. [171. KIKUCHIS, IJU XJ, FSOMMERWB, KOSq~RI"OPFERM. WIIJ2.11qT.ERL Identification a n d Structural Charaeteriaatinn of Fu r th e r DNA Elements in th e Potato and Pepper Gnu•rues Homologous to the Transposable Element-Like I n s e r tio n T s t l . MOI Getl Geltet 1991. 230:49+-i98. KtM AI, BEIXAEVAES: Transposition of Mobile Elements • gypsy ( m d g 4 ) and hobo in Germ-Line a n d Somatic Cells of a Genetically Unstable Mutator Strain of Dros•pSMla M e l a n o g n s t e r . Mot Gen Genet 1991, 229:437-44,i, [261. KFI'&MURAY, LEE~tq~,~H,COFFINJM: N o • r a n d o m Integcatlon of Retroviral DNA Invitro - - Effect of CpG M e t h y l • t i n • . proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:5532-5536. KIUKAUMF, JAHN CL Tec2, a Second T e a • s p a s • n o Like Element D e m o n s t r a t i n g Developmentally P r o g r a m m e d Excision In E u p l o ~ s C r a s s u s . Mol CeU Bio11991, 11:,i751--t759. [3S]. KtlHN R, MONUKIES, LEMKEG: T h e Gene Encoding th e T r a n s c r i p t i o n Factor SCIP Has Features o f an Expressed Retroposon. Mol Cell Bio11991, 11:4642-4650. I.k~KER BA. PAGE IS, bOlT "0, KOBAY&~;HIGS, MECOFFG: Characterization of CARE.1 - - C_.andlda-Alblcans Repetitive Element-L Gene 1991, 102:.t5-50, LEVrON PRJ, S~,fi'I'HDR: An Abundant LINE-like Element • Amplified in th e Genuine of L i l l u m s p e d o s u n t Mot Gen Genet 1992, ( I n Press):. [341. LEMMTREB, RON.%SERAy S, COEN D: P Cytotype Repression • of the P P r o m o t e r Is Exclusively Maternal in th e G e r mlin e : A Model for P e y e •ty p e . GenetiC• 1992, ( in Press):. [221. LEXqNHI-. BOEKEJD: D e m o n s t r a t i o n of Retrotcasmpositlon of th e Tfl E le m e n t in Fission Yeast. ~ U B O J 1992, 11:1145-1154. I~w',' AA. WALBOI"V: Molecular Analysis o f th e Loss of Somatic Instability in th e Bz2-mul Allele of Maiae. Mol Gen Genet 1991, 229:147-151. LIDHOI~I DA. GUDMUNDSSONGH, BOM~NHG: A Highly Repetitive, Mariner-Like E le m e n t in th e G n u • m e

of Hyalophora-Cecrupla. } Bio/ OJem 1991, 266:11518-11521. MACKAYTFC, I.YM~NRF, jACKSONMS: Effects of P-Element insertions on Quantitative Traits in Drosophila Meianogaster. Genetics 1992, 130;315-332. ~,LM~CHAI~KR, HOFN~NNJ, SCHU~LMqNG, GOK~ERINGER R, DINGEP~MANN T: Structure of DRE, a Retrotransposable Element Which Integrates with Position Specificity Upstream of Dictyostelinm-dlscoideum T R N A G e n e s . Mol Cell Bio11992. 12:229-239. MAI~rlNSE Rlbonucleoprotein Particles w i t h LINEd • RNA in Moose E m b r y o • a t Carcinoma Cells. Mot Cell Bio11991.11:4804~807. [13]. MARl~',L%XK, I~Rll. DL Evidence for Interspecific Transfer o f the Transposable Element Mariner Between Drosophila and Zaprionus. J ,11ol Era/ 1991, 33:514-524. MARIrY#MAK. SCHOOS KD, HARM.DL Identification o f Nucleotlde Substitutions Necessary for T m s Activation of Mariner Transposable Elements in Drosophila -Analysis of Naturally O c c u r r i n g Elements. Genetics 1991. 128:777-784. NWntlA..;SL SCOTTAF. KA~Xt_LM'qHI"I, BOEKEJD, GABRIEL • A: Reverse Transcriptase Encoded by a Human Transposable Element. Science 1991, 254:1808-1810. Ig]MAt'CII F, IIERTIGC, REBMANN G, BUlL J, DUD~R R: A Wheat Gintathione.S-Transferase Gene with Transposon-Like Sequences in t h e P r o m o t e r Region. Planl Mol Bio11991, 16:1089-1091. MCCLtIRE NL~ Evolution of Retroposons by Acquisition or Deletion of Retrovitats-Like Genes. Mol Biol Et*d 1991, 8:835-856. MIUERWJ, I-[AGEbL~NNS, REITERE, PINSKERW: P-element Homologous Sequences a r e Tandemly Repeated in the Genome o f Drosophila Guanche. Pro; Natl Acad Sci U S A 1992. 89:,i018-4022. MINCHIOVI"IG, DI NOCERAPP: Convergent T r a n s c r i p t i o • • Initiates from Oppositely O r i e n t e d F ro m o t e rs Within T h e 5'End Regions of D r o s o p h i l a M e l • n o ~ a s t e r F Elements. ,11ol C~,II Bio11991. 11:5171-5180. [12]. MINCHIOYI1G, DINOCERAPP: Convergent T r a n s c r i p t i o n Initiates from Oppositely O r i e n t e d Promoters Within T h e 5' End Regions of DrosophilaMeianogaster F Elements. Mol Cell Bio11991, 11:5171-5180. MOEP~%MNDG. KIFFJE, WATEI~n'ONRH: Germilne Excision of the Transposahle Element T c l In C. Elegans. Ntldeic AcitL~ Re$ 1991. 19:566%5672. MOFFATKG, GOI!LDJH, SMITIIHK. O'K&'/E CJ: Inducible • • Cell Abaiatlon in D r o s o p b t i n by Cold.Sensitive Rlcin a Chain. Derelopmetlt 1992. I14:681~87. [27]. MURIXTANIK. HADAT. YAMAMOTOY, KANEKOT, SHIGET"O Y, OHUET, FURtrYAMAJ. HIGASHINOK: Inactlvatinn o f the Choilnestecase Gene by Mu Insertion - - Possible Mechanism for Human Gene Transposition. Prr~ Natl Acxtd Sci U S A 1991. 88:11315-11319. NACKENWKF, PIOTtlO'~aAKR. SAEDLERH, SOMMEIIH: Th e Transposable Element Tam1 from A n t i r r h l n u m . Majus Shows Structural Homology to the Maize Transposon En/Spm and Has no Sequence Specificity o f Insertion. Mot Get: Genet 1991, 228:201-208. NAGMIAStllS, ENDOH H, SUZUKIY, OKADAN: Characterization o f a T a n d e m l y Repeated DNA Sequence Family Originally Derived by Retroposition o f TRNA Gin in t h e Newt. J Mol Biol 1991, 222:391-40q. NtTA.'~A E, Y&~tAZAKIT: A Novel Eye Morphology Induced by a P-Element in Somatic Tissue o f Drosophlia-Meianogaster. Mol Gen Genet 1991. 227:181-186. NUGENq"JM, PAL~RIEJD: RNA-medlated Transfer of the Gene C o x l l from th e M ito c h o n d ri n n to t h e Nucleus D u r i n g Flowering Plant Evolution. Cell 1991, 66:473-482. OBERI~AUMERl: R e e f • p u s • u s do J um p : A B2 Element Recently Integrated in an 18S RDNA Gene. Nuclt, ic Acids Res 1992, 20:671-677. OHSHhMAA. INOUYES, INOLPeEM: In Viva Duplication of Genetic Elements by th e Formation o f Stem Loop DNA Without an RNA In t e rm e d i a t e . proc Natl A6ad Sci U S A 1992, 89:1016-1019. OSBOP~'*EBI, CORRCA. PRINCEJP, HEHLR. TmNKSt~"SD, MCCOP&IICKS, BAKERB: AC T r a n s p o s i t i o n from a TD N A can Generate Linked an d U n l i n k e d Clusters o f Insertions in t h e Tomato G n u • m e . Genetic.~ 1991, 129:833-844. OSSORIO PN, SIBLEYLD, BOOVHEO~JC: MltochondrialLike DNA Sequences Flanked by Direct a n d Inverted Repeats in th e Nuclear Genuine of Toxoplasma-Gondil. J Mol Bio11991, 222:525-536. p&N YB, PETERSONP)c Spontalteous Geflninal Activation o f Q u ie s c e n t Uq Transposable Elements In Zea.Mays L Genetics 1991, 128:823-830.



Genomes and evolution Horizontal transfer PAN YB, PETEW~O~PA: Newly Activated Germinal Uq

Elements in Maize are Clustered on One Linkage C~oup. M0/Gen Genet 1991, 229:161-174. PARDUEM-L~DO Some *Parasitic' EDNAElements Earn • a~ Honest Uvtng? in The Dynwra/~ Genuine. Edited by Fedoruff N, Botstein D. ColdSpring Harbor:. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. 1992, (in Press):. [38]. PARICtON, PtREZ-A~3I¢30M,/~L~RTINEZ-SEBASTLMqMJ, DE F~UI~OSPCP Sequences o f Drosophila Subobscura Lack Exon 3 and May Encode a 66 Kd Repress•rlike Protein. Nucleic Acids Res 1991, 19:6713-6718. PARRISHCP~ AQUADROCF, STRASSHEIMML. EXEP~U~NJF. SGROJY, MOHAMMEDHO: Rapid Antigenic.Type Replacement and DNA Sequence Evolution of f'~nine Parvovtfus. J Viro11991, 65:6544-6552. PLSABARROAG, MAR'~NWF, PETERSONPA. SAEDLERH, GIERL A~Molecular Analysis of the Ubiquitous (Uq) Transposable Element System o f Zea-Mays. Mol Gen Genet 1991. 230:201-208. pLAS'I~RKRHA.GROENENJTM: Targeted Alterations u • o f the C.aenorbabd/a[sE/egansGenome by Tran$gene Instructed DNA Double Stranded Break Repair Following Tel Excision. ~ffBOJ 1992, 11:287-290. [30]. POUTEAUS, SPIELMANNA. ~¢YERC, GRANDhmTIE~'~ ~L~ CABOCHEM: Effects o f Tntl Tobacco Retrotransposoo Insertion on Target Gene Transcription. Mo/Gen Genet 1991, 228:233-239. Pp.Er AM, SEAm~ 11. Splicing o f Retrotransposon Insertions from Transcripts of the DrosopbllaMelanogaster-Vermllion Gene in a Revertant. Genetics ]991,129:1137-1145. Qm M, ROBERTSONDS, EWNGBOEAH: Cloning o f the Mutator Transposable Element MuA2, a Putative Regulator o f Somatic Mutability o f the A1-Mum2 Allele In Maize. Genetics 1991, 129:845-O54. RATNERVA. ZABANOVSA, KOLE~NIKOVAOV, VASII.~'EVA12~ Induction o f the Mobile Genetic Element Dm412 Transpositions In the Drosopbila Genuine by Heat Sbock Treatment. proc NatlAcad$ci US A 1992, 09:5650-5654. RIO DC: Regulation o f D ~ P Element • • Transposition. Tren~ 1991, 7:282-287. [20]. RO.~LMENSCMT, VANDERBIE2~NEA, OLA~,RKERKPBF, NUKAMP HjJ, HILLEJ: At-Induced Disruption o f the Double Ds Structure in Tomato. Mol Gen 1991, 228:453-458. R O M ~ CMT, V ~ MJJ, BUCHELAS, MOLJNM, VANTUNENAJ, NIJKAMPHJJ, HILLEJ: Transactivatinn o f DS by Ac-transposase Gene Fusions In Tobacco. Mol Gen Genet 1992, 231:433-441. RON~xSERAYS, LEHblANNM, ANXOLABEHERED: The Maternally Inherited Regulation o f P Elements in Dru~ophila-Melanogaster can be Elicited by 2 P Copies at Cytological Site 1A on the X Chromosome. Genetic.¢ 1991, 1"~9:501-512. .¢~..Hmrrz G, THERESK: Structural and Functional Analysis o f the Bz2 Locus of Zea.Mays - Characterization of Overlapping Transcripts. Mol Gun Ge~e! 1992, 233:269-277. SHAWJp, MARKSJ, SHENCKJ: The Adult Alpha-Globin Locus o f Old World Monkeys - - An Abrupt Breakdown of Sequence Similarity to Human is Defined by an Alu Family Repeat Insertion Site. J Mo/E~0/1991, 33:506-513. SL~LMONI~P, ZHANGLQ, MCOMISHF, BALFEP, LLrDL~MCA, BEOWNAJI~Discontinuous Sequence Change o f Human immunodeficlency Virus (HIV) Type-1 Env Sequences In Plasma Viral and Lymphocyte. ?~sodated Provlral Populations Invivo - Implications for Models o f HIV Path•genesis. J Vlro11991, 65:6266-6276. SLMONEUGM, ANXOLABEHERED: A P-Element o f Scaptomyza-Palllda is Active in DrosophilaMelon•Baster. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1991, 88:6102-6106. SMITHPA. CORCESVG: The Suppressor o f Hah'yWing BInding Region is Required for Gypsy Mutagenesis. Mol Gen Genet 1992, 233:65-70. SPRADUNGAC, KARPENG, GLASERR, ZHANGP: Evolutionary • • conservadon o f Developmental Mechanisms: DNA EliminatiOn in Drosophila. In EvolutiOnary Conservation o f Developmental Mechanism& Edited by Spradllng A. New York: Wlley.Liss. 1992, :39-53. [18]. STEINMEYERK, KLOCKEP~ O ~ C, GRONEMEIERM, JOCKUSCHH, GRONDERS, JEN33CHTJ: Inactivation of Muscle Chloride Channel by Trartsposon Inset'don in Myotonic Mice [Letter]. Nature 1991, 354:304-307. SUAREZT, OESTREICHERN, PENALVAMA~SCAZZOCCHIOC: Molecular Cloning o f the UaY Regulatory Gene of AsperRlllus-Nidulans Reveals a Favoured Region for DNA Insertions. Mol Gun Genet 1991, 230369-375. TAANMANJW, SCHRAGEC, REUVEKAMpp, BIJLJ, HARTOG M, DEV!~.SH, AGSTERIBBEE: Identification of

Three Human Pseudogenes for Subunit-VIb of Cytochrome-c Oxidase - - A Molecular Record o f Gene Evolution. Gene 1991, 102:237-244. TORKAMA~VAEHIA, MORANC, NICHOLASFW: P-Element Tt-anspoaltinn Contributes Substantial New Variation for a Quantitative Trait in Drosophila Melanogaster. Genetics 1992, 131:73-78. TUDOR M. LOBOCKAM, GOODELLM, P~l Ill I J, OHAREK: The Pogo Transposable Element Family o f Dro*ophlla-Melanogaster. Mol Gen 1992, 232:126-134. V[LLANUE'/AMS, WILLIA~LSSP, BEARDCB, RICHARD~FF, AKSOY S: A New Member o f a Family o f Site-Specific R c t r o m p o s o n s is Present in the Spliced Leader RNA Genes o f Tfypanosoma-Crual. Mol Cell Bio11991, 11:6139-6148. WATEP~SLC, ZELHOFAC, SHAWBJ, CHANGLY: Possible Involvement of the Long Terminal Repeat o f Transposable Elemeot-17.6 in Regulating Expresainn o f an Insecticide ResistanceAssociated P450-Gene in Drosophila. Proc Nat/ Acad Sci U S A 1992, 09:4855-4859. WElLCF, MARILLONNETS, BUER B, W~¢6LESSPCChanges In State o f the Wx-m5 Allele o f Maize are Due to Iutragenlc Transposition o f Ds. Genetics 1992, 130:175-185. WF~LEESR: The Maize Transposable Dsl Element Is Alternatively Spliced from Exon Sequences. Mol Cell Bio11991, 11:6192~196. WIEGANDT~. RE~NqKOFF'~g~:Characterization o f T w o Hypertransposing Tn5 Mutants. J Bocterio11992, 174:1229-1239. WILKECM, ADmlSJ: Fitness Effects o f T y Tr~msposition in Saccharomyces Cerevislae. GeTwtic~ 1992, 131:31-42. XXS"MANC, BLACKBURNEH: Tel-1 Transposon.Uke Elements o f Tetrahymena-Thermophila are Associated with Mtcronuclear G u n • m e Rearrangements. Geneti6* 1991, 129:57-67 YOSHIOKI K. K~NDAH, AKIBAH, ENOKI M. SHIBAT: • Identification o f an Unusual Structure in the D ~ J ~ M I a Melanognster Transposable Element cop/a: Evidence for cop/a Transposition Through aft RNA Intermediate. Ge.e 1991, 103:179-184. [3]. ZI-tAOZY. SUNDARE.~'~V: Binding Sites for Maize Nuclear Proteins in the Terminal Inverted Repeats of the Mul Transposable Element. Mo/ Gen Genet 1991, 229:17-26. ZIARCZYKP, BEST-BELPOMME/VI:A Short 5' Region o f the Long Termtnal Repeat Is Required for Regulation by Hormone and Heat Shock o f Drosophila Retrotransposon 1731. Nucleic Acir&" Res 1991. 19:5689-5693.

Horizontal transfer Review: (pp 868-873) ABADp. QuII£S C, TARESS, PIOTTEC, CAS-FAGNON~-SERE.NOP, u ABADONM. DM2.t~O A: Sequences Homologous to Tc(s) Transposable Elements o f Caenorbabdl~s Elegans are Widely Distributed In the Phylum Nematoda. J Mo/El~11991, 33:251-258. [37]. BUCHETONA: i Elements and The Drosopb//a Genuine. • 0 Genetica ]992, (in Press):. [20]. CAtCUI"TMJ, SCVL~UOTFJ: conserved Gene Arrangement in the Origin Region of the StreptomycesCoellcolor Chromosome. J Bacteriol 1992, 174:3220-3226. CAL~qBR. HUNGTJ, FINDLEYSD, GELBAETWM: Evidence • u for a Common Evolutiotmry Origin of Inverted Repeat Transposons in Drosophila and Plants: Hobo, Activator and Tam3. Cell 1991.66:465-471 [30l. CAPYP, DAVIDJR, HARTLDL Evolution of the • Transposable Element m a r i n e r In the Dr•sol.olin Melano&astc~'. Species Group. Genetica 1992, (in Press):. [32]. FIRTH N, SKURRAYPc Cbaracterizatinn o f the F-Plasmld Blfunctinnal Conjugation Gene, TraG. MO/Ge. Genet 1992, 232:145-153. FLAN~NAGANSE, CLEWELLDB: Conjugatlve Transfer o f Tn916 in Entefococcus-Faecalls - - Trans. Activation o f Homologous Transposons. J l~cteric4 1991, 173:7136-7141. FLAVEI£AJ: Ty l. c o p la Group Retrotransposons and the 0 • Evolution o f Retroelements In the Eukaryotes. Genetica 1992, (in Press):. [16]. FIAVELLAJ, SMrr'H DB: A Tyl.copta Group • Retrotramsposon Sequence in a Vertebrate. Mot Gun Genet 1992, 233:322-326. [17]. FLAVELLAJ, SMrn~ DB, KUM.UtA: Extreme Heterogeneity • u o f Tyl-col~a Group Rctrotraosposons In Plants. Mol Gun Genet 1992, 231:233-242. [15]. GORMLEYEP, DAV1ESJ: Transfer o f Plssmid ILSFI010 by conjugation from Escherichla-Coll to

Stceptomyccs.Llvidm~ and MycobacteriumSmegmatis. J Bacterio11991, 173:6705-6708. GRANDBASI1ENM-A:Retroelements in Higher Plants. OQ Trend.¢ Genet 1992, 8:103-108. [12]. GROL~MANEA, SAIERMHJR, OCHMANH: Horizontal Transfer of a Phosphatase Gene as Evidence for Musalc Structure o f the Salmonella Genuine. ~ t B O f 1992, 11:1309-1316. HAGEMANNS, MILLERWJ, PINSKERW: Identification e u o f a Complete P Element in the Genuine of D ~ a Btfasc~ta. Nudeic Acids Res 1992, 20:409--413. [23]. HAGGARDIJUNGQULWrE, HAU.INGC, CALENDARPCDNA Sequences of the Tall Fiber Genes of Bacteriophage P2 -Evidence for Horizontal Transfer o f Tail Fiber Genes Among Unrelated Bacteriophages. J Bacterio11992, 174:1462-1477. HARDYCM, CLAR~X'ALI~RGD: Nucleotide Sequence of the COX1 Gene in Kluyvecomyces-Lactis Mitochondrlal DNA -Evldeoce for Recent Horizontal Transfer of a Gruup-II Intron. Curt 1991.20:99-114. HARTLDL. LOZO',~KAYAER. LAWERENCEJG: Nonautonomous • Transposable Elements in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. Genetica 1992, (in Press):. [45]. HECHTDW, JAGIELO"0, MAL~fi'MH: Conjugal Transfer of Antibiotic Resistance Factors in BacteroldesFragills - - The BtgA and BtgB Genes o f Plasmtd PBFTM10 are Required for Its Transfer from Bactecoifies-Fragilis and for Its Mobilization by lncP-beta Plasmifi R751 in Escherichla-Coli. J Baclerio11991, 173:7471-7480. HOLb~D J, TOWNERKJ, WILLt&~ISp: To916 Insertion Mumgenesis in Eschertchla-coll and Haemophtlus-influenzae Type-B Following Conjuwative Transfer. J Gen Microbio11992, 138:5(F)-515. HOUCKNL~ CLARKJB, PETERSONKR, KID~LL MG: Possible u u Horizontal Transfer o f Drosophila Genes by the Mite Proctolaelaps Regalts. Science 1991, 253:1125-1129. [43]. KAOSM, OLMS1V.DSB, VIKSNINSA~S,GALLOJC, DUNNYGM: Molecular and Genetic Analysis o f a Region of Plasmld-pCFlO Containing Positive Control Genes and Structural Genes Encoding Surface Proteins Involved in Pheromone-Inducible Conjugation In Entecococcus.Faecalis. J I~cteriol 1991, 173:7650-7664. KESSLERB, DELORENZOV. TIMMIS KN: A Geoefal System to Integrate LacZ Fusions into the Chromosomes of Gram-Negative Eubacterta - - Regulation of the Pm Promoter of the TOL Plasmid Studied with All Controlling Elements in Monocopy. Mol Ge. Genet 1992, 233:293--301. KIDWELLbiG: Horizontal Transfer o f P elements and * Other Short Inverted Repeat Tt-~nsposons. Genetica 1992, (in Press):. [21]. LAWRENCEJG, HARTLDL Inference o f Horizontal u Genetic Transfer from Molecular Data: An Approach Using the Bootstrap. Gev:etics 1992, 131:753-760. [52]. LA~Xq~ENCEJG, OCHM~NH, HAKn.DL The Evolution o f • Insertion Sequences Within Enteric Bacteria. Genetic~ 1992, 131:9-20. [49]. LLOVDRG: Linkage Distortion Following Conjugational Tramsfer of SbcC+ to RecBC SbeBC Strains of Escherichla-coll. J Bacter~o1199L 173:5694-5698. ~,L.tcRAEAF, CLEGGMT: Evolution o f Acand D s l • Elements in Select Grasses (Poaceae). Gene¢iCa 1992, (in Press):. [311. ~L~UYAMAK, HARTLDL Interspectfic Transfer of • • the Transposable Element m a r i n e r b e t w e e n Drosophila and Zaprionu& J Mol Er~11991, 33:514-524. [33]. NL~1SUNAGAT, NAKAMURAC, BURGESSJG, ~ODE K: Gene Transfer in Magnetic Bacteria ~ Transposon Mutagenesls and Cloning o f Genomtc DNA Fragments Required for Magnetosome Synthesis. J BacteHo11992, 174:2748-2753. MCCLOREM& Evolution of Retroposons by Acquisition • o Or Deletion o f Retrovirus-llke Genes. Mol Biol Evol 1991, 8:835-856. [11]. N~DIGUEC, ROUXELT, VIGIERP, I'I~NAUTA. DANCHINA= Evidence for Horizontal Gene Transfer in Escherichla Coil Speclation. J Mol Blo11991, 222:851-856. NISHIKAWAM, SUZUKIK, YOSHIDAK: DNA Integration into Recipient Yeast Chromosomes by TransKingdom Conjugation Between Escherichia-Coll and Saccharomyces-Cerevislae. Curt Genet 1992, 21:101-108. OLAISTEDSB, KAOSM, VANPmTE LJ, GALLOJC, DUNNY GM: Role o f the Pheromone-Inducible S u r f ~ e Protein-AsclO In Mating Aggregate Formation and Conjugal Transfer of the EnterococcusFaecalls Plesmid-pCF10. J l~cterio11991, 173:7665-7672.

Genomes and evolution SINEs and LINEs PONTIUS LT, CLEWELL DB: Conjugatlve Transfer of Enterococcus.Faecaiis Plasmld PAD1 - Nocleotide Sequence and Tr a nsc r iptiona l Fusion Analysis o f a Region Involved In Positive Regulation. J Bacterio1199 2, 174:3152-3160. RENIEROPh COCCONCEL~p, BOTrAZZIV, MOREW U High Frequency of Conjugation in Lactobacillus Mediated by an Aggregation-Promoting Factor. J Gun Microbio11992, 138:763-768. SIMMONSGM: Horizontal Transfer Of Hobo • o Transposable Elements Within the Drosophila Melano&aster Species Complex: Evidence from DNA Sequencing. Mol Biol Et~ 1992, ( in Press):.


SIMONEUGM, ANXOLABRE A: A P Element of Scaptomyxa 0 0 P a H ~ is Active in Drosopb//a Melanognster. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1991, 88:6102-6106. [24]. S,w~'rH DR: Dispersed Repeats In Plant Genomes. • • OTrornosoma 1991, 100:355-359. [46]. STEVENSAM, SANDERSJM, SttOE~O~ER NB, SM.~ERSAA: Genes involved in Prodoction o f Pissmidlike Forms by a Racternides Conjugal Chromosomal Element Share Amino Acid Homology with 2-Componeot Regulatory Systems. J Baclerio11992. 174:2935-2942. Vo~'rAs DF: Arabidopsis and Cotton (Gossy~um) as • Models for Studying copra-like Retrotransposon Evolution. Genelica 1992, (In Press):. [48]. ZULLOS, SIEU LC. SUGIfrOMJL, HADIJ:.RHI, EISENSTADTJM: Mltochondrial D-loop Sequences are Integrated in the Rat Nuclear Genuine. J Mol Biot 1991, 221:1223-1235.

SINEs and LINEs Related review: Transcriptional regulation and transpositional selection of active SINE sequences (pp 874-882) ADEY NB, SCHICIIMANSA. Iltn'CIIINSONCA Ill, EDGELL MH: Composite of a and F-type 5' T e r m i n a l Sequences Defines a Subfamily o f Mouse LINE1 Elements. J Mol Bio11991, 221:367-373. BRATTIIAUERGl~ FANNINGTG: Active LINE-1 Retrotransposons in Human Testicular Caocer. Oncogene 1992, 7:507-510. BURTONFH, LOEBDD, EDGELLMH, HLrrCHISONCA: L1 Gene Conversion o r Same.Site Transpositino. Mol Biol Et~o11991, 8:609-619. CI4/~'qG D-Y, ~L~MA RJ: A Novel Protein Binds the • Highly Specific BI and Alu Small Cytoplasmic RNKS In Vltr~JBioICIx.m 1992, (to press):. [52]. DOMBROSKIBA, MAI"HIASSL~ NANTttAKUM~E, SCOIT AF, OO KAZ~JANJR HH: Isolation of an Active Human Transposable Element. Science 1991, 254:1805-1807. [271. EVANSJp. PAIABTRRRD: Retrotransposition of a Mouse L1 Element. proc Nail Acxul Sci U S A 1991, 88:8792-8795. FRENGENE, ~IO,MSENP, KRISTENSENT, KR~NS, MILLERR. DA~qESW: Porcine SINEs - - Characterization and use in Species-Specific Amplification. Genomics 1991, 10:949-956. [vMqov VA. MEhNIKOVA~ SIUNOVAV, |:ODOR 11, IL~qN~'V: Authentic Reverse Transcriptase Is Cded by Jockey, a mobile Drosophila Element Related to Mammalian LINEs. ~UBOJ 1991. 10:2.i89-2496. LABUDAD, SINNE'CfD, RICHERC, DERAGONJ-M, STRIKERG: 0 • Evolution of Mouse BI Repeats: 7SL RNA Folding Pattern Conserved. J Mol Et~o11991, 32:405-414.

[~I" LEEFLMNGEP, LIU Vbl, HASHIblOTOC, CHOUDARYPV, SCHMID • CW: Phylogenetlc Evidence for Multiple Alu Source Genes. J Mol Et~11992, 35:7-16. [6]. MABAIAPc T he Subset of Mouse B1 (Alo-Eqnivalent) o • Sequences Expressed as Small Processed Cytoplasmic Tran.sertpts. Nucleic Acids Res 1991, 19:5695-5702. [91l~L~dA RJ, CHANGD-Y, WOLt'TEAP, VOECERL, I'F,U K: • 0 T he RNA Polymet~Kse IH T e r m i n a t o r used by a B1-Alu Element can Modulate 3'Processing o f the Intermediate RNA product. Mol Cell Bio11992, 12:1500-1506. [36]. MATHIASSL. SCO~" AF, KAZAZI&NHH JR. BOEKEJD, GABRIEL • A: Reverse Transcrtptase Encoded by a Huma n Transposable Element. Science 1991, 254:1808-1810. [57]. P~N RE, TSAON, MOENSPB: Synaptonemal Complexes from DNAse-treated Rat Pachytene Chromosomes Contain ( GT) n and LINE/SINE Sequences. Genetics 1992, 130:865-872. PdKKEBA, HARDIESSC: LINEd Repetitive DNA Probes for Species-Specific Cloning from Mus-Sprelus and Mus-Domestleus Geoomes. Genomics 1991, 11:895-904. ROHE M, SCHRUNDERJ, TUD~'NSKI P, MEINHARDT F: Phylogenetic Relationships o f Linear, Protein-

Primed Replicating Genomes. Curt Gene! 1992, 21:173-176. RUMPA, KARI£)VSK~"P: Tandem A r r a n g e me n t o f Transfer RNA(Asp).Encoding Genes in P h y t o p h t h o r a Spp. Gene 1991, 102:51-56. SCHMIDC~/: Human Alu Subfamilies a n d T h e i r o ~ Methylation Revealed by Blot Hybridization. Nucleic Acids Res 1991, 19:5613-5617. [31]. SHEN MR, BA'i7.ERNb~ DEININGERPL: Evolution o f th e • • Master Alu G e n e ( s ) . J Mol E~11991, 33:311-320. [20]. SINNETrD, RICHERC. DERAGONJ-M, LABUDAD: Alu o • RNA Secondary Structure Consists of Two I n d e p e n d e n t 7 SL RNA-Ilke Folding Units. J Biol Ox, nt 1991,266:8675-8678. [55]. WALLACEN1R,ANDERSENLB, SAULINOAM, GREGORYPE, • GLOVERTW, COLLh'~SFS: A de Novo Alu I n s e r tio n Results in Neurofibromatosis Type 1. Nature 1991. 353:864-866. [21].

Molecular evolution in single copy sequence and multigene families Related review: Genetic relationships among the apes and humans (pp 883-889) AALTOMK, KER&NENS, RONNEH: A Family of Proteins Involved in i n t r a c e l l u l a r T r a n s p o r t [Letter]. Cell 1992, 6&181-182. ADAMRD, YANGYM, N&SttTE: T h e Cysteine-Rich Protein Gene Family of Glardla-Lamblia - - Loss of th e CRP170 Gene in an Antigenic Variant. Mot CL.II Bio11992. 12:1194-1201. tM YJ, KRON E, KAOTH: S-Alleles a r e RetaIned and Expressed In a Self-Compatible Cultlvar o f Petunia-Hybrida. Mol Gun Gullet 1991, 230:353-358. AITKENJ: Cell Biology: A Family of Fusion proteins. Natttre 1992, 356:196. Ah~t.L~N A. MISHP~NC: Recombination by Sequence Repeats w i t h Formation o f Suppressive o r Residual Mttochondrlal DNA In Neurospora. proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1991, 88:7684-7688. &MLERLC, SQIWABM: Multiple Amplicons of Discrete Sires Encompassing N-myc in Neuroblastoma Cells Evolve T h r o u g h Differential Recombination from a Large Pr e c u r s o r DNA. Oncogene 1992, 7:807-809. ANDEILSSONS, LAMBERTSSON.~ Evolution o f the Dec-I Eggshell Locus in Drosophila. 1. Restriction Site Mapping a n d Limited Sequence Comparison In the Melanogaster Species Subgroup. J Mot Evol 1991, 33:321-331. AN1)REC, MAR'nN E, CORNUF, HU WX, WANG XP, GAIJBERTF: Genomlc Organization o f th e H u ma n c-kit Gene -Evointinn o f th e Receptor Tyrosine Klnase Subelass-IlI. Oncogene 1992, 7:685-691. ANG D, LIBEREKK, SKOV;~RAO, ZYUCZM, GEORGOPOULOS C: Binlogical Role and Regulation of th e Universally Conserved Heat Shock proteins. J Biol C/x,m 1991, 266:24233-24236. AN~O,,,"f2,tOUS:A 'mite,/' T h e o r y for Gene J u m p i n g - Getting a J u m p on Gene T r a n s f e r In Drosophila. Science 1991, 253:1092-1093. APPI.EM~'qJR, TSAYJT. FRE.ISHELMJH, Bb'~KLEY RL: Effect of Enzyme a n d Ligimd p r o t o n a t i o o o n the BInding of Folates to Recombinant Human Dlhydrofolate Reductnse - - Implications for the Evolution o f Eukaryotlc Enzyme Efficiency. Biochemist O, 1992, 31:3709-3715. AS&~I NE, MAgllNWF, SOMMER~qLLECC, LOISEAUXDEGOER S: Evolution o f th e RuBisCO U p • r u n from Prokaryotes to Algae - - Str u c tu r e a n d Analysis o f th e RbeS Gene of th e Brown Alga PylaieilaLittoralis. plant Mol Bio11991, 17:853~63. A&SUMG, FINKT, KLETFC, LENGLB, SCHANBACHERM, UIILS, ~tOllR G: A New Multisequence Family in Human. Genomi~ 1991, 11:397-409. A~qSEJC, BOWENBW, LAMBT, blEYLANAB, BEP.MINGH.~M E: Mitochondrtal DNA Evolution at a T u r t l e ' s Pace -Evidence for Low Genetic Variability a n d Reduced Mlcroevointinnary Rate In th e Testudines. Mol Biol Et.~o11992, 9:457-473. Av~q A. ZIMMERY, YAYONA, yARDENY, GI~X3LD: Fig-2, a New Member of th e Family o f Flbroblast Growth Factor Receptors. Oncogene 1991, 6:1089-1092. t~t.EN E~ OCONNELLP, KIM HS: PRB2/1 Fusion Gene - - A Product of Unequal a n d Homologous Crossingo v e r Between Proline-Rlch Pr o te in (PRP) Genes PRO1 a n d PRB2. A m J Hum Genet 1992, 50:842-851. BAILEYXX~,SUGHTOMJL, GOOD~L~NM: Rejection Of th e Flying Pr im a te Hypothesis by Phylogenetic Evidence from th e E-Giobin Gene. Science 1992, 256:86-89. BALDINIA. MILLERDA. SHRIDHARV, ROCCH[ M, MILLEROJ, WARD DC: Comparative Mapping of a Gorilla-

D e r i v e d A l p h a . S a t e l l i t e D N A C l o n e o n Great Ape a n d H u ma n Chromosomes. OJromosoma 1991. 101:109-114. B.t.NG^SS, BOYDJB: O l l g o n u d e o t i d e - D l r e c t e d Site-Specific Mutagenesis in DrosophilaMelanogester. proc Natl Acad Scl U S A 1992, 09:1735-1739. BARANG, Ecvrr C, BUEF.AUT. WF.~SII:RS: Molecular Analysis of th e Maize OmegachI-B3 Allele Indicates that Precise Excision o f t h e Transposable Ac Element Is Rare. Genetics 1992, 130:377-384. BARDONIB, ZUFFARDIO. GUtOU S, BALLAB~O& SIMI P, CAVALU P. GPdMOLDIMG, FRACCAROM, C.~IEPdNOG: A Deletion Map of th e Human Y q l l Region - - Implications for the Evolution o f th e Y-Chromo*ome and Tentative Mapping o f a Locus Involved in Spermatogenesis. Genomlcs 1991, 11:443-451. BAUWEN~S, VANOOSTVEH)T p, ENGLERG, V&NMONTAGUM: Distribution of th e RDNA and T h r e e Classes o f Highly Repetitive DNA in the c h r o m a t i n o f i n t e r p h a s e Nuclei of Arabldopsis-Thailana. Ojromosoma 1991, 101:41-48. BF.ACHRL JEFFERY~q~ Multiple Actin Genes Encoding th e Same Alpha-Muscle Isoform a re Expressed D u r i n g Ascldlan Development. De*, Bio11992, 151:55-66. BECKERAB, RUTHR/~ An Unusual Active Site Identified In a Family o f Zinc Metalloendopeptidases. proc Nan Acad Set U S A 1992, 89:3835-3839. BEEhb~N RW, FPdESENKS, DENELLRE: Maternal-Effect Selfish Genes In Flour Beetles. Science 1992, 256:89-92. BEGUNOJ, AQUADEOCF: Levels o f Naturally O c c u r r i n g DNA Pniymorphism Correlate w i t h Recombination Rates in D Melanogaster [Letter]. Nature 1992, 356:519-520. BEI~.NGERFC, KRIZAI2 Molecular Basis for Allelic Folymorphism of th e Maize Globulin-1 Gene. Genetics 1991, 129:863-872. BEUClt MP, MADRIGALJA. HILDEBRANDXY/H,ZF%tblOUR J, WILLL~tSRC, LUZR, PE17.L-ERLERML. PAI~L~t P: Unusual HLA.B Alleles in Two Tribes o f Brazilian Indians [Letter]. Nature 1992, 357:326-328. BENNY-ITRI. SMITHAG: T h e Complete Nucleotide Sequence of th e l n t e r g e n i c Spacer Region of an RDNA U p • r u n from Brasslca-Oleracea and Its Comparison w i t h O t h e r Crucifers. plant Mol Biol 1991, 16:1095-1098. BERGSMADJ, EDERC, GEOSSM. KERSTENH, S~XXXSTERD, APPELBAUME. CUSI~L~NOD, LlXqGP, MCIAUGHLINMM. KJkV¢&NK, PORTERTG, SILX~ERM.~NC, DON~NqNGTOND, HAND?~ PRICHETFXv/P,BOSSARDMJ, BRANOTM, LEVYbl~ The Cyclophilin Multigeae Family of PeptldylProlyl lsomerases - - Characterization o f T h r e e Separate H u ma n lsoforms. J Biol O:,em 1991, 266:23204-232|,i BERKO~X~RC. MICFIAEUSS: Mutational Analysis o f t h e Yast A-factor T r a n s p o r t e r STE6, a Member of th e ATP Binding Cassette (ABe) Protein SuperEamily. F~ffBOJ 1991, 10:3777-3786. BEth'¢ARDIG: Genuine Structure and Evolution. J Mol [."t~/1991, 33:3. BEI~qARDIG, BEth'qARDIG: Compositional properties of Nuclear Genes from Cold-Blooded Vertebrates. J Mol Eta311991, 33:57-67. BEZOUSKAK, CRICHLOWGV, ROSEJM, TAYK3RME, DR[CKAMER K: Evolutionary Conservation o f I n t r o o Position in a Subfamily of Genes Encoding Carbohydrate-Recognition Domains. J Biol Cbem 1991, 266:11604-11609. BtL~'qDA~IV, PALFREERGE, BAIEM&'qtM Isolation a n d Sequence of the Granulin p r e c u r s o r CDNA from Human Bone Marrow Reveals T a n d e m CysteineRich G r a n u l i n Domains. proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:1715-1719. BIMqCHI NO, BIANCHIMS, PAMILOP, VIDALRIOJAl~ DELACHAPELI£?~ Evolution o f Zinc Finger-Y and Zinc Flnger-X Genes In Oryzomyne- Akodontine Rodeots (Crtcetldae). J Mol Eta311992, 34:54-61. BLAKERD, HF^% ¢, ,ST, NICHOLSONTUELLJ: T h e Influence of Nearest Neighbors on th e Rate a n d Pattern o f Spontaneous Point Mutations. J Mo/Ez~3/1992, 34:189-200. BLOMQV1STAG. SODERBERGC, LUNDELL1, ~Rh%~ERgJ, ~ t M A R D: Strong Evolutionary Conservation o f N e u r o p e p t i d e Y: Sequences o f Chicken, Goldfish, a n d T o r p e d o Marmorata DNA Clones. Proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:2350-2354. BbUMBERGB, NL~NGELSDOREDJ, DYCKJA. BI'I'I2qERDA. EVANS RM, DE ROBERTISEM: Multiple Retinoid.rasponsive Receptors in a Single Cell: Families o f Retinnid 'X' Receptors a n d Retinoic Acid Receptors in th e Xenopus Egg. proc Nall Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:2321-2325. BIMNDYKS, BLUNDYMAC, CROUCHMI' Differential Expression of Members o f t h e Napin Storage



Genomes and evolution Molecular evolution in single copy sequence and multigene families P r o t e i n G e n e Family D u r i n g E m b r y o g e n e s l s In Brasslca-Napus. Plant Mol Bio11991. 17:109)-110q, BO M. BOIME l: I d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f t h e T r a n s c r i p t i o n a l l y Active G e n e s o f t h e C h o r i o n i c G o n a d o t r o p i n b e t a G e n t C l u s t e r Invlvo. J Biol CIx,m 1992. 267:3179-318.1. BOBOL~ MS. SMRll DE, KLEINAS: Five Major N u c l e a r R i b o s o m a l Repeats R e p r e s e n t a l a r g e a n d Variable F r a c t i o n o f t h e G e n o m i c DNA o f Ptcea-Rubens a n d P.blartana. Mol Biol Eta311992. 9:125-137. BOCK A` FORCHtUXMMERK, IIEIDERJ. BARONC: S e l e n o p r o t e l n S y n t h e s i s - - An E x p a n s i o n o f t h e G e n e t i c Code. Trt,~tda ltiocl~t,m Sci 1991.16:-t63--t67 BODDUPALIJSS, HASE~L~'qNCA. RA'*qCHANDP,L"~ KG. LU~', Gola36Mm~ El, DEISENHOFER.1, ]~I!TI!g%ON J& C r y s t a l l i z a t i o n a n d P r e l i m i n a r y X.Ray Diffraction Analysis o f P 4 5 0 t e r p a n d t h e H e m o p r o t e l n D o m a i n o f P450BM-3, E n z y m e s I ~ l o n g l n g to 2 D i s t i n c t Classes o f t h e C y t o c h r o m e P450 S u p e r f a m i l y . I'n'~ Nat/..tcad 3c# It S A 1992, 89:5567-5571. BODI ~ G~.'SI.EI~IUNKERA` KOIIU J: A Q u a n t i t a t i v e Assay to Measure C h r o m o s o m e S t a b i l i t y In S c h i z o s a c c h a r u m y c e s P o m b e . Mid Gen G' I t~)l, 229:77~80. BOLL~,GrJ, EtwC,Ol) DR, "['OBINED. CK)DXgqNt~{. LtSKAYRM: F o r m a t i o n o f H e t e r o d u p l e x DNA During Mammalian Intrachromosomal Gene C o n v e r s i o n . Mol Cell Bio11992. 12:t5q6-1552, I~ORRIEU~) F. KRAI-I]~RKS: M u l t i p l e M u r i n e ~ l - p r o t e a s e Inhibitor Genes Show Unusual Evolutionary D i v e r g e n c e . I'n,c Nad Acad Sci U S A 1991. 88:9417 ~121. BOWM~'~ BH. TAYI£)RJW, BROX~,~LEEAG. LEEJ. l,t' SD, WIIla~. TJ: M o l e c u l a r E v o l u t i o n o f t h e F u n g i -- Relationship of the Basldlomycetes, Ascomycetes. a n d C h y t r i d i o m y c e t e s . Mol BRd I:t~d 1992, 9:28~-2~. Bg~,DYJP, RICIIMONI)RC: An E v o l u t i o n a r y Model for t h e D u p l i c a t i o n a n d D i v e r g e n c e o f E s t e r a s e G e n e s in D r o s o p h i l a . . ] Mol Et'oI 1~)2, 34:506-521. BKMININGERA. IIOI.]'RICII U, SlXEIIItARI)TK, RIq~SA.MEN'~gMGM~NNI I: I s o l a t i o n a n d Charaeterizatinn of a Human Gene that Encodes a New Subclass o f P r o t e i n T y r o s i n e Kinases. Gene 1992. 110:20%211. BRENN.~ TJ. CIL~KgMIORTTT. OI.~N EN: M u t a g e n e s i s o f t h e M y o g e n l n Basic R e # o n I d e n t i f i e s an .A2nclent P r o t e i n M o t i f C r i t i c a l for A c t i v a t i o n o f Myogenesis. I ' r ~ Natl Acad Sci t' ,'¢ .-I I ~) I. 88:567~56-9. Br:'AN'T P.]. \Vtx)t z~ DF: A Major P a l m i t o y l a t e d Membt~qe Protein of Human Erythrocytes Shows H o m o l o g y to Y e a s t G u a n y l a t e K i n a s e a n d to t h e P r o d u c t o f a D r o s o p h i l a T u m o r S u p p r e s s o r G e n e [Letter]. Cell 1~)2, 68:621-(',22. BIqT1NG K. GREGERV, ItROXX~bWEINBI I, MOIIR RM, \'£)ICUIJ{~,CI: I, \VIN'I~RPACIH A` 7~a,BEI. B. I]OR.~'IllEMKEI]: A P u t a t i v e G e n e Family tn 15q11-13 a n d 16p11.2 - - P o s s i b l e I m p l i c a t i o n s for P r a d e r - W i l l i a n d A n g e l m a n S y n d r o m e s . I'r(~_"Natl Acad Set I" S A 1992, 89:5.15" 5461 Bt'u.JJ. MOIJNEUX (I, WERRENJH: Selfish G e n e s . Sort,Hoe 1992, 256:65. BULMERM: S t r a n d S y m m e t r y o f M u t a t i o n Rates In t h e Beta-Globin R e g i o n . . / , l l o l Evo/1 ~) 1, 33:305-31 O, Bt'tMEr M: Use o f t h e M e t h o d o f G e n e r a l i z e d Least Squares lo R e c o n s t r u c t i n g P h y l o g e n i e s f r o m S e q u e n c e Data. Mol Biol Et*d lt)gl. 8:8C~4..8J43. Bt!LMEr M: T h e S e l e c t i o n - M u t a t i n n - D r i f t T h e o r y o f S y n o n y m o u s C o d o o Usage. Gt,Hetic.~ I t~)l. 129:897-907 BULMERM, WOIJ:E KI I. SIIAI*J' PM: S y n o n y m o u s N u c l e o t i d e S u b s t h u t l o n Rates in l~,Lammallan G e n e s - - I m p l i c a t i o n s for t h e M o l e c u l a r C l o c k and the Relationship of Mammalian Orders. /'~ NatlAcad Sci t; .%".'1 1991, 88:~974 5978. BUrGE C, CAMPIIEH.t~'q. KARIJN S: O v e r - a n d U n d e r R e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f S h o r t O I I g o n u c l e o t l d e s in DNA S e q u e n c e s . I'r~: Nal[Acad SCi I I S A 1~)2, 89:1358-1362. Bt'RGHN TP~ T h e TEA D o m a i n - - A Novel. H i g h l y C o n s e r v e d DNA-Blodlng M o t i f [Letter]. Cell 19t)l. 66:11 12. Bt'SCtl R. HIU. CM, I L~'*'tlALI.JD, I~LMBJR. rO]]IIIARI)JB: Effect o f N a t u r a l P o l y m o r p h i s m at R e s i d u e - 8 6 o f t h e HI.A-DR Beta-Chain o n P e p t l d e B i n d i n g . J h..llotol 1991, 147:1292-1298. BUSSINK I IJD, BUXTON FP. Vlrk~;ERJ: E x p r e s s i o n a n d Sequence Comparison of the Aspergillus-Ntger and Aspergillus-Tubigeosis Genes Encoding P o l y g a l a c t u r o n a s e - H . Curt 1991, 19:-t67-i7q CA.qOL P, D YF, MACIIE R: C o n s e r v a t i o n a n d E v o l u t i o n of the Nucleus-Encoded and Chloroplast-Specific R i b o s o m a l P r o t e i n s in Pea a n d S p i n a c h . Gene 1991, 103:139-145.

CARILEROVAIENZttEL~RD. Qu&'4 F, IJGHTO~Xl~E~SR. KENNAWAY NG. ~ M, FORTE. M: H u m a n C y t o c h r o m e - c Oxldase Subunit-Vlb -- Characterization and M a p p i n g o f a M u l t l g e n e Family. Getle 1991, 102:229-236. C&'~I"AGNAROA` MAK~NAC. CARBONEROP, GAHCIA'OLMEDAF: E x t r e m e D i v e r g e n c e o f a Novel W h e a t T h l o n i n G e n e r a t e d by a M u t a t i o n a l B u r s t Specifically Affecting t h e M a t u r e p r o t e i n D o m a i n o f t h e P r e c u r s o r . J Mol Bio11992. 224:1003-1009. CA~r,XNEO R: RNA E d l t i n 8 - - In C h l o r o p l a s t a n d R r a i n . Tren¢L~ Biocbem Sci 1992, 17:4-5. CoXVALUSFOR/_&lJ. hlINCH E, NIOth'~rAINJL C o e v o l u t l o n o f G e n e s a n d L a n g u a g e s Revisited. pro~ Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:5620-562.i. CAk'ENER DR: GMC O x l d o r e d u c t a s e s . A Newly D e f i n e d Family of Homologous proteins with Diverse Catalytic A c t i v i t i e s . . / M o t Biol 1 ~ 2 . 223:81 I ~ l . i . CERt rlql H, [AGENI)ORFAT: N u c l e o t l d e S e q u e n c e o f t h e C h l o r o p l a s t 16S RRNA G e n e f r o m Pea ( P l s u m S a t i v u m L). Pl¢mt .11ol Bio11991. 17:125-126. CIIAK~t',BORI"¢ R: M u l t i p l e Alleles a n d E s t i m a t i o n o f Genetic Parameters -- Computational Equations S h o w i n g I n v o l v e m e n t o f All Alleles [Letter]. Gt,neO~x~ 1992, 130:231-234. CIt~'~ J. wAI"I- VM: e e k a n d Erk, New M e m b e r s o f t h e E p h Subclass o f R e c e p t o r P r o t e i n - T y r o s l n e Kinases. Oncogene 1991, 6:10~7 1061. CILMrl]ETN, CLEMENq|], I'IIIIJPPS G. GIGOI" C: OrganSpecific E x p r e s s i o n o f D i f f e r e n t H l s t o n e H3 a n d H4 G e n e S u b f a m i l i e s in D e v e l o p i n g a n d Adult Maize. I~la~lt Mol Biol IO91. 17:935-940. CllAI'I)ItURI A` I~ARBOI:r K*V. BERGEr FG: E v o l u t i o n o f M e s s e n g e r RNA S t r u c t u r e a n d R e g u l a t i o n In t h e G e n u s Mus - - T h e A n d r o g e n - I n d u c i b l e RP2 M e s s e n g e r RNAs. Mol Biol Etrd I~)1.8:6-ti-O53. CIIEE MS, RIZ(~ II. III!NDI!Ie~)NItR. BAKERR` SI~3X'A~"TS: S u b f a m i l i e s o f S e r i n e T r a n s f e r RNA G e n e s in t h e B o v i n e G e n o m e . . t h d G e , Gene11991. 231:106. 112. CIIEN .iX'(', EVANSBR` YANGSI(, TEl'LOW DB. JAYARA.MM: D o m a i n o f a Yeast Site-Specific R e c o m b l n a s e (Flp) t h a t R e c o g n i z e s Its T a r g e t Site. P r ~ Nail AcadSci U S A 19)1, 88:59-bi 5%i8 CIIEN SIt, ZIIAN(; M, IL1X~RII!N]'.'.v~:,~.ZOYI"CR` I"IIOMI'~)N AR: CG D i n u c l e o t l d e T r a n s i t i o n s in t h e FactorIX G e n e A c c o u n t for A b o u t H a l f o f t h e P o i n t M u t a t i o n s in H e m o p h l l i a - B P a t i e n t s - - A Seattle Series. Ihtm (;e,et 1991. 87:1 ~ 182. CIII!N T. BI'NqlNG M. KARIMIq), "rIII:MMEI.CS: I s o l a t i o n and Characterization of 5 Drosophila Genes that E n c o d e a n Ets-Related DNA B i n d i n g D o m a i n . /h,v Bio/1~)2. 151:176 191 CIIEN ZQ. RFI'/.EI.RG, IJN CC, IIOIX3ETT3RB: S e q u e n c e Conser'vatlon In Avian CRI - - An I n t e r s p e r s e d R e p e t i t i v e DNA Family E v o l v i n g U n d e r F u n c t i o n a l C o n s t r a i n t s . Proc ,\~al Acad Sci I' S ,,I I~)1. 88:~81-I 5HI8 CIIII'EV CC, \'COI.FFliAP: C h r o m o s o m a l O r g a n i z a t i o n o f X e n o p u s - l a e v i s O o c y t e a n d S o m a t i c 5S RRNA G e n e s I n v i v o . . t h d Cell Bio11992. 1 2 4 8 ~5 CItOUDIIARY M. IAI'RIE CC: Use o f in V i t r o M u t a g e n e s i s to Analyze t h e M o l e c u l a r Basis o f t h e D i f f e r e n c e In Adh E x p r e s s i o n Associated w i t h t h e A l l o z y m e P o l y m o r p h i s m in D r o s o p h l l a - M e l a n o g a s t e r . Gt,Hetit~ 1991, 129:-IHI--IV,S CI[YBA C, SAGAN C: E n d o g e n o u s P r o d u c t i o n , Exogenous Delivery and Impact Shock Synthesis o f O r g a n i c Molecules: a n I n v e n t o r y for t h e O r i g i n s o f Life. At¢llllPO ITS)2, 355:12~-131 CLARK AG, KAO T II: Excess N o n s y n o n y m o u s S u b s t i t u t i o n at S h a r e d P o l y m o r p h i c Sites A m o n g S e l f - i n c o m p a t i b l l t y Alleles o f Sofanaceae. I'n~ A'atl Acad ,%i I" S A 1991. 88:9823 982r. CI&RK~AJXI(R GD: C o n t r a s t i n g M u t a t i o n Rates in M i t o c h o n d r i a l a n d N u c l e a r G e n e s o f Yeasts Versus M a m m a l s . C'tffr Gt,~tt,t 1991. 20:195-19H COBll RR. RINCIIIK I{, }IARNEYI"LB. BI RKIIART.IG, LI!WIbSE: A Malic E n z y m e P r o b e D e t e c t s C r o s s - H y b r i d i z i n g S e q u e n c e s Closely L i n k e d to Loci E n c o d i n g O t h e r M e t a b o l i c E n z y m e s . O~t,nomic.~ I¢Y-)2, 12:q05--i08. COOI,ER DN. KRAWt~.~*KM: M e c h a n i s m s o f l n s e r t i o n a l M u t a g e n e s i s in H u m a n G e n e s C a u s i n g G e n e t i c D i s e a s e . [hllH Gt,ltel ](K)I. g7:.t09--115. CrF.~SE T.I, I.YxCII M: R i b o s o m a l DNA V a r i a t i o n In D a p l m i a - P u l e x . Mol Biol Et'ol 1~)1. 8:620-(H0. CREll R` CII'AREIJA F. "I'III()NIO..~ANANGEb~.%'TONIA` PAI2d P. CAMMARANOP: N u c l e o t i d e S e q u e n c e o f a DNA R e g i o n C o m p r i s i n g t h e G e n e for Elongation Factor-lalpha (EF-lalpha) from the Ultrathermophllic Archaeote Pyrococcusw o e s e i - P h y l o g e n e t l c I m p l i c a t i o n s . J ,11ol Evo/ It~l, 33:332-342. CRIBIL~; DL PUt'IT..'viA.jOIINSON D, hL~CZULLAM, KAUFMAN TC: S t r u c t u r a l C o m p l e x i t y a n d E v o l u t i o n a r y Conservation of the Drosophila Homeotic Gene P r o b o s c i p e d i a . F~IIBOJ 1992. l l : l . i 3 7 - l q S 0 .

CROSSLY" PH. I.rVIIE PFR: A C l u s t e r o f R e l a t e d Z i n c F i n g e r P r o t e i n G e n e s i s D e l e t e d in t h e Mouse E m b r y o n i c L e t h a l M u t a t i o n T w l g . Proc NatlAead Sci U S .-I 1991.88:7923-7927. CROW iF: 25 Y e a r s Ago in G e n e t i c s . I d e n t i c a l T r i p l e t s . Genetic,~ 1992, 130:395-398. CRO\XTA.LDN. JOHN ME. rUK~EU.D, t~MASlNORM: Characterization of a Stress-Induced, D e v e l o p m e n t a l l y R e g u l a t e d G e n e Eamlly f r o m S o y b e a n . Plant ,lloI IJioI 1992. 18:'i59--i66. CUh° P, NtISSLEINVOHARD C. HOPKINS N: H i g h F r e q u e n c y G e r m Line T r a n s m i s s i o n o f P l a s m l d DNA S e q u e n c e s I n j e c t e d i n t o E e r t l l t z e d Zebcaflsh Eggs. /'roc Nat/:1cad 5¢/U S .4 199I, 88:7953-7957. C|ISACK S. IIARTLEINM, I~-;BEI~M?uNR: S e q u e n c e S t r u c t u r a l a n d Evolutionm-y R e l a t i o n s h i p s B e t w e e n Class 2 Aminoacyl-tRNA S y n t h e t a s e s . Nucleic Ac/da Res 1991. 19:3489-3-198. DARR SC, [IRO~,,Nr~v. PACE NR: T h e V a r i e t i e s o f R l b o n u c l e a s e - P . 7)'e,d~ B i ~ e m Sci 1992. 17:178-182. DA~qF_SPI: C o n s e r v a t i o n o f A n t i f r e e z e P r o t e i n E n c o d i n g G e n e s In T a n d e m Repeats. Gene 1992. 112:163-170. DAVIS BK: K i n e t i c s o f Rapid RNA E v o l u t i o n l n v i t r o . J Mol El~l 199!, 33:3q3-380. DIL.~.NGIOI~'TVllM. Ix~CI!RP~XG, Ct~-~TAIJ)OC* CI ffOIL3 R. DI!BONISC, I]IX)NANNOG. CARESqqAC: a l p h a a l p h a a l p h a a l p h a a n t l - 3 . 7 T y p e - i l - - A New Alpha-Globin Gene Rearrangement Suggesting that the Alpha-Globin Gene Duplication Could be Caused by I n t r a c h r o m o s o m a l R e c o m b i n a t i o n . Ihtm Geuet 1992. 89:37 -! I. [)EI~AliRIi I, IJl' L MOENS L VANBEEI!MENJ. GIEI.E.NSC, RICItEH.EJ. TrOTXt~": C, FINCII I, GER53~'3Nhi, PERIrlZ M: P o l a r Z i p p e r S e q u e n c e In t h e Hlgh-Afl3nlty H e m o g l o b i n o f Ascaris-Suum - - A m i n o Acid S e q u e n c e a n d S t r u c t u r a l I n t e r p r e t a t i o n . Proc Naa .-1cad Sci U S A ITS)2, 89:.1638--i6q2. I)EBRY RW: T h e C o n s i s t e n c y o f Several P h y l o g e n y Inference Methods Under Varying Evolutionary R a t e s . . I h d Biol Et.ol 1~)2.9:537-551. I)EEN PM'I', 8LrS.M!MAKEK'~N[IG. I"ERXX~LD. ROt TBI )S FW. ht,',Rll!NS GJM: C o m p a r a t i v e S t r u c t u r a l A n a l y s i s o f t h e T r a n s c r i p t i o n a l l y Active p r o o p i o m e l a n o c o r t i n Gene-A a n d Gene-B o f Xeuopus-Laevis. Mol Biol I:t~11992. 9:-183--11)-I. I)EGR)RGI C. b'd-~A'~liC. hll:SCI hiD. SACCONEC: M i t o c h o n d r i a l DNA in t h e Sea U r c h i n ArbaclaLlxula - - E v o l u t i o n a r y I n f e r e n c e s f r o m N u c l e o t l d e S e q u e n c e A n a l y s i s . . i h d ltitd Et'ol It)~)l. 8:515-529. DELATORREJC, GIACIIEI'YI C. SILMI.ERBL [Iou;L'qD JJ: H i g h F r e q u e n c y o f Single-Base T r a n s i t i o n s a n d Extreme Frequency of Precise Multiple-Base R e v e r s i o n M u t a t i o o s in P o l l o v i r u s . I'roc Naa..Itad 5ci I' S A lt~)2.89:2"$31 2~35. I)EI$)RME MO. I IENAI'I"A: C o d o n Usage is I m p o s e d by t h e G e n e L o c a t i o n in t h e T r a n s c r i p t i o n Unit. Cio-r (;t,~lCl It)91.20:3~3 358. DEMI'I.E l~. I IEI~,L~NT, CIIEN I)S: C l o n i n g a n d E x p r e s s i o n o f APE, t h e CDNA E n c o d i n g t h e M a j o r H u m a n A p u r i n i c E n d o n u c l e a s e - - D e f i n i t i o n o f a Family o f DNA R e p a i r E n z y m e s . Proc A'atl : k a d Sci t' ~ A 1991. 88:1 I-t50.-I l-I%i. I)ENECKEJ. DE RYCKER` BO'VH~I~MANJ: P l a n t a n d b l a m m a l l a n S o r t i n g S i g n a l s for P r o t e i n R e t e n t i o n a n d In t h e E n d o p l a s m i c R e t l c u l u m C o n t a i n a C o n s e r v e d E p l t o p e . FIIBOJ 191~2. 11:23q5 2 3 % I)ENECKEJ. G(IIJ)MAN MI IS, [)EMOIJ)ERJ, Slit 'RINCKJ. BO'IqEIL~UXNJ: T h e T o b a c c o L u m i n a l B i n d i n g P r o t e i n is E n c o d e d by a M u l t l g e n e Family. I~kott C-ell 1991.3:11)25 1035. oE'qt'.W P, S'(¢ll:r S, I]RAND N. [)MglAI)E N, [IAICFON p. :"d~HWOR'nI A: A C o n s e r v e d Family o f G e n e s

Related to t h e T e s t i s D e t e r m i n i n g G e n e , SRY. ,v,cleic :Ic/cL~ Rt~ 1~)2, 20:2~87 I)IiVEAI'X LC, I IOA(;LANI)NA` SMVM G ~ 17 Complementatlon Groups of Mutations D e c r e a s i n g M e i o t i c R e c o m b i n a t i o n in S c h i z o s a c c h a r o m y c e s P o m b e . G'e,etic,~ 1992. 130:251 202, I)L~XIOND.IM: H u m a n E v o l u t i o n : D i a b e t e s R u n n i n g Wild. N a t , r e 19)2. 357:362-363. I)IBEIM } PR` \X'ITIIEKS I)A` BAYER CA, I:RISTROMJXV, GI:IIJ)

GM: T h e D r o s o p h i l a B r o a d - C o m p l e x E n c o d e s a Family of Related Proteins Containing Zinc F i n g e r s . Genetit~ 1991, 129:385-397. DISOTELI. TR. HONE;'CIrlT RL RtrvoID M: M l t o c h o n d r l a l DNA P h y l o g e n y o f t h e O l d - W o r l d M o n k e y T r i b e P a p t o n i n l . ,Ihd Biol Et'o11992, 9:1-13. DJu~m P. GRI!I'~ H: T h e i n v o l u c r i n G e n e o f OldWorld Monkeys and Other Higher Primates -Synapomorphles and Parallelisms Resulting f r o m t h e S a m e G e n e - A l t e r i n g M e c h a n i s m . Mol Biol I:'t*d 1992, 9>117--i32.

Genomes and evolution Molecular evolution in single copy sequence and multigene families I~DNALIESM, CRANMERM, RINGWALDM, STARZINSKII~rtl'L A: E x p r e s s i o n o f M C a d h e r i n a M e m b e r o f t h e C a d h e r i n M u l t i g e n e Family C o r r e l a t e s w i t h D i f f e r e n t i a t i o n o f Skeletal Muscle Cells. proc Nail A6czd b~i U S A 1991, ~:8024-8028. DREYERC, KR~" (3. KEIJ.ER11, GIVEt. F, I IEIJ'-IV.NBEING, WAIILI W: C o n t r o l o f t h e P e r o x i s o m a l B e t a - O x i d a t i o n P a t h w a y by a Novel Family o f N u c l e a r H o r m o n e Receptors. Cell 1992.68:879-887. DROIqN G: N o n r a n d o m CpG M u t a t i o n s Affect t h e S y n o n y m o u s Codon Usage o f M o d e r a t e l y GCRich S i n g l e Copy Actln Genes. J M o l Emd 1991, 33:237 240. DIIIAC C. TROPAK MIt, CAMERONCIJRIWI), ROSSIEEJ. NIAI~IIAK DR, RODEr J. LE'I)O|IARINNM: M o l e c u l a r C h a r a c t e r i z a t i o n o f t h e S c h w a n n Cell M y e l i n P r o t e i n , SMP - - S t r u c t u r a l S i m i l a r i t i e s W i t h i n t h e I m m u n o g l o b u l i n S u p e r f a m i l y . N e . r o . 1992, 8:323-33"i. DtlRKOP H. bx17_~ U, HIIhLMELM, i:.I1]+LIIACIIF. SEED B, .%'I1!IN H: M o l e c u l a r C l o n i n g a o d E x p r e s s i o n o f a New Member of the Nerve Growth

Factor Receptor

Family t h a t is C h a r a c t e r i s t i c for H o d g l d n ' s Disease. Cell 11~)2.68:421-427. ENIX3W St~ T h e E m e r g i n g Kinesin Family o f M l e r o t u b u l e M o t o r P r o t e i n s . "l'rt,lltl+ IIit~'lx, m Sci 1991, 16:221-225. F.PPI.ENJT: D N A - F i n g e r p r i n t i n g - - A S h o r t Note o n M u t a t i o n Rates - - Reply [Letter]. I/urn C;t,~lt,t 1991, 87:633. l-'-xvosfro .Ff. LEGI1EIJ£C I). lJ ~Q, (3ARRONE1~: S h o r t C h a i n C o l l a g e n s in S p o n g e s a r e E n c o d e d b y a Family o f Closely Related Genes. J Biol Cl~t.m 1991, 266:21923-21928. E't~tEWAI.KERAC: An .Analysis o f C o d o n Usage in M a m m a l s - - S e l e c t i o n o r M u t a t i o n Bias..I .tlol EtYd 1991, 33:.i42-4.i9. FENG Xl I. BOYFINO pJ. KI*NG SD: M o l e c u l a r I d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f a Soybean P r o t e i n K i n ~ e G e n e Family by Using PCR. Plant ,11ol Biu11992. lS:581-58-1. FIEIDIIOI~SI! D. GOIJ)ING B: A S o u r c e o f Small Repeats in G e n o m l c DNA. (;t.ltetic¢ 1991. 129:%3-572 FIORE1"11G. DlLSdqGIOIJ!]'l]M, M~CLMNGEIL) F, IACERIbgG. . ~ I M . ) A, DEBONISC. PAGAN() [~ GUARINO E, I)EROSA 1, SAINAI] F. CArES'hA C: O r i g i n H e t e r o g e n e i t y o f Hb L e p o r e - B o s t o n C e n e In Italy. A m J tlttm f-;ent,t 1992, 50:781-786. FLMIER]N I~ hllk%~ERA. RI:N~IEILIJI, rlNOIIK EM: C h l o t - a m b u e f i - i n d u c e d M u t a t i o n s in Mtee R e c o v e r e d in H o m o z y g o t e s . I'n£ Nail Acad Sci { ' S A 1992. 89:2859 2863 l:lJ~CK O. MICHAELH. }lEt,~l I= T h e S w i 4 + G e n e o f Schizosaccharomyces Pombe Eucodes a H o m o l o g u e o f M i s m a t c h R e p a i r E n z y m e s . Nucleic A¢id~ Rc~. 1992, 20:2271 2278. FONG ,%E,SURZYCKISJ: C h l o r o p l a s t RNA P o l y m e r a s e Genes of Chlamydomonas-Reinhardtii Exhibit an U n u s u a l S t r u c t u r e a n d A r r a n g e m e n t . Curt Genet 1992. 21:-i8S-497. FOtrRY F, VANDEIL~I~I~I'ENS: Yeast M l t o c h o n d r l a l DNA M u t a t o r s w i t h D e f i c i e n t P r o o f r e a d i n g E x o n u c l e o l y t i c Activity. F~llIO./ 1992. 11:2717 2726. FRIEI)MANTI~. BUI,LNI~I'I".[I~, I~-K)I"ENSS. S11[INXL.XNR. \Y-'AIJJtA111 IJ= T h e U r a t e O x l d a s e G e n e o f D r o s o p h i l a Pseudoobscura and Drosophlla+Melanogaster -- Evolutionary Changes of Sequence and R e g u l a t i o n . J Mo/I:t~d 1992, 34:62-77 FRYXI':IJ.KJ, ME~'EROWnZEM: T h e E v o l u t i o n o f Rhodopsins and Neurotransmitter Receptors../ Mtd h'l~d I~)l. 33:367 378. FtTKIPCIII M, SIIIK~NAIT, KOS-',~'KIIVG. YAMADAY: A n a l y s i s o f N u c l e a r S e q u e n c e s H o m o l o g o u s to t h e B4-Plasmld-Llke DNA of Rice Mitochondria - - E v i d e n c e for S e q u e n c e T r a n s f e r f r o m M t t o c h o n d r l a to Nuclei. C . r r Genet 1991,

20:487-494 FUKIIOKASI, FREEDMANSD, y[t H, SI~KIIAI"ME\q), .¢K:IIEEIJ~ GA: G P - 2 / T H p C e n e Family E n c o d e s Selfbinding Glycosylphosphat idylinosliol-anchored P r o t e i n s in Apical S e c r e t o r y C o m p a r t m e n t s o f Pancreas a n d Kidney. ProC Nail tlc~ld SCi I; S .4 1~)2, gg:1189-1193. FUKUOKAS-I, FREI'DM3uNSD, Yt~ II. SUKIIATMEVP, .~CI{EEI~': GA: G P - 2 / T H P C e n e Faintly E n c o d e s S e l f - h i n d i n g Glycosylphosphatidylinoshol.anchored Proteins In Apical S e c r e t o r y C o m p a r t m e n t s o f P a n c r e a s a n d K i d n e y ( C o r r e c t i o n ) . Pn~c Nail Acad Sol U 5":1 1992, g9:3669. GAILYJA. EDEI2dANGhl: E v i d e n c e for G e n e C o n v e r s i o n in G e n e s for C e l l - A d h e s i o n M o l e c u l e s . proc Natl Aex~d Sci U S A 1992, 89:3276-3279. GANTTJS, BALDAUFSL. CAUE PJ, WEEDON NF, PAIAIEH JD: T r a n s f e r o f Rp122 to t h e N u e l e a s G r e a t l y P r e c e d e d Its Loss f r o m t h e C h l o r o p l a s t a n d I n v o l v e d t h e G a i n o f a n i n t r o n . EMBOJ 1991, 10:3073-3078.

GARDINErGARDEN M, FrOMSlmr hh S i g n i f i c a n t CpG-Rtch R e g i o n s In A n g i o s p e r m Certes. J Mol Iro/1992, 34:231-245. GARDINERGARDENM, WED JA. PROMMERM: M e t h y l a t l o n Sites ill A n g i o s p e r m Genes• J Mol Et~d 1992. 34:219-230. GA3V_~YJ, YEDON D, DF~%AIJ.ER, VR~;AES: P h y l o g e n y o f t h e B o v i d a e ( A r t l o d a c t y l a , M a m m a l l a ) Based o n M l t o e h o n d r t a l R i b o s o m a l DNA S e q u e n c e s . Mot Biol Et~11992. 9:'i33-4.i6. GA\qN BJ. MCM?dlON AP: D i f f e r e n t i a l R e g u l a t i o n o f t h e W n t G e n e Family D u r i n g P r e g n a n c y a n d L a c t a t i o n Suggests a Role in P o s t n a t a l D e v e l o p m e n t o f t h e M a m m a r y G l a n d . Mol Cell Hird 1992. 12:2418-2-i23. GI~XRING DP. COSMAN D: H o m o l o g y o f t h e P40 S u b u n i t o f N a t u r a l K i l l e r Cell S t i m u l a t o r y F a c t o r (NKSF) w i t h t h e E x t r a c e l l u l a r D o m a i n o f t h e l n t e r l e u k i n - 6 R e c e p t o r [Letter]. Cell 1991, 66:9-10. GI!OrGE AL KNn'laJ+ TJ. TAMKI~NMM: M o l e c u l a r C l o n i n g o f a n Atypical V o l t a g e - G a t e d S o d i u m C h a n n e l E x p r e s s e d in H u m a n H e a r t a n d U t e r u s - E v i d e n c e f o r a D i s t i n c t G e n e Family. Pr+x" Nat/ Acad .qci U S A 1992, 89:.i893-489~. GI!P~q"JE, ROIYGEI~ 1. RIGGS M, WIGLER M: SNC1, a Yeast H o m o l o g o f t h e S y n a p t i c Vesicle-Associated M e m b r a n e P r o t e i n / S y n a p t o b r e v i n G e n e Family - - G e n e t i c i n t e r a c t i o n s w i t h t h e RAS a n d CAP Genc~s. I'n~C Nat/,'k~td Sc'i I :S A 1992, 89:.i3.a.8--t3-12. GIBSON JB, \VIL~S AV, AGlIOq1St~ M o l e c u l a r R e l a t i o n s h i p s B e t w e e n A l c o h o l D e h y d r o g e n s s e Null-Activity Alleles f r o m N a t u r a l P o p u l a t i o n s o f D r o s o p h i l a m e l a n o g a s t e r . ,11ol Biol Et~o11992, 9:250 260. GIMElYARBA: P l e l o t r o p y a n d M u l t l l o c u s P o l y m o r p h i s m s . Genetics 1992, 130:223-227. GIOrDA R, THIrcco M: Mouse NKR-PI - - A Family o f G e n e s S e l e c t i v e l y C o e x p r e s s e d in A d h e r e n t L y m p h o k i n e - A c t i v a t e d K i l l e r Cells• J Immunol 1991. 147:1701 1708. GfX;IIEI. V, DEIAIIOt)DEA, .IACQ C: C o n n e c t i o n s B e t w e e n RNA S p l i c i n g a n d DNA I n t r o n M o h l l l t y in Yeast M h o c h o n d r l a - - RNA M a t u ~ a n d DNA E n d o n u c l e a s e S w i t c h i n g E x p e r i m e n t s . Mol Cell Ilio11992. 12:61~705. G(X)I)AIJ. GJ, I:llJPO~X~czW: D i f f e r e n t Effects o f I n t r o n Nucleotide Composition and Secondary S t r u c t u r e o n Pre+mRNA S p l i c i n g In M o n o c o t a n d D t c o t Plants. I'~tllJOJ 1991.10:263~-264-1. GOODRIOI J, cARPENWER R, cOEN I{S: A C o m m o n C e n e

R e g u l a t e s P i g m e n t a t i o n P a t t e r n in D i v e r s e P l a n t Species. Cell 1~)2, 68:95~-964. GRAIIAMC. SZPIRI!RC. IJ~.'&N G. CARPI!R D: C h a r a c t e r i z a t i o n o f t h e A l d o s e R e d u c t a s e - E n c o d i n g C e n e Family in Rat. 1991, 107:259-267. (3[~JI(}VAC B, MAYER \\rE, VINCEK V. FIGIIEROA F, OIIITIGIN

C, TICIIY II, KleIN J: M a j o r - H l s t o c o m p a t l b l l l t y C o m p l e x DRB G e n e s o f a N e w - W o r l d Monkey, the Cottontop Tamarin (Saguinus-Oedlpus)..Ihd BlO[ Elld It)92. 9:-10..a~'116. GR~'q)Y DK, ZIL~NG Y, Bot%lEr C, ZllOt' QY. JOIINSON IGX. ~M.LENL BUCK K, Btr,'~Zow JR. SAIA)NJ. CIVEUJ O: Multiple Human-D5 Dopamine Receptor Genes -- A Functional Receptor and Two Pseudogenes. I>~&. Nail Acad Sci [: S :l 199 I. gg:9 ) 7~-91 "9, GRIFFIN I.D, GEIJt ilD, \X'IIEEI.ERI)A, DAVISON1), AD~LMS V, MCCAI|E F.RB: M a m m a l i a n H e x o l d n s s e . 1. E v o l u t i o n a r y C o n s e r v a r l o n a n d S t r u c t u r e to F u n c t i o n Analysis. G'e~tomic.~ 1991, 11:101-1 102-1. GROMIqi M, PIERE'I'Ia M, CA.'4KEYC'I'. B?dJABR) A: T h e S u l f a t a s e C e n e Family - - Cross-Species PCR C l o n i n g U s i n g t h e MOPAC T e c h n i q u e . Gt,nomi~ 1992, 12:755-760. GrCg)T PC. hUgGERWt4, I:RANq.NRR: I n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f P o l y m o r p h i e DNA P a t t e r n s Ln t h e H u m a n A l p h a - A m y l a s e M u l t i g e n e Family. Genomics 1991, 10:779-785. GReY:L'¢MANMJ, I IINTON SM. MINAK.I~ERNErOV, SIALJGIn'ERC, Sq'tEV~2LEl: U n i f i c a t i o n o f t h e F e r r l t i n Family o f P r o t e i n s . proc A'atl ..1cad b'¢i ~! S A I t~)2, 89:2419-2-123. GUIDA S, HEGtrY A. MEIJJ M: T h e C h i c k e n IL-I R e c e p t o r -- Differential Evolution of the Cytoplasmic and E x t r a c e l l u l a r D o m a i n s . Gene 1992, 111:239-2.i3. GYORG'tXYJ. GARl%~R A, NEMFTIHK, ~,UXGYARZ, IlIRT H, 4[EISERLEBORSE, DUDH* D: Alfalfa H e a t S h o c k G e n e s are Differentially Expressed During Somatic E m h r y o g e n e s i s . Pkmt 31ol Bio11991. 16:99t~1007. FIAEFIJGERJA, BRUZZONER. JENKINS NA, GILOERTDJ. COPEIAND NG, PAtti. Dl= F o u r Novel M e m b e r s o f t h e C o n n e x i n Family o f Gap J u n c t i o n Proteins -- Molecular Cloning. Expression, a n d C h r o m o s o m e M a p p i n g . J Biol O>em 1992, 267:2057-2064. HAKANSSONG. GUMEUUSK: E x t e n s i v e N u c l e a r I n f l u e n c e on Mitochondrial Transcription and Genome S t r u c t u r e in Male-Fertile a n d M a l e . S t e r i l e A I I o p l a s m l c N l c o t l a n a M a t e r i a l s . Mol Gun Genet 1991, 229:380-388.

I~1£ LR, SINGtt RS: A C o m p r e h e n s i v e Study o f G e n i e V a r i a t i o n in N a t u r a l P o p u l a t i o n s o f D r o s o p h i l a Melanoga.~ter. 4. M l t o c h o n d r l a l D N A V a r i a t i o n and the Role of History Vs Selection

in the

Genetic Structure of Geographic Populations. Genetics 1991, 129:103-117. 4LXI£BG: A d a p t i v e E v o l u t i o n t h a t R e q u i r e s M u l t i p l e Spontaneous Mutations -- Mutations Involving Base S u b s t i t u t i o n s . proc N a t / A c a d Sc/U S A 1991, 88:5882-5~¢6. I IA.MIITVONMJ. HONG G, XXqcIIbL~NHA: i n t r a g e n o m l e Movement and Concerted Evolution of Satellite DNA In P e r o m y s c u s - - E v i d e n c e f r o m I n s l t u H y b r i d i z a t i o n . Cytogenet Cell Genet 1992, 60:40. IIA?.LMONDKOSACKMCU, DOBRINSKIB, IAIRZR. DOCIIER]~t' K, KIIJ+AI"RICKMx*V:"['he H u m a n I n s u l i n G e n e L i n k e d P o l y m o r p h l c R e g i o n E x h i b i t s a n A l t e r e d DNA S t r u c t u r e . Nucleic A¢icL~Rc'.~ 1992, 20:231-236. HANKEL'~T. F~IIMIDT ER: T h e O r g a n i z a t i o n , L o c a l i z a t i o n and Nueleotide Sequence of the Histone Genes o f t h e Midge C h i r o n o m u s - T h u m m L Cbrom&umm 1991. 101:2~-31. HA~NSEN"1~. t~.NDRF~.~ENPIL DRI!ISIG H. liOJRItP P, NIELSEN H, ENGBERGJ, KRIKrlANSENK: T e t r a h y m e n a T h e r m o p h l l a Acidic R i b o s o m a l P r o t e i n L37 C o n t a i n s a n A r e h a e b a c t e r l a l T y p e o f CT e r m i n u s . Gene 1991. 105:1.i3-150. ILkRA Y. ROVF~,kI~ AC, KIM Y, NIRENBEEGM: S t r u c t u r e a n d E v o l u t i o n o f 4 POU D o m a i n G e n e s E x p r e s s e d In Mouse Brain• Proc N a l l A c a d S c i U S A 1992, 89:3280-3284. IIARI)Ir.ON R, KRANE D. V,'dqI)IiNItESGItD, CIIENG JF. .~U'dqSBERGERJ, TADDIEJ, .g,CIIW,LRI'Z.~. |II;ANG X, t~.llll.EII W: S e q u e o c e a n d C o m p a r a t i v e Analysis o f t h e Rabbit A l p h a Like G l o b l n G e n e C l u s t e r Reveals a Rapid Mode o f E v o l u t i o n in a G + C Rich R e g i o n o f M a m m a l i a n G e n o m e s . . I Mol Bio11991. 222:233-2-19. I I,L'~ItlMOTOK, NAIGLNISIIIT, KUROSAWAY: I d e n t l l i c a t i o n of a Shark Sequence Resembling the Major H i s t o c o m p a t t b l l i t y C o m p l e x Class I a 3 D o m a i n . Prt~ A2ttl Acad S¢i I' S A 1992, 89:2209 2212. I'{A.~ITP, RIVEKMtERF~J. BRADLEYA: T h e Role a n d Fate o f DNA E n d s f o r H o m o l o g o u s R e c o m b i n a t i o n in E m b r y o n i c S t e m Ceils. Mol Cell Bto11992, 12:24(~+-2.i74. I~XY:XX.XKAK, ISIIIDAT. IiORAI S: H e t e r o p l a s m y a n d P o l y m o r p h i s m in t h e Major N o n c o d i n g R e g i o n o f M l t o c h o n d r i a l DNA in J a p a n e s e M o n k e y s - Aasoclation with Tandemly Repeated Sequences. .1lo1 Bird Evo11991. 8:399--i15. I bxYIX)CKSF. D O ~ ) N JA, DtllU~ON N+ ROBEgl2~GA, COKla~SJ. [.F.ADI.~,yPF: C l o n i n g a n d S e q u e n c e Analysis o f G e n e s I n v o l v e d in E r y t h r o m y c l n B i o s y n t h e s i s in S a c c h a r o p o l y s p o r a - E r y t h r a e a • S e q u e n c e S i m i l a r i t i e s B e t w e e n Et-yG a n d a Family o f S - A d e n o s y l m e t h i o n i n e - D e p e n d e n t M e t h y l t r a n s f e r a s e s . Mol Gun Gt,tlel 1991, 230:120-128. HAYESJJ, XK'OIJ:FEAP: H i s t o n e s H2A/H2B I n h i b i t t h e I n t e r a c t i o n F a c t o r IlIA w i t h t h e X e n o p u s B o r e a t i s S o m a t i c 5S RNA G e n e in a N u c l e o s o m e . I'roc Nail ..Icad Sci I : S A I ~)2, 89:1229-1233. I II~XDMW. PVT1V.RA. CIAVI'ON P2.1: E v i d e n c e f o r t h e Extralenticular Expression of Members of the B e t a - C r y s t a l l i n G e n e Family in t h e C h i c k a n d a Comparison with Delta-Crystallin During Differentiation and Tmsdifferentlation. D~l~,rt,tt tialiotl i t/x)I, 48: I q 7-15(). IIEARD E. WIILb~MSSV. SIIEER D, FRIED M: G e n e A m p l i f i c a t i o n A c c o m p a n i e d by t h e Losws o f a Chromosome


the Native Mlele and

t h e A p p e a r a n c e o f t h e A m p l i f i e d DNA at a New C h r o m o s o m a l L o c a t i o n . I'rc~ Nail:lead Sci ( r S :1 1991. 88:82-12-82-t6. tIEI)GF2; SB. ib~.s CA, hbLX.~.)N tJt: C a r i b b e a n R i o g e o g r a p h y - - M o l e c u l a r E v i d e n c e for D i s p e r s a l in W e s t I n d i a n T e r r e s t r i a l V e r t e b r a t e s . Pm~: A'atl Acad Sci t: S A 1992. 89:1909-1913. I IEDGLS Sll, hL~xsON lat: 18S-rRNA S e q u e n c e s a n d A m n l o t e P h y l o g e n y - - Reply to M a r s h a l l [Letter]. Mol Biol Et~l 1992.9:37.i-377. HEDRICK PW. WIIITI',LMT~, PAR~LAMP: H e t e r o z y g o s l t y at I n d i v i d u a l A m i n o Acid Sites - - E x t r e m e l y H i g h Levels for HLA.A a n d HLA-B G e n e s . Pro: Naa Acxtd Sci U S A 1991, 88:5897-5901. HEIDECKER G+ CFLM!DIIURI S, MF_~SINGJ: H i g h l y C l u s t e r e d Z e i n G e n e S e q u e n c e s Reveal E v o l u t i o n a r y H i s t o r y o f t h e M u h i g e n e Family. Genomica 1991, 10:719-732. HENDEIL%ONST. PETESTD: I n s t a b i l i t y o f S i m p l e S e q u e n c e DNA in S a c c h a r o m y c e s - C e r e v t s l a e . Mol Cell Biol 1992. 12:2749-2757. HERB A. BUP~NASHEVN, WEI~NERP. SAKMANNB, WISDEN W, SEEBURG PH: T h e KA-2 S u b u n l t o f E x c i t a t o r y A m i n o Acid R e c e p t o r s S h o w s W i d e s p r e a d E x p r e s s i o n In B r a i n a n d F o r m s I o n C h a n n e l s



Genomes and evolution Molecular evolution in single copy sequence and multigene families with Distantly Related Subunits. Neuron 1992, 8:775-785. HERBA. WlSDENW, LUDDENSH, PUIAG, Vlct~ S, SEEBURG PH: The T h i r d Gamma Subunit o f the Gammaaminobutyric Acid Type a Receptor Family. pro~ N a t l A c a d S c i U S A 1992, 89:1433-1437. HIBNER BL, BURKE WD, EICKBUSH TH: Sequence Identity in an Early Chorton Multigene Family is the Result of Localized Gene Conversion. Genetic.~ 1991. 128:595-fo06. HILtlKERAJ, CLARK SH, CHOVTqlCKA: The Fffect o f DNA Sequence Pulymorphlsms on Intragenic Recombirmtion In the Rosy Locus o f DrosophilaMelanogaster. Genetics 1991, 129:779-781. HOCH B. MAIERRM, APPEI.K, iGLOIGL KO~¢6ELH: Editing of a Chloroplast MRNA by Creatioo o f an Initiation Codon. Nature 1991, 353:178-179. HOHMAN~ , SCHLlYlXRSF, M~RCItALONIS JJ: Complete Sequence o f a CDNA Clone Specifying Sandbar Shark Immuooglobulin Light Chain - - Gene Organization and implicatious for the Evolution of Light C h a i n s . proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:276-280. HOLMESEC: Different Rates o f Substitution May Produce Different Phylogenies of the Eutherian Mammals. J M o / E ~ / 1 9 9 1 , 33:209-215 HOtMES EC, 7Jt~.NG LQ, SI,MMONI36P. LUDL~MCA. BROXX~AlL Convergent and Divergent Sequence Evolution in the Surface Envelope Glycoprutein o f Human Immunodeficleney Virus T y p e d Within a Single Infected Patient. V,rg ,Vail Acad Sci I! S A 1992, 89.-4835-4839 HOIAtGRENA~ KUEHN MJ. BR.~NDENC.-[, HULTGRENSJ: Conserved Immunoglobulin-llke Features in a Family of Periplasmic Pilus Chaperons in Bacteria. l~llBOJ 1992. 11:1617-1622. HOLTRICH[I, BRALININGERA, STREBHARI)TK, RLIIkSAMEN. WAIGMANNH: TWO Additional protein-tyrosine IGnases Expressed in Human Lung: Fourth Member of the Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor Family and an i n t r a c e l l u l a r Proteintyrosine Klnase. pro= Naa. qead Sci U S A 1991, 88:10~ | 1 - 1 0 4 i 5 .

HOO'¢EI~,JMN, MAN,'EArsM, JOHN 1~ BHEKJ. V;~MHE~INGENV. POKrEOI~SDJ, LF~SCIIO'INl, WF.%qT.RXT.LI)A. I.rl'll-EPI:Pc High-Resolution Localization of 69 Potential Human Zinc Finger Protein Genes - - A Number are Clustered. Genomic.~ 1992. 12:25.4-263 HOKAIS, SA]']'AY. ]'LAYA.NAKAK, KONDOR, INOUET. ]SIIIDAT. • HAYASHIS, TAK/dLATAN: Man's Place in H o m i n o l d e a Revealed by Mltochoodrial DNA Genealogy. J .11o/ Erol 1992. 34:32--i3. [13]. HOg.TIT. 5iS. BOYCEJACINOM'I', FARASAJ: Novel Human Endogenous Sequences Related to Human lmmunodeficlency Virus T y p ~ - l . J Viro11992. 66:2170-2179. HOUCKMA. CLARKJB, PE-rEIL~ONKIL KIDWELLMG: Possible Horizontal Transfer of Drosophila Genes by the Mite Proctolaelaps Regalls. Science 19~I, 253:1125-1128. HOWARDJ: Molecular Genetics: Fast Forward in the MHC. Nature 1992, 357:28q, HOWARDJC: Immunology: Disease and Evolution. Nature 1991. 352:565-566. HRADEV~XYD, STREBltARDTK, RUl~%%MENWAIG.~L~NNH: The Genomtc Locus of the Human HemopoleticSpecific Cell Protein Tyrosine Kinase (PTK)Encoding Gene (HCK) Confirms Conservation o f Exon-lntron Structure Among Huma n PTKs o f the Sre Family. Gene 1992. 113:275-280. HSlEH CL, MCCLOSKI~'RP. RADANYE, L~EBERMR; V(D)J Recombination - - Evidence that a Replicatlve Mechanism is not Required. Mo/Cell Bio1 1991, 11:3972-3977. HU^ SB, DUBESK, BARNE't'rNM, KUNGSD: PhotosystemII 23 KDa Polypeptide o f Oxygen.Evolving Complex Is'Encoded by a Multigene Family in Tobacco. Plant Mol Bio11992, 18:997-999. HUANGCH, KIKUCHIM, MCCREA~YJ, BLUMENFELDOO: G~tte Conversion Confined to a Direct Repeat o f the Acceptor Splice Site Generates AUelic Diversity at Human Glycophortn (GYP) L o c u s . J Bio1 02era 1992. 267:3336-3342. HUBERTC, HOUOT AM, CORVOLP. SOUBmERF: Str uc tur e of the Angtotensin l - c o n v e r t i n g Enzyme Gene - - Two Alternate Pr omote r s C o r r e s p o n d to Evolutionary Steps o f a Duplicated Gene. J Bio1 Ox.m 1991, 266:15377-15383. HUGItES AJ~ Coevolution of the Vertebrate I n t e g r i n Alpha-Chain and Beta-Chain Genes. MOt Bio1 E ~ I 1992, 9:216-234. HULLGA, HA~ORD NG, K~IS M, SHEWRyPR: Isolating and Characterisatinn o f Genes Encoding Rye Prolamins Containing a Highly Repetitive Sequence Motif. Plant 31ol Bio1 1991, 17:1111- I l 15. HURSTGDD, HURSYLD, MAJERUS~LEN:Evolutionary Genetics: Selfish Genes Move Sideways. Nature 1992, 356:659.

HURSTLD: Evolution: Sex Slime and Selfish Genes. Nalure 1991. 354:23. HURSTLD: Is Stellate a Relict Meiotic Driver [Letter]. Getaelics 1992. 130:229-230. HUI~T LD. DA~t~INSI~ Evolutionary Chemistry: Life in a Test Tube. Nature 1992, 357:198. HUYNENblA. KONINGSDAM, HOGEX~.~GP: Equal GC o n t e n t a n d C-Content in HlsIoBe Genes Indicate Selection Pressures on Messenger RNA Secondary Structure. J Mol Et~11992. 34:280-291. HVDEGE, CRAX~q:ORDNM, C&MPBEU.XVH:T h e Sequence o f Squash NADH:Nltrate Reductase and Its Relatiooshlp to th e Sequences o f O t h e r Flavoprotein Oxidoreductases - - A Family o f Flavoprotein Pyrtdine Nucleotide Cytochrome Reductases. J Biol C/J~,m 1991. 266:23542-23547. [CHINOSEA: Multiple Members of th e PlasminogenApollpoprotein (a) Gene Family Associated with Thrombosis. Biocbem~t O, 1992, 31:3113--3118. IJDOJW, BAIDINIA, WARDDC, P.EEDERSb'T, WELLSRA~ Origin of Human Chromosome.2 - - An Ancestral T e lo me r e - T e lo m e r e Fusiou. proc N a t / A c a d Sci U S A 1991, ~:90~1-9055, [KEO K. TAKAIIASIfl K, GOJOBORIT: Evolutionary Origin of a Kunitz.Type Trypsin I n h i b i t o r Domain Inserted in the Amyloid.beta Precursor Protein of Alzheimer's Disease..I NO1 Em11992.34:536-543 [KONEN E. AIIIA I). GRON K, TOIJ.EF2~RIII)O. I-L+,LIIAR. ~L4NNINENT. S~%'ANENAC. I)EI.TONEN[2 Spectrum of Mutations In Aspartylglucosaminurta. proc Nail A c a d S c i I / S A 1991, 88:11222-11226. IMPEU£rJ.E'R]KJ, ANDEP.~)NB. BURGEP~;PMJ: T h e Spectrum o f Spontaneous Mutations in a SaccharomycesCerevtslae Uracil-DNA-Glycosylase Mutant Limits the Function o f This Enzyme to Cytosine Deamtnation Repair../Bacteriol I~)1, 173:6807-6810 INOUEJ, KERRI.D. KAKIZUgAA. VE~k%XIM: IkappaBgamma, a 70 Kd Protein Identical to the C-Terminal Half o f P l l O NF-kappaB ~ A New Member of the IkappaB Family. Ce//1992, 68:1109-1120. JANET E, I+AJ~IEL"~I'IERY. DURRA+FLECKj: Genes Encoding th e Small Subunit of RUBISCO Belong to Two Highly Conserved Subfamilies in Ntcotlaneae. J Mol I:l~11991, 33:22(+-236. J?.x.~ON ),i, [AB2k~.ONC, WEREUUSB, JONI~%C, GLASERT, NAK/hMIIRAY. JONIL+~CP, NORDENSKJOI.DPq: Detailed Physical Map of Human Chromosomal Region 11q12-12 Shows High Meiotic Recombination Rate Around the MEN1 Locus. I'roc N¢ltlAcadSci l ! S A 1991, 88:10609-10613. JAN.%'~ONS, GIIb']',~.'S~N I): Evolutionary Conservation of the Chlorophyll A/b-Binding Proteins - - CDNAs Encoding Type-l, Type-H, a n d Type-Ill LHC-I Polypeptides from th e Gymnosperm Scots Pine. Mol Gc'~ Getter 199i, 229:67-76. JAWOF:~KICJ, CIIEPEIJNSKYAn. PIA~IGOILSKYJ: T h e AlphaACrystallin Gene - - Conserved Features o f The 5'-Flanking Regions in Human, Mouse, and Chicken. J Mol Em11991, 33:495-505. JEFFE~" WR. SWALI.',B3: An Evolutionary Change in the Muscle Lineage o f an Anural Ascidlan Embryo is Restored by Interspecific Hybridization with a Urodele Asctdlan. Dev Bio1 1991, 145:328-337. JENKINS EP. ItRIEII CL MIIAI"OVICltA. NORMING1ONK. gERMAN DM. FR~'~CKE U, RUSSEI.LDW: Characterization and Chromosomal Mapping o f a Human Steroid 5-alpha-Reductase Gene a n d Pseudogene a n d Mapping of the Mouse Homoiogue. Genomtcs i991, 11:1102-il 12. JESSENT.I i, WEBERRE, FERMIG, T.,e.m J. BRAUNrW.ERG; Adaptation o f Bird HemOglobins to High Altitudes: D e m o n s t r a t i o n o f Molecular Mechanism by Protein Engineering. proc Nail Acx*d Sci U S A i991, 88:6519-6522 JES.~OPMURBAyH, ~,L~TtN LD. GILLEYD. PREERJP~ POIJSKYB: P e r m a n e n t Rescue of a Non-Mendelian Mutation o f Paramecium by Mlcroinjectlon of Specific DNA Sequences. Genetics 1991, 129:727-734. JIANG WP, GORBEACM, FL&'qNERYAV, BEVNONRJ, GRANT GA. BONDiS: T h e Alpha-Subunit of Meprin-A - Molecular Cloning a n d Sequencing, Different|z1 Expression in Inbred Mouse Strains, and Evidence for Divergent Evolution o f the Alpha. Subunit a n d Beta-Subunit. J Biol C&.m 1992, 267:9185-9193. JOt~'~NILS G, BEGGERFG: Alterations in Messenger RNA T r a n s la tio n as a Mechanism for th e Modification of Enzyme Synthesis D u r i n g Evolution - - T h e O r n i t h i n e D e c a r b o x y l a ~ Model. J Biol Chem 1992, 267:10108-10115. JOHNSON DE, LUJ, CHEN H, WERNE.RS, WIU+IAMSiT: T h e Human Flbroblsst Growth Factor Receptor Genes - - A Common Structural A r r a n g e m e n t Underlies t h e Mechanisms for G e n e r a t i n g Receptor Forms that Differ in T h e i r T h i r d I m m u n o g l o b u l i n Domain. Mot Cell Bio1 1991, 11:4627-4634.

JOHN,q3N NA, WU Ch An Empirical Test o f the Meiotic Drive Models o f Hybrid Sterility - - SexRatio Data from Hybrids Between Drosophila Slmulans a n d Drosophila Sechellla. Genetics 1992, 130:507-51 |. JORGENSENAL. |.MIZEN HB, JONES C, BAKAk Evolutinnartly Different Alphold R ~ t DNA on Homologous Chromosomes in Human a n d Chimpanzee. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1992, g9:33i0-3314. JOKES ]VI: T h e Noah's Ark Model. J Mol El~o11992, 34:.t69--t70. JURKAJ, ZUCKE.RKANDLE: Free Left Arms as Precursor Molecules In th e Evolution o f Alu Sequences. J Mol Et~11991, 33:49-56. KABACKDB, GUACCIV, BARBERD, MAHONJW: Chromosome Size-Dependent Control of Meiotic Recombination. Science 1992, 256:228-232. KA[LUNKIP, TRYGGV&~ON K: Huma13 Basement Membrane Hepat-an Sulfate Proteoglycan Core Protein - - A 467-KD Protein Containing Multiple Domains Resemhling Elements of t h e Low Deoslty Llpoprotein Receptor, Laminin, Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules, a n d Epidermal Growth Factor..] Cell Bio11992, 116:559-571. K~LMILIRAS. NOI.~NCM. MERUELOD: Long-Range Phystcal Map of the Ly.6 Complex - - Mapping the Ly-6 Muhlgeoe Family by Fleld-lnversinn and TwoD lme u s io u a l Gel Eiectrophoresis. Genomics 1992. 12:89-105. K~G J. ~XrIEGANDU, MULLER}tILLB: Identification o f CDNAs Eucoding Two Novel Rat Pancreatic Serine Proteases. Gene 1992, 110:181 187. KANG XL "t'M)AOF. GIVIZ RD, KtlNZBA: Elimination o f the Yeast RAD6 Ubiquitin Conjugase Enhances Base-Pair Tra n s i t i o n s and G.C-> T.A Transvecsinus as Well as Tcansposltinn of t h e Ty Element - - Implications for t h e Control of Spontaneous Mutation. Genetic.s" i992, 130:285-29.L KAPI.~N DJ..It*RKA.L .IF, DUNCANCH: Medium Reiteration Frequency Repetitive Sequences in the Human Genome. Nudeic Acids Res 1991. 19:q731--i738. KARHNS, BRENI)EI.V, BUCIIERP: Significant Similarity and Dissimilarity in Homologous Proteins. Mol ltiol Etw/1992, 9:152-167. I~x.'k~lSJA. NOIJ+E, VA~N~ICKLEEP, OI)ENWAH)~rl¢, PERRIMON N: Altering the i n s e r t l o n a l Specificity of a Drosophila Transposable Element. prf~ Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992. g9:1919-1923 K&~TI'NER P, [)ERBZ A, iJTg Y. ROCIII'.TTEEGLY C, GAUB MP, DUR~'41)B, I&NOITEM, BEGGERR, CIIAMBON P: Structure, Locallzatioo and Tra n s c ri p t i o n a l Properties o f Two Classes o f Retinnic Acid Receptor-alpha Fusion Proteins in Acute Promyelocytlc Leukemia (APL) - - Structural Similarities w i t h a New Family of Oncoproteins. FAIBOJ 1992, 11:629-6-i2, KA11NKAMD, BOURGAJNFM: l o t e r s t l t l a l Te l o m e re s are Hotspots for Illegitimate Recombination with DNA Molecules Injected Into the Macronucleus o f P a r a m e c i n m . p r l m a u r e l l a . "~IIBOJ 1992, 11:725-732. KAWAKAMI Z, KFI'ABAyASHII, MA'I?:,UOKAT, GACIIEUN G, YOKOYAMAK: Couserved Structural Motifs Among Mammalian JunB Genes. Nudeic Acids- lies 1992, 20:914. KAWAMUI~XA. TANABEH, WA'I'ANABEY, KUROSAKIK. SAn'OU N. o * UED^ S: Evolutionary Rate o f l m m u n o g l o b u l i n Alpha N o n c o d ln g Region is G re a t e r in H o min o id s Than in Old World Monkeys. Mol Blot Et'ol i991, 8:743-752. [17]. KAWAMURAS. SAITOUN, UEDAS: Concegged Evolution of the Primate l m m u n o g l o b u l i n Alpha-Gene T h r o u g h Gene Conversion. J B i o 1 0 x . m 1992. 267:7359--7367. KAWAMURAS, UED^ S: l m m u n o g l o b u l i n CH Gene Family In H o min o id s a n d Its Evolutionary History. Genomics 1992, 13:194-200. KEI.LER GA~ K~S~'~S S, GOULD SJ, SOMMERJM, WANG CC. SCIlUEBSW, KUNAUW, BRODYS, SUBRA~L~'~IS: Evolutionary Conservation o f a Mlcrobody T a r g e t i n g Signal that Targets Proteins to Peroxlsomes, Glyoxysomes, a n d Glycosomes. J Cell B/o/1991, 114:893-904. KE'MPKENF, MULLENJA, ProNG DR, TANGHV: RNA Editing of So r g h u m Mitochondrlal Atp6 Tra n s c ri p t s Changes 15 Amino Acids a n d Generates a Cat'box'y-Terminus Identical to Yeast. Curr Genel 1991, 20:417-422. KHAN~ , TEGLUNDS, BREMERK, I-L~tMAKN~ROMS: Th e Pregnancy-Specific Glycoprotuln Family of t h e l m m u n o g l o b u l i n Superfamlly - - Identification o f New Members a n d Estimation of Family Size. Genomic.s 1992, 12:780-787. KIRBYR: Evolutinnary O r i g i n o f t h e Class-A a n d Class. C Beta-Lacmmaq,es. J MOI E ~ 1 1 9 9 2 , 34:345--350.

Genomes and evolution Molecular evolution in single copy sequence and multigene families KNOOP V, BgENNICKEA: A Mltochondrtal i n t r o n Sequence in the 5'-IFlanking Region of a Plant Nuclear Lectin Gene. Curt Genet 1991, 20:423-425. KOMWAMANil, SHIH DTB, LOOKERD, T A ~ J, NAGAIK: Was the Loss o f the D-Helix in Alpha-Globin a Functioually Neutral Mutation. Nature 1991, 352:349-351. KRAFTI~ KADYKL LEINWANDL.A: Sequence Organization o f Vaviant Mouse 4.5 S-RNA Genes a nd Pseudogenes. Genomic.s 1992, 12:555-566. KRANEDE, HARTLDL OCH~U~ H: Rapid D e t e r m i n a t i o n o f Nucleotide Content and Its Application to the Study of Genome Structure. Nucleic Acids Rc~ 1991, 19:518]-5185. KRAWC/AKM. BOCKEL B: DNA-Fingerprtnflng - a Short Note on Mutation Rates [Letter]. Hum Genet 1991, 87:632. KRE]~ KA. CRIPE D. CAKSONGS, FUKUSHLMAH, OBmENJS: StruCtUre and Sequence o f the Human Alpha.LFucosldase Gene and Pseudogene. Genomics 1992, 12:276-280. KRICKERMC. DRAKEJW, RADMANM' Duplication-targeted DNA Methylatlon and MutaBenesls In the Evolution o f Eukaryotic Chromosomes. Proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:1075-1079. KURIYANJ, KRISIINATSR. WONG [, GUENTHERB, PAHLERA. WILHA~LgCH, MODELP: Coovergent Evolution o f Similar Function in Two Structurally Divergent Enzymes [Letter]. Nature 1991, 352:172. L~IBMJ£ F, KLEINl~ BA~;ACII)M: trkC, a New Member of the T rk Family of Tyroslne Protein Kinases, is a Receptor for Neurotrophin-3. Cell 1991, 66:967-979. L ~ E R T [B, NAPOLrrANORk FUCHSR}'p: Carcinogeninduced Frameshift Mutageoesis in Repetitive Sequences. Proc Nail ACxUlSci U 5"A 19¢)2. ~9:1310-131~. LMNDSMAND: RNP-1, an RNA-Rinding Motif is Conserved in the DNA-Bindlng Cold Shock Domain. Nucleic Acids R~.~1992, 20:2861-286A. LANKF.SWT, FURq~tt,L~YRH: Moesin - - A Member of the Protein 4.1-Talin-Ezrtn Family o f Proteins. Pro_" Naa Acad Sci U S A 199l, 88:8297-8301. LAUDETV, F{~NNIC, CULLJ, CA17&SFLISF, STEHEUND: Evolution of the Nuclear Receptor Gene Superfamily. F~UBOJ 1992. ll:1003-101,t. LAURRNTBC, Y~NGXL CARLSONM: All Essential Saccharomyces-CereviSiae Gene Homologous to SNF2 Encodes a Hellcase-Relatod Protein in a New Family. Mol Cell Bio11992, 12:1893-1902. LAURIECC, BRIDGHAMJT, CHOUDItARYM: Associations Between DNA Sequence Variation and Variation in Expression of the Adh Gene in Natural Populations of Drosophlia-Melsnogaster. Genetic.~ 1991, 129:489-499. LAURSENHB, JORGENSENAL JONF~ C, OAK AL: Higher Rate of Evolution of X Chromosome Alpha-Repeat DNA In Human Than In the Great Apes. ~HBOJ 1992, 11:2367-2372. LEBLANCQSM, KO~tAN SH. V,MNDERPLOEGLHT: Frequent Rearrangements of RRNA-Encodlng Chromosomes in Glardia-Lamblla. Nudeic Acids Rc.'S1991, 19:4405-4412. LEC.&~IDOUR, RODAKISGC: T h r e e Copies o f the Early Gene 6F6 are Interspersed in a nd Around the Late Chorion Gene Cluster of Bombyx-MorL J Mol Eeo11992, 34:304-31,i. LEE VD, STAPLETONhi, HUANGB: Genomic Structure of Chlamydomonas Caltractin. Evidence for i n t r u n i n s e r t i o n Suggests a Probable Genealogy for the EF-hand Superfamily of Proteins. J Mot Bio1199|, 221:175-191. LEEWJ. MA H, TAKANOE. YANGHQ. HATANAKAM, blAKI M: Molecular Diversity in & m i n o - T e m i n a l Domains o f Human Calpastatin by Exon Skipping. J Biol OJem 1992, 267:8437-8442 LENS'IX,.JA: Bovine Sequences In Rodent DNA. Nucleic Acids Res 1992, 20:2892. LEP[NIEC[~ SANTIS, KERYERE, AMIETV, VIDALJ,GAOALP, CREtaN C: Complete Nucleotlde Sequence o f One Member of the Sorghum P h o s p h o e n o l p y r u v a t e Carboxylase Gene Family. Plant Mol Bio11991, 17:1077-1079. LES DH, G~VlN DK, WIMPEECF: Molecular Evolutionary History of Ancient Aquatic Angiosperms. Proc Nad Acad Sci U S A 1991, 88:10119-10123. LE~S DA, BtSSON IF: The i-IXT1 Gene Product o f Saccharomyces.cerevlsiae is a New Member o f the Family o f Hexose Transporters. Mot Cell Biol 1991, 11:38(FI-3813. LEWON~N RC: 25 Years Ago in Genetics ElectrophoresiS in the Development o f Evolutionary Genetics -Milestone o r Millstone. Genetics 1991, 128:657-662. IJ X-Y, MANTOVANIR, HOFFT VAN HUUSDUUNENR, ANDRE l, BENOISTC, MATHISD: Evolutionary Variation o f the CCAAT-bindin8 T r a n s c r i p t i o n Factor NFoy. Nucleic. Acids Res 1992, 20:1087-1091.

LI XY, VANVILEJSDUUNENRH, b~d~TOVANIR. BENOISTC, MATHLS D: Intron-Exon Organization o f th e NF-Y Genes - Tissue-Specific Splicing Modifies an Activation Domain. J Btol Cbem 1992, 267:8984-8990. DAUDMF, BRINKM&'qNH, CERFFR: T h e Beta-Tubulln Gene Family of Pea - - Primary Structures, Genomlc OrBanizatlon and l o t i o n - D e p e n d e n t Evolution of Genes. plant Mol Bio11992, 18:639-651. LINOAHLKF: His and hers Recombinational Hotspots. Trends Genet 1991, 7:273-275. LIU XY, ROCH.~SOSAM, HU~iEL S, WIUAtlIZERL FROMMER WB: A Detailed Study o f the Regulation a n d Evolution of the 2 Classes of Patatln Genes In Solanum-Tuberosum L. Plant Mot Bio11991, 17;1139-1154. LLOYDAT, SHAREPM: Codon Usage in AspergillusNidulans. Mo/Gun GeTwt 1991, 230:288-294. bOCKHART pJ, HOWECJ, BRY&NTD& BEANL&NDTJ, LARKUM AWI~ S u b s t i t u t i o n a l Bias C o n f o u n d s i n f e r e n c e o f Cyanelle Origins from Sequence Data. J Mot Ez~I 1992. 34'.153-162. LOMAXbfl, HEWEI-I'EMMETTD, YANGTL GI~O~SMANU: Rapid Evolution of th e Human Gene for Cytochrume-c Oxldase Subunit-IV. Proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:5266-5270. LOMtlOLTH, POUI.SENK, CAUGANTDA, KILL~NM: Molecular Polymorphlsm and Epldemiology of Nelsserta Meningitidis l m m u n o g l o b u l i n A1 Proteases. Pn~c Natl Aead Sci U S A 1992, 89:2120-2124. DONGMOREGD, I~ODISHHF: An Activating Mutation in th e Murine Erythropoletin Receptor Induces E r y t h r o l e u k e m i a in Mice - - A Cytokine Receptor Superfamily Oncogene. Cell 1991, 67:|089-1102. LORENZW, [NGI~2;E.J, P ~ K I K, ONORATOJJ, CARON biG, LEFKOWn-ZRJ: T h e Receptor Klnase Family - Pr im a r y Structure of Rhodopsin Kinase Reveals Similarities to th e Beta-Adrenerglc Receptor Klnase. proc Null Acad Sci U S A ] 99 I, 88:871 r~8719. hOUIS El, |-LM~ERJE: Evolutlonarily Recent Transfer of a Group-I Mitochondrial l o t i o n to T e l o m e r e Regions In Saccharomyces-Cerevisiae. Curt Genet 1991, 20:'H 1--I15. LYCKEGAARI)EMS. CLARKAG: Evolution of Ribosomal RNA Gene Copy Number on th e Sex Chromosomes o f Drosophtla-Melanogaster. Mol BiOl Et~11991, 8:'i58-474. I.'tT~NIK~ MCGEEJD, TUNG PY, BENNETZENJL HODGF_~TK: Homologous Recombination Between Plasmld DNA Molecules in Maize Protoplasts. Mol Gun Gene11991, 230:2(F)-218. blAESER S, K.MIMANNPc The Gin Recombinase of phage Mu can Catalyse Site-Specific Recombination In Plant Protoplasts. Mol Gun Genel |991,230:170-176. bLMIONEYPA. WEBERU, ONOFRECHUKP, BIESSMANN H. BRYANT10. GOODM~NCS: T h e Fat T u m o r Suppressor Gene in Drosophila Encodes a Novel Member of the Cadhertn Gene Superfamily. Ceil 1991, 67:853-868. MMER UG, HOFM~NNCJB, E.SCHBACHS, \VOLTERSJ, IGLOI GL D e m o n s t r a t i o n of Nucleomorph-Encoded Eukaryotlc Small Subunit Ribosomal RNA In Cryptumonads. Mol Gen Genet 1991, 230:155-160. MAINEAB, CIEJEKBAEZE: DiStinct Developmental Regulatory Mechanisms for Two Members of the Aldolase Gene Family. Dev Genet 1991, 12:431. bLMNROWRE, LEONEA~ KRUGMS, L~CHENFELDTWH, BERGER SL T h e H u ma n Prothymosin-alpha Gene Family Contains Several Processed Pseudogenes Lacking D e le te r io u s Lesions. Genomics 1992, 13:319-331. MANSUtOt~',q A, DELLERAp, M(X'W.ATELLID, KOI~%"dLLrl~S, HANAFUSAH, B/61UCOC: Characterization o f th e Murtne BEK Ftbroblast Growth Factor ( F G F ) Receptor - - Activation by 3 Members of th e FGF Family a n d Re q u ir e me n t for Heparin. proc Naa Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:3305-3309. b~*RCAIS B, CHARUEtlJP, ALLMNB, BRUNE, BELLISM, ROIZES G: On th e Mode o f Evolution of Alpha-Satellite DNA in H u m a n Populations. J Mol Evo11991, 33:42--48. bL~FmY G, GONZALEZDUAmX.I~ T h e Drosophliasubobscura Adh Genomlc Region Contains v a l u a b l e Evolutionary Markers. Mol Biol EL~I 1992, 9:261-277. MAI~CHALEKR, HOFM&NNJ, SCHUMANNG, GO~ERINGER P~ DINGERMANNT: Structure o f DRE, a Retrotransposable Element Which Integrates w i t h pcelitinn Specificity Upstream o f Dictynstelium-diseoldeum TRNA Genes. Mol Cell B/o/1992, 12:229-239. blAP~H,U.LCR: Substitution Bias. Weighted Parsimony, a n d Amniote Phylogeny as i n f e r r e d from 18.% rRNA Sequences [Letter]. Mol Biol Emt 1992, 9:370-373. btARTINAP, NAYLORGJP, PALUMBISR: Rates of M l t o c h o n d r l a l DNA Evolution in Sharks a r e Slow Compared w i t h Mammals [Letter]. Nature 1992, 357:153-155.

bL~tJYAMAK, SCHOORKD, Hxg~ Db Identification o f Nucleotide Substitutions Necestmry for TraosActivation of Mariner Transposable Elements in Drosophila -Analysis of Naturally O c c u r r i n g Elements. Gettetics 1991, 128:777-784. blA~XJ: Homeobox Genes Go Evolutionary. Science 1992, 255:399--401. MASLOVDA. STURMNR, NINERBM, GEUSZYNSKIES, PERIS M, SIMPSONL All Intergenic G-Rich Region in Lelshmania-tarentolae IUnetuplast Maxlcircle DNA Is a Pan-Edited Cryptogene Encoding Ribosomal Protein S12. Mol Cell Bio11992, 12:56--67, MA12~UOKAM, NAGAWAF, OKAZAKIK, KINGIBURYL. YOSHIDAK, MULLERU, LARUEDT, WINERJA, SAKANOH: Detection of Somatic DNA Recomhination in t h e Transgenic Mouse Brain. Science 1991. 254:81-86. blATrHEW P, AGRO~SA. TAYLORAC, MCKECHNIES~t: All Associailon Betweeo ADH Pr o t e i n Levels and Polymorphic Nucleotide Variation in t h e ADH Gene of Drosophila-Melanogaster. Mol Biol Et~l 1992, 9:526-536. MAUCHF, HERTIGC, R E . B , ~ G, BULl.J,DUDLERI~ A Wheat Glutathlone-S-Transferase Gene w i t h Transposon.ldke Sequences in t h e P r o m o t e r Region. Platzt Mol Bio11991, 16:1089-1091. MCCLATOILEYAI, TROFATlXRJ, MCKENNA.Y&SEKD, RASKIND BIRDT, PERICAK-VANcEM, GILCHRIS'TJ, ARAHATAK, RADOSAVDJEVICD, WOk'THENHG, VAN DEN BERGHP, I-iAIt,V.SJL, GUSELLAJF, BRO~X~JR RH: Dinucleotlde Repeat Polymorphlsms at the SCN4A Locus Suggest Mlellc Heterogeneity of Hyperkalemlc Periodic Paralysis a n d Paramyotonia Congenita. Am f thon Gc,~let 1992, 50:896-901. McCotLMACK~rr, TJOELKERLXX l, STEHAG, PC~IE,~LACE, TtlOMI.~SONCB: Chicken T-cell Receptor ~-chain DlvePslty: an Evolutlonarily Conserved D~encoded Glycine T u r n Within the Hypervariable CDR3 Domain. proc Naa Acod Sci U S :! 1991, 88:7699-7703. MC[X3NNELLPC, KUMARS, RABSONAB, GEUNASC: T r a n s c r ip tio n a l Activity of Rel Family Proteins. Oncogene 1992, 7:163-170. MCF.~CHE~N MJ, HICKSJB: Dosage of the Smallest Chromosome Affects Both the Yeast-Hyphal Transition and th e White-Opaque T r a n s i t i o n of Candida-Alblcana WO-1. J Eaclerio11991, 173:7436-7442. MCHUGHKM, CP~XWFORDK, LF~%~d~I3J[: A Comprehensive Analysis o f the Developmental and Tissue. Specific Expression o f th e Isoactln Multlgene Family in th e Rat. D~' Bio11991, 148:q42~i58. bICIAUGFlUNbib|, BOSSARDMJ, KOSERPL~ CAFFERKE~"R, MORRL~P,A, MIIF~ IAI, STI~CKLERJ, BERGS.~bXDJ, LEVYNL~ 12XqGP: T h e Yeast Cyelophilin Multigene Family - - Purification, Cloning a n d Characterization o f a New Isofm'm. Geue 1992, 111:85-92. ME~ANSA}~ CRITy.ALEGUIF, I.EMAGLIERF~%SEB, NEEDLEMANDS, SLAUGHTERGR, ONO T: A Novel Ca2 + / C a l m o d u l i n D e p e n d e n t Protein IGnase and a Male Germ Ceil-Specific Calmodulin-Binding P ro t e i n a re Derived from th e Same Gene. Mo/Cell Bio11991, 11:3960-3971. MERRIWEITIERDA, CLARKAG, BALLINGERS~r, SCHURRTG, • .C~)OD'fALLH, J~'~Kh'~S T, SHERRYST, WALLACEOC: T h e Structure of H u m a n Mltochondrtal DNA Variation. J Mol Fvo11991, 33:543-555. [32]. MINT)ELLDP: Similarity a n d Congruence as Criteria for Molecular Homology [Letter]. Mol Biol Evo11991, 8:897-900. btlNORJE, FRO,~L~ONDR, BILrlTENRJ, DA~,qtYoONEH: Comparison o f th e Blndin Proteins o f St rongylocentrotus-Franclscanus, S-Purpuratus, a n d Lytechinus-Vartegatus - - Sequences Involved in th e Species Specificity of Fertllizatinn. Mol Biol E~311991, 8:781-795. bin'a K, ICHIMURAS, NENOIhi: Essential Factors D e t e r m i n i n g Codon Usage in Ublquitin Genes. J Mol E t~ 1991, 33:216-225. MFTCHEI£A, BALEAE, WANGGEM, Yl HF. WHITE R, PIRTLE RM, MCBRIDEOW: Localization of a DNA Segment Encompassing Four TRNA Genes to Human C h r o m o s o m e - 1 4 q l l a n d Its use as an Anchor Locus for Linkage Analysis. Genomic~ 1991, 11:106~-1070. MtYAZ~UJ, JURICEKM, ANGELISK, SCHNORRKM, KLEINHOFS A, WARNERRL Characterization and Sequence of a Novel Nitrate Reductase from Barley. Mo/Gun Genel 1991, 228:329-334. MORDENCW, WOLFEKH, DEPAMPHILISCW, PALMERJD: Plastid T r a n s l a t i o n a n d Tt'~anscription Genes in a Non P h o t o s y n t h e t i c Plant: i n t a c t Missing a n d Pseudo Genes. EMBOJ 1991, 10:3281-328~. MORITLC: T h e O r i g i n a n d Evolution of P a r t h e n o g e n e s i s in Heteronotia-Binoei ( G e k k o n i d a e ) - - Evidence for Recent a n d Localized O r ig in s o f Widespread Clones. Genetics 1991, 129:211-219.



Genomes and evolution Molecular evolution in single copy sequence and multigene families MoREl\ C: Evolutionary Dynamics of Mitochondrtal DNA Duplications In P a r t h e n o g e n e t i c Geckos, Heteronotia-Blnoei. Genetic~ 1991, 129:221-230. MORIY,VdAEN. GOJOBORIT: Rates o f Synonymous Substitution and Base Composition o f Nuclear Genes in Drosophila. GeneO~s 1992, 130:85-3~°,64. MORRM.N, NUNESV, C.&~M5T, ES-OVlLLX: CA]GT Mtcrosatellhe Alleles Within the Cystic Fibrosis T r a nsme mbr a ne Conductance Regulator (CFrR) Gene are not Generated by Unequal Crnsslngover. Genomic~¢ 1991, 10:692-698. MUELLERCGF, NORDHEIMA: A Protein Domain Cooserved B e t w e e n Yeast MCMI a nd Human SRF Directs Ternary Complex Formation. F~IHJOJ 199_1,10:4219-4229. MURAI¢.~d4[M, NARATAKIM, HIBI M, YAWATA11, YASLIILAWA K, ttAMAGUCHIM, TAGAT, KISIIIMOTOT: Critical Cytoplasmic Region o f the Interleukin-6 Signal Transducer Gpl30 Is Conserved in the Cytokine Receptor Family. Proc Nat/.4cad Sci U S A 1991, 88:11349-11353 MURRAYMT, SCItILLERDL FIOMNKEWW.: Sequeoce Analysis of CytopL').smic Messenger RNA.Binding Proteins of Xeoopus-Oocytes Identifies a Family of RNABinding Protel~LS. proc N a a Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89: l l - i 5, MURTltAMT. LECKM?dqJF, RUDDLEFH: Detection o f Homeobox Genes in Development a nd Evolution. pro= Nail Acad Scilr S A 1991. 88:10711-10715. M~qJN LM. GERARIX)TCJ, HOPPERJE, DICKSONRC: Sequence Conservation in the Saccharomyces and Kinvernmyces GALl1 T r a n s c r i p t i o n Activators Suggests Functional Domains. Nuck, ic Acids Rt~" 1991. 19:5345-5350. NAG DK, PETF_S"rD: 7-Ba,s¢.Pafr Inverted Repeats in DNA Form Stable Hairpins lnvtvo In Saccharomyces.Cerevtslae. Genelic.~ 1991, 129:669-673. NAGELGM, DOOlJ'fl3.ERF: Evolution and Relatedness in Two Aminoaeyl TRNA Synthetase Families. P ~ c Natl Acad Sci U S A 1991, 88:8121--8125. NAKAGAWAK-I. MORISItL%UtN. SHIBATAT: All Endonuclease with Multiple Cutting Sites, Endo.Seel, Initiates Genetic Recombination at Its Cutting Site in Yeast Mltuchondria. F~IIBOJ 1992, 11:2707-2716. NAKAY&~tAS, MONCRIEFhiD, KRETSINGERRH: Evolution of EF-Hand Calcium-Modulated proteins. 2. Domains o f Several Suhfamtlles have Diverse Evolutionary Histories. J Mol EI~11992. 34:416--i48. NAILaSE'rd FS: Sequence lostabtltty and Functional Inactivation of Murtne Y-Chrumosomes can Occur on a Specific Geoetic Rackgrnuod. Mol Biol Etrd 1992, 9:331-365. NAUMOVG, NAUMOVAE, TI!gAKAINENH. SUOMINENP, KORIIOIA M: Polymeric Genes MEI~, MEL9 and MELIO - - New Members o f Alpha-Galactosldase Gene Family in Saccharnmyces-cerevillae. Curt Genet 1991, 20:269-276 NEU~%~;ENRIJ'I. SILLEKENSPTG. BEIJERR]), VANKF_%~EI.AH/flG, Vt~X~NROOU XXS:Structure, Chromosomal Localization and Evolutionary Conservation of the Gene Encoding Human U1 SnRNP-Speclfic A-protein. Gene 1991, 102:189-196 NGIryENT. BARDJ, JIN H. TARUSCIOD. ~'ARD DC, KENNEDY JL \VEINSIbLNKR, SEEMttaNp. ODO'¢;'DBF: Huma n Dopamioe-D5 Receptor Pseudogeoes. Gene 1991, 109:211-218. NINqOJ: Transient Mutaturs - - A Semlquantltailve Analysis of the Influence o f Tr a nsla tion and Transcription Errors on Mutation Rates. Gell¢,ti~ 1991, 129:957-962. NORENBERGU. WILLEH. WOIFEJM. FR.MqKR, RAll(IEN FG: The Chicken Neural Extracellular Matrix Molecule Restrictin - - Similarity w i t h EGF.Like, Flbronectin Typ¢-III.Llke. and Flbrinogen-Llke Motifs. Neuron 1992, 8:849-863. NO~L~.L~'qDP, G O I W M, COURNOYERB, SIMONETR: Nucleotlde Sequence o f NllD from Frankia-Alnl Strahn Arl3 -Phylogenetic Inferences. Mol Biol EI~I 1992. 9:49%506. NOVACKJP. CHARBONNEAUH, BE~WELEYJK, WALSHKA, BF~,VO JA= Sequence Comparison o f the 63-kDa, 61kDa, And 59-kDa Calmodulin-Dependent Cyclic N u d e o t l d e Phosphodiesterase~. Biochemisto, 1991, 30:7940-7947. NUGENTJM, PALSIESJD: RNA-mediated T r a n s f e r o f the Gene C o x l l from the Mltoc hondr loo to the Nucleus D o t i n g Flowering Plant Evolution. Cell 1991, 66:473-482. NOSSINOVP~ D i l t i n c t Patterns in the Difiucleotide Nearest N e i g h b o r s to G / C - O l i g o m e r a n d A]T. O l i g o m e r in Eukaryotlc Sequeoces. J Mol Evol 1991, 33:259-266. OBERBAUMEEh Retroposons do Jump: A B2 Ele me nt Recently Integrated in an 18.5 RDNA Gene. Nucleic Acids Res 1992, 20:671-677.

OEHM A, BEHRM.hNN1, FALKW, PA~I'A M, NLMERG, KLASC, LIWEBERM, RICI~D6 S. DHEINJ, TRALrMBC, PONS~NGL H, KRAMMERPH: Purification and Molecular Cloning o f the APO-1 Cell Surface Antigen, a Member of the T u m o r Necrosis Factor/Nerve Growth Factor Receptor Superfamlly - Sequence Identity with th e Fas Antigeo. J Blot O~m 1992, 267:10709-10715. OGIHARA Y, TERACHIT, SASAKUMA T: Molecular Analysis of th e Hot Spot Region Related to Length Mutations In Wheat Chloroplast DNAs. 1. Nucleotide Divergence of Genes a n d Intefgenlc Spacer Regions Located In th e Hot Spot Region. Genetics 1991, 129:873-884. OIt[RA M, BAE YS. IKEDAH: A New Type o f Insertion Mutation in Monkey Cells - - Inset~tlon Accompanied by Long Target Site Duplication. MOI Getl GeHet 1991, 229:325-333. OII~LS'TEDECA, BLMNI)MM, MERRILLBM, SMIYOUN N: Relationship of Genes Encoding Ca2 + / C a l m o d u l i n - D e p e n d e n t Protein Kinase Gr and Calspermin A Gene Within a Gene. pro.:Vail ..lead Sol U S A 1991, 88:5784--5788. OHSHIMAA, INOUt'ES, INOUt'EM: IO Vlvo Duplicatloo of Genetic Elements by the Formatloo of Stem Loop DNA Without an RNA Intermediate. proc N a t l A c x l d S c i U S A 1992, S9:1016-1019. OlfrA T: Multigene Families and the Evolution of Complexity../Mo/Eta/1991, 33:34~il. OIITA1": Role of Diversifying Selectioo aod Gene Converaioo in Evolution of Major HIstocompatihRity Complex Loci. Proc N a a A c a d Sci USA 1991, 88:671(~6720. OLNENGJ: Systematic Uoderestimatlon o f Tree Brooch Lengths by Lake's O p e r a t o r Metrics - - An Effect of Position-Dependent Substitution Rates. Mol Biol EteE 1991.8:592-608. ONEII. MT, BEI.OTE JM: Interspecific Comparison of th e T r a n s f o r m e r Gene of Drosophila Reveals an Unusually High Degree of Evoiotiooary Divergence. Geneli~ 1992, 131:113-12.8 ONEIIJ,SL GIORDANOR, COLBERTAMI:., KARRT L ROBERq.~ON HM: 16S RRNA Phylogenetic Analysis of th e Bacterial Endosymbioots Associated with Cytoplasmic Incompatibility in Insects. Proc Nat/ Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:2699-2702 OOMMEN A. Lt XQ, GEGENIIEIMERP: Cleavage Specificity of Chloroplast a n d Nuclear Transfer RNA Y-processing Nocleases. Mol Cell Bio11992, 12:865~q75. OR~'~ E, BRADSHAWAD: Stochastic Developmental Variatioo in the Ratio o f Allelic RDNAs Among Newly Differentiated, Heterozygous Macronuclel of T e t r a h y m e n a - T h e r m o p h l l a . /X,v Genet 1992. 13:87-93. OTI'O E. KUNhMOTOM, MCIAUGItIJNT, BENNETTV: Isolation and Characterizatioo of CDNAs Encoding Human Brain Ankyrins Reveal a Family of Alternatively Spliced Genes. J Cell Bio11991, 114:241-2-33 OUDETC, HEIIJG R. HANAUERA, t%L~NI)EI.Jl~ Nonradioactive Assay for New MIcrosatelltte P o l y m o r p h i l m s at th e 5' End of the Dystruphtn Gene, and Estimation of i n t r a g e n i c Recombinatiou. Am J I h u n Gent.! 1991.49:311-319. O7;XWAK. MUR.MGMMIY. EKI T, ,c'~DEI)AE. YOKOYA.~L~K: Mapping o f the Gene Family for Human HeatShock Protein-90alpha to Chromosome1, C h r o m o s o m e 4 , Chromosome-11, and Chromosome-14. Genomic.g 1992, 12:214-220. FAUJ SR. HIRUMAK, RIDDIFORI)IAI: An EcdysteroidInducible Manduca Gene Similar to the Drosophila DHR3 Geoe, a Member of the Steroid H o r m o n e Receptor Superfamliy. Dev Bio11992, 150:306-318. I~ALMEK, DIEFENqltAI.T, VINGRONM, SANDERC, .TA Mutations at CpG Sites in t h e Gene for Pr o te in Kinase Regulatory Subunlt. Mo/Cell B/ol 1992, 12:767-772. STEWARTAFR, CAMORETI'IMERCADOB, PERD,t&'q D, GUPTAM, JAKOVCtCS, ZAK R: Structural a n d Phylogenetic Analysis o f t h e Ch ic k e n V e n t rt c u l a r Myosin Heavy Chain R o d . J Mol Et~o11991, 33:357-366. STEWARTRJ, PESAVENTOPA, WOERPELDN, GOUt-rEIN LSB: Identification a n d Partial Characterization o f Six Members o f t h e Klnesin Superfamlly in Drosophila. proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1991. 88:8470-8474. STOCK DW, WHrrr GS: Evolutionary I m p l i c a t i o n s of th e CDNA Sequence of t h e Single Lactate



Genomes and evolution Molecular evolution in single copy sequence and multigene families Dehydrogetmse o f a l a m p r e y . Proc N a t l A c a d S c i U S A 1992, 89:1799-1803. S1OLZA, RAHLMIKIAN1M, AblEISD, CHAN E. RON'KM, SHWELY JE: Molecular Structure o f Rat Hepatic 3alphaHydroxysternid Dehydrogenase - - A Member o f the Oxldoreduetase Gene Family. J Bio/02era 1991, 266:15253-15257. STROBELSA. DOUCE'ITE-STAMMLA. RIBA K Hot~3Mmq DE, DERVANPB: Site-specific Cleavage o f Human Chromosome 4 Mediated by Triple-helix Formation. Science 1991, 254:1639-1642. b'~UB K, MO~ J, WALVERP: Binding Sites o f the 9Kllodahon and 14-Kllodalton H e t e r o d l m e r i c Protein Subunit of the Signal Recognition Particle (SLIP) are Contained Exclusively in the Alu Domain of SRP.RNA a nd Contain a Sequence Motif that is Conserved in Evolution. Mo/Cell Bid~ 1991, 11:3949-3959. SUN H. DAX~.~OND, SZOSTAKJW: Genetic and physical Analyses of Sister Chrnmatld Exchange in Yeast Meiosis. Mo/ Cell Bio11991, 11..632/%6336. SUN HW, PLMq' BV: Progressive Sequence Alignment and Molecular Evolution o f the Zn.Conta ining Alcohol Dehydrngenase Family. J Mol Em11992, 34:522-535. SWAI"~ONlx'X~,IRWINDM, WILSONAC: Stomach Lysozyme Gene of the 1augur Monkey - - Tests for Convergence and Positive Selection. J MO/Evo/ 1991, 33:418-425. SZATHM~YE: What is the Optimum Size for the Genetic Alphabet. proc N a d .4cad Sci U S A 1992, S9:2614-2618. T&Mqbi~tNJ~V, SCHRAGEC. RELWEKAMPF, BUI.J, IL~'OG M, DEXTaESH. AG5TERIBBEE: Identification o f Three Human Pseudogenes for Subunit.VIb o f Cytochrome-c Oxldase - - A Molecular Record of Gene Evolution. Gene 1991, 102:237-2.14. TAt HY, MCHENRYL, FRFFZP.|, FLIRTEKDB: Nucleic A c i d Sequence o f a 21 K D a Cocoa Seed P r o t e i n w i t h H o m o l o g y to the Soybean T r y p s i n I n h i b i t o r (Kunitx) Family of Protease Inhibltors. Plant MO/ Bio/1991, 16:913-915. TAK.MW^F, OONO K, ~tlNG D, KATOAz Sequence o f 3 Members and Expression o f a New Major Subfamily o f Glutelin Genes from Rice. Plant Mo/ Bio11991, 17:875-885. TAKEDAS. MASTEILEREL, THOMPSONCB, BUERSWEDDEJ-M: RAG-2 Expression is not Esseotial for Chicken l m m u n o g i o b u l i n Gene Conversion. proc Nail Acad S¢i U S A 1992, S9:4023~027 TAIBOYNJ, OIJVERRP, CODDINGTONA: Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresls Reveals Chromosomes Length Differences Between Strains of CladosporiumrulE-urn (Syn Fulvia.fulva). Mol Gen Genet 199h 229:267-272. TANABEY, kL~o El. 151411T. SItlGEMO1OR, NAIG~.NISHIS: A Family o f Metabotroplc Glutamate Receptors. Neuron 1992, 8:169-179. TANAKAR. A*NDACItlY. Mbq'O A: Evolution o f TRNAs and TRNA Genes in Acholeplasma Laldlawli. Nucleic Acids R~-~ 1991, 19:6787%792. TAm.lOt E. Ho~-n,t~'~ RD: Codon Usage in Pathogenic Entsmoeba-histolytica [Letter]. J Mol I:~11992, 34:272-273. T^o W. LAI E: Telencephalon-Restricted Expression of BE-l, a New Member of the HNF-3/fork Head Gene Family, in the Developing Rat Brain. Neuron 1992, 8:957-966. TAYLORGW. WOLFEKH, MORDENC~ t, DEPA~MPItlUSC~ ~. PALMERJD: Lack o f a Functional Plastid T r a n s f e r RNA(Cys) Gene Is Associated w i t h Loss of Photosynthesis in a Lineage o f Parasitic Plants. Curt Genet 1991, 20:515-518. THEURKaUFWE, HA~a.EYRS: Meiotic Spindle Assembly In Drosophila Females - - Behavior of N o n e x c h a n g e Chromosomes and the Effects o f Mutations in the Nod Klnesin.ldke Protein. J CeU Bio11992, 116:1167-1180. THOMASRH, HUNTJA: The Molecular Evolution of the Alcohol Dehydrogenase Locus a nd the Pbylogeny of Hawaiian Drosophila. Mo/Biol E m l 1991. S f387-702. THOMPSONGA, SIE.MIENqAKDR. SIEU LC, SUGHTOMJL. LM]KINS BA: Sequence Analysis o f Linked Maize 22-kDa A l p b a - Z e i n G e n e s . Plant MO/ Bio/1992, lS:827-833. THOMPSONJ. ZIMMERMANNW, OSTHUSBUGATF. SCHLEUSSNER C, EADE~PERNERAM, BAP~NERTS. VONKLEISTS, WIIJ~OCICS T, CRAIG 1, TYNANK, OLSENA. MOHRENWEISERH: Long-Range Chromosomal Mapping o f the Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA) Gene Family Cluster. Genomic.~ 1992, 12:761-772. THORNE.JL. KISHINOH, FELSENSTEINJ: I n c h i n g Toward Reality - - An Improved Likelihood Model of Sequence Evolution. J Mol Et~:d 1992, 34:3-16. TL~LsrrY, VILLBOISE, MORASD: Base Pa ir ing Shift In t h e Major Groove o f (CA)n Tracts by B-DNA Crystal Structures [Letter]. Nature 1991, 354:167.

TI~TYTD, WHITE.A, S&NCHEZJ: Suppression of Gene Amplification in Human C.eH H y b r i d s . Science 1992, 255:1425-1427. TOLEDO F, LE RO5COUETD, BuTrlN G, DEBATISSEM: CoAmplified Markers Alternate in Megabase Long Chromosomal Inverted Repeats and Cluster I n d e p e n d e n t l y in I n t e r p h a s e Nuclei at Early Steps of Mammalian Gene Amplification. F~IIBO J 1992, 11:2665-2674. I"ONIOLO D, FIUPPI M, DONO P~ LETTIERI1", I~LXRT1NIG: T h e CpG island i n t h e 5'-Region o f t h e G6PD Geoe o f Man and Mouse. Gene 1991, 102:197-203. TRANBARGERTJ, FR~NCESCItl\nR,HILDEBRANDDF, GRB,W2; HD: T h e Soybean 94-KIIodalton Vegetative Storage Protein is a Lipox'ygenase that is Localized in Paraveinal Mesophyll Cell Vacuoles. Plant Cell 1991, 3:973-987. TREGEARJW. ROBERTSLM: T h e Lectin Gene Family of Ricinus Communis - - Cloning o f a Functional Rlcin Gene and 3 Lectin Pseudogenes. Plant Mol Bio11992, lS:515-525. TREMOU5AYGUED, LAUDIEM, GREUETF, DELSENNbl: T h e Btasslca Oleracea RDNA Spacer Revisited. Platlt Mol Bio11992, 18:1013-1018. TREWI'ITPM, }'IEII2~IANNIJ, DEGRUGII/JERSS, KUMARANAK: The Boll Weevil Vltellogenin Gene - - Nucleotide Sequence, Structure, and Evolutionary Relationship to Nematode and Vertebrate Vlteliogenin G e n e s . J Mol Etw11992, 34:478~i92. TRIGUAT. FoO'rE SJ. KEMPOJ, COX~,n,LANAF: Implication of the Multidrng Resistance Gene P f m d r l In Plasmodlum-Falclparum Has Arisen as Multiple I n d e p e n d e n t Events. Mol Cell Bio/1991, 11:5244-52~0. T~O NNG, TSAOSGS. PEARL~L~ RE: A MicronucleusLimited Sequence Family in TetrahymenaT h e r m o p h l l a -Organizatino a n d Sequence Conservation. DeE Gene11992. 13:75-79. TSUKIYAMAT, UEI)AH. HIROSES, N[WAO: Embryonal Long T e r m i n a l Repeat-Binding Protein is a Murine Homolog of FTZ-FI, a Member of the Steroid Receptor Superfamlly. MO/Cell Bio11992, 12:1286-1291. TLIm~qU..E JM. FIELDKG. PArT RA: Phylogenetic Position o f Phylum Nemertidi, I n f e r r e d from 18SrRNA Sequences - - Molecular Data as a Test of Morphological Character Homology. Mol Bid~ Evo/ 1992, 9:235-249. UEKI M, UCHEtAWAE. YAKLIRAK: T h e Nucleotide Sequence o f the RDNA I n t e r g e o l c Spacer Region in a Wild Species o f th e Genus VIcia, VAngustlfolla. /'/ant 31ol Bid~ 1992, 18:175-178. VAN \X~'EJD, BRON.~DNEC, ANDER.C~DNJN: Species Specific Patterns of DNA Bending and Sequence. Nucleic Acid~ R¢~. 1991, 19:5253-5261. VAN~UUREN,%1,NEtlItAtlSJM, SHINSIII1t, RYALSJ. MEIN5F: The Structure and Regulation o f Homeologous Tobacco Endochltlnase Genes o f NIcotianaSylvestrls and N-Tomentoslformls Origin. MO/ Gen Genet 1992, 232:460-469 VANDEUK%ENJ, SCIIEPEN5J, PETEP~gW, MEIJERD, GROSArEIJ) G, HENDRIK.5 W, WIEPdNGA B: Genetic Variability of th e Murine Creatine Klrmse.B Gene Locus and Related Pseudogenes in Different Inbred Stgalt~ o f Mice. Genomics 1992. 12:340-3~9. VANKE.N-F£REN RE. SMITAB, DIP,K-~ RW, DEXXqTItND. GERAERTSWPM, JOO~E J: Evolution of th e Vasopressin/Oxytocin Superfamlly - Characterization of a CDNA Encoding a Vasopressin-Related Precursor, Preproconopressin, from th e Mollusc Lymnaea.Stagnalls. proc Nail Acad Sci LI S ..1 1992. 89:4593-4597. V&XREN5GLM, HOl. F& DEJONGW~t, BIDEMENDALI1: Presence o f Hybridizing DNA Sequences Homologous to Bovine Acidic and Basic BetaCrystallins in All Classes of Vertebrates. J Mot El,o/199], 33:457-463. VEILARDM, SORETJ, VIEG~SPEQUIGNOTE, GALIBERTI:, VANCONG N, D~RILLAUXB, PERI~I. B: C-Myb ProtoOncogene - - Evidence for I n t e r m o l e c u l a r Recombination of Coding Sequences. Oncogene 1991, 6:505-514. VENDIV~ S, WELL.';RD: A DNA Conformatinnal Alteration Induced by a N e i g h b o r i n g O l i g o p u r i n e Tract on GAA'I'I'A Enables Nicking by EcoRI. J Bid~ Chem 1991, 266:16786-16790. VE~WKATESWARLUK. NAZAR R: A Conseeved Core Structure In th e 18-255 RRNA I n t e r g e d i c Region from Tobacco, Nicotiana-Rustica. Plant Mol Bio11991, 17:189-194. VICENTECARBAJOSAJ, BERIT&gH~qUDR, KRAEVAS, SKRYABIN KG: Conserved Str u c tu r e a n d O r g a n i z a t i o n o f B-Hordein Genes in t h e H o t 2 Locus o f Barley. Plant Mo/ Bio11992, 18:453-458. VIGILANTL, SIONEKINGM, HAP.PENDINGH, HAWKF.SK, Wlkeg3N AC: African Populations a n d th e Evolution

o f Human Mltochondrial DNA. Science 1991, 253:1503-| 507. VII/AVERDE A, ~,LM~'INEZi~L~ SOBRINO F, DOpAZO J, M O Y A A, DOMINGO E: Fixation of Mutations at t h e VP1 Gene o f Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus - - Can Quasi.species Define a Tt'anslent Molecular Clock. Gene 1991, 103:147-153. VONEICHEL~TREIBERC, LAUI'~ENBERGFELDMANNR, ~d~qlNGEN S, SCHULZEJ, SAUERBORN M: Comparative Sequence Analysis o f the Clostrtdium-Dllliclle Toxin-A and Toxin-B. Mol Gen Gene11992. 233:260-268. Vt!LLIA~.n' TJ, OTHMAN A, TOWN M, NATHWAN1A, FALUSI AG, M&~ONPJ, LU-O.ATrO L: Polymorphic Sites in the African Population Detected by Sequence Analysis of t h e Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Gene O u t l i n e t h e Evolution of th e Vartant-A a n d Vartant-A.. proc N a t l A c a d S c i U S A 1991, 88:8568-8571. WACWFI.ERF. SCHOFERC, SCHEDLEA. SCHWARZACHER biG, HARTHNGM, STAHLA, GONT.MJ:_~I, S'fL',~',WERJ: T r a n s c r i b e d a n d Nontranscribed Parts o f t h e Human Ribosomal Gene Repeat Show a SimiLar Pattern o f Distrlhution in Nucleoll. Cytogenet Cell Getle11991. 57:175-178, WADAK, "fOKOTANqN, HUNTERC, DOI K, WENTItOLDRJ, SHI~L~`;AKIS: Differential Expression of Two Distinct Forms of Messenger RNA Encoding Members of a Dlpeptldyl Aminopeptidase Family. proc N a d A6ad Sci U S A 1992, 89:197-201. WALDROP MM: Molecular Biology - - Finding RNA Makes Proteins GlEes 'RNA World" a Big Boost. Science 1992, 256:1396-1397. WALTERRB, HARLEKSJ, SVENSSONRT, KAU~t&'~KD, MORIZOT DC, NAIRNIL~:Linkage Assignment o f a DNA Sequence (ERCC2L1) Homologous to a Human DNA Repair Gene in X i p h o p h o r n s Fishes I m p l i c a t i o n s for th e Evolutionary Derivation o f H u m a n Chromosome-19. Genomic-g 1991. 10:1083-1086. %VAI.THERC, GUENE']"JL SIMOND, DEtrl~;H U, Joslv-s B, GOULDINGMD, PIACHOVD, BAIMNGR. GRU~g P: Pax - - A Murine Multlgeoe Family of Paired B o y Containing Genes. Genomic.~ 1991. 11:424--i34. \~NG T, OKANOT. EISENSMn~IRC, LO \VHY. HtlANGSZ, ZENG"fF, YUANIF, LIU SR. WOO SLC: Identification of T h r e e Novel PKU Mutatinos Among Chinese - - Evidence for Recombination o r Recurrent Mutation at th e pAH Locus. Genomic.~ 1992, 13:230-231. ~rATKIN":;DI. MCADAMSN, lJtl X, SI"RANGCR. MILFORDEl. LEXqNECG, GARBERTt. DOGONAL. LORDC[, GIOM SH. TROUPGM, I'IUGHF.SAl~ I.ETVIN Nh New Recombinant HLA.B Alleles in a Tri b e of South American Amerind|arts Indicate Rapid Evolution of MHC Class ! Loci [Letter]. Nature 1992. 357:329-332. WATKINSS, N~ADLSONJ, DA%q5E, SAKAMOTOY, GAILIANO M, MINCHIOTflL, PU3NAMFW: A D o n o r Splice Mutation and a Single.Base Deletion Produce Two Carboxyi-Terminal Variants of Human Serum Albumin. I'roc NatlAc'adSci USA 1991. 88:5959-5963. Wa'l'l~ FZ, WALTERSAJ, MOOREAI: Charactertsation of PHSPl, a CDNA Encoding a Mltuchoodrial HSPTO from Pisum-Sativum. Plant Mol Bio11992, lS:23-32. WAUGH R, CLARKG, BEOWNJ~S: Sequence Variation and Linkage o f Potato U2snRNA-Encoding Genes Established by PCR. Gene 1991, 107:197-20-1. WEBB CF. DA.`;C, ENEFFKL TUCKERPW: Identification o f a Matrix- "Aasoclated Region 5' of art I m m u n o g i o b u l i n Heavy Chain Variable Region Gene. Mol Cell 13io/1991, 11:5206-521 I. ~IEEDA G, MA L, VAN HAM RCA, VAN DER EB AJ, HOEUMAKEP~ ~; JHJ: Str u c tu r e a n d Expression o f the H u m a n XPBC/ERCC 3 Gene Involved in DNA Repair Disorders X e r o d e r m a Ptgmentosum Anf Cockaynes Syndrome. Nltcleic Acids Rc~ 1991, 19:6301~308. WEINSHANKR~ ZGOMBICKJM, ~LACCHIMJ, BRTh';CIIEKTA. I'IAR~G PR: Human S e r o t o d i n - l D Receptor is Encoded by a Subfamily o f 2 Distinct Genes - 5-HT(1Dalpha) And 5-HT(1Dbeta). proc Nail Acad S¢i V S A 1992, 89:3630-3634 WIG~TON KA. THOMSENGH, GELBARTWM: Drosophila 6OA Gene, A n o t h e r T r a n s f o r m i n g Growth Factor-beta Family Member, is Closely Related to Human Bone M o r p h o g e n et i c Proteins. proc N a a Acx*d Sci U S A 1991, 88:9214-9218, WHITE MA, DETLOFFP, STRANDM, PETESTD: A P r o m o t e r Deletion Reduces t h e Rate o f Mitotic, But not Meiotic, Recombination at t h e HIS4 Locus in Yeast. Curr Genet 1992, 21:109-116. WILLIAMSB, TSANG A: A Maize Gene Expressed D u r i n g Embryogenesis ts Absclsic Acid-Inducible and Highly Conserved. Plant MO/Bio11991, 16:919-923. WILl.tAMSSC, CANTWELLCA, JOH,'~ON PF: A Family of C/EBP.related Proteins Capable o f F o rm i n g Covalendy Linked Leucine Z i p p e r Dlmers In Vitro. Genes DeE 1991, 5:1553-1567.

Genomes and evolution Genome stability and evolution WIMPEECF, MORGANR. WROIiEI.Rl: LoSS of Transfer RNA Geoes from the Piastld 16S-23S Ribosomal RNA Gone Spacer in a Parasitic Plant. Curr Gone/ 1992, 21:417--i22. WIMPEECP, ~IROBEI.RI. GARXqNDK: A Divergent Piastld G~nome In Conopholis-Americana, an Achlorophyllous Parasitic Plant~ Iqatll Mol Biol 1991, 17:161-166. WOI~.'SON R, l iIGGINSKG, SE:UCSBB: Evidence for Replication Slippage in the Evolution of • o n • [ h e r a Chloroplast DNA. Mol Biol Evo11991, 8:709-720. \VONG S. FREEMANJD. KEIJEIIERC. MAGERD, "rAKEIP: Ly49 Multlgeoe Family - - New Members o f a Superfamlly of Type-ll Membrane Proteins with Lectin-lake Domains. J h n m u . o l 1~)1, 147:1417-1.123. WPdGHI" I IT. S?.NI)R2~2;EGARAAIG, WrlGIrI" CS: Evolution of a Family of N-Acetylgiucosamine Binding Proteins Containing the Disulfide-Rich Domain of Wheat Germ Aggiutinin. J Mol EI~11991, 33:283-294. WU HJ, RO/.ANSKYDJ. PARMERRJ. GIIJ. BM, OCONNORDT: Structure and Function of the ChromograoinA Gone -Clues to Evolution and Tissue.Specific Expression. J Biol CIx.m i991. 266:13130-1313.i WU XW, MUT~N"~"DM. LEt!CC, C&SKEYCT: Two independent Mutational Eveots In the Loss of Urate Oxidase During Hominoid Evolution. J Mol Et.o11992, 34:78~-i. XIAOW, PELCIIEr I.E, P.&NKGlh Sequence Diversity of Yeast 2-mum RAF Gone and its Co-Evolutloo with STB and REPI. Gt.tte 1991, 101:75 80. KINJH. CO~X~EA. b~CII&NCEP, I Lx.SSEIJ.J?c Molecular Cloning and Charactertsatioo of PEA3 a New Member of the Ets Oocogene Family that is Differentially Expressed lo Mouse Embryonic Cells. Gen¢~."Dev 1992, 6:-igl-i(X~. XUEJP, I.ENM,~NM, FMJ~A~ P.~.~KI: The GlucosloolateDegrading Enzyme Myrosinase in Brasslcaceae is Encoded by a Gone Family. Pla~tt Mol Blot 1992, 18:387-398. "t'ASb~DAY, POSTSR, \VANGK, TAGERllS. BELl.GI. SEINOS: Cloning aod Fuoctinnal Characterization of a Family of Human and Mouse Somatostatlo Receptors Expressed in Brain. Gastrointestinal Tract, and Kidney. proc N a l l A c a d Sci U S A 1992. 89:251-255. Y?u\tAGATAM. YAMADAI~AI,YAMAI)ASS, SlIINOMIIIb~T, TANAKA H, NISIIII)A Y, •BARN M, KIMATAK: The Complete Primary Structure of Type-Xli C o l l a g e • Shows a Chimeric Molecule with Reiterated Flbronectin Type-HI Motifs, Von Willebrand Factor-A Motifs, a Domalo Homologous to a Noncollageoous Region of Type-IX Collagen, and Short Collagen•us Domains w i t h an ArgGly-Asp Site. J Cell Blot 1991, 115:209-221. YELD&ND[AV, YEI.OANDIV. Kll,xbxrS, MURlqlYCX~q, WANG XD, AIXARIESK, RAO MS, REDI)YJK: Molecular Evolution of the Orate Oxidase-Encoding Gene in Hominoid Primates - - Nonsense Mutations. Gone 1991, 109:28i-28q. YEOMYI, ABE K. AgvEl'K: Evolution of the Mouse H-2K Region - - A Hot Spot of Mutation Associated with Genes Transcribed in Embryos and or Germ Ceils. Genetics 1992, 130:629-638. YUMJS. STAP.MERW'I'. SIILLIV&NDT: The Structure o f the Adh Locus of Drosophila-Mettleri - - An Intermediate tn the Evolution of the Adh Locus in the Repleta Group of Drosophila. Mot Biol h'~31 1991, 8:857-867. ZHOU Lj, ORb DC, HUGHESM~ TEDDEETI:: Structure and Domain Organization of the CD19 Antigen of Human, Mouse, and Guinea Pig Lymphocytes-B - - Conservation o f the Extensive Cytoplasmic Domain. J ImnIuno! 1991. 147:1424~1432. ZHU H. RJGGSAF: Yeast Fla y•he moglobin Is an Ancleot Protein Related to Globtos and a Reductase Family. PrOCN a # Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:5015-5019. ZHU ZF. VINCEKV, FIGUEROAF, SCIIONBACHC, KI£1N J: Mhc-DRB Genes of the Pigtail Macaque (Macaca-Nemestrtna) - - ImpHeatinos for the Evolution of Human DRB Genes. Mol Blot I:'t~l 1991, 8:563-578. ZUCKERKANDLE: Revisiting J u n k DNA. J Mot Et~l 1992, 34:259-271. ZWiCKLp, GP.Z.~,AA. PUtILERG, DAIIU\tANN B, LOI'ISI'ECIH F, BAUMEIS~rERW: Primary Structure of the T h e r m o p l a s m a Proteasome and Its lmplicatlom~ for the Structure, Function, and Evolution o f the Molticatalytic Proteinase. Biodx.mi*'try 1992, 31:9GI-971,

Genome stability and evolution Related reviews: Mammalian sex chromosomes: design or accident? (pp 890-901)t; The evolution of protein domains and the organizational complexities of metazoans (pp 902-905) AI)tgMSJ. pIISKASRO72;AS. SlMt~t J, WIIRE CM: Adaptatioo aod Major Chromosomal Changes In Populations of Saccharomyces-Cerevisiae. Curt Gem'! ]992. 22:13-19 A.NDEK~;ON~Xt~V,AI~NOIJ)J, 8AIJ~'IN [ ~ , BECKI!NIIACIIAT. BROWN CJ. BRYANq"SH. COYNE JA. I IARSttMAN LG. HEED \'{'B, JEEFER'¢ DE, KIACZKO I.}{, MOORE BC, POE'IT.R JM, Po~Xq!l£.JR, Pffotq" T, SCHAEI:FERS\V, STEPIIENS JC, TA~qOR CE. TURNERME, \VlUJ&~t~GO, MOOREjA: Four Decades of Inversion Polymorphism in Drosophila-Pseudoobscura. I'roc Nail A ~ l d SO/I' S:I 1991.88:10367 10371, AITSI]N MJl:, COLONSJM, COREYI.~ NmNCEWE, NEAIJ~MC. SCI IIEKENRM. BROWNJ& Aphldlcolln,inducible Common Fragile-Site Expression - - Results from a Population Survey of Twins. Am./Itmn Genel 1992. 50:76-83. BAIJ.M~IOz~ \'~'lU.,tl~) Ill:: Mammaliao X-chromosome • • Inactivation and the XIST Gene. Curr Opin Gene! Dt't' 1992, 2:,i39--H7. [34t]. BARIX)NI B, ZUFFARDIO, GUIOU S, i~ALIAIIIOA. SIMI P. CA%LLIJ • P, GRIMOU)I MG. FRACC,~O M, CAMERINOG: A Deletion Map of the Human Y q i l Region: Implications for t h e E v o l u t i o n o f t h e Y C h r o m o s o m e


Teotative Mapping of a Locus Involved in Spermatogenesis. Gc,nomics i99i, 11:.i-t3--i51 [41']. BAITM M. APPEI.";R: The Cytogenetlc and Molecular Architecture of Ch r o mo s o me - lR - - One of the Most Widely Utilized Sources of Alien Ch r o m a tin in Wheat Varieties. Cbmmr.~,:omt,, i~Y.)i, 101:1-10. BI!GI!N DJ, AQUADROCF: Levels of Naturally • O c c u r r i n g DNA Polymorphism Correlate with Recombinatloo Rates In D. Melanogaster. Nature 1992, 356:519-520. [52t]. BEI~NARI)tG: Genuine Structure aod Evolution..1 Mol I:'t'ol 1991, 33:3. BEPd'~ARDIO. BERNARI)IG: Compositional P r o p e r t i e s of Nuclear Genes from Cold-Blooded Vertebrates. J Mol I-I'o1199i, 33:~7-67 BERRYAJ, AJIOKAJXXl, KREITMANM; Lack o f PolymorphLsm on the Drosophila 4th Chromosome Resulting from Selection. Gc.netic.~ 1991, 129:1111-I 117. BERTOUDLAC, CAVAIJAROZl: A Highly Differentiated Z Z / Z W Sex Chromosome System in a Characldae Fish, Trtportheus-Guentheri. (.'.plOgeltel Cell GeHet 1992, 60:60~3. Bb%NCIII NO. BIA~'~CIIIMS, PAhlILOP, VIDAL-RIOJA,DE IA 0 0 CIDM'EIJ.E A: Evolution of Zinc Finger-Y a n d Zinc Finger-X Genes in O r y z o m y n e . a k o d o n t i n e Rodents (Cricetidae). J Mol l:.t~11992, 34:5-t-61. 151t|. BLOUINJL AIIRL~SA, CREAUGOH)BERGN, APIOU F. AILb'dDELORII)ANC, BRIIEI.A. PPdEURM, KRAtlSJ, DEIABA~JM. SlNETPM: Cytogenetlc aod Molecular Analysis of a D e n • v • T a n d e m Duplicatino of Chromosome-21. H u m Gone[ 1991, 88:167-17-i. BODI Z, G~I£I~IUNKERA, KOIlUJ: A Quaotitatlve Assay to Measure Chromosome Stability In Schizosaccharomyces Pombe. Mol Gen Gone[ 1991. 229:77-80. BOEKEJD, EICIIINGEROJ, NAa~oulaS G: Doubling T y l Element Copy N u m b e r in SaecharomycesCerevfsiae - - Host Genuine Stability and Phenotypic Effects. Genetics 1991, 129:1043-1052. BORODIN PM. GORI.OVIP, AGUbX:IKAI. AGUUNIKSl. RLA~NSK~" AO: C h r o m o s o m e Pairing a n d Recombination In Mice Heterozygous for Different Translocatinos In Chromosome-16 and Chromosome-17. Cbromosoma 1991, 101:252-258. BUR¢~O~'~EP: Y C h r o m o s o m e Function in Mammalian Development. A d v Dev Biol ]992, 1:1-29. [22*]. C~W]~EIJ. NL~, BOG&N JS, SIMI,w,ON E, BICKNELLJN. Goub\h' • E, CHANDLER p, PAGONR~ WALKERDC, TtlUIJNEHC, GRAHAMJM, DE LACIIAPEI£EA. PAGE DC, DISTECHECM: Deletion Mapping o f H-Y Antigen to th e Long Arm of the Human Y Chromosome. Genomic.~ 1992, 13:1255-1260. [43~']. CAmSON WR, ROSE,~t~NRR: A New Property o f t h e Maize B-Chromosome. Genetics i992, 131:211-223. C,~on F: A High Degree o f Macronuclear C h r o m o s o m e P o l y m o r p h i s m is Generated by Variable DNA Rearrangements in

Paramecium Pr lm a u r e lla D u r i n g Macroouclear Differentiation../Mol Rio! 1992, 225:66i-678. OIARI£SWORlll B: T h e Evolution of Sex Chromosomes. n$ Science 1991. 251:i030-1033. [501]. ClIOlltb', C: One Thousand Families for the Molecular o e Biologist. Nature 1992. 357:543-54.i. [34]. ClIt:A P. JINKSROBEW[~ONS: Segregation of Recombinant Chromatids Following Mitotic Crossing Over in Yeast. Geneli~ 1991. 129:359-369. C()II!S K, ~*UXCKENTAEM, CROII&J. HARVEyJ, STARRJ, HOWAED • F, JACOBS P: A Complex Re a r ra n g e m e n t Associated with Sex Reversal and th e Wolf-Hirschorn Syodrome: A Cytogenetic a n d Molecular Study. J Mc.d Gen¢.t 1992. 29:-100-~06. [59t]. CONq'RAFA3TOG, MEESTERJA. ~'RJ~N K. TAYLORpJ. ROBERTS MA. BAKERCM: Geoetic Variation in the African Rodent Subfamily Otomyinae (Muridae). 2. Chromosomal Chaoges io Some Popuiatinns of Otomys-frroratus. Cylogenet Cell Genet 1992, 59:293-299 COYNEJA. AUIARI)S. BERRY& Lack of U n d e r d o m l n a n c e in a Naturally O c c u r r i n g Pe r l c e n t ri c Inversion In Drosophila-Melanogaster a n d Its Implications for Chromosome Evolution. Genc, lic~ 1991, 129:791-802. I)AXqF2;KE, ~b%NDEI.J-I., MONACOAP, NI:SSBAUM~ WIU~XRI) • I IF: Report of the Committee on the Geoetlc Constitution o f the X Chromosome: Human Gone Mapping 11. Ci,togene! Cell GeHet 1991,

58:853-966. (5~]. DAVIk~;ON MT, I.MJJ'Y PA, PETEWSJ, DOOIJTI+LE OP, [ IIU.YARD • AL SE,~I.E AG: Report of th e Comparative Committee for Human, Mouse a n d O t h e r Rodents: Human Gone Mapping 11. Cl,tr~ene! Cell Ge~c.t 1991.58:1152-1189. [71]. [)I-~.XNGIOLI:'YTIM, IACERRAG, C&~I"AIJ~O C, CtTIOID R. DEBONIS C, BtlONA~NNO G. CARF2~,IIAC: aIphaalphaalphaalphaantl-3.7 Type-If -- A New Aipha-Oinbin Gene Re a r r a ng e m e o t Suggesting that the Mpha-Globin Gene Duplication Could be Caused by i n t r a c h r o m o s o m a l Recombinatinn. I h t m Genc.t 1992, 89:37--i1. I)I~IV.CHECM. BIG~.NNANCJ. L.XP~ENA. ADLER,OA, SCHORDERET • O DF. G~XRINGI). COI'EL~NDNG, JENKINS NA. PARKL~: Evolution of the Pseudoautosomal Region: the GM--CSF Receptor Subunit Gene Is on Mouse Chromosome 19. Nature Genet 1992, (i n P re s s ): [9*]. |)OMINGUF]_%TEGUCHM, UCHTER P, CARRIERA. AUFFRAYC. SOl,MID M: Mapping the BetaNGF Gene Insitu to a Mierochromosome in Chicken. Genomic.s 1992, 12:829-832. |'.'ABLEE, SHAFFERLG. K.M/1.~ISp, MCQUIU/uNC. DALES, CLIO0 KI4A:Identification of DNA Sequences Flanking the Breakpoint of Human T(14q21c0 Robertsonian Translocatinns. A m J t l u m Gone[ 1992, 50:717-72q. I:.BERI, DF. PERKINSL~ ENGEL'~TE.'INM, I-IIUJKERAJ. PERRIMON N: Genetic a o d Developmental Analysis o f Polyteoe Section-17 of th e X-Chromosome o f Drosophila Melanogaster. Genetics 1992, 130:~69-583. EIJJSEN l.W. BIRDJ, wEsl" DC, SORENGAL RE~OLDSTC. S.MITtlSD, SKIARJ: TAN-l, the H u m a n H u m • l o g of th e Drosophila Notch Gone, is Broken by Chromosomal Transiocatinns In T-lymphoblastic Neoplasms. Cell 1991, 66:6-i9-~2. FII,L~TNL PRA3MERRS: Genomic Potential in Mammals. D~/ren/t?tlion 1991.48:1-8. FLAtIERTYKM. MCKAYDB. KABSCHW, lloLML~, KC: • 0 Similarity of th e T h r e e - d i m e n s i n n a l Structures of Actin and th e ATPase Fragment o f a 70-kDa Heat Shock Cognate Protein. proc N a d tlcad ~ci U S A 199i, 88:504i-5045. [20]. I:O~.~ I IM, SEIKEREU: Efficient DNA Pairing in a Neurospora Mot.ant Defective In C h r o m o s o m e Pairing. Mol Gen Genet 1991, 231:49-52. FOSTERJ~(/, BRENNANPE, HAMPIKIANGK, GOODFELLOWPN, 0 0 SINCLAIRAH, LO%rELL-BADGER, SELWOOD L RENFREE MB, CCK3PERDW, GRAVESJAM: Evolution o f Sex D e t e r m i n a t i o n a n d th e Y Chromosome: SRYr e l a t e d Sequences in Marsupials. Nature 1992, (in press). [31t1 . GANGULYR, SWANSONKD, RAYK, KRISHNANR: A BamHI Repeat E le me n t is P r e d o m i n a n t l y Associated with the Degenerating Neo-Y Chromosome of Dfosophllin Miranda But Absent in t h e D r o s o p h llla Melanogaster G e n o m e . Pro6 Nail Acad $ci U S A 1992, 89:1340-1344. GtACALONEJP, FRANCKEU: C o m m o n Sequence Motifs at th e R e a r r a n g e m e n t Sites of a ConstitutionalX]Autosome T r a n s l o c a t i o n a n d Associated Deletion. A m J H u m Grazer 1992, 50:725-741.



Genomes and evolution Genome stability and evolution GIE.~E K, COX J. GROgSCHEDLR: T h e HMG D o m a i n 0 0 o f L y m p h o i d E n h a n c e r F a c t o r 1 B e n d s DNA a n d Facilitates A s s e m b l y o f F u n c t i o n a l N u e l e o p r o t e i n S t r u c t u r e s . Cell 1992, 69:18~-195. [301]. GONNET GH, COIIEN MA. BENNERSA= E x h a u s t i v e M a t c h i n g OO o f t h e E n t i r e P r o t e i n S e q u e n c e Database. Scwnce 1992, 256:1443-1445. [131. GRAVF2;JAM, ~:ATSONJM: M a m m a l i a n Sex C h r o m o s o m e s -- Evolution of Organization and Function. O#romosoma 1991. IO1:63~8. GREIDER C~': C h r o m o s o m e First Aid. Cx.I11991. 67:645-647 GIrITENBACtl M, MLIIJ~ERU. ,t~IIMID M: A H u m a n M o d e r a t e l y R e p e a t e d Y-Specific DNA S e q u e n c e is E v o l u t t o n a r t l y C o n s e r v e d in t h e Y - C h r o m o s o m e o f t h e G r e a t Apes. Genomi~( 1992. 13:363-367 PLME DW. HIINT PA. TIICKER PK. EICHER, EM: Synapsls • a n d O b l i g a t e R e c o m b i n a t i o n B e t w e e n t h e Sex C h r o m o s o m e s o f Male L a b o r a t o r y Mice C a r r y i n g t h e Y" R c a r r l m g e m e n t . CylOqe#lt,I ~.ll Genel 19)1. 57:231-239. 164'1. }-IAIZG, ALLENGC, LOER DS, TltOMI.~ON ~rF, SPIKER S: N u c l e a r Scaffolds a n d S c a f f o l d - A t t a c h m e n t Regions in H i g h e r Plants. P ~ - Nail Acad 3"ci U S A 1991.88:9320-932q H2%MV&%RMJ. 7JNN A~ KEER.iT, FISIIER EMC. BEERROMERO P. BROXX,NSDM, PAGE DC: Rps4 Maps N e a t t h e I n a c t i v a t i o n C e n t e r o n t h e Mouse XC h r o m o s o m e . Genomicx 1992, 12:363-36" HARLEY\q~. JAC~gON DI, t IEx'rAu. PJ, HAWKINSJR, BERKOVnZ • GD, SOCKANA'I~4_~,NS, LOVELL-BADGEr, CrCK3DFEIM.)W PN: DNA B i n d i n g Activity o f R e c o m b i n a n t SRY f r o m N o r m a l Males a n d X'Y F e m a l e s . Science 1992. 255:453-q56 [28'1. HIEL~,CIIERK. STUBBEA, 7~RNAIILE K. SANIIAAr: Karyot~rpes and Systemattcs o f Asian H i g h - M o u n t a i n Voles, Genus A l t i e o l a (Rodentia, A r v i c o l i d a e ) Results o f M o n g o l i a n - G e r m a n Biological E x p e d i t i o n s Since 1962. 211.. Cl,tqffenel Cell Go,net 1992, 59:307-310 HOLMGRENA. KUEItN MJ, BRANI)ENC'], HIILTGRENSJ: • • C o n s e r v e d I m m u n o g l o b u l i n - I l k e F e a t u r e s in a Family o f P e r i p i a s m l e Pilus C h a p e r o n e s in Bacteria. F~IIBOJ 1992, 11:161"-1622 [21]. IJIX3JW, BALDINIA. \'6SARDDC, REEDEK~b-]', WEIJ~ Rz~cO r i g i n o f H u m a n C h r o m o s o m e - 2 - - An A n c e s t r a l T e l o m e r e - T e l o m e r e Fusion. Ptvx- Nail Acad .qCi I" S.4 1991. 88:9051-905"~ JIA Z-P. McCuIJDI 'GII N. 1%LM~'EI.R. I IEMMINGSENS. YOUNG PG: G e n e A m p l i f i c a t i o n at a Locus E n c o d i n g a Putative Na+/H+ Ant•porter Confers Sodium a n d L i t h i u m T o l e r a n c e in Fission Yeast. EMBO.I 1992. 11:1631-1640. JONES DT, TAYIDR\%~, THOR~%']'ONJM: A New A p p r o a c h to • 0 P r o t e i n Fold R e c o g n i t i o n . ~\'tllt¢~%'IC~)2, 358:86-89. -



Ji'N Y, BRIDGE PD, Ev,'u~ HC: An Integrated A p p r o a c h to the T a x o n o m y o f the C~nus V e r t l c i l l i n m , ./Gen M/cr0b/o# 1991, 137:1.t3"7- I,i+i. KABACKDB. GI!ACCIV. BARBERD. 1%LMtONJ~V: Chromosome Size-Dependent Control of Meiotic R e c o m b i n a t i o n . Science 1992. 256:22R-232. KAI~N S, B~:~DEL V: C h a n c e a n d Statistical • • S i g n i f i c a n c e in P r o t e i n a n d DNA S e q u e n c e Analysis. Science 1992, 257:39~i9. [14]. K~I~NKA MD. BOURGAINFM: I n t e r s t i t i a l T e l • m e r e s a r e HOtspots for I l l e g i t i m a t e R e c o m b i n a t i o n w i t h DNA M o l e c u l e s I n j e c t e d i n t o t h e M a c r o n u c l e u s o f P a r a m e c i u m - P r i m a u r e l i a . F~tlBOJ 1992. 11:725-732 KEh'rON A: H e t e r o c h r o m a t i n A c c u m u l a t i o n , D i s p o s i t i o n a n d D i v e r s i t y in GIbastsK a r w i n s k y a n a ( C o m m e l i n a c e a e ) . Cbromc~mla 1991, 1OO:467~i78 KE.RREBROCKAW, MIYAT_~KI\XrY, BIILNBYD. ORR~'EAVER1"[= T h e D r o s o p h i l a Mei-S332 G e n e P r o m o t e s Slsterc h r o m a t l d C o h e s i o n in Meiosis F o l l o w i n g K l n e t o c h o r e D i f f e r e n t i a t i o n . Genetic~ 1992, 130:827-8-32. KNOOP V. BRENNICKE,~ A M l t o c h o n d r i a l I n t r o n S e q u e n c e In t h e 5 ' - F l a n k i n g R e g i o n o f a p l a n t N u c l e a r Lectin G e n e . C u r r Genet 1991. 20:423--i25. K(3OP~L~N P. GIJISBAYJ. VIVIANN, CK)ODFEUD'0.'P. LO%q!IJ. • • B~IX;E R: Male D e v e l o p m e n t o f C h r o m o s • r e a l l y F e m a l e Mice T r a n s g e n i c for Sty. Natltre 1991. 351:117-121. (27f]. KRICKERMC. DRAKEJW, RADSt~N bl: D u p l i c a t i o n - t a r g e t e d DNA M e t h y l a t i o n a n d M u t a g e n e s l s In t h e E v o l u t i o n o f E u k a r y o t l c C h r o m o s o m e s . Proc Nail AcadS"ci H S A 1992.89:1075-1079. LAtl Y.F C. YANG-FENG~ ELDER B, FREDGA K, WIBERG • UH: U n u s u a l D i s t r i b u t i o n o f Zfy a n d Zfx S e q u e n c e s o n t h e Sex C h r o m o s o m e s o f t h e W o o d L e m m t n g , a Species E x h i b i t i n g X'Y Sex Reversal. Cyloge#let Cell Gettet 1992, 60:48-54. [61']. LAURSENHB, JORGENSENAJ~ jONES C, BAK A]= H i g h e r Rate of Evolution of X Chromosome Alpha-Repeat

DNA in H u m a n T h a n In t h e G r e a t Apes. F~IIIJOJ 1992, 11:2367-2372. LEII"Ctl AR..~CI~'AR72%CHERT. I\]OSCd~IJ~R\V. BENNE7T MD, HESIOPIIARRISONJS: Pagengai G e n o m e s a r e S e p a r a t e d T h r o u g h o u t t h e Cell Cycle io a P l a n t H y b r i d . CJ~romosoma 1991. 101:206-213. IJN R, COOK RG. AILISCD: P r o t e o l y t i c Removal o f C o r e HIstone Amino Termini and Dephosphoryiatlon o f H l s t o o e H1 C o r r e l a t e w i t h t h e F o r m a t i o n of Condeused Chromatin and Transcriptional S i l e n c i n g D u r i n g T e t r a h y m e n a lt,L a c r o n u c l e a r D e v e l o p m e n t . Genes Dev 1991.5:1601-1610 LII'KO\gTVZS, GARRY\rF, KIR.%CH[R: I n t e r i o c u s V-J Recombination Mcasures Genomic instability In A g r i c u l t u r e W o r k e r s at Risk for L y m p h o i d M a l i g n a n c i e s . p r ~ Nail Acad Sci l/S :1 1992, 89:5301-5305. D~.2KWOOD SF. DEP~qJN: I n t r a s p e c l f i c a n d I n t e r s p e c t f i c G e n o m e - S I z e V a r i a t i o n In t h e S a l m o n l d a e . Crtogenet Cell G e . e t 1992, 59:303-306. IL)RD~L%MNCHEZJ, BINKERTF, MAECIILER1%1..qg:ltlNZEI.A= A M o l e c u l a r Study o f X - I s • c h r o m o s o m e s - Parental Origin, Ceotromeric Structure, and M e c h a n i s m s o f F o r m a t i o n . A m J Ilttm G e . e ! 10~)l, 49:103-i-1(H0. Lot!Is El, HABERJE: E v o l u t l o n a r i l y Recent T r a n s f e r o f a Group-I M l t o e h o n d r i a l I n t r o n to T e l • m e r e R e g i o n s in S a c c h a r o m y c e s - C e r e v i s l a e . Curs ( ; e . e t 1991.20:41 I - I I 5 IJ l 1%1.ZIULqG N. RAh~IONDIS, HO AD: S1 N u d e ase H y p e r s e n s i t i v e Sites in an Oltgopu r i n e / O l l g o p y r t m l d i n e D N A f r o m the T(10, 14) B r e a k p o i n t C l u s t e r Region. Nucleic ..IcirZ~ Res 1992, 20:263-266 1%LA.A.¢A%qNrKEL-MOOIJPD, V.*~'~ZXXaEI~NP, MOLLERV*MNGERP, \'&N • Noogr F.. BV.~ZP~I'OCKG: A Girl w i t h 71, XXXXY K a r y o t y p e . Clin Genet 1992, 41:96-99 [ 6 0 % MADAJqK, MENKO FH: l n t r a c h r o m o s o m a l I n s e r t i o n s - - A Case R e p o r t a n d a Review. H u m Gt'#t¢'t ItY-)2, 89:1-9.

gL,%F_'~'RINI1"],RI\q'.'IJAS. TRIBIOIJ C. ROCCH[ 1%1,CAAIERINOG. SANq'ACHIAKMIENERECE'FTIS. P?J{OIJNI O, NOTAK.S.NGEIO IJ), TONI•U• D; I d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f Novel RFLPs in t h e V i c i n i t y o f CpG I s l a n d s in Xq28 - A p p l i c a t i o n to t h e Analysis o f t h e P a t t e r n o f XC h r o m o s o m e l n a c t i v a t i o a . A m / ] h t m GeHt,I 1992. 50:1 e-,6-163 MAKO~ M, NEIJCJN BD, LERI~E~NMI, IAllF F. ZBAR B. I"IAYIJN SB: D i s t i n c t H y p e r m e t h y l a t l o u P a t t e r n s O c c u r at A l t e r e d C h r o m o s o m e Loci tn H u m a n L u n g a n d C o l o n C a n c e r . proc Natl A6ad Sci~ t 5"A 19)2, 89:1929-1933.

1%[ATAIJA.NAE. ]:RA~NCO].. PEREZORllNJE: C h r o m a t i n S t r u c t u r e o f t h e Yeast SUC2 P r o m o t e r in R e g u l a t o r y M u t a n t s . Mol Gen Genet 1992, 231:39~,--4OO 1%L'xl".~.-gSlG. MEIJS R, MAC2%YAG, BERNARDIG: C o m p o s i t i o n a l Blmodality of the Nuclear Genome of Tobacco. Nt4deic :lc/ds Rt~ 1991, 19:5561-5567 MAVP~AGANla~;RIIDOt~P, SCOtIRA.~ZG: D e v e l o p m e n t a l C h a n g e s In Fat B o d y a n d M i d g u t C h r o m o s o m e s o f D r o s o p h l l a - A u r a r i a . C1)romrx~oma 1991. 1OO:q~t3-q52 MCIL~CHEaN MJ, HICK-hJB: D o s a g e o f t h e S m a l l e s t C h r o m o s o m e Affects Both t h e Y e a s t - H y p h a l Transition and the White-Opaque Transition o f C a n d l d a - A l h i c a n s WO- 1..I ISacterio1199 I. 173:7436-7qq2 MERRIAMJ, ASIII|I.II~NERi%1,HAft11. I)L KAI:A10:~FC: oo Toward Cloning and Mapping the Genome of DrosoptMla. 3~:/c.nce 1991, 254:221 225 [41]. 1%III2~ER-WIII]XEJ. COGGINSJR, A*XrlONIA: E v i d e n c e for a n • 0 A n c e s t r a l C o r e S t r u c t u r e in N u c l e o t i d e - B l n d i n g P r o t e i n s w i t h t h e T y p e a Motif. J Mo/ltio/19)1, 221:751-75q, [19]. MITCIIEU.MJ+ \VOOI)S DR, ~'ll£t)X S~t GRA~xsJAM, BISIIOP • • CE: T h e M a r s u p i a l V C h r o m o s o m e E n c o d e s a Homologue of the Mouse Y-linked Candidate S p e r m a t o g e n e s l s G e n e U b e l y . Naltlrt, 1992. 359:528-531 [17t]. MI17XVOCIt IJ. MAILM)EVALMISK: U n p a i r e d C h r o m o s o m e s • at Meiosis: Cause o r Effect o f G a r n e t • g e n i e I n s u f f l c l g n c y ? C;,togenet (~,/I Genet 1992. 59:27~ 279


1%IOGI!NKL SIEGEl.MR. ~CIIARI)I,Cl= L i n e a r DNA p l a s m l d s of the Perennial Ryegrass Choke Pathogen, E p l c h l o e - T y p h i n a ( C l a v l c l p l t a c e a e ) . Curs Genet 1991, 20:519-526. MO,~q'GOMERYEA. HUANG SM. L~NGLEYCH. JUDD BH: C h r o m o s o m e R e a r r a n g e m e n t by Ectoptc R e c o m b i n a t i o n in D r o s o p h l l a - M e l a n o g a s t e r G e n o m e S t r u c t u r e a n d E v o l u t i o n . Geneti~ 1991. 129:1085-1098 MC~3RE SP, ERDILE L KELLYT. FISIIELR: T h e H u m a n H o m o l o g o u s P a i r i n g P r o t e i n HPP-I is S p e c i f i c a l l y S t i m u l a t e d by t h e C o g n a t e SingleS t r a n d e d B i n d i n g P r o t e i n HRP-A. proc Nail Acad S O / U S A 1991. 88:9067-9071,

MORISHITAK, PARG~"~ E, WIIJ.M~N CI. \VHnq'AKER MH. DRMIKIN H, OVAl.J, TAffr~ R. VALENq3NEMB, Iltt~. JN: A c t i v a t i o n o f EVIl G e n e E x p r e s s i o n tn Human

Acute Myelogenous



T r a n s l o c a t i o n s S p a n n i n g 300--400 Kllobases o n C h r o m o s o m e B a n d 3q26. 1'1~ N a a Acad Sol U S A 1992> 89:39.57-3941. 1%IOFfl'ONNE, ~,[ACPHEKSONJN: P o p u l a t i o n G e n e t i c s o f t h e Fraglle-X S y n d r o m e : M u l t i a i l e l i c Model for t h e FMR1 Locus. proc N a t l A c a d S c i U S A 1992, 89:4215--1217 1%iUH.ERF. WICKYC. SRICHERA, TOBLERH: N e w T e l • m e r e Formation after Developmentally Regulated Chromosomal Breakage During the Process of C h r o m a t l n D i m i n u t i o n In Ascarls Lumhrtcoifies. Cell 1991.67:81%,822. N.MJ~;I~ll [..'S:S e q u e n c e I n s t a b i l i t y a n d F u n c t i o n a l Irmctl~,~ation o f M u r i n e V - C h r o m o s o m e s c a n O c c u r o n a Specific G e n e t i c B a c k g r o u n d . Mo# Biol /:'t~d 1992. 9:331-365 NASRIN N, BUGGSC. KONG XF, CARNATY.AJ, GOEBL M. • AleXANDER-BRIDGES1%1:D N A - b i n d i n g P r o p e r t i e s o f the Product of the Testis-determining Gene and a Related P r o t e i n . Natltre 1992. 354:317-320. [29*]. NEUFELDTP, CARlllE',V R\V, RUBINGM: E v o l u t i o n o f Gene Position -- Chromosomal Arrangement and Sequence Comparison of the DrosophilaMelanogaster and Drosophlla-Virilts-Stna a n d Rh4 G e n e s . Prc~: Natl Acad M i U S A 19)1, 88:10203-10207. NEV,',I,~NNPE: D o e s Sex o f t h e O f f s p r i n g I n f l u e n c e T r a n s m i s s i o n Ratio [Letter]. Genetic.s 1992, 130:[email protected] NEX%lONCS, [JPCIII]-Z LR. COIJJNS l, DE.~;HPANDEA, DEVENISIt RJ. GREEN RP. KIJ~IN HL PAL2J¢.ILLTG, REN R. S'¢NN S, \Vtx3DY ST: A n a l y s i s o f a C i r c u l a r D e r i v a t i v e o f S a c c h a r o m y c e s - C e r e v l s i a e C h r o m o s o m e . 3. A P h y s i c a l Map a n d I d e n t i f c a t i n n a n d l.o~atlon o f Ass E l e m e n t s . Genetic.~ 1991, 129:343 3~7. NORRIS l:. SANDER2~M, CRUMkT"YV. TSUIIOTASI: T h e Identification of the B(S) Breakpoint and o f 2 P o s s i b l e Bar G e n e s . Mo/Gen Genel 1~)2, 233:106-112 O'BRIliN SJ, GRAVESJAM: R e p o r t o f t h e C o m m i t t e e • on Comparative Gene Mapping: Human Gene M a p p i n g 11. Cylqqenel G, II Genet 1991, 58:1152-1189.

18% OGATAT, 11A%%~KINSJR. TAYLOR;L MAI'SIIO N. HATA.[, 0 • GOOI)FEIJ.OW,PN: Sex R e v e r s a l In a C h i l d w i t h a 46,X, Yp + K a r y o t y p e : S u p p o r t for t h e E x i s t e n c e o f a G e n e , L o c a t e d in Distal Xp, I n v o l v e d In T e s t i s F o r m a t i o n . J Med GeHet 1992. 29:226-230 [58*]. OIJXI~RSG. ET tM.: T h e C o m p l e t e DNA S e q u e n c e o f 0 • Yeast C h r o m o s o m e HI. Nature 1992, 357:3E--i6 [391. • lAIn E: G e n o m e V a r i a t i o n s in t h e T r a n s i t i o n f r o m A m p h i b i a n s to R e p t i l e s . J Mot I:t¢d 1991, 33:68-7~ PAQI'IN CE. DOILSEY1%1.CRAIIIJ~S, SI'RINKEI.K, ,t~)NI)EJ 1%l. WIIJ.I&'~L'~)N~1: A S p o n t a n e o u s C h r o m o s o m a l A m p l i f i c a t i o n o f t h e ADH2 G e n e in S a c c h a r o m y e e s C e r e v t s l a e . Genetic.¢ 1992. [email protected] I. PARDllE bib D y n a m i c I n s t a b i l i t y o f C h r o m o s o m e s a n d G e n o m e s . Cell 1991.66:427-i32 PARK VM, GIIS'I'&~ItAWKM, XVA']'IiENTM: T h e P r e s e n c e o f I n t e r s t i t i a l T e l • m e r l e S e q u e n c e s In C o n s t i t u t i o n a l C h r o m o s o m e A b n o r m a l i t i e s . Am J I l u m Genel 1992, 50:9iq-923. [)EARI.MtMNRF, TSAO N. MOENS PB: S y n a p t o n e m a l C o m p l e x e s f r o m D N A s e - t r e a t e d Rat P a c h y t e n e C h r o m o s o m e s C o n t a i n ( G T ) n a n d LINE/SINE S e q u e n c e s . Genetics 1992, 130:865~B72. PEIJICINI A. CAMERINOG, AVAJO{LJDR, GIIIOIJ S, ZUFPARI)IO: • P r o b e S135-239 (DXYS64) Reveals H o m o l o g y B e t w e e n t h e Distal E n d s o f Xq a n d Yq. Genomic.~ 1991, 11:482--t83. [4']. PRIXO10 AA. KIACZKOiJ~: L i n k a g e D i s e q u i l i b r i u m Analysis o f C h r o m o s o m a l I n v e r s i o n P o l y m o r p h i s m s o f D r o s o p h i l a . Genetics 1991, 129:773.-777. PERRETC, IJtORSET F, THOM&%~ETM: DNase lH y p e r s e n s i t i v e Sites a r e Associated, in a Tissue.Specific Manner, with Expression of t h e C a l b l n d i n - D 9 k - E n c o d i n g G e n e . Gene 1991, 108:227-235 P1~11" N1.'A, Mlk'bL~JM, NOIROT P, MOREI..DEVIIJ.I{F, EtIRLICII SD: I n d u c t i o n o f DNA A m p l i f i c a t i o n in t h e B a c t l l u s S u b t i l i s C h r o m o s o m e . 15HBO J 1992, 11:1317-1326. PUCK JM. S3~w~atT CC. NUSSlIAI1MRI: M a x i m u m L i k e l i h o o d Analysis o f H u m a n T-Cell X Chromosome Inactivation Patterns -- Normal W o m e n Versus C a r r i e r s o f X - L i n k e d S e v e r e C o m b i n e d I m m u n o d e f i c l e n c y . A m . I H u m Genet 1992, 50:742-748. PU~LM~NNL. PLASSC, GRUNEBERGM. WINKING H, TRALrTW: A L o n g - R a n g e Repeat C l u s t e r in C h r o m o s o m e -

Genomes and evolution Position effect and related phenomena 1 o f t h e H o u s e Mouse, Mus-Musculus, a n d Its Relation to a Germline Homogeneously Staining Region. Genomics 1992, 12:80-88 RASHEEDBKA.WHISENAN*rEC. FERNANDEZR, O~WRER14. BHATNAGARYM: A Y-Chromosomal DNA Fragment is Conserved In Human and Chimpanzee. Mol Biol Et~o11991, 8:,116--t32. RATrNERJB: Integrating Cbromosome'Structure with Function. Cbromosouta 1992, 101:259-264. RJGGSAD. PFEWERGP: X.Chromosome Inactivation and Cell Memory. Trends Genet 1992, 8:169-17.L ROCI~MII£B, ROEDERGS: A Meiosis-Specific Protein Klnase Horn•log Required for Chromosome Synapsis and Recombination. Genc~ DeE 1991. 5:2392-2,10.i. SANOERC. SCHNEIDERI~ Database of Homology-derived • • Protein Structures and the Structural Meaning of Sequence Alignment. Proteins 1991.9:56-6~ [12l. SCHERFA. CAffI'ERI~ PETERSENC. AtANOP, NEI.~C)NR. tMKAWA M. MA'VI~A D, PEREIRADA SILVAI. LEECHJ: Gene Inactivation of Pfll-1 of plasmodinm Falclparum by Chromosome Breakage and Healing: Identificatinn of a Gametocyte.specific Protein with a Potential Role in Garnet•genesis. F~ilBOJ 1992. 11:2293-2302. .~CHERFA. MATTEID: Cloning and Characterization of Chromosome Breakpoints of Plasmodinm Falciparum: Breakage and New T e l • m e r e Formation Occurs Frequently a nd Randomly in Subtelomeric Genes. Nttdeic :1¢i¢L~Res 1992, 20:1491-1'i96, SCHINZELAA. ADEL~BERGERPA. BINKERTF, BASAR~ S. ANTONARAKISSE: NO Evidence for a Paternal i n t e r c h r o m o s o m a l Effect from Analysis of the Origin of Nondisjunctlon in Down Syndrome Patients with Concomitant FamUlal Chromosome Rearrangements. :lm J Httm Genet 1992. 50:2~ 293. SOt,MIDM, S]]!INLEINC; Chromosome Banding in Amphibia. 16. High-Resointinn Replication Banding Patterns in Xenopus-Laevis. C~.DT)IIIO.~MtI(I 1991, 101:123-132. SCH~.RDTM, DU SART D, KAuTSIS P, [.EAq!I~IIA M, D?a£ S, • SHEFFIELDL TONI•L• D; Duplications of the X Chromosome in Males: Evidence that Most Parts of the X Chromosome can be Active in Two Copies. Httm Genet 1991, 86:519-521, [571]. ,q~HROEDERAL RAJLINB: reel-2, a Mutagen-Sensitive Mutant of Neuroopora Defective In C h r o m o s o m e Pairing and Meiotic Recombination. Mol Gen Gene! 1991. 231:41-48. SEGARKAC. AGUADEM: Molecular Organization of the X-Chromosome in Different Species of the Obscura Group of Drosophila. Genetics 1992, 130:513-~21. SMITHKA, STARKMB, GOld,tAN PA. STARKGR= Fusions Near Telomeres Occur Very Early in the AmpHficatinn of CAD Genes in Syrian Ha mste r Cells. ProC Nail Acad Sci U S A 1(Y)2. 89:5,i27-.3431. S.~'I~ DR= Cbromoooma Focus - - Dispersed Repeats in Plant Genomes. Ommto~Ymu* 1991, 100:355-359. SOHNJJ: Does Xmrk an Interesting Spot [Letter]. Genetic~ 1991. 128:655. SPENCERJA, SINCLAIRAH, WAIW,)NJM. GRAVES.JAM: Genes on • • the Short Arm of the Human X C h r o m o s o m e arc not Shared with the Marsupial X. Genomic.~ 1991. 11:339-3q.3. [18t]. SPRINGERMS, DA~qDSONEH, BP~'IEN RJ: Calculation of Sequence Divergence from the T h e r m a l Stability of DNA Heteroduplexes. J Mol Evot 1992, 34:379-382. STALLINGSRL DOGGE-Iq"NA, OKUMUK~K, WARI)DC: Chromosome-16-SpecUic Repetitive DNA Sequences that Map to Chromosomal Regions Known to Undergo Breakage - - Re a r r a nge me nt In Leukemia Ceils. Gt,ttomics 1~)2. 13:332-33B. SI"INGO V, ROCCO I; Chondrtchthyan Cytogenetles - A Comparison with Teleosteans. J Mol Et~/1991. 33:76~2. SULffrONJ, DU Z. TIIOM&~K, WIL~ONR. I|IIJJER L STADENR. I t • HALI~RANN, GREENP, THIERRY.MIEGj, Qiu I~ /~TA/.: T h e C E l e g a n s G e n o m e Sequencing Project: A Beginning. Nature 19¢)2,356:37--i1 [40]. TAKARIIZOT, SP&NGENBERGG. SUGINOBUK, POI"RYKUS h I n t e r g e n e r i c Somatic Hybridization in Gramineae -Somatic Hybrid Plants Between Tall Fescue (Fesinca-Arundlnacea Schreb) and Italian Ryegrass (Lolinm-Multlflorum Lain). Mo/ Gen Genet 1991. 231:1-6. TALBOTNJ. OIJVERR~. CODDING'I'ONA: Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis Reveals Chromosomes Length Differences Between Strains o f Cladosporinmfulvum (Syn Fulvla-fuiva). Mol Gen Genet 1991, 229:267-272 TA't3L)R GW, WOI-~E KH, MORDEN(.'~/ DEPAMEHIIJSCW. PALMERJD: Lack o f a Functional Plastld T r a n s f e r RNA(Cys) Gene is Associated with Loss o f

the Moot Widely Utilized Sources of Alien Chromatln In Wheat Varieties. CIJromomma 1991. 101:1-10. BAt~'E.,N.~;S. V&NOOSTVEIJ)TP. ENGLERG. VANMONTAGUM: Distribution o f th e EDNA a nd T h r e e Classes of Highly Repetitive DNA in t h e C h ro m a t i n o f i n t e r p h a s e Nuclei of Arabidopsls-Thallana. Chromos•ran 1991, 101:41-48. BECKEt PB. WU C: Ceil-Free System for Assembly of T r a n s c r ip tio n a lly Repressed C h ro m a t i n from Drosophila Embryo•. 31o! Cell Blot 1992. 12:2241-2249 BELYAEVAES, ZHIMULEVIF: Cytogenetic a n d Molecular • Aspects o f Poaltlon Effect Variegation in D r o s o p h i l a 111. Continuous and Discontinuous Compaction of Chromosomal Material as a Result of Position Effect Variegation. O)romo5ott/a 1991. 100:453-466. [131. Bl~'&xq- 1•. BRIERLEYC. FIAVELLAJ, SINCUdRJH: Th e Retrotransposon Copla Regulates Drosophila (7.ene Expression Both Positively a n d Negatively. Nucleic Acids Res 1991. 19:5533-5.336. Btl X. ROITErJl: X Cbromosome Linked a n d Mltochondrtal Gene Control of Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy: Evidence from Segregation Analysis for Dependence on X Chromosome Inactivation. prr~ Nail Acad Sci U S A 199 I, 88:8198-8202. BURKIIOLDER GD. IAllMER LJP, LEEJS: l m m u n o f l u o r e s c e n t Localization of T r i p l e x DNA in Polytene Chromosomes of Chfronomus and Drosophila. C0romo.umta 1991, 101:11-18. ClIAMPUN DT, FRa~CII M. SAUM~IIEBERH, IJS JT: Characterization of a Drosophila Protein Associated w i t h Boundaries o f T ~ p t i o n a l l y Active Chromatln. Genc.~ DeE 1991, 5:1611-1621. CONCONI A. ~ JM, RY,~NC& Ribosomal Geoe Clusters a r e Uniquely P r o p o r t i o n e d Between Open a n d Closed Ch r o ma tin Structures in Both Tomato Leaf Cells and Exponentially Growing Suspeooino Cultures. proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992. 89:'3256-5260 DEEN PMT, ROLIP,OS E~ r, MAKrENS GJM: Presence o f VI-Transposon.Llke Elements in t h e P r o • p l u m e [ a n n e • t r i o Gene-A o f Xenopus*Laevis Does not Affect E.ene Activity. Mol Gen Genet 1991, 230:-t91~93. DEPERDIGOA. GABRIELROBEZO. RUMPLERY: Analysis of Synaptonemal Complexes in a Heterozygous Human Male C a r r i e r of a Reciprocal Translocatinn Involving an Acrocentric Chromosome - - Heterosyoapsis Without Previous Homosynapsls. [qlOtl Genet 1991. 87:602~.06. [)t36HI P, KAtJSHALS, BENYAJAT1C. Wit CI: Molecular Analysis o f th e Responder Satellite DNA in Drosophtla-Melanogsster - - DNA Bending, Nucleosnme Structure, and Rsp-Binding Proteins. Mol Biol EVO/1991.8:721-741. DROUIN R, LEMIEUXN, RICIIERCL C h r o m o s o m e Condensation from Prophase to Late Metaphase -Relationship to C h r o m o s o m e Bands and T h e i r Replication Time. CvIogenet Cell Gene11991, 57:91-99. DUBAND.GOULET1, CAROTV, ULYANOVAV. DOuc-P~w S, PRUNEU. A: C h r o m a t i n Recoootltution on Small DNA Rings IV. DNA Supefcoiling and Nucleosome Sequence Preference. J Mol Biol 1992, 224:981-1001, Position effect and related DURRIN LK, NL~NNRK, GRUNS'I~IN M: Nucleon•me Loss phenomena Activates CUPl a n d HIS3 p r o m o t e r s to Fully Review: (pp 907-912) Induced Levels in th e Yeast SaccharomycesCerevtslae. Mol Cell Bin/1992.12:1621-1629. I)tTTON FI. JR, CIIOVNICKA: T h e 1 ( 3 ) S 1 2 Locus o f ADLEr DA. BRF~%%LEESL CHAPerONVM, PAGE DC, [)IS1ECHE • Drosophila Melanogaster: H e t e r o c h r o m a t i c CM: Inactivation of the Zfx Geoe on the Mouse X P o s i t i o n Effects a n d S t a g e - s p e c i f i c M i s e x p r e s s i o n c h r o m o s o m e ( c o r r e c t i o n ) . proc ~:,tl Acad Sci I r S o f th e Gene in P E le me n t Transpositions. ..1 1991, 88:'3937. Genetics 1991. 128:103-118. [151. ALBERTP, "rOilBlahN B, LACORREARE-~-~d-DINOl: Change EIK~;ENBERGJC, ELGINSC~ Boundary Foncttons in t h e in C b r o m a t i n Organization Related to Invivo Control of Gene Expression. Trend.~ Genet 1991, T r a n s c r i p t i o n a l Activity and Hlstone Synthesis 7:33.'3-340. I n d e p e n d e n t o f DNA R e p l i c a t i o n D u r i n g EISSE,NqtERG JC, MORRISGD. REtrI'ERG, HAIG'NETTT: Th e Differentiation ( G e r m i n a t i o n ) of Physarum • H c te r o c h r o ma tin - a s s o c la t e d p r o t e i n HP-1 is an Spheroles. Rou.x~ Arch I~.v Bio11992. 201:148-150. Essential Protein in D r o s o p h i l a w i t h DosageALItIGW. KARDAIJNOtlE, DRABE,'¢rB, ZIMMERt~ DOENECKED: d e p e n d e n t Effects o n Pooltinn-effect Variegation. Isolation a n d Characterization o f TwO Human Genetic~ 1992, 131:345-352. [24]. H1 HIstone Genes Within Clusters of Core FABERS, [P T, GRINNERD, CHALKLEYI~ T h e i n t e r p l a y o f Histone Genes. Genomic-~ 1991, 10:940-948. Ubiquitous DNA-blnding Factors, Availability AUEVA[B, VOROI~IEVL~ I n d u c tio n of Multipolar Mitoses o f Binding Sites in t h e C h r o m a t i n , a n d DNA in Cultured Cells - - Decay a n d Restructuring Methylatinn in th e DLfferential Regulation o f of th e Mitotic Apparatus a n d Distribution o f P h o s p h o e n o l p y r u v a t e Carboxykinase C~ne Centrtoles. Cbromosoma 1991, 100:532-542. Expression. Ntldeic Acids Re• 1991, 19:4681-4688. AI'ARICIO OM, BIIJJNGTONBL GOI"]~CHUNGDE: Modifiers FEP~NANDF2.PIQUER&~J, LUDEFIAP. DECABOSF, VELAZQUEZ • • of Position Effect a r e Shared Between T e l • m e r l e M, SEN'I3SC: Longitudinal D i ffe re n t i a t i o n o f t h e a n d Silent Mating-type Loct in S. Cerevislae. Cell H u m a n Yq H e t e r o c h r o m a t i n as Revealed by t b e 1991, 66:1279-12~7. [43]. Restriction Enzyme Taqi. Cytogenet Cell Genel 1991, BAUMM, APPEL~R: T h e Cytogenetlc a n d Molecular 57:78-81. A r c h i t e c t u r e of Chromooome-lR - - O n e o f

Photosynthesis in a Lineage o f Parasitic Plants. Cu rr Gen et 1991.20:.315-518. THORNEMI4, SHELDONBL Cytological Evidence o f • 0 Maternal Meiotic Errors in a Line o f Chickens with a High Incidence of Tripinldy. Cytogenet Cell Genet 1992, 57:206-210. [561]. WALTERRB, I'L~LKSSJ. SXE,'e:6ONRT. KAI.LMANKD. MORIZOT DC. NAIRNR=~:Linkage Assignment o f a DNA Sequence (ERCC2L1) Homologous to a Human DNA Repair G e n e in X l p b o p h o r u s Fishes Implications for the Evolutionary Derivation of Human Chromosome-19. Genomic.~ 1991. 10:]083-1086. ~.~tATSONJM, SPENCERJA. R]GGSAD, GRAVESJAM: Sex • • Chromosome Evolution: Platypus Gene Mapping Suggests that Part o f th e Human X Chromosome Was Originally Autos•real. Proc Nail Acad Sci I j S A 1991.88:11256-11260. [19t]. XgIEIERIIUG, LtICA'~JN, POGGENSEEM, SEGRAVESR. PINKEL D. G~VcJW: Two-Color Hybridization with High Complexity Cbromosome-Speclfic Probes and a Degenerate Alpha Satellite Probe DNA Allows Unambiguous Discrimination Between Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Traoolocatiooo. a)romo$oma 1991, 100:371-376. XVEIMERR, HAAFT, KRUGERJ, POnT M, SCHMID M: Characterization of C e n t r u m e r e Arrangements and Test for Random Distribution in GO, G1, S, G2, GI, and Early S" Phase in Human Lymphocytes. H u m Genet 1992, gg:673-4~82. WEL~ENBACIIj, GOODFELLOWPN: Report of th e • Co m m itte e on th e Genetic Constitution of th e Y Chromosome: Human Gene Mapping 11. C;,Iogenet Cell Genet 1991, 58:967-9~L [14t]. WlIJJA~S~ KR, HERRICKG: Expression of the Gene Encoded by a Family of Macroouclear Chromosomes Generated by Alternative DNA Processing in Oxytrtcha Fallax. Nucleic ticia~ Re~ 1991, 19:4717~)72q. WOLF KXV,MERTLIIG, TRAtrrW: Structure, Mitotic and Meiotic Behaviour, a n d Stability of CentromereLike Elements Devoid o f Cbromosome Arms In th e Fly MegaseUa-Scalarls ( P h o r i d a e ) . Cbromoxoma 1991. 101:99-108. YEN PH. TSAIS-P. WENGERSL STEELEM~7. MOIt.~'4DASTK, • Sl~J'tao LJ: X/Y Transloeatiooo Resulting from Recombination Between Homologous Sequences on Xp and Yq. pro~ N a t l A c a d S c i USA 1991, 88:89.i4-8948. [31]. Yv GL BLACKBURNEH: Developmentally Programmed Healing o f Chromosomes by Telomerase in T e t r a h y m e n a . Cell 1991, 67:823~q32. YI! S. MtlIJ~:YJ, LOF_%CIID, TIIPaNERG. DONNEIJNA. GEDEON t~ IIIIJJ{N D, KREMER E, L~,'NCIt M, I)RITCHARDM, SIr]~ERI?-ND GR. RICtlAm3SRh Fragile-X-Syndrome: Unique Genetics of the Heritable Unstable Element. A m J H u m Gmwt 1992. 50:968-980 ZENZIL';MT, CASPER R]:: Cytogenetics of Human Oocytes, Zygotes, and Embryos after Invttro Fertilization. HIt/tl Ge)lel 1992, gg:367-375. ZIEMI[N-VA2qDER POELS, MCCABENR, GIlL IIJ. ESIqNOSA R Ill, PAl"El.Y, HARDENA, RLrBINEILIF. SMITIISD, LEBE~U MM, ROXX'LEYJD. DIAZMO: Identification of a Gene, MLL, that Spans the Breakpoint in 11q23 Translocatinns Associated with Human Leukaemlas ( C o r r e c t i o n ) . proc Nail Acad Sc'i U S A I'Y')2.89:~220.



Genomes and evolution Position effect and related phenomena FLEISCHMANNM, CLARKMXV,FORRE~FERW, WICKF.NSM, NISHhMOTOT, AEBI hi: Analysis of Yeast Prp20 Mutations and Functional Complementatlon by the Human Homologue RCC1, a Protein involved in the Control of Chromosome Condensation. Mol Gen Genet 199 I, 227:417-423 FORDAM, BENNEIT CA. HFAI.YLE, NAV?d]RO E. SIK3ONCERE, GREA',~S MF: l m m u n o g l o b u l i n Heavy-Cbain and CD3 Delta.Chain Gene Enhancers are DNase IHypersensitive in Hemopoletlc P r o g e n i t o r Cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1992. 89~-t24-34~q. GFIOSII S. LLICCIIF-';IJr, ~.LMMNINGJE: The Non-Dosage Compensated LSPl-alpha Gene of DrosophilaMelanogaster Lies Immediately Downstream of the Dosage Compensated L12 Gene. M o / G e n Genet 1992, 233:49-52. GIn. KS, GILLBS: A DNA Fragment Mapped Within the Submicroscopic Deletion of P h i , a Chromosome Pairing Regulator Gene in Polyploid Wheat. GeTtetics 1991. 129:257-259. GOEBLMG: The Bmi-1 and Mel-18 Gene Products Define a New Family of DNA-binding Proteins Involved in Cell Proliferation Ad Tumor ige ne s is [Letter]. C~.l11991, 66:623. GO~SCItUNG DE: Telomere-pruximal DNA in • S a c ~ h a r o m y c e s Ceretqstae ts Refractor). to Methyltransfetase Activity i n Vtvo. p.,'rx N a a Acad Sci U S A 1992. 89:q062-4065. [44]. GUAYPS, GUIU) GM: The Ecdysone-induced Puffing Cascade in Drosophila Salivary Glands - - A Broad-Complex Early Gene Regulates I nte r mo lt and Late Gene Transcription. Genetic.~ 1991. 129:169-175. HAACK H, HOI)GKIN J: Tests f o r P a r e n t a l I m p r i n t i n g i n the Nematode Caenorhabdltis-elegans. Mol Gen Genel 1991. 228:482--185. HACK.WrEINJHP. GIAT/£R IGt, I'iUL':.EBOS "OM:G.enetic a nd Cytogenetlc Analysis of the Th.Ps Region of the Y-Chromosome of Drosopblla-Hydel - Evidence for Dual Functions of the Lampbrush Loop.Forming Fertility Genes..llol Gen Genel 1991. 227:293-305. HA~MMERMF, BUSSS, SILVER12,1:Genetic Exchange Across a Paraeentric Inversion of the Mouse TComplex. Genetics 1991, 12g:799-812. I-L~'qSENJC, AU.~IOJ: Chromatin Dynamics and the Modulation of Genetic Activity. Trends Bioc~.m So/1992, 17:187-191 HA2&ELRIGGT, PETERSENS: An Uonsual Genomlc Position Effect On Drosophila White Gene Expressioo - Pairing Dependence, Interactions wttb Zeste, and Molecular Analysis of Revertants. Genetics 1992, 130:125-1.58. HEAI~.D E. WILIaAMSSV, SHEERD, FRIEDM: Gene Amplification Accompanied by the Losws of a Chromosome Containing the Native Allele and the Appearance of the Amplified DNA at a New Chromosomal Location. /'roe N a t / A c a d Sci U S A 1991.88:8242-8246. I-lEARN MG, HEDRtCK A. GRIGLIATTI TA, \VAKIMOTO 13T:The • Effect of Modifiers of Position-effect Variegation on the Variegation o f He te r oc hr oma tic Genes of D r o s o p h i l a M e l a n o g a s t e r . GeHelic~ 1991, 128:785-797. [33]HEICHMANKA. MOSKOKq'F/.IPG, jOHNSON RC: Configuration of DNA Strands a nd Mechanism of Strand Exchange in the Hin Invertasome as Revealed by Analysis of Recombinant Knots. Genes Lk,v 1991, 5:1622-1634. HELLMER A. VOICUI]~¢~CII1. SCHEMI'P W: Replication Banding Studies in Two Cyprinid Fishes. Chmmosoma 1991, 100:52q-531. HlrSCH B: Sister Chromatld Exchanges a r e Preferentially Induced at Expressed and Nonexprassed Common Fragile Sites. H u m Genel 1991, 87:302-306. IKEMURAT, WADAK: Evident Diversity o f Codon Usage Patterns of Human Genes w i t h Respect to Chromosome Banding Patterns and Chromosome Numbers; Relation Between N u d e o y i d e Sequence Data a nd Cytogentc Data. Nudeic Acids Res 1991, 19:4333"4339. ISHR S. MURAK~ItT, SHISHIDOK: Gyt-ase I n h l b l t o r s Increase the Content of KnOtted DNA Species of Plasmtd PBR322 in Escherichla-Coli. J Bacteriol 1991, 173:5551-5553. JUANC, GOSALVEZJ, ~ O 1 T E IL PETfl?IERREE: Cytological and Biochemical Cbaractertzation o f the hatsltn E n d o n u c l e a ~ Digestion o f Fixed Tenebrio-Molitor Chromosomes. O)romosoma 1991. 100:432-438. KEI~.M R, SCHEDLP: A Group o f Scs Elements Function as Domain Boundaries in an Enhancer-Biocldng ~ s s a y . 31ol Cell B/o/1992. 12:2424-2431. KEtch'ONA: H e t e r o c h r o m a t i n Accumulation, DLsposItion a nd Diversity in GibasLSKarwLrmkyana ( C o m m e l i n a c e a e ) . Cbromosoma 1991, 100:467-478.

KERNANMJ, KURODAMI, KREBERR, BAKERUS, GANET/.KYB: napts, a Mutation Affecting Sodium Channel Activity In Drosophila, is an Allele of Mle, a Regulator of X.Chromosome Transcription. Cell 1991.66:949-959. KI.EI~CHMIDTJA. STEINBEISSERH: DNA Dependent Phosphoeylation of HLstone H2A.X During Nucleosome Assembly in Xenopus Laevis Oocytes: Involvement of Protein Phosphorylation in Nucleosome Spacing. I.~IIBO/ 19¢31. 10:304.V-3050. KURODAMI, KERN&NMJ, KRI!BERR, GANET/A'YB. BAKERUS: The Maleless Protein Associates with the XChromosome to Regulate Dosage Compensation in Drosophila. Cell I°ft)l, 66:935-947. LEONARDMW, PA'nEN'YRK: Evidence for Torsional Stress in Transcriptionally Activated Cbromatin. Mol C~,ll Bio11991. 11:6128-6138. [JN CC, SAY, I R, FAN YS, CIIENZQ: New Evidence for Tandem Chromosome Fusions in the Karyotypic Evolution of Asian Muntjacs. Cbromo~¢oma 19)1, 101:19-2q. [JN R, COOK RG. AIJJS CD: Proteolytic Removal of Core Historic Amino T e r m i n i and Dephosphorylation of Historic HI Correlate with the Formation of Condensed Chromatin and Transcriptional Silencing During T e t r a h y m e n a Macronuclear Development. Gem.,s Dev 19¢)1.5:1601-1610 I.OZANOR. SENTISC, FERNANDF~PIQIII:.RASJ, RI~IONMR: Insltu Digestion of SateUite DNA o f Scilla-Slberica. CT)romcx,x)ma 1991, 100:439-442. I%bV'.'EAGANFi.'41PlIT~DIiP, SCOIIRxLI ZG: Developmental Changes io Fat Body a n d Mldgut Chromosomes of Drosophila-Aurarla. Cbromosoma 1991, 100:443-452. MEEI~'~ENU'~NG. FENNINGSS. MORTONBRADBI1RY E: Chromatosome Positioning on Assembled Long Chromatin. Linker Hlstones Affect Nucleosome Placement on 5 SrDNA. I Mot Bio11991. 220:89-100. MF_gSMERS, FP,~'~KEA. I),~O R: Analysis of the Functional l Role o f the P o l y c o m b Chromo Domain in D r o s o p h i l a M e l a n o g a s t e r . Genes Det" 1992. 6:12q 1-] 25,1. [27]. MORINGB: Recognition of a Chromosome T r u n c a t i o n Site Associated w i t h a-thalassaemia by Human Telomerase [Letter]. Nature 1991, 353:-t54, MO~E RH: T r a n s c r ib e d Chromatln. TremL~ Bioclx, m Sci 1992, 17:23-26. MOSKOWITLIPG, I-IEICIL'.bXNIGL JOHNSON RC: Alignment o f Recombination Sites in Hin-medlated Sitespecific DNA Recombination. Gen¢.,s Dev 19¢)1. 5:1635-1645. NIEDEN'DtALr. STOIJ.R. I IEGEM?dqNJH: Invivo Characterization of the SaccbaromycesCerevtsiae C e n t r o m e r e DNA Element-l, a Binding Site for th e Helix-Loop-Helix Protein CPF1. Mol Cell Bio11991, 11:35-i5-3~53. OIJNS DE, OuNs AL I-IERKMANNA. UN RL ALIJSCD, ROBERTNICOUDM: I.oeal|~.~atinn of Acetylated HLstone H4 in the Macronucleus of Euplotes. O ) r o m ~ o m a 1991. 100:377-385. I'ARDUEMI2 Dynamic Instability o f Chromosomes and Genomes. Cell 1991, 66:q27-|32, PARKERCN, HAI#'ORDSE: Dynamics of Long-range Interactions on DNA - - th e Speed of SynapsLs During Site-specific Recombination by Resolvase. Cell 199|, 66:781-792. I)ENqqlNGSS, MEEk'gSF.~b~'qNG, MORTONBRADIIURY E: Mobility o f Positioned Nuclensomes on 5S RDNA. J Mol Bio11991. 220:10l-I lO. PFEIFER GP. RIGGSAD: Ch r o ma tin Differences Between Active and Inactive X Chromosomes Revealed by Genomic Footprinting of Permeabilized CeiLs Using DNAse 1 and Ligation Mediated PCR. Ge~lt,s Det' 1991, 5:1102. PINEIRO M, PUERTAC, PALACL~NE: Yeast Nucleosomal Particles -- Structural a n d T r a n s c r i p t i o n a l Properties. Bio~c.mLvtry 1991.30:5805-5810 PhWI'OCORREIAC, GOIJ)SrEIN EG, BENNEITV, SOBEI.JS: I m m u n o f i o u r e s c e n c e Localizatloo of an Adducln Like Protein in the Chromosomes of Mouse O o c y l e s . Del, Bio11991, 146:301-311. FIAqONDUT]I.LEULF, BACHELLERIEJP, PL~qON E: Nucleolar Organization of HeLa Cells as Studied by Irtsltu Hybridization. Chromosoma I991, 100:395-409. REICH Z, GHIRLANDO[L blINSKY A: Secondary Conformational P o l y m o r p h i s m of Nucleic Acids as a Possible Functional Link Between Cellular Parameters a n d DNA Packaging Processes. BiochemL~try 1991, 30:7828-7836. ROBBINSTP. WALKEREL, KERMICI.EJL, ALLE~,t~ M, DEU.APORTA SI= Meiotic Instability of the R-r Complex Arising from Displaced Intragenic Exchange a n d I n t r a c h r o m n s o m a l Rearrangement. Genetics 1991. 129:271-283. RODRIGUEZM, DERMANE: Silent a n d Expressed Sister Mup Genes a r e Located Within Distinct C h r o m a t i n Domains - - Analysis by Pulsed-

Field Gel E l e c t r o p h o r e s i s a n d P o l y m e r a s e C h a i n Reaction-Supplemented DNAse.I Digestion. Mol Cell Bio11992, 12:1188-1193. SAI]'Oll Y, SAITOII H. OIt'IXDMO K. MIZLINO S: O c c u p a n ~ of the blajorlty o f DNA in tbe Chicken WChromosome by Bent.Repetitive S~quences. O)romosoma ]991, 101:32-40. .q~IIAI"I'ENG, SIMERI.Y C. SCIIAlq~N H: Maternal I n h e r ita n c e of Centrusomes in Mammals? Studies on Parthenogenesis and Polyspermy in Mice. Proc Nail Acad Set l ' S ..I 199I, 88,,6785-6789. SFIIMUZUM. RUTHSY, SZENTGYORG~IC, SIMPSONRT: Nucleosomes a r e Positioned with Base Pair PrecLsion Adjacent to the Alpha2 Operator in Saccharomyces Cerevislae. EMBOJ 1991. 10:3033-3042. SINCLAIRDA. RUDDEIJ.2MX.BROCKJK, CLEGGNJ, Lt.OYD %rK.GRIGLb'311T/,c A Cytogenetlc and Genetic Characterization o f a Group of Closely Linked 2nd Chromosome Mutations that Suppress Position-Effect Variegation in Drosophila Melanogaster. Genetic¢ 1992. 130:333-3-t,t. S,MI]]I SS. KAPI.MNBE, SOXX~RSI.C, NEXV.~b%'qI':M: Mechanism of Human Methyl-Directed DNA Methyltransferase and t h e Fidelity of Cytosine Methylation. I't~- Natl Acad $¢i U S A 1992. 89:-i74q--q7.i8. SORENSEN MB: Methylation of B-hordein Genes in Barley Endosperm is Inversely Correlated w i t h Gene Activity a n d Affected by the Regulatory Gene Lys3. Proc Natl Acod Sci I; S A 1992, B9:ql ]9--1123. S],MGER CJ, CtL~.T)E\X"& Mlcrofilament Distribution in Maize Meiotic Mutants Correlates w i t h Microtubule Organization. Plan! Cell ] 991. 3:637~3-14. St,UjVAN KF. GLASSC& CENP-B Is a Highly Conservcd Mammalian C e n t r o m e r e Protein with Homology to the Helix-Loop-Helix Family of Proteins. CJ)romc~oma 1991, 100:360-370. SUMNERAT: Scanning Electron Microscopy of Mammalian Chromosomes from Prophase to Telophase. Cb~Ymu~oma 199I, 100:.i 10-4 18 SIrI'IIERS GK. MUIJ--~" JC, VOELCKEL ~L-~ DAIU. N. VAIS:~dqEN ML STEINBACHP, GL.L%IA. SCIIWAR3"ZCl':, V&'~OOST BA, TIIIBODEAU SN, I bxmL~ NE, OO:¢H~A BA. SC)IIN~.ELA. CARBAIJ.OM, MORRISCP, HOPWOODJJ, Strl'HERIANDGR: Linkage Homogeneity Near the FragUe-X Locus in Normal and Fraglle-X Families. G e n o m i ~ 1991, 10:576-582, "I'IIOMA.gD, JACQI!EM1N l, StlRDINKERJANY: MET4, a Leucine Z i p p e r Protein, and CentromereBinding Factor-1 a re Both Required for T r a n s c r i p t i o n a l Activation of Sulfur Metabolism in Saccharomyces-Cerevtslae. Mol Cell Bio11992, 12:1719-1727. TSIIJI II, HITOMI A. TAI'~Mb%.";lll E, MUR.ATA M. IKEUCIII T, YA~.b~MOTO K, TSt~l S, HORI T: I n d u c t i o n o f Dlstamycln-A-induelble Rare Fragile Sites and Increased Sister Ch ro m a t l d Exchanges at the Fragile Site. H u m Gene! 1991.87:254-260. UMIIE'I'OVAGH. BEI.YAEVAES. BARICIIEVA EM. ZIIIMLILEVIF: • Cytogenetic and Molecular Aspects o f Position Effect Variegation In D r o s o p h i l a M e l a n o g a s t e r IV. U n d e r r e p i l c a t l o n o f Chromosomal Material as a Result o f Gene Inactivation. Ojromosoma 1991, 101:55M1, [20]. WAIXERC L CARGILE CB, FIOY KM. DEI~"~NOYM. MIGEON BR: T h e Barr Body is a Looped X-Cbromosome Foemed by T e l o m e r e Association. pro( N a n .4c~ul Sci U S A 1991, ~:619l~,195. WEII)EN M, OSIIEIMYN. BEYERAL VANDE.Pd)LOEGIJlT: C h r o m o s o m e Structure - - DNA Nucleotlde Sequence Elements of a Subset of the M ln lc h r o m o s o me s of the Protozoan Trypanosoma.Brucel. Mol Cell Bio11991, 11:3823-3834. WEIER HUG, LIIC.L~;JN, POGGENSEEM, SEGRAVESR, PINKEL D, GRAYJW: Two-Color Hybridization with High Complexity Chromosome-Specific Probes and a Degenerate Alpha Satellite Probe DNA Allows Unambiguous Discrimination Between Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Translocatlons. Cbromosoma 19¢)1, 100:371-376. WHISENA~Nq"EC. RASHEEDBKA. OSTRERH, BHATNAGAR"O,l: Evolution a n d Sequence Analysis o f a Human Y-Chromosomal DNA Fragment. J Mol Eta/1991. 33:133-14]. WIIJJAMS Kr. HERRICKG: Expression o f t h e Gene Encoded by a Family o f Macronuclear Ch r o mo s o me s G e n e ra t e d by Alternative DNA Processing in O x y t r i c h a Fallax. Nucleic tt¢icLs"Res 1991, 19:4717-4724. WINF_~DR, HENIKOFES: Somatic Instability of a • Drosophila Chromosome. Gene#cs 1992. 131:683-691. [39]. WYMAN C, BLACKBUI~'qEH: Tel-1 Transposon-Like Elements o f T e t r a h y m e n a - T h e r m o p h i l a

Genomes and evolution Chromatin and chromosome structure, and genome mapping are Associated with Mtcronuclear Genome Rearrangements. Genetics 1991, 129:57-67.

Chromatin and chromosome structure, and genome mapping Related review: Nuclear architecture in plants (pp 913-917) ABADJP, CARMENA M, BAAl.SS, SAUNOEg~RDC, GLOVER DM, LUDENAP, SENDSC, TY1.E~Mn'H C, VILL~'~'E A: Dodeca Satellite - - A C o n s e r v e d G + C-Rich Satellite from the Centromeric H e t e r o c h r o m a t i n of Drosophlla-Melanogaster. proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:4663-4667. ABRUT~.OMA, MIIJ£RJA, SINGERVL Te lome r ic Associations Involving Yq12 in a Lymphoblastold Cell Line. C.l,togenet Cell Genet 1991, 56:149-151. AHMEDS, HENDERSONE: Formation of Novel Hairpin Structures by Te lome r ic C-strand Ollgonucleotides. Nucleic Aci~Ls Res 1992, 20:507-511. AJIOKAj~t, SMOLLERDA, Jo,'.'Es RW, CARUIJJJp, VEI.LEK AEC, GAP~.AD, LINKAJ, DUNCANIXV,I-IA~'I. DL: Drosophila Genome Project - - One-Hit Coverage in Yeast Ax~l~cial Chromosomes. Chromo,goma 19185:195-205. XIAO ,%Y.CIllt YK, KNAUERTFK. LOF'EgR, DAIBYMPIJ~JM. LEDt'CJXV: Comparisoo of Hantavirus Isolates Using a Genus-Reactive P r i m e r Pair Polymerase Chain Reaction. J Gun t'iro119:)2, 73:567-573. "t'&N~oR, NOMURAM: Suppressor Analysis of • • Temperature-sensitive Mutations of the Largest Subunit of RNA Polymerase ! in S a c c h a r o m y c e s Cerev/s/ae: A Suppressor Gene Encodes the Second-largest Subunit o f RNA Polymerase I. ,11ol Cell Bio11991, 11:75,;-'~64. [18]. YARt;S M: Proofreading, NTPases and Translation - Constraints on Accurate Biochemistry. Tr¢.~ItL~ Biod~em Sci 1992, 17:l 30-133. YE F, I.&IGRETF, ~HH'ELYJC, CWI1 C, FINCII I.R. CARIJi P. RE.'NAUI)INJ, BOVEJ.M: A Physical and Genetic Map o f th e Sptroplusma Cltri Genome. Nucleic Acid~ Rc*.~ 1992, 20:155%1565. 7.~mO~ M, S,V.IALSK: Sequence Analysis o f M2 Messenger RNA of Bovine Respiratory Syncytlal Virus Obtained from an F-M2 Dicistronic Messenger RNA Suggests Structural Homology w i t h that of Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus. J Gen l'ir~41992. 73:737-741. ZH~NGJ. CHUNGDW, TAN CK, DOWNEYKM, DAVIEEx~~, SO AG: Primary Structure of th e Catalytic Subunlt o f Calf Thymus DNA Polymerase Delta Sequence Similarities with O t h e r DNA Polymerases. Bi~bemislry 1991.30:11742-I 1750. ZHANGXM, KOUSOULASKG. STORZJ: T h e H e m a g g l u t i n i n / E s t e r a s e Gene o f Human Coronavtrus Strain-OC43 -Phyloseoetlc Relatinnshlps to Bovine a n d Murine Coronaviruses a n d lnfluen~a-C Virus. tqroloKp 1992. 1B6:318--323.

Population genetics of microbial organisms Review: (pp 937-942) AGUIRREM, COLLINSMD: Phylogenetic Analysis of Some Aerococcus-Llke Organisms from Urinary Tract Infections - - Description o f Aerococcus-Urtnae Sp.oov.. J Gen Microbio11992, 138:-i01-~05 AI.~I M, I-b~'~U~UERG[= Structural Features of MethylAccepting Taxis Proteins Conserved Between Archaebacterta and Eubacteria Revealed by Antigenic Cross-Reaction. J//acter/o/1991, 173:5837-58q 2. ALONSOJC, [.UDERG, "rAII~)RRI-{:Characterization of Baclllus.Subtllls Recombinational Pathways../ Iklctt,rRJl 19:)1, 173:3977-39E0. ,A2;AKUP~ ~,K+ IWAGUCHISt, HOMMAM, SUKAIT, HIGASIIIDE K, TANAKAK: Electrophoretic Karyotypes of Clinically Isolated Yeasts of Candtda.Alblcans and C-Glabrata. J Gen 31ic#~Mo11991, 137:2531-2538. BARBIERCS, SHORTS?c Amino Acid Substitutions in the CytR Repressor Which Alter Its O p a c i t y to Regulate Gene Expression..I l!acleriol 1~)2. 174:28.qI- 2890 BAI'MJA. GliJ|ER] NiP: Characterization and Comparative Sequence Analysts of Replication Origins from T h r e e Large Baclllus-Thuringlensls Plasmlds..I I~cl(.riol 19:)1. 173:,280-52~). BEltSE~g M. MICIU%EIJSG. PRA1]EF: Mitochondrial I n n e r Membrane Protease-1 of SaccharomycesCerevisiae Shows Sequence Similarity to the Escherichla.Coll Leader Peptldase. Mol Gen Gene! 1991. 228:167 1"6. BENDERJ, KLECKNERN: ISlO T r a n s p o s ~ e Mutations that Specifically Alter Target Site Recognition. I:~UIJO J 1992. 11:'.11 7%0. BENDERJ, KuoJ. KI£CKNERN: Genetic Evidence Against I n t r a m o l e c u l a r Rejoining of the Donor DNA Molecule Following ISlO Transposition. (h,netic.~ 19:)1, 128:68"- (~9.t BERGSI.L"fl)[~1, H,L';EIXOIL'~R: Evolutionary Relationships Among Eubacterla, Cyanobacteria. and Chloroplasts -Evidence from the RpoC1 Gene of Anabaena Sp Strain PCC-7120. J Itaclerio11991. 173:3+16-3.i55. BER11N P, I.E.JEtrNE p. COI.~)N C, I)A)~CIIINA: Mutations in BglY, the Structural Gene for the DNA-BInding Protein H1 of Escherichla-Coli, Increase the Expression of the Kanamycin Resistance Gene Carried by Plasmld PGR71. ,lhd Gen Gt.Hel 1992. 233:18-i-192. IIIROI A. JIM !SIJ!RA. RIq'I]~NER C. I It "I'll~RR: Chromosomal Deletion a n d R e a r r a n g e m e n t in StreptomycesGlaucesceos..I ltacteriol 1991. 173:353 t-3538 IIIRk~"C'W. \'(:AI2;lllit: Biased Gene Conversion, Copy Number, a n d Apparent Mutation Rate Differences Within Chloroplast and Bacterial Geoomes. (A.netic.~ 19:)2, 130:677-(~83. I~ISERCIC M. FEIq'RIER Of. REI~I"]SPR: Nucleotlde Sequences of th e Gnd Genes from Nine Natural Isolates o f Escherichla-Coll - - Evidence of i n t r a g e n l c Recombination as a C o n t r i b u t i n g Factor In the Evointlon of the Polymorphlc Gnd Locus. J l~cterio11991, 173:.589-/-3000 BISERCIC M, (~:HMAN H: Natural Populations of I Esc.betqcbta Colt a n d S a l m o n e l l a T y p b l m u r l u m Harbor the Same Classes of Insertion Sequences. (;vnetic.~ 1992. (in press):. [46]. BISSONNE~Iq]!L ROY PH: Characterization of InO o f Pseudomonas-Aet-uginosa Plasmid PVS1, an Ancestor of I n te g r u n s of Multiresistance Plasmids and Transposons of Gram.Negative Bacteria../Iklcteriol 1992, 174:12q8-1257. BOlT M, RWZ D. HENNECKEH: Th e BradyrhizobinmJ a p o n i c u m CycM Gene Encodes a MembraneAnchored H u m • l o g of MItochondrlal Cytochrome-c..I BacterID11991. 173:6766-6772. BRO~q JW, HA~S ES. J,hSlES BD, HUNTDA. PACE NR: Phylogenetlc Analysis and Evolution of RNase. P RNA in Proteobacterta. J l~lcterio11991, 173:3855-3863. BRY&Nq"DA, S31REWAI.TVL GLAUSERM, FP.~NKG. SlI)IJ!R~t, ZUBERH: A Small M u h l g e n e Family Encodes t h e ROd-Core Linker Polypeptides o f Anabaena Sp PCC7120 Phycoblllsomes. Gene 1991, 107:91-99. BYGRAVESJA. MAIDENMCJ: Analysis o f t h e Clonal Relationships Between Strains of Neisserla-meningltldis by Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresls. J Gun Microbio11992, 138:523-53I. CAIRNSJ, FObffERFL Adaptive Reversion o f a Frameshtft Mutation in Escherichla-Coli. Genetics 1991, 128:695-701. CALCU'CrMJ, SCHMIm" FJ: Conserved Gene A r r a n g e m e n t in th e O r i g i n Region o f t h e StreptomycesCoellcolor Chromosome. J Bactertol 1992, 174:3220-3226.

Genomes and evolution Population genetics of microbial organisms CIIIKRAMANESG, MATrHEX~PR. NOBLEWC, STEWARTPR, DUBINDT: Tn554 Inserts in Methlclllin-Reslstant Staphylococcus-Aureus from Australia and England ~ Comparison with an American Methlcillhl-Resistsnt Group. J Get1 Mtcrobio11991, 137:1303-1311. Ct£~NTS KD, BOLL~AI~rrS: An Unusual Symbiont from the Gut of Surgeonfishas May be the Largest Known Prokaryote. J Bacteria 1991, 173:5359-5362. CU,'~ SW, DOOIJTrLEWF: Transformation of Members of the Geuus Haloareula with Shuttle Vectors Based on Halobacterlum-Halobinm a nd Haloferax-Volcanii Plasmid Replicons. J Hatter|el 1992. 174:1076-1080. CONTRERASA. DRUMMONDM, BAUA. BIANCOG, GARCIA E, BUSH G, KENNEDYC, MERRICKM: The lah['oduet of the Nitrogen Flxatlou Regulatory Gene NfrX of Azotobacter-Vinelandli is Functionally and Structurally Homologous to the Urtdylyltransferase Encoded by Gird) in Enteric Bacteria. J Bacterio11991, 173:7741-7749. COOK D, SEQLIEIRA[2 The ~ of Subtractlve Hybridization to Obtain a DNA Probe Specfiie for Pseudomonas-Soianacearum Race 3. Mol Gen Ge#let I~)l, 227:401-D0. CRESSWELLN, HERRENPR, SAUNDE~VA, WELIJNGTONEMH: The Fate of Introduced Streptomyeetes, Pissmld and Phage Populations lu a Dynamic Soil System. J Gen MicroS|el 1~)2, 138:659-666. CRUZ& COltURNCM, BEVERLY'SM: Double Targeted Gene Replacement for Creating Null Mutants. Proc Nail Acx*d Sci I ! S A 199 I, B8:7170-7174, DAFFE M, VARNEROTA, I.EVYFP.EBAIII.TVV: The Phenolic Mycoside of Mycobacterium-Ulcerans - Structure and Taxonomic Implications. J Gen Microbioi 1992, 138:131- 137, DEBIJ32~ERM]~ N|ORVANA, AIIBERTS, DIbL~SER|7. EI.~)DI N: Evaluation of a Ribosomal RNA Gene Probe for the Identification of Species and Subspecies Within the Genus Staphylococcus. J (ten MicroS|el 1992, 138:889-899. DELATOURCB, PORTEMERC, HLqlERR. FORTERREp. DUGIIIH' M: Reverse Gyrase In T h e r m o p h l l i e Eubacteria~ J Batter|el 1991, 173:3921--3923. DEMOTR, PROOSTp, VANDgMMEJ, VANDERIJ~'Iq3ENJ: Homology of the Root Adhesin of Pseudomonas. Huorescens OE 28.3 with Porin-F of P.aeruginosa and P.syringae. Mot Gen Gene119)2, 231:489-493. DEMPSEYJAF, LITAKERW, NLM)IItlREA, SNOIX~I~X~.~"['L CANNONJG: Physical Map o f the Chromosome o f Neisserta-Gonorrhocae FA1090 w i t h Locations o f Genetic Markers, I n c l u d i n g Opa and Pfi Genes. / Bacterio11991, 173:$476-5.186, [)ENAMURE. SAYADAC1 [3~OURLAIIt~ ORHIA J, RODOIAKISA. EUONJ: Restriction Pattern of the Major OuterMemhraoe Protein Gene Provides Evidence for a Homogeneous Invaslve Group Among Ruminant Isolates o f Chlamydla-Psittacl. J Gen ,tlicr~i~iol 199L 137:2525-2530. DESCttAVANNEP, RAI)MANM: Couuterselection of Gatc Sequences In Enterobacteriophages by the Components of the Methyl-Directed Mismatch Repair System. J Me/Eml |991, 33:125-132. DE'g~IIILVi"FE, PA.VfERBJ, OL~EN I, FRASERGJ: Phylogeny o f 54 Representative Strains o f Species in the Family Pasteurellaecae as D e t e r m i n e d by Comparison of 16S RRNA Sequences. J IkKteriol 1992, 174:2002-2013. DLXON DA, KOWAI£.ZYKOWSKI SC: Homologous Pairing Invltro Stimulated by the Recombination Hotspot, Chl. Cell 1991, 66:361-372. DOUGLASP-~t, ROBERE~JA. MUNROAW, RH'CIIIEGY, LAMB AJ. BOOTHIR: The Distribution o f Homologues of the Escherichia.Coli KefC K+-Ef~ux System in O t h e r Bacterial Species. J Gen Microbio11991, 137:1999-2005. DOtYrHWAITES: Functional Interactions Within 23SrRNA Involving the Peptldyltransferase Center. J Batter|el 1992, 174:1333-1338. DP.A~ JW: A Constant Rate of Spontaneous Mutation In DNA Based Microbes. Proc Naa Acad ~¢i U S A left)l, 88:7160-7164. DUETZWA, VANANDELJG: Stability o f TOL Plasmld PWW0 In P s e u d o m o n ~ - P u t i d a Mt-2 Unde r NonSelective Conditions In Continuous Culture. J Gen Microbio11991, 137:1369-1374. DU~'VZWA. WINSONMK, VAN&NOELJG, WILUAblSPA: Mathematical Analysis of Catabolic Function Loss in a Population of Pseudomonas-Putida Mt2 D u r i n g Non-Limited Growth on Benzoate. J Gen Microbio11991, 137:1363-1368. DtYr~IX M, BURNE'VrB, BMLONEA, RADDINGCM, DEVORET Pc A Partially Deficient MuUmt, RecA1730, that Fails to Form Normal Nucleoprotein Filaments. Moi Gen Genet 1992, 232:489-497.

DYB~.qGK, WOODARD?~ Cloning a n d DNA Sequence o f a Mycoplasmal ReeA Gene. J Bacterio11992, 174:778-784. DYE C: Population Genetics of Nonclonal. • N o n r a n d o mly Mating Malaria Parasites. Paras|tel TfMay 1991, 7:236-2,10. [15]. DYKIIUIZENDE, GREENl~ Recombination In Escber/cb/a • Col| a n d th e Definition of Biological Species. J Bactertot 1991, 173:7257-7268. [26]. EDDYSR. GOLD L ArtLfieial Mobile DNA Element Constructed from th e EcoRi Endonuclease Gene. prr~ Nail Acad Sci II S A 1992.89:1544-1 ~ i7 EISENJA. S,MH}!SW, CAVANAUGHCM: Phylogenetlc Relationships o f C h e m o a u i n t r o p h i c Bacterial Symbionts of Solemya-Velum Say (MolluscaBlvalvia) D e t e r m i n e d by 16S RRNA Gene Sequence Analysis. J IJacteHo11992, 174:3ql6-3.t21. I:AADIbV,II W, ROBERT.~L VICKERYA. [NGUSB, GIBB.~A, SI"EWA~"PR: Epldemlological Analysis of a Met hlelllin-Resistan t Staphylococcus-Au reus O u t b r e a k Using Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms of Geuomle DNA. J Gen Mierr~7l'ol 1991, 137:2713-2720. EIJIA-~SOUNIM, HENRI~AI"B, CHIPPA[IX M, Bt~q~L%F; Nucleotlde Sequences of the Arb Genes, Which Control Beta-Glucoside Utilization in Erwinia-Chrysanthemi - - Comparison with the Eschertchia-Coll.Bgl Operon and Evtdence for a New Beta-Glycohydrolase Family Including Enzymes from Eubacteria, Areheabacteria, and Humans..] I~l¢tertoI 1992, 174:76%777. I:.IJ-~INSC, TIIO~,LA."iCE, SEIFERTHS, SPARUNGPF: SpeciesSpecific Uptake o f DNA by Gonococci is Mediated by a 10.Base-Pair Sequence. J Bacteriol 1991, 173:3911-3913. [:NHI NIJ,SKVlIL~KYRC, KOI3V.RR: Functional C o m p l e m e n t a t l o n Between Bacterial MDRLike Export Systems - - Colic|n-V, AlphaHemolysin, and Erwinia Protease../Batter|el 1991. 173:7549-7556. FEAGINJ1:., WERNERE, GARDNERbIJ, WIILIA,%L~ONDH, WIL~ON RJM: Homologies Between th e Contiguous and Fragmented RRNAs of the Two Plasmodlum Falelparum Extrachromosomal DNAs a r e Limited to Core Sequences. Nuck, ic :lci~L~Res 1992. 20:879-887. FL';CHER RS, ZHAOGS, JENSENR~ Cloning, Sequencing, and Expression of th e P-Protein Gene (pheA) of Pseudomonas.Stutzeri in Escherichla-Coli - Implications for Evolutionary Relationships in P h e n y l a l a n i n e Biosynthesis. J Gen Microbio11991, 137:1293-1301 FIANNAGANSF., CLFXXa~IJ.DB: Conjugative Transfer o f Tn916 in E n t e r o c o c c u s - F a e c a l i s - TransAct|vat|on of Homologous Transposons. J Batter|el 1991, 173:7136-714|. FUNN I IM, SMFI]{DF: Genomtc Organisatlon a n d Expression o f a Differentially-regulated Gene Family from Lelshmania Major. Nudeic Acid8 R¢~ 1992, 20:755-762. I:ORBI'S KJ, BRUCEKD, JORDENSJZ. BALI.A. PENNINGTONT]I: Rapid Methods in Bacterial DNA Fin g e r p r in tin g . .I Gen MicroS|el 1991. 137:2051-2058. I:UItRM~'~JA, McC-MLUMK, DA~qSA~ Novel Major Archaebacterial Group from Marine Plankton [Letter]. ?,'ature 1992, 356:148-149 FtglrA MQ, YOSIIIKAWAH, OGASAWAI~%N: Str u c tu r e of the DnaA a n d DnaA-Box Region in th e Mycopissmac a p r i c o l u m Chromosome - - Couservatlon and Variations In th e Course o f Evolution. Gene 1992, 110:17-23. FtlKUNAGAM. HORIE I. MIFUCIII [, TAKEMOTOM: Cloning, Characterization and T a x o n o m ic Slgoificanee o f Genes for the 5S Ribosomal RNA of Leptonema-IIlini Strain-3055. J Get1 M#crobio11991. 137:1523-153.8. FUKUNAGAM, YANAGIHARAy, SOtINAKAM: The 23S/5S Ribosomal RNA Genes ( r r l / r r O are Separate from th e 16S Ribosomal RNA Gene ( r r s ) in Borralia-Burgdorferi, th e Aetiologlcal Agent o f Lyme Disease. J Gen Microhio11992, 138:871-877. FURtNA N, KO,%~N~DT: D e t e r m i n a t i o n of the Nick Site at OriT of lncI1 Plasmid R64 - - Global Similarity of OriT Structures o f l n c l l a n d lncP Plasmids. J Batter|el 1991, 173:6612-6617. GARgE T, SE~VO~S, HAWKINSA. DIMrI'RIADISG. YOUNG D, DOUGANG, CI.IAR~ h The Mycobacterlumtuberculosis Shlktmate Pathway Genes - Evolutionary Relationship Between Biosynthetic a n d Catabolic 3-Dehydroqulnases. MO/Gen Genet 1991, 228:385-392. GARVIN LD, HARDIESSC: T e m p o r a l a n d Topological C l u s t e r i n g o f Diverged Residues Among E n te r o b a c te r ia l Dthydrofolate Reductases. Mol Bioi Em11991, 8:654-668. GEBERA, HIGGINSDE, WATERSAP, BENNETTJE, MCCU'I'CIIAN"IF: Small Suburdt Ribosomal RNA o f Blastomyces-Dermatitldis - - Sequence a n d

Phylogenetic Analysis. J Gen Microbio11992. 138:395-399. GIRARDEAUJP, BERTINY, MARTINC, VARVANL~NMD, BOEUF C: Sequence Analysis of th e CIpG Gene, Which Codes for Surface Antifien-CS31A Subudit - Evidence of an Evolutinnary Relationship Between CS31A, K88, a n d 1:41 S u b u n h Genes. J Bacterio11991, 173:7673-7683. GOLDENJW, WHOP~VLL WIESTDR: I n d e p e n d e n t Regulation of NIfltDK O p e r o n T r a n s c r i p t i o n a n d DNA Re a r r a n g e me n t D u r i n g Heterocyst Differentiation In th e Cyanobactecium Anabaena Sp Strain PCC 7120. J Batter|el 1991, 173:7098-7105. GOMEZEICtlELMANNMC, LEV~,'MUSTRIA. P~AMIPu~/~ANTOSJ: Presence of 5-Methylcytosine In CC(A/T)GG Sequences (Dcm Methylation) In DNAs from Different Bacteria. J Bu¢terio11991, 173:7692-7694. GomX3N DM: Bate of Plasmld Transfer Among Escheriehla-Coli Strains Isolated from Natural Populations. J Go'#1Microbio11992, 138:17-21 GOFLMI~' EP, DA~IESJ: T r a n s f e r o f Plasmid RSFIOIO by Conjugation from Escheriehia-Coll to Streptomyces-Llvtdans and MycobactertumSmegmatls. J I~lcter~o11991. 173:6705~708. GO~KI L, LEADgE-rIXRER. GOOCHALIXW: T e m p o r a l Sequence of th e Recovery of Traits During Phenotypic Curing of a Cytophaga-.Johnsonae Motility Mutant. J Iklcterio11991, 173:7534-7539. GOt'~.~ARD S, SOUGAKOFFW. MAIIIL~*TC. BAUERNFEINDA. COURVAtIN P: An ISl-Ltke Element is Responsible for High-Level Synthesis of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase TEM-6 in Enterobactertaeeae. J Gen Microbio11991, 137:1681-2687. GREENERA. I.EH,%~'qSM, HEUNSKIDR: Promoters of the Broad Host Range Plasmld RK2 - - Analysis of T r a n s c r i p t i o n ( I n i t i a t i o n ) in 5 Species of GramNegative Bacteria. Genelic* 1992, 130:27-36. GROGAN DW: Selectable Mutant Pheuotypes of the Extremely T h e r m o p h i l i c Arehaebacterium Sulfolobus-Acldoc~tldarius. J Batter|el 1991, 173:772%7727. GROISMANEA. SAIERMIl JR. OCH~t.U~.NH: Horizontal Transfer of a Phosphatase Gene as Evidence for Mosaic Structure of the Salmonella Genuine. I.~IIBOJ 1992, 11:1309-1316. GI:CKE~JB, RINGELBERGDB, WHITEDC. HAaNSONR:t;.BRA33NA BJ: Membrane Fatty A d d s as Phenotypic Markers in the Polyphasie T a x o n o m y of Methylotrophs Within the Proteobacterta. J Gen Microbio11991, 137:2631-2641. GURTLERV, Wlkt~ONVA. MAYALLBC: Classification of Medically I m p o r ta n t Clostrtdla Using Restriction Endonuelease Site Differences of PCR-Amplifled 16S-rDNA. J Gen MicroS|el 1991, 137:2673-2679. I LAGGARDLIUNGQUIST"E, [-L%LLINGC, CALENDARR: DNA Sequences o f the Tail Fiber Genes of Bacteriophage P2 -Evidence for Horizontal T r a n s f e r o f Tail Fiber Genes Among Unrelated Bacteriophages. f Baeteriol 1992. 174:1462-1477 IIALLF/J H. GOITEIND, KOBY S, MENDELSON1, TEFF D, MENGERH.~K-I"G, GII.M31H. OPPE~IEIM AB: Genes Coding for I n te g r a tio n Host Factor are Conserved in Gram-Negative Bacteria. J I~lctet~ol 1991, 173:6297~299, I'[ARAy&MAS, REKIKM, BAIROCtlA. NEIDtE EL OI~X~'TON [aN: Potential DNA Slippage Structures Acquired D u r i n g Evolutionary Divergence of Acinetobacter-Caleoacetieus C h ro m o s o m a l BenABC a n d Pseudomonas-Putida T e L PWWO Plasmld XyIXYZ, Genes Encoding Benzoate Dloxyge~. J Bocterfol 1991, 173:7540-7548. HA~ S. WOODSDR: Coostructlon of an l n s e r t l o n a l Inactivation Cloning Vector for EscherichiaCol| Using a Rhodococcos Gene for Indigo Production. J Gett Microbio11992, 138:205-209. HEA]HJD, pERKINSJD, Stt.~qMAB, WEINSTOCKGM: NotI Genomlc Cleavage Map of Eseherichla-Coll K-12 Strain MG1655. J Bacterio11992, 174:558-567. HECHTDXV,JAGIELOTJ. MALAMYMH: Conjugal T r a n s f e r of Antibiotic Resistance Factot~ in BacteroidesFragllis - - th e BtgA a n d BtgB Genes o f Piasmld PBFTMIO a r e Required for Its T r a u a f e r from Bacteroldes-Fragtlls a n d for Its Mobilization by IncP.bem Plasmid R751 in Eschertchia-ColL J Batter|el 1991, 173:7471-7480. HENKINTM, Grass BL GRUNDYFJ: Analysis of the Baclllns-Subtllis TyrS Gene ~ Conservation of a Regulatory Sequence in Multiple TRNA Synthetsse Genes. J Bacterio11992, 174:1299-1306. HERR~LMNNJl~ BARILC, BEULENGERE, PEROLATP, BARANTONG, SAINTGIRONSI: Gellome Conservation in Isolates o f Leptnspira-lnterrogmm. J Bacteria 1991, 173:7582-7588. HILDEBR/~NDM, COREYDK, LUDXtlGJR, KUKELA. FENGTY, VOLCANIBE: Plasmids In Diatom Species. J Batter|el 1991, 173:5924-5927. HOUANDJ, TOWNERKJ, WILla~tS P: Tng16 I n s e r t i o n Mutagenesls in Escherichia-coli a n d



Genomes and evolution Population genetics of microbial organisms Haemophilus-influenzae Type.B Following ConjugaUve Transfer. J Gen Microbio11992, 138:509-515. HOLMGRENA. KUEItNMJ. BRANDENC.-l, HULTGREN sJ: Conserved Immunoglobulin-ilke Features in a Family of Periplesmlc Ptlus Chaperons In Bacteria. ~IIBOJ 1992, 11:1617-1622. HSIEH IS, ROU',qERE'CANIVJ, DRLICAK: Bacterial DNA Supercoilin 8 a nd < A T P > / < A D P > Ratio - Changes Associated with Salt Shock. J Bacteriol 1991. 173:3914-3917. ILY1NA"IV, GORBAI~'~'AAE, KOONINEV: Organization and Evolution o f Bacterial and Bacteriophage prtmase-Hellcsse Systems. J Mol Et~11992. 34:351-357. INOL~'E M, INOLq'ES: Retrons and Multicopy SingleStranded DNA. J BacteHo11992. 174:2419-2424 LhHII5, MURAKAMIT, SHISHIDOK: G ~ Inhibltors Increase the Conteot of Knotted" DNA Species of Plasmld PBR322 in Escherichia-Coli. J Bacleriol 1991, 173:5551-5553. JONESC, STANLEYJ: Saimooella Plasmlds o f the Preantiblotic Era. J Gen Microbio11992, 138:189-197. K.L~*SENI+ FALKENBERGP. STYRVOI.DOB, STROMAR: Molecular Cloning and Physical Mapping of the OtsBA Genes, Which Encode the Osmoregulatory Trehaiose pathway o f Escherichla-CoU - Evidence that T r a n s c r i p t i o n is Activated by KatF (AppR). J lk~cterio11992. 174:889-898. KAOSM. OLbL~flEDSB. VItCSNIN.~i/~S,GAIJ_OJC, DUNN'YGM: Molecular and Genetic Analysis o f a Region of Plasmld.pCFl0 Containing Positive Control Genes and Structural Genes Encoding Surface Proteins Involved in P h e r o m o n e - i n d u c i b l e Conjugation in Enterococcus-Faecaiis J Bacteriol 1991, 173:7650-7664. KAPFERW, WALTERJ, TRALrTNERTA: Cloning, CharactertzaUon a nd Evolution of the Bsufl Restriction Endonuclease Gene o f Bacillus Subtilis and Purification o f the Enzyme. Nucleic Acids Rt~. 1991, 19:6q57~J63. KAUt R. GRAYGJ, KOEHNCKENR. GO 12 Cloning and Sequence Analysis of the ChlamydiaTrachomatis-spc Ribosomal Protein Gene Cluster. J Bacteriol 1992, 174:1205-1212. KA'~YLA"VII,OP.Nq3ORFFPE: Rapid Site-Specific DNA Inversion in Escherichia-Coli Mutants Lacking the Hlstoneilke Protein H-NS. J Baclerio11991, 173:4116-4123. KELLERhi, TESSlERU~, CHANRK WElLJ11. LMBAULTP: In Eugiena, Spliced-leader RNA (SL-RNA) a nd 5S RRNA Genes are Tandemly Repeated. Nudeic Acids Res 1992, 20:1711-1715. KESSLERB. DEDDRENT.OV, TI~*LMISKN: A General System to Integrate LacZ Fusions into t h e Chromosomes o f Gram-Negative E u b a c t e r t a - Regulation o f the Pm P r o m o t e r o f the TOL Plasmid Studied with All Controlling Elements in Monocopy. ,11ol Gen Genet 1992, 233:293-301. KINNUNENL POYRYT. HOV1T: Generation of Virus Genetic Lineages During an O u t b r e a k of Poliomyelitis. J Gen Viro11991, 72:2483-2489. KLEINS, LOHMANK, CIL3VERR, WALKERGC, SIGNERER: A Directional. High-Frequeocy Chromosomal Mobilization System for Genetic Mapping o f Ritizobinm-Meliloti. J Bacter/o/1992, 174:324-326. KLENKHP, PALMP, LOI"~PEICH F, ZIIJJG W: ComponentH of the DHA-Dependent R N A Polymeruses of Archaea is Homologous to a Subunit Shared by the 3 Eucaryal Nuclear RNA Polymerases. proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:407-410. KOIX~LA1", HL~IIIAH: Nucleotlde Sequence o f a Lactococcus-Lactis Gene Cluster Encoding Adenylate Kinase, Initiation pactor-1 and Ribosomal Proteins. J Gen Microbio11991, 137:259%2600. KOMODAY, ENOMOTOM, TOMINAGAA: Large Inversion in Escherichla.Coli K-12 1485in Between Inversely Oriented IS3 Elements Near Lac a nd Cdd. Genetics 1991. 129:639-645. KONDOS, YAMAGISHIPh OSHIblAT: Positive Selection for Uracil Anxotrophs of the Soifur-Dependent T her mophRlc Archaebacterium SulfolobusAcldocaldarius by use o f 5-Eluoroorotic Acid. J Bacterio11991, 173:7698-7700. KOOPS HP, BO'I'TCHERB, MOLLERUC, POblblERENINGROSERA, STEHRG: Classification o f Eight New Species o f Ammonia-Oxidizing Bacteria - - NltrosomonasCommunis Sp-Nov, Nltrosomonas-Ureae Sp-Nov. Nitrosotuonas.Aestuaril Sp-Nov, Nltrosomonas. Marina Sp-Nov, Nltrosomones-Nttrnsa Sp-Nov, Nltrusomona.s-Eutropha Sp-Nov. NltrusomonasOllgotropha Sp-Nov a nd Nltvosomonas-Halophila Sp-Nov. J Gen Microbio11991, 137:1689-1699. KOPPES LJH: Nonralldom F-PIasmld RepIleation In Eschertchla.Coll K-12. J Bacterio11992, 174:2121-2123.

LAI CY, BAUM&'qNP: Genetic Analysis o f an Aphid Endosymblont DNA Fragment Homologous to th e RnpA.rpmH.dnaA-dnaN-gyrB Region o f Eubacteria. Gene 1992, 113:175-181. LM MC, SOWEFL~KR, ROBER~ON DE, ROBERI.XMF, GUNSALUS RP: Distribution o f Compatible Solutes in th e Haiophilic Methanogenic Archaebacteria. J Bacterio1199I, 173:5352-5358. IJhMPINENJ. KOlXq.wfoL ~.VAItI.WFENM. M&N'I~MAP, KARl+ hi: Expression of Luclferase Genes from Different Origins In Bacifius-Subtllis. Mol Gen Gene! 1992, 232:498-504 I.LMPSONBC, INOU3~ hi. INOLrYES: Survey o f Multicopy Single-Stranded DNAs and Reverse Transcriptase Genes Among Natural Isolates of MyxococcusXa~thus. J Bacterio11991, 173:5363-5370 L~NE DJ, tlARRIRONAP, STAHI. D, PACE B, GIOVANNONISJ, OLDENGJ, PACE NR: Evolutionary Relationships Among Sulfur-Oxidizing a n d Iron-Oxidizing Eubacteria. J Bacterio11992. 174:269-278. lAD G. GI~NG&SGS, JUNG ED, WII.~ONDB: DNA Sequences o f T h r e e Beta-l,4-Endoglucanase Genes from Thermomonospora-Fusca. J Bacterio11991, 173:3397-3407. I..~WRENCEJG, HARI1.DL O0tM&N H: Molecular Considerations in th e Evolution of Bacterial Genes. J MO/EI~/1991, 33:241-250. b',~tENCE JG. OCHMANH, HARTLDL: Molecular and • • Evolutionary Relationships Among Enteric Bacteria. J Gcn Microbio11991, 137:1911-192I. [32]. LaxX~.ENCEJG, OCIIM~'~ H, HAR~ DL T h e Evolution of • Insertion Sequences Within Enteric Bacteria. Genetic.~ 1992, 131:9-20. [45]. LbXNGJ, SCAPPINOL, HASEI.KOI~NR: T h e PatA Gene Product, Which Contains a Region Similar to CheY o f Eschertchla-CoB, Controls Heterocyst Pattern Formation In the Cyanobacterium Anabaena 7120. prc~- Natl Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:5655-5659. LIM PO, SEA~ BB: Evolutionary Relationships o f a Plant-Pathogenic Mycoplasmalike Organism a n d Acholeplasma.Laidlawii Deduced from Two Ribosomal Protein Gene Sequences../Bacterio/ 1992, 174:2606-2611. LIDW~ RG: Linkage Distortion Following Conjugatlonai Transfer o f SbcC + to RecBC SbcBC Strains of Escherichla*coll. J I~Kterio11991, 173:5694-5698. LODWICKD. STRIKE P: Distribution o f Sequences Homologous to th e ImpCAB Operon of T P l I 0 Among Bacterial Plasmlds o f Different Incompatibility Groups. Mol Gen Genet 1991, 229:27-30. I.UQIIE l, HERREROA, FI£)RESE, ~,b".DUENOF: Clustering of Genes Involved in Nitrate Assimilation in the Cyanohacterium Synechococcus. Mol Gen Genet 1992, 232:7-11. MACARIOAjl~ VI~gERPA, V&NUERJB, DEhtACM~IOl='C: Topography o f Methanogenlc Subpopulattons in a Microbial Consortium Adapting to T h e r m o p h t l i c Conditions. J Gen Microbio11991. 137:2179-2189. MACDOtlGAU.J,MARGARITAD, GIRONSIS: Homology o f a Plasmid from the Spirochete TreponemaDentlcola with th e Single-Stranded DNA Plasmlds..1 l~KlerioI 1992, 174:272q-2728. MACNAUGHTONSJ, ROSE DA. ODONNEH.AG: Persisteoce o f a XylE Marker Gene in Pseudomonas.Putlda Introduced Into Soils of Differing Texture. J Gen Mio~d~io11992, 13fl:667~73. MAF-SERS, KAH.MANNR: The Gin R e c o m b i n a ~ o f Phage Mu can Cataiyse Site-Specific Recombination in Plant Protopla~ts. Mo/Gen Genet 1991. 230:170-176 ~,LM~&NMJ, ROVHJR: Ability o f a Bacterial C h r o m o s o m e Segment to Invert is Dictated by Included Material Bather Than Flanking Sequence. Getlc'tiC¢ 1991, 129:1021-1032. h~&%LMACM, DACOSTAMS: Characterization of Halotoleeant T h e r m u s Isolates from Shallow Marine Hot Springs on S-Mlguel. Azores. J Gen Microbio11991, 137:2643-26-18. hL~NSOU~J K, PIEPERSBERGW: Genetics o f Streptomycin Production in Streptomyces-Griseus - Nucleotlde Sequence o f Five Genes. StrFGHIK. I n c lu d in g a Phosphatase C.=ene. Mol Gcn Genet t991, 228:459-469. I~L~CONI RT, GAllONCF: Identification o f a 3rd Genomlc Group of Borrella-burgdorferi T h r o u g h Signature Nucleotlde Analysis a n d 16S RRNA Sequence D e t e r m i n a t i o n . J Gen Microbio11992, 138:533-536. MARKOWICZY, LOISEAUXDEGOERS: Plastld Genomes of t h e Rhodophyta a n d C h r o m o p h y t a Constitute a Distinct Lineage Which Differs from that of t h e Chinrnphyta a n d have a Composite Phylogenettc Origin, Perhaps Like that of th e Euglenophyta. Curr Genet 1991, 20:427--1~0.

i~L~TEI~CI, MURRAYRGE. MOSEI~" BEB, MINTC)NK~V:DNA Polymorphlsms in New Isolates of Deinococcus. Radlopugnans. J Gen Microbio11991. 137:1459-1469. M&VrERSCI, SMITHMD, GUT~,IANPD, MINrlONKW: Heterozygosity a n d Instability of Amplified Chromosomal Insertions in t h e Radlofesistant Bacterium Deinococcus-radindurans. J Bacteriol 1991, 173:611(~6117. MA~IUR EJ, ADAMSMXX'3X t, CAILENWN, CHNEJM: Th e DNA Polymerase Gene from t h e H y p e r t h e r m o p h l l i c Marine Archaebacterinm, Pyrococcus Furiosus, Shows Sequence Homology With a-like DNA Poiymerases. Nucleic Acids Rc~ 1991, 19:6952. MATSUNAGAT, NAKAMURAC, BURGEY6JG, SODE K: Ca~ne Transfer i n Magnetic Bacteria - - Transposon Mutagenesis a n d Cloning o f Genomlc DNA Fragments Required for Magnetosome Synthesis. J Bacterio11992, 174:2748-2753. MAaSur&-:l S: Multiple Copies of ISIO in t h e Enterobacter-Cloacae MD36 Chromosome. J Bacteriot 1991, 173:7802-7809. ~L~YNARDSMHllJ, DOx~ON CG, SPRAI"rBG: Localized Sex • u in Bacteria. Nature 1991, 349:29-31. [30]. ~L~.ODIER P, GUGUEhMIG, DA\~F~J, TIIO,MI.~ON CJ: Characterization o f t h e GroEL-Llke Genes in Streptomyces-Albus. J BacterRd 1991, 173:7382-7386. MCCI.MNhiS. BIL3MHELDIC, EISENSI~INBI: Roles of FImB and FImE In Site-Specific DNA Inversion Associated w i t h Phase Variation of T y p e d Flmbriae in Eschericfila-CoIL J I~lclerio11991, 173:5308-5314. MEDIGUEC, ROUXELT, VIGIERP, Hi~NAtrl"A. D&NCHINA: Evidence for Horizontal Gene Transfer in Escherlchiz CoB Speciation. J Mol Bid 1991, 222:851-856. MEURERG, BIEPo'~LMNNG, SCFItr~z A, I'LMIlll S, SClIWEIZER E: Molecular Structure of t h e Multlfunctlonai Fatty Acid Synthetase Gene o f BrevlbacteriumAmmoniagenes - - Its Sequence o f Catalytic Domains is Formally Consistent with a Headto-Tail Fusion o f th e Two Yeast Genes FASI a n d FAS2. Mol Gen Gerw! 1992, 232:106-116. MILK~L~NR, BRIDGF~MM: Molecular Evolution of the • • Es~la C o l l C h r o m o s o m e . IV. Sequence Comparisons. Genetics 1992, (i n Press):. [29]. MOIJ£R W, J&N~EN GMC: Statistical Evidence for Remnants of the P r i m o r d i a l Code in t h e Acceptur Stem of Prokaryotlc Transfer RNA. J ,11ol E*~11992, 34:471--~77. MOORE MD, K.~J,I:~N5: Identification of Intrinsic High.Level Resistance to Bare-Earth Oxides a n d Oxyanions in Members o f the Class Proteobacteria - - Characterization of Tellortte, Selenite, a n d Rhodium Sesquloxlde Reduction in Rhodobacter-sphaerotdes. J liaclerio11992, 174:1505-1514. MITNSONMA. BAU?~L~.NNp, CLARKMA~ BAU~U~NNL MOR~X NA, VOEGTIJNDJ, C&MPBEI±BC: Evidence for the Establishment o f Aphld-Eubacterium Endosymbtosis in an Ancestor o f Four Aphid Families. J BoclerR# 1991. 173:6321~324. M~qA'AG&N&M5, DENNISPP: Sequence H e t e ro g e n e i t y Between th e 2 Genes Encoding 16S RRNA from th e Halophlllc Archaebacterinm Haloarcula Marismortai. Genetic~ 1992, 130:399-410. NAG&NOY, MM~tlNO R, S&';AKIY: An Essential Gene of Escherichla-Coli that Has Sequence Similarity to a Chloroplast Gene of U n k n o w n Function. Mo/ Gen Getwt 1991. 228:62~7H, NA~RET 5, COU~UNOYERB, NOP~MtMNDP, SIMONETP: Phylogenetlc Relationships Among F m l d a Genomlc Species D e t e r m i n e d by use of Amplified 16S RDNA Sequences. J Ba¢terio/1991. 173:4072~i078. NEII)I~. E[~ ]~RTNETI"C, OI~'¢SqON LN, BAIROCHA. REKIK M, I'IARAY&~IAS: Nucleotlde Sequences of the Aclnetobacter-Calcoacetlcus BenABC Genes for Benzoate 1,2.Dinxygenase Reveal Evolutionary Relationships Among Multlcomponent Oxygenuses. J Bacterio11991, 173:5385-5395. NELSONK, SELANDER R?~: Evolutionary Genetics of the • Pr o lin e Permease Gene (pulP) a n d t h e Control Region o f th e Pr o li n e Utilization O p e r o n in Populations o f Salmonella And Escherichia Colt J 13acterfot 1992, ( in Press) (AU: De:. [24]. NEI.~ON K, WHrV]'AMTS, SELANDERRK: Nucleotide • P o l y m o r p h i s m a n d Evolution in t h e Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Gene (gapA) in Natural Populations o f Salmonella a n d Escherichla Coll. Proc NatlAcad S c / U S A 1991, 88:6667-6671. [22]. NG LK, DILLONJAR: Molecular F i n g e r p r t n t i n 8 o f Isolates o f t h e Genus Peptustreptococcus Using RRNA Genes from Escherichia-CoB and PAnaeroblus. J Gen Microbiol 199I, 137:1323-133I. NISHIKAWAM, SUZUKIK, YOSHIDAK: DNA In t e g ra t i o n i n t o Recipient Yeast Chromosomes by Tt'ansKingdom C o n j u g a t i o n B e t w e e n E s c h e r i c h l a - C o l l

Genomes and evolution Population genetics of microbial organisms and Saccharomyces-Cerevislae. Otrr Genet 1992, 21:101-108. NOLLINGJ, FPdJUNKM, DEvo$WM: Isolation and Characterization of Plasmids from Different Strains of MethanobacteriumThermoformicicum. J Gen Mtcrobio11991, 137:1981-1986. O~ISTEDSB, KAO SM, VmPUTTE LJ, GALLOJC, DUNNY GM: Role of the Pheromone-Inducible Surface Protein-Ascl0 in Mating Aggregate Formation and Conjugal Transfer of the EnterococcusFaecalis Plasmld-pCFlO. J Bacterlo11991, 173:7665-7672. ONE~LLSL GIORDANOR. COLBERTAME, KARRTL ROBER~ON HM: 16S RRNA Phylogenetic Analysis o f the Bacterial Endosymbinots Associated with Cytoplasmic incompatibility in Insects. proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:2699-2702. OVERHOFFB, KLEINM, SPIESM, FP.EUDLP~ Identification of a Gene Fragment Which Codes for the 364 Amino-Terminal Amino Acid Residues of a SecA Homologue from Bacfllus.subtilis - - Further Evidence for the Conservation o f the Protein Export Apparatus In Gram-Positive and GramNegative Bacteria. Mol Gen Genet 1991, 228:417~i23. PARKYH, YIM DG, KIM E, KHO Y}'I,MHEENTl, LONSDALE J, GOODFBLOWM: Classification of Acldophillc, Neutrotolerant and Neutrophilic Streptumycetes by Nudeotide Sequencing of 5S-Ribosomal-RNA. J Get: Microbio11991, 137:2265-2269. P/~.bWERBJ, DEWHIfI.%WFE, WEISBURGWG, TORDOFFLA~FRASER GJ, HESPELLRB, STANTONTB, 7~dlLENk MANDELCO L, WOESECI~ Phylogenetlc Analysis of the Spirochetes. J Bacterio11991, 173:6101-6109. PETEESENSK, HANSENFG: A Missense Mutatino in the RpoC Gene Affects Chromosomal Repilcatinn Control in Escherichia-Coli. J Bacterio11991, 173:5200-5206. PETIT MA, DIMPFI.J,RADMANM, ECHOLSH: Control o f large Chromosomal Duplications in Escherlchla-coil by the Mismateb Repair System. Ge~letic.* 1991, 129:327-332. Por,rnos LT, CtfWEI.t.DB: Conjugatlve Transfer of Enterococcus.Faecalis Piasmid PAD1 - Nucleotide Sequence and Transcriptional Fusion Analysis of a Region Involved in Positive Regulation. J Bacterio11992, 174:3152-3160. POULSENK, REINHOLDTJ, KILIANM: A Comparative Genetic Study of Serologtcaily Distinct Haemophilns-influeozae Type.1 Immunoglobulin-A1 Proteases. J Bacterio11992, 174:2913-2921. QUIRKS, BESSM~ MJ: dGTP Triphosphohydroiase, a Unique Enzyme Confined to Members of the Family Enterobacteriaceae. J Bacterio11991, 173:6665-6669. RASJ, REIJNDERSxXrNM,VANSPANNINGRJM, HAPleSSN, OLTMAN,'N LF, STOUTHAbIERAH: Isolation, Sequencing, and Mutagenesis of the Gene Encoding Cytochrome-c553i of Paracoccus-Denitrtlicans and Characterization o f the Mutant Strain. J Bacleriol 1991, 173:6971-6979. REEDERT, SCHLEIFI~ Mapping, Sequence, and Apparent Lack of Function of AraJ, a Gene of the Escherichla.coll Arablnose Regulon. J Bacteriol 1991, 173:7765-7771. REIZERA. PAt GM, SAIERMH: Evolutionary Relationships Among the Permease Proteins o f the Bacterial Phosphoenolpyruvate - - Sugar Phosphotransferase System - - Construction of Phylogenetic Trees and Possible Relatedness to Proteins of Eukaryotic Mitochondriz. J Mo/Era/ 1991, 33:179-193. RENIEROR, COCCONCELUP, BoTrgrla V, MOREW12 High Frequency of Conjugatloo In Lactobaciilus Mediated by an Aggregatinn-Promoting Factor. J Get* Microbio11992, 138:763-768. RIDI~' RG, WHI3~JH, MCAI£ESESM, GOMANM, AI.hNOP, DE VRIESE, K/LBEYBJ: DNA Polymerase 6: Gene Sequences from Pissmodinm Falciparum Indicate that This Enzyme is More Highly Conserved Than DNA Polymerase ez. Nudeic Acid~ Re$1991, 19:6731-6736. RINGQUISTS, SMITHCt. The Escherichia.Coli Chromosome Contains Specific, Unmethylated Dam and Dcm Sites. Proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:4539--4543. RNERAME, LAKEJ& Evidence that Eukaryotes and • Eocyte Prokaryotes are Immediate Relatives. Science 1992, 257:7.1-76. [4]. ROBERTSBL ~ L ~ q D W, 1~' AC, KENTRB, WHITEDW, Gtrr~aM~ SK, LAD,~RRC: Directed Evolution o f a protein: Selection of Potent Neutruphil FAastase l n h i b i t o r s Displayed on M13 Fusion Phage. Proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:2429-2433. ROMBELIT, LAMONTIt. DNA Homology Between Slderuphore Genes from Fluorescent Pseudomonads. J Gen Microbio11992, 138:181-187.

ROMERODA. KIAENHAMMERTR: Construction o f an IS946Based Composite Transposon in I.actococcusLactis Subsp Lactls. J Bacterto11991, 173:7599-7606. ROMUNGU, DUCHENEM, ESSARDW, GALLOWAYD, GUIDIRONTANIC, HIlLD, IAZDUNSKIA, MILLEERV, SCHLEIFERKH, SMITHDW, T~EHKA HY, TUMMLERB: Localization of Alg, Opr, Phn, Pho, 4.55 RNA, 6S RNA, TOX, Trp, and Xcp Genes, Rrn Operons, and the Chromosomal Origin on the Physical Genome Map of Pseudomonas-Aeruginosa PAt. J Bacterio11892, 174:327-330. ROTrMANNXXq-I,PETERGF, tELLERPW, KELLERJA, SHENNF, NAGYBP, TAYLORLP, CAMPBELLAD, THEOLOGISA: 1aminocyclopropane- 1-carboxylate Synthase in Tomato is Encoded by a Multigene Family Whose Transcription is Induced During Fruit and Floral Seoescence. J Mot Bio1199|, 222:937-961. RLrI'ZJM, ABDULLAEIT, SINGHSP. KALVEVI, KI.EBBAPE: Evolution o f the Ferric Enterubactin Receptor in Gram-Negative Bacteria. J Bacterio11991, 173:5964-5974. SAINq'ONGEA~ROMEYERF, LEBELP, NL~SSONL BROUSSEAUR: Specificity of the PseudomonasAeruginosa PAO1 Llpoprotein-I Gene as a DNA Probe and PCR Target Region Within the Pseudomonadaceae. J Gen ,ttlcrobio11992, 138:733-741. SATON: c l o n i n g o f a Low-Temperature-induced Gene Ltl2 from the Cyanobactertum Anabaena. Vartabilis-M3 that is Homologous to AlphaAmylases. Plunt Mol Blot 1992, 18:165-170. SATOY, MCCOLLUMM, MCKENYAET, LAFFANJ, ZOBERI A, SUEOKA N: lnvttro Typ¢-II Binding of Chromosomal DNA to Membrane in Bacillus. Subtilis. J I~*cteriol 1991, 173:7732-7735. SAKq'UZKEJA, STAHLF~t: Phage-lambda Has an Analog o f Escherlchia CoIl RecO, RecR and RecF Genes. Genetics 1992, 130:7-16. SCHMIDTTM, DELONGEF, PACENl~ Analysis of a Marine Picoplanktou Community by 168 RRNA Gene Cloning and Sequencing. J Batter|o/1991, 173:4371--~378. SCItO~.EN T, ARNOTE: Organizatloo and Nucleotide Sequence o f Ten Ribosomal Protein Genes from the Region Equivalent to the Spectinomyein Operoo in the Archaebacterium HalobacterlumMartsmortul. Mot Gen Genet 1991, 228:70-80. SCHULTER, BONASU: A Xanthomonas Pathogenicity Locus is Induced by Sucrose and SulfurContaining Amino Acids. Plant Cell 1992, 4:79-86. SEDG~qCKSG, LODW1CKD, DOYLEN, CROWNEH, STRIKE P: Functional Complemental|on Between Chromosomal and Plasmid Mutagenic DNA Repair Genes in Bacteria. MOI Gen Genel 1991, 229:428-q36. SE3XOWB, SUN DX, SEt'LOWP: Interaction Between DNA and Alpha/beta.Type Small, Acid-Soluble Spore Proteins -a New Class o f DNA-Binding Protein. J Bacteriol 1992, 174:2312-2322. SETIDWJK, R..MNDESIM, AD&~LSJG, SETtOWB, S~LOW P: Mutation and Killing of Escherichia.Coli Expressing a Cloned Baciilus-Subtilis Gene Whose Product Alters DNA Conformation. J Bacterio11992, 174:2943-2950. SIIARPPM, NOL&'~NC, CHOL~IAINNN. DE~qNEKM: DNA Sequence Variability at the RpIX Locus of Bacillus-Subtilis. J Gen Microbio11992, 138:39-.45. SItAWCH, LOAKEGJ, BROWNAP, GARREt"CS, DEAKINW, ALTONG, I~LL M, JONESSA, OLFARYM, PRIMAVF3IL Isolation and Characterization of Behavioural Mutants and Genes of AgrobacteriumTumefaclens. J Gen Micmbio11991, 137:1939-1953. SIIEARMANC/L HERTW1GS, TI!UBERM, Gb.~SONMJ: Characterization o f the Prolate-Headed Laetococcal Bacteriophage-phlvMl3 - - Location o f the Lysin Gene and Its DNA Homology with Other Prolate-Headed Phages. J Gen Micmbiol 1991, 137:1285-1291. SINDENRR, ZHENGGX, BRANK,LMPRG, ALLENKN: On the Deletion of Inverted Repeated DNA In Eschertchla-Coll - Effects o f Length, Thermal Stability, and Cruciform Formation in Vtvo. Genetics 1991, 129:991-1005. SU,LEVJ, DUNNJ, Gomxw,I E: Bacteriophage ]'7 Morphogenesis and Gene 10 Frameshifting in Escherichla-Coli Showing Different Degrees of Ribosomal Fidelity. Mol Gen Genet 1991, 230:376-384. SOGINblt. Early Evolution and the Origin of e o Eukaryotes. Curr Opin Genel Det, 1991, 1:457-463. [3]SPARKO~X~KIJ, D~ A: Simultaneous Gain and LoSS o f Functions Caused by a Single Amino Acid Substitution in the Beta Subunit o f Escherichla CoB RNA Polymerase - - Suppression o f NusA and Rho Mutations and Cooditlonal Lethality. Genetic~ 1992, 130:411-428.

SPRAYrBG, BOWLERLD. ZHANGQy, ZHOU.U, SMITHJM: Role of interspecles Transfer of Chromosomal Genes in the Evolution o f Penicillin Resistance in Pathogenic and Commensal Neiaserla Species. J Mol Et~11992, 34:115-125. SPUR/OR, DURRENBERGERM, FXLCO~M, LATEXNAA, PON CL GUALE~tCO: Lethal Overproduction o f the Escherichla-Coli Nucleoifi Protein H-NS Ultramicroscopic and Molecular Autopsy. Mol Gen Gene11992, 231:201-211. ST/OiLDA, KEY R, FLESHERB, SMITJ: The Phylogeny of Marine and Freshwater Caulobacters Reflects Their Habitat. J Bacteriol 1992, 174:2193-2198. STEVENSAM, SANDERSJM, SHOEMAKERNB, SALYE.RSAA: Genes Involved ill Production o f Plasmifilike Forms by a Bacternides Conjugal Chromosomal Element Share Amino Acid Homology with 2-component Regulatory Systems. J Bacterio11992, 174:2935-2942. SU CJ, DAIa~ SF, ALDEIh~t~'*H, BASEMANJB: Distinctions in DNA and Protein Profiles Among Clinical Isolates of Mycopissma.Pneumonlae. J Gen Microbio! 1991, 137:2727-2732. SUTCUFFE[C, SHAWN: Atypical Llpoteichoic Acids o f Gram-Positive Bacteria. J Bacwrio/1991, 173:7065-7069. St~'&x'ro A, KAPtANS: Chromosome Transfer in Rhodobacter-Sphaeroldes - - Hfr Formation and Genetic Evidence for Two Unique Circular Cbromosomes. J Boeterto11992, 174:1135-1145. TAKEMURAH, HORINOUCHIS, BEPPUT: Novel Insertion Sequeoce IS1380 from Acetoba¢ter-Pasteurlantm is involved in Loss of Ethanol-Oxidizing Ability. J Bacter~o1199|, 173:7070-7076. TAKIFFHE, BAKERT. COPELANDT, CHENSM. COURTDL: Locating Essential Eschertehla-Coll Genes by Using Minl-Tnl0 Transposotm - - The Pdy.J Operon. J Batter|o/1992, 174:1544-1553. TIBAVKENCM, AYALAFJ: Towards a Population Genetics • of Microorganisms: the Clonal Theory o f Parasitic Protozoa. Parasitol Today 1991, 7:228-240. I13]. TIBAYRENCM, KJELLBERGF, AYALAF: The Clonal Theory o f • • Parasitic Protozoa. Bio~ience 1991, 41:767-774. [7]. TOMhLL&~ENJ: Conservation of Xcp Genes, Involved in the Two-step Protein Secretion Process, in Different Pseudomonas Species and Other Gramnegative Bacteria. Mol Gen Gene11991. 229:278-284. TONJUMT, MARIL~CF, RO?.SAF, BO~q~EK: The Type-4 PtUn o f Moraxella Noniiquefaciens Exhibits Unique Similarities with the Pilins of Neisserta. Gonorrhoeae and DIchelobacter (Bacteroldes) Nodosus. J Gen Microbiol 1991,137:2483-2490. URBACHE, ROBER3V~ONDL CIIISHOLMSW: Multiple Evolutionary Origins of Prochlorophytes Within the Cyanobacterlal Radiation [Letter]. Nature 1992, 355:267-269. V&NDERMEERJR, ZEHNDERAJB, DEVOSWM: Identification of a Novel Composite Transposable Element, Tn5280, Carrying ChiorobeP.zene Dinxygenase Genes o f Pseudomonas Sp Strain P51. J Bacteriol 1991, 173:7077-7083. \'ALr~ERINL SX~NGSJ, KERSWERSK: Grouping o f Xanthomonas-Campestrts Pathovars by SDS-PAGE o f Proteins. J Gen Microbio11991, 137:1677-1687. VOGLERAP, HO~LMAM, IPdKURAVM, MACNABRb|: Salmonella-Typhlmurium Mutants Defective in Flagellar Filament Regrowth and Sequence Similarity o f FllI to FOFI, Vacuolar, and Archaebacterlal ATI~ase Subunits. J Bacterio11991, 173:3564-3572. VOGLERAP, LENGEI~RJW: Comparison o f the Sequences of the NagE Operous from KlebsiellaPneumonlae and Eschertchia-Coli K12 - Enhanced Variability o f the Enzyme IIN. Acetylglucosamine in Regions Connecting Functinoal Domalr~. MO/Gen Genet 1991. 230:270-276. WALUKERD: Malaria Parasites: Randomly • Interbreeding o r 'Clonal' Populations? Parasitol Today 1991, 7:232-235. [14]. XVATANABET, OYANAGIW, SUZUKIK, OHNISHIK, TANAKAH: Structure o f the Gene Encoding Chitinase.D of Baclllus-Clreulans WL-12 and Possible Homology of the Enzyme to Other Prokaryotic and Class-Ill Plant Chitinases. J Bacterqo11992, 174:408-414. WEINREICHMD, MAKRISJC, REZNIKOFFXVS:Induction of the SOS Response in Eseherichla-Coll Inhibits To5 mad ISSOTransposition. J Bacterio11991, 173:6910-6918, WHELAN KF, COLLERANE: Restriction E n d o n u e l e a ~ Mapping o f the HI2 incompatibility Group Plasmid R478. J Bacterio11992, 174:1197--1204. WtEGANDTW, REZNIKOFFWS: Characterization of Two Hypertcansposing Tn5 Mutants. J Baclerio11992, 174:1229-1239.



Genomes and evolution Selection, mutation, breeding and transgenics WIENTJESF~, *~XrOIJ3RINGHC~ NANNINGAN: Amount of Peptidoglycan in Cell Walls of Gram-Negative Bacteria. J Bacterio11991, 173:7684-7691. WOX~.R I, KOWALERKIMP, SF.ML';LE, ZIMMEP~b~'qNRA: Mutagenesis of Ribosomal Protein-S8 from Escherichia.Colt -Defects in Regulation o f the Sp~ O p e r u n . J Bacterio11992. 174:12L%1221 ZAKRZE~SKA~-/J~R~NSKAJ, sCHREMPFH: Characterization o f an Autonomously Replicating Region from the Streptomyces.LIvidans Chromosome../Batter|o/ 1992, 174:2688-2693. ~_M~DAB, AMANNR. ~tALIJqERG, SCHLE.IFERKH: Identification o f Single Bacterial Cells Using Dtgoxigenin.Labefied-, RRNA-Targeted Ofigonucleotldes. J Gen Micr~d~io11991, 137:2823-2830 ZEle,'AK~SG. LMtA~REJ: Taxonomic Relationships Within the Fungal Genus Pleurotus as Determined by lsoelectric Focusing Analysis o f Enzyme Patterns. J Gen Mioobio11992, 138:635q'~qS. ZUERNERRU P h y s I M Map o f Chromo~;omal and Flasmld DNA Comprising the Genome o f Leptospira Interrogans. Nucleic Acia~ Res 1991, 19:4857-4860

Selection, mutation, breeding and transgenics Related review: Selection-induced mutations (pp 943-946) tMATALORV. FIOGLUNI)J, LtlNDBERGA= Lekking in the Black Grouse - - A Test of Male Viability [Letter]. Nalltre 1991, 352:155. A~\'I~IO,,~' LSD,Gt~ M, CO'X'IJ~YSC, LEUNGkX~'S, NANO [:E: Transformation and MlelIc Beplacement In Francisclla Spp. J C,e n Microbird 1991. 137:2697-2"03. ARNA.~ON E. LE%VONTINRC: Perturbatlon.Reperturbation Test of Selection Vs H i t c h h i k i n g of The 2 Major Mlcles of Esterase-5 in DrosophilaPseudoobscura. G¢.neti~ 1991, 129:14r~168, BARt~-r SCH. CtlARLF2,X'OglI~D: Effects of a Change in the Level of Inbreeding on the Genetic Load [Letter]. Nature 1991. 352:520-521. BECKERD, 12~VI'ICKER, D MG, STARUNGERP: Control o f Excision Frequency o f Maize Transposable Element Ds in Petunia Protoplasts. Pr~xc Natl A~x~d SC~ USA 1992. 89:5552-5556. BEEgLh'qRW, FRIESENK.C,,I)ENEIJ.RE: Maternal-Effect Selfish Genes in Flour Beetles. Science 1992, 256:89-92. BEGUNDJ, AQUADROCF: Molecular Population Genetics of the Distal Portion o f the X-Chromosome in Drosophila - - Evidence for Genetic H i t c h h i k i n g of the YeUow-Achaete Region. Genetics 1991, 129:1147-1158. BEIIREN3M, MICI4AEIJSG, PRATE E: Mitoehondrlal I n n e r Membrane Frotease.1 of SaecharomycesCerevtslae Shows Sequence Similarity to the Eschertchia-Coll Leader Peptldase. Mol Gen Gene! 1991, 228:167-176. BEIIAL;hNNA. ALBRECIfl"K, ~3CIIUI.'I'/aES, W,MNNERG, I)FfIT.NER UM: Activatinn of a Tr unc a te d PR-I P r o m o t e r by Endogenous Enhancers in Transgenic Plants. Plant Mol Bio11992. 18:65-78. BENG'I~SON80: Barley Genetics - - Not Only Here for the I~er. Trends Genet ITS2, 8:3-5. BEN.~ONSt~ DECLOUXAM. MUNROJ: Mutant Bias in Nonlethal Selections Besults from Seleetive Recovery of Mutants. Gc.neti&~ 1991, 129:647~58. BERL'h'NMB, [EIOVSKYS: COTRA~S - - A Progranl for Cotransductinn Analysis. Genetics 1992, 131:235-241. BERRYAJ, AJIOKAJW. KREIIM&'4M: Lack o f P o l y m o r p h i s m on the Drosophila 4th C h r o m o s o m e Resulting from Selection. Geneti&~ 1991, 129:111 l- I 117. BOUSQUET1. DUJMIDh-~G. SLONIMSKIpP: ABC1, a Novel Yeast Nuclear Gene Has a Dual Function in Mitochondria: it Suppresses a Cytochrome B MRNA Translation Defect a nd ts Essential for the Electron Transfer in the Bcl Complex. ~ f f B O J 1991, 10:2023-2032 BP.E33~Ep, VANMONTAGUM, DEPICKERA. GHETSENG; Characterization of a Flant Scaffold Attachment Region in a DNA Fragment that Normalizes Transgene Expression in Tobacco. Plant Cell 1992, 4:463--i71. BROGUEK. CHET 1, HOLLIDAYM. CRESSM/dq R. BIDDLEP, KNOWLTONS, MAL~,'AISCJ, BROGUE[~ T r a n s g e n i c Plants with Enhanced Resistance to the Fungal Pathogen Rhiaoctunla-Solanl. Science 1991, 254:1194-1197. BROWNRP, THORPERS, BAEZM: Parallel Within Island Microevnlution of Lizards on N e l g h b o u r i n g islands [Letter]. Nature 1991, 352:60-61.

BUI2,1ERM: The Selection-Mutation-Drift Theory o f Synonymous Codon Usage. Geneti~¢ 1991. 129:897-907, CAII~'~SJ, FOSTERPI= Adaptive Reversion of a Frameshlft Mutation In E.scher/eJM~ CoIL Geneti~ 1991, 128:695-701. [14]. CARUERM, ROUBERTOtrXPI. I~&~;I"ORETC: The Y Chromosome Effect on I n te r m a le Aggression in Mice Depends on th e Maternal Environment. Genetics" 1991, 129:231-236. CHEN SH, ZIIANGM. LOVRIENEX.'I,( SCO]I"CR, THOMPSON AR: CG Dinucleotlde Transitions in the FactorIX Gene Account for About Half of the Point Mutations in Hemophllla-B Patients - - A Seattle Series. H u m Genet 1991.87:177 182. CI IF_'L~ERRK: Influence of Gene Flow and Breeding Tactics on Gene Diversity Within Populations. Ge~aeti~ 1991, 129:573-583. CLARKAG: Mutation-Selection Balance and Metabolic Control Theory. Genetics 1991, 129:909-923. CLARk~X'ALKERGD: Contrasting Mutation Rates In Mltochondrial and Nuclear Genes of Yeasts Versos Malnmals. Cttrr Gt.lwt 1991, 20:195-198. CO~Xt&~ CE. KAO Tlh T h e Flanking Regions of 2 Petunia Inflata S-Alleles a r e Heterogeneous and Contain Bepetltive Sequences. Plan! Mol Bio11992. 18:72¢,-737. Cc~OI±~" MB. KAIX)CI: Mapping of the Ros Virulence Regulatory Gene of A-Tumefaciens. Mol Gen Genet 1991, 230:24 2~ COOPER DN, KrAX~I:TAKM: Mechanisms o f ln s e f tin n a l Mutagenesls In Human Genes Causing Genetic Disease. H u m Genet 1991, 87:,i09~q1~. COblA TIFF,SlIH }1. NI!SSEN'LX~VAG~,tC: Chromosomal Position of Rearranging Gene Segments Influences Allefic E x d u s i n n in Transgentc Mice. P , ~ Naa..Icad Sci I/ S A 19')2.89:2205-2208 CRESSWEU.N, IIERRONPR. SAUNDEI~VA, WELLINGTONEMIl: The Fate of Introduced Streptomycetes, Plasmtd and Phage Populations In a Dynamic Soil System. J Gen Microbio11992, 138:659~d.~. CROWJF: Sehrodlnger, Fa-win a n d the Hornless Cattle Problem. Genetics 1992. 130:237-239 CUSACKS. II~11F..INM, |.EBEPO.IANR: Sequence Structural a n d Evolutionary Relationships Between Class 2 Amlnnacyl.tRNA Synthetases. A'uch,ic ..Icid~ Rc.~ 1991. 19:3489-3,t98. I)E CARVADtO1:. GIIEYSENG. KUSIINIRS, VMq MONq'AGU M. INT.ED. CA.~.I'RFkS~NAC: Suppression of Beta1,3-Gincanase T r a n s g e n e Expression in Homozygous Plants. F~ilBOJ 1992, 11:259"3 2602 DEI,ERDIGOA. GAI|RIELROBEZO, RUMPLER"f: Analysis of Synaptonemal Complexes in a Heterozygous Human ,Male Ca r r ie r of a Reciprocal Translocatinn Involving an Acrocentric Chromosome - - Heterosynapsis Without Previous Homosynapsis. I l u m G e , e t 1991. 87:602~06. DEIq.xCII JC, NEF1)I"RJC: Olfactory Cues Influence Female Choice in Two Lek-breeding Antelopes [Letter]. Nature 1992. 356:596~597 Dl&~lo,xq3JM: Population Genetics: A Way to World Knowledge. Nail|re I991, 352:567. DOERDER FP. DI~K JC, IJEFJH: Rate of Phenotypic Assortment in T e t r a h y m e n a - T h e r m o p h l l a . Dry Genet 1992.13:126-132. DRAKEJXV:Spontaneous Mutation. AHHIt Eel' Gotleq 1991, • 25:125-146 [1]. EDMANJC: Isolation of Telomere-Like Sequences from Cryptococcus-Neoformans a n d T h e i r use in High-Efficiency T r a n s f o r ma tio n . Mot Cell 13io11992, 12:2777-2783. EI~EDGE SJ, SPO]'ISWOODME: A New Human P34 Protein KIna_se, CDK2 Identified by Co m p le me n ta tin n of a Cdc28 Mutation in Saccharomyces Cerevislae, Is a Homolog of Xenopus Egl. I~UBOJ 1991, 10:2653-2660 EIJJSEN LW, BIRDJ, WFSr DC. SORENGAL RE~,~OIDSTC. SMITIISD, SKIARJ: TAN-l, th e Human Homolog of th e Drosophila Notch Gene, is Broken by Ch r o m o s o ma l Translocations In T-lymphoblastic Neoplasms. Cell 1991, 66:649-662, E'rREWALKERA: T h e Effect o f Constraint on th e Rate o f Evolution in Neutral Models with Biased Mutation [Letter]. Geneti~ 1992, 131:23-%23.L I:AgM/~NML OUVERRP: T r a n s f o r m a t i o n Frequencies are Enhanced a n d Vector DNA is Targeted During Betransformatinn of Leptosphaerla-Maculans, a Fungal Plant Pathogen. Mol Gen Genet 1992, 231:243-247. FENG GS, DAt W, GUIq'ASL WERNERFEI.MA'fERG, ~VACIflERH, TAKIKAWAO, TA'~TORMXXt:Analysis of InterferonGamma Resistant Mutants that are Possibly Defective In T h e i r Signaling Mechanism. Mol Gen Genet 1991, 230:91-96, FR&x~ S& Models o f Plant-Pathogen Coevolutinn. Trends Genet 1992, 8:21-%219,

FUJITA R, ~-~AUER .~ VINCENT~ ~ D E L J L KOE,~G M: Pfiystcal Mapping o f T w o Loci ( ~ $ 5 and D9S15) T i g h t l y U n k ~ l to Fdedreich A t a x b Locus (FRDA) and I d e n t l f i ~ l t i n n o f Nc-arby CpG Islands by Pnlse-Field Gel Electrophoresis. Genomics 199], 10:915-920. GADAGK:~ R: D e mo g r a p h i c Predisposition to the Evolution of Eusoclality - - A Hierarchy of Models. proc Natl Acad Sci Ir S A 1991. 88:1099.%10997. GASPARINIP. NUNESV, DOGNINIM, |LWnXqU.X: High Conservation o f Sequences Involved in Cystic Flfirosls Mutations in Five Mammalian Species. Gc,n o m i ~ 1991, 10:1070-1072. GIBIk~;A, MOUSSEAUTA, CROXX'VjH: . Genetic a n d Accllmataory Variation in Biophysical Properties •of Insect Cuticle Ltplds. I'r~a: Natl Acad Sci I! S A 1991, 88:7257-7260. GIOOR GB. NA.%';IFNA. JOHNSON-~HI,q-Z ObL PREb~-ON CR. ENGEL~XXr[~Targeted Gene Replacement In Drosophila Via P Element-induced Gap Repair. Science 1991. 253:11 I0-1117 GOEBt. MG: The Bml-1 and Mel*18 Gene Products Define a New Family o f DNA-bindlng Proteins Involved In Cell Prnllferatlon Ad Tu m o ri g e n e s i s |Letter]. Cell 1991.66:623. GOIJ',SCIIMIDI"-CLEI~MOIV]"M: Transgenlc Expression o f Amlnoglycoslde Adenine Transferase in the Chloroplast: a Selectable directed Transformation of


for Site-

Chlamydomonas. Nttdeic /Ici¢~ R¢,$1991. 19:4083--4089. GREI!NBERGNM, ANDE~.';ON.[X~~, HSUEHAIX~~, NISIIIMORI K. RE.EXT.SJJ. DE~XXqL~DM, WARDDN. ROSENJM: Expression of Biologically Active H e t e r o d l m e d c Bovine Follicle-Stimulating H o r m o n e in Milk o f Transgenic Mice. I'r¢~=Nail Aead Sci U S A 199 I. 88:8327-8331. GREC,OmUS HR: Age-Dependent Sexually Asymmetric Selection - - The use o f Intrinsic Values. Ge.etics 1~)1, 129:9"t9-956. GUNDERSENG. KOk~.q'O?d3. IAFe;ENF. PRYDZH: TissueSpecific Methylation of a CpG Island in Transgenlc Mice. Gem, 1992, 113:207-2|q Gtro p, blttEH#:R I.D, AYAL'~[:J: Evolution o f Behavior by Density-dependent Natural Selection. I'n:~=Nat/ Acad S¢i U S A 1991.88:10905-10906. I-IAIJ~ER U. MORRISPC, WIIJAIIT/.ER12Gene Ta rg e t i n g in Arabldopsis-Thallana. Mol Gen Genet 1992, 231:186-193. I-b~LI. BG: Selection-induced Mutations O c c u r in Yeast. a o Proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:q300--t303. [ n ] . I IalJ. BG: Adaptive Evolution that Requires Multiple a o Spontaneous Mutations: Mutations Involving Base Substitutions. Pn~: Natl Acad Sci USA 1991, 88:5882-5886. 1181. I'IA~'M&'qNC. DEI~trYSERJ, HENRYY. MORERELEPAVENMC. D~xr I"A. RODEA: Nuclear Genes Control Changes in th e Organization o f the Mftochondrial Genome in Tissue Cultures Derived from I m m a t u r e Embryos o f Wheat. Citrr Genet 1992, 21:51%520. I L~.llNGS IM: Germfine Selection -Population Genetic Aspects o f the Sexnal Asexual Life Cycle. Geneli&~ 1991, 129:1167-1176. HIGHTOXX~:RR, BM)ENC, PEN~.~EsE, I.trN1)P, DUNSMUIRP: Expression o f Antifreeze Proteins in Transgenlc Plants. Plan! Mol Bio11991, 17:101~1021. ]|II~CII B: SLster Chromatld Exchanges are Preferentially Induced at Expressed and Nonexpressed Common Fragile Sites. H . m Genet 1991, 87:302-306. HOIII~ D: Co m p a r in g Evolvabtllty and Variability of Quantitative Traits. Geneti~ 1992, 130:195-204. HOWARDJC: Immunology: Disease and Evolution. Nature 1991, 352:565-566. l-llIIL~r LD, POMIANKOX~SKIA: Causes of Sex Ratio Bias May Account for Unisexual Sterility In Hybrids - - A New Explanation o f Haidane's Rule a n d Related P h e n o m e n a . Genetics 1991, 128:8ql-858. HIWNEN MA, KONINGSDAM. IIOGEWEGI): Equal G Content and C-Content in HIstone Genes Indicate Selection Pressures on Messenger RNA Secondary Structure. J Mol Evo11992, 34:280-291, JA,NT~NFJ: Heritable Variation for Sex Ratio U n d e r E n v i r o n m e n t a l Sex D e t e r m i n a t i o n in th e Common Snapping T u r t l e (Chelydra S e r p e n t i n a ) . Geneli~f 1992. 131:155-161 JARCHOW E, GRIMSI~3' NH. HOHN B: virF, t h e Host-ranged e t e r m i n i n g Virulence Gene of Agrobacterium Tumefaclens, Affects T-DNA T r a n s f e r to Zea Mays. Proc Nall Acad Sci U S A 1991, 88:10426-10-i30. JA~'Ole;KI CJ, CHEPEHNSKYAB. Pb*.alGORS~"J: The AlphaACrystalltn Gene - - Conserved Features of Th e 5'.Flanking Regions In Human, Mouse, and Chicken. J Mol Et~11991, 33:495-505, JI!SSENT-I-l,WEBERRE, FERMIG, TAMEJ, BRAUNITLERG: Adaptation of Bird Hemoglobins to High Altitudes: D e m o n s t r a t i o n of Molecular

Genomes and evolution Selection, mutation, breeding and transgenics Mechanism by Protein Engineering. proc Nan Acad Sci U S A 1991, 88:6519-6522. JIA Z.-P, MCCUILOUGHN, MARTELR, HEbLMINGSENS, YOUNG PG: Gene Amplification at a Locus EncodIng a Putative N a + / H + Antlporter Confers Sodium and Lithium Tolerance in Fission Yeast. ~ I B O J 1992, 11:1631-1640. KARLSA. AVlSEJC: Balancing Selection at Allozyme Loci In Oysters - - Implications from Nuclear RFLPs. Science 1992, 256:100-102. KEMPENAERSB, VERHEYENGR, VAN DEN BROECKM, BURKE T, VAN BROECKHOVENC, DHONDTAA: Extra-pair Paternity Results from Female Preference for High-quality Males in the Blue Tit [Letter]. Nature 1992, 357:494-496. KIM CG, EPNEREM, FORR~qrERWC, GROUDINEM: Inactivation of the Human Beta-GlobIn Gene by Targeted Insertion Into the Beta-GIobifi Locus Control Region. G e n ~ Dev 1992, 6:928-938. KLEE HJ, HA~TORDMB. KREV/AIERKA. BARRYGF. KISIIOREGM: Control o f Ethylene Synthesis by Expression o f a Bacterial Enzyme In Transgenic Tomato Plants. Plant Cell 1991, 3:1187-1193. KNLrI-ZONDS. THOMPSONGA, RADKESE, JOHNSONWB, KNAUE VC, KIOOLJC: Modification of Brs.~sira Seed Oil by Antisense Expression of a StearoyI-Acyl Careler Protein Desatursse Gene. p r ~ Nat/Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:262,i-2628. KOZONOH, BRONSONSK, TAILIONMIIJ£RP, MOOR]] MK, JAMRY 1, Clt.M'LtNDD: Molecular Linkage of the Hit.A-DR, HLA.DQ, mad HLA-DO Genes In yeast Artificial Chromosomes. Gc,nomic.~ 1991, 11:577-586. KYOZUKAJ, FUJIbtOTOH, 17).WAT, SHIMAMOTOK: Anaerobic Induction and Tissue-Specific Expression of Maize Adhl p r o m o t e r in Traasgenic Rice Plants and T h e i r Progeny. Mol Gen Genet 1991. 228:40-~8 L&'~'ONSM: Interspecific Brood PacasitLsm In Blackbirds (Icterinae) - - A Phylogenetic Perspective. Science 1992, 255:77-79 LEMJ, FIANNERYJG, IJ TS. APPLEBURYML F,LKBERDB, SIMON MI: £~tinal Degeneration is Rescued in Transgenic Rd Mice by Expression o f the CGMP Phosphodlesterase Beta-Subunit. proc Natl Ac~td Sci U S A 1992, 89:4422-4426. LEPE'nl" M. EHUNGM, ClIAUBETN, GIODTC: A Plant Histone Gene Promoter can Direct Both Replication-Dependent and ReplicationIndependent Gene Expression in T r a a s g e n i c Plants. Mo/Gen Genet 1992, 231:276-285. LIVDAtlL"rP, WILLEYMS: Prospects for an Invasion - Competition Between Acdes-Albopictus and Native Aedes.Trisertatus. Science ltY')t, 253:189-191. NLACNAUGHTONSJ, ROSE DA. ODONNELLAG: Persistence of a XylE Marker Gene in Pseudomonas-Putlda Introduced Into SoIls o f Differing Texture. J Gen Microbio11992, 138:667-673. MAGR~I J. BISIIOPJM: Dominant Male Sterility In Mice Caused by Insertion of a Transgene. p r ~ Nat/ A~dSciUSA 1991, 88:10327-10331. MALHOTRAA. THORPEP~: Experimental Detection o f Rapid Evolutionary Response in Natural Lizard Populations [Letter]. Nature 1991, 353:347. MARIANIC, GC~E~ V, DIE BEUCKELEERM, DE BLOCKM. GOLCIBERGRB, DE GREEFW, LEEM&NSJ: A Chlmaeric Rlbofluclease-inhifittor Gene Restores Fertility to Male Sterile Plants. Nature 1992, 357:384-387. IVlAgq~Nl= Palaeoaathropology: Teeth Sex a nd Species. Nature 1991, 352:111. MAISUOKAM. NAGAWAF, OKAZAKIK, KINGSBURYI~ YOSHIDAK, MULLERU, LARUEDT, WINERJA, SAKANOH: Detection o f Somatic DNA RecombInation in the Transgenlc Mouse Brain. Science 1991, 234:81-86. MCELROYD, BLOWEILgAD, JENES B, WU R: Construction of Expression Vectors Based on the Rice ActIn-1 ( A c t l ) 5" Region for use in Monocot Trarmformatlon. Mol Gen Geaet 1991, 231:150-160. MCKEr~IEJA. PARKERAG, YENJU Polygenic and Single Gene Responses to Selection for Resistance to Dlazinon in Luclha Cuprtna. Genetic.~ 1992, 130:613-620. NIELLOCC. KR~tERJM, S3~NCHCOMBD, AMBROSV: Efficient Gene Transfer In C-Elegans - Extl-achromosomal Maintenance and Integcatinn o f Transforming Sequences. EMBOJ 1991, 10:3959-3970. M~V.R P, I.INNF, HEIDMANNI. M~'ER H, NIEDENHOF I, SAEDLERH: Endogenous and Envir onme nta l Factors Influence 35S P r o m o t e r Methylation o f a Maize A1 Gene Construct In Tt-ansgenlc Pe tunia and Its Colour Phenotype. Mol Gen Genet 1992, 231:345-352. MIKKELSENTR, BRANDTJ. LARSENHJ, LARSENBB, POUI~EN K, INGE~/LEVJ, DIN N, HJORTHJP: Tissue-Specific Expression In the Salivary Glands of T r a n s g e n i c Mice. Nucleic Acids Res 1992, 20:2249-2255. MINKOFFC. WILSONTG: The Competitive Ability a nd Fliness Components of the M e t h o p r e n e - t o l e r a m (Met) Drosophila Mutant Resistant to J u v e n i l e

H o r m o n e Analog Insecticides. GeneIKs 1992, 131:91-97. MODI RI, CA.STtH,ALH, PUSKASROT_~S. HELUNGRB, ADAMS J: Genetic Changes Accompanying Increased Fitness in Evolving Populations of Escherichia Coll. Genetics 1992, 130:241-249. MOFFAT AS: High-Tech Plants promise a B u m p e r Crop o f New Products. Science 1992, 256:770-771. MULLERAP: Female Swallow Preference for Symmetrical Male Sexual O r n a m e n t s [Letter]. Nature 1992, 357:238-239. MORrlX.C: T h e Origin and Evolution of Parthenogenesis In Heteronotia-BInoet (Gekkonidae) - - Evidence for Recent and Localized Origins of Widespread Clones. Genetics 1991, 129:211-219. MORI£Y BJ, ABBOTTCA, SHARPEJA. LIDAJ. CHANTHOMASPS, WOOD WG: A SIngle Beta-Globin Locus Control Region Element (5' Hypersensitive Site-2) is Sufficient for Developmental Regulation of H u ma n Globin Genes in Transgenic Mice. Mo/ Celt Bio11992, 12:2057-2066. MUEIJ.ERUG: Haplodlploldy and th e Evolution of Facultative Sex Ratios in a Primltivcly Eusociai Bee. Science 1991, 254:442-44"t. MURATAN, ISHIZAKI-NISHIY=.tAVAO, HIG/~;HI S. I'U~'t',~.SHIH, TA.~.A Y, NIStlIDA ]: Genetically EngIneered Alteration In the ChillIng Sensitivity of plants ( c o r r e c t i o n ) . Nature 1992, 357:607. MURRAYFR` LATCHGCM, SCOTt DB: Surrogate T r a n s f o r m a t i o n of Perennial Ryegrass, Lolinm-Perenne, Using Genetically Modified A c r e m o n i u m Endophyte. Mol Gen Genet 1992, 233:1-9. MURTIJR. BUMBUUSbl. SCHIMENqlJC: High-Frequency Germ Line Gene Conversion in Transgenic Mice. Mol Cell Bio11992, 12:2545-2552. NELSON RD, GLIO XL Mr-gOODK. BROWND, KAI.KBRENNER M, GLUCKS: Selectively Amplified Expression of an Isoform of th e Vacuolar H +-ATPase 56Kllodalton Subunit In Renal Intercalated CeiLs. proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992, 893541-3545. OJrrA T: Role o f Diversifying Selection a n d Gene Conversion in Evolution of Major Histocompattblllty Complex Loci. proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1991, 88:6716~720. ORR VIA:A Test of Fisher's T h e o r y of Dominance. pr0c N a t l A c a d S c i USA 1991, 88:11413-11415. PIAVI'ERK RI~. GROENENJTM: Targeted Alterations of th e Caenorhabdltis-Elegans Genuine by T r a n s g e n e Instructed DNA Double Strand Break Repair Following T c l Excision. ~ I I B O J 1992, 11:287-_390. POI"I,'SWJ, gL~NNINGCJ, WAKELANDEK: Mating Patterns In Semlnatural Populations of Mice l n i l u e n c e d by MHC Genotype [Letter]. Nature 1991, 352:619~20. RAINAAK, KINGANTG, MATIOOAK: Chemical Signals from Host Plant and Sexual Behavior in a Moth. Science 1992, 255:592-59"i. RENCKENSS, DEGREVEH, VANMON'TAGUM, I'[EI~NAI.~I'EENSJP: Petunia Plants Escape from Negative Selection Against a T r a n s g e n e by Silencing th e Foreign DNA Via Methylation. Mol G o : Genet 1992, 233:53-64. ROBIN.CON~(/P, ASMUSSENNLt%TIIOMSON G: 3-Locus Systems Impose Additional Constraints on Palrwtse Disequilibria. Genelics 1991, 129:925-930. ROGERSS~I. ROGEIL~JC: T h e Importance of DNA Methylation for Stablfity of Foreign DNA In Barley. Plant MOI BiO11992. 18:945-961. RO~*hMENSCMT, V&NHAAREN MJJ, BUCHELAS, MOLJNNI, V&Xq'U,~ENAJ, NIJIGLMPHJJ, HILLEJ: Trsnsacflvatinn of Ds by Ac-transposase Gene Fusions In Tobacco. Mol Gen Genet 1992, 231:.i33--4ql. Ross KG: Strong Selectioo on a Gene that Influences Reproductive Competition In a Social Insect [Letter]. Nature 1992, 355:347-3q8. SANGW&NP~%,BOURGEOISY, SANGWANNORREELBS: Genetic T r a n s f o r m a t i o n o f Arabidopsis-Thaliana Zygotic Embryos a n d Identification o f Critical Parameters InfluencIng T r a n s f o r m a t i o n Efficiency. ,11ol Gen 1991, 230:475~85. SAUERB: Identification of Cryptic Lox Sites In the Yeast Genuine by Selection for Cre-mediated C h r o m o s o m e Translocations that Confer Multiple D n i g Resistance. J Mol Bio11992, 223:911-928. SCHACHTELG& BUCHERP, MOCAI¢;KtES, BIAISDELLBE, KARLIN S: Evidence for Selective Evolution in Codon Usage In Conserved AmIno Acid Segments o f H u ma n A l p h a h ~ r o s Proteins. J MOl Evol 1991, 33:483-494. SCHEIDOM, PASZKOX~SKIJ, POI~YKUS l: Reversible Inactivation of a T r a n s g e n e in ArabldopsisT h a l i a l m . Mol Gen Gene11991, 228:104-112. SCHENAM, LI~'fD AM. DAVISRW: A Steroid-Inducible Gene Expression System for Plant CeUa. proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1991, 88:10421-10425.

SCHIAPPI M, HOHN B: Competence of I m m a t u r e Maize Embryos for Agrobactertum-Medlated G e n t Transfer. plant Cell 1992. 4:7-16. SCHNEEBERGERRG. CULUSCA: Specific DNA Alterations Associated w i t h the E n v ir o nm e n t a l Induction o f Heritable c h a n g e s in Flax. GenellCS 1991. 128:619-630. SHAWCH, I.OAKEGJ, BROWNAP, GAaRpTrrCA, DE.AKINW, ALTONG, HALLM, JONF~ SA, OLEARYM, PtU,',t&VESlL: Isolation and Characterization o f Behavioural Mutants a n d Genes of AgrobacterlumTumefaclens. J Get: Microbiol 1991, 137:1939-1953. SI~'R "~{J, HEPBURNAG, WIDHOI~I JM: Glyphosate Selected Amplification o f The 5-Enolpyruvylshikimate3-Phnsphate Synthase Gene in Cultured Carrot Cells. Mol Gen Gene11992, 232:377-382. SIRACUSALD, ALVORDWG, BICKMOREWA. JENKINSNA. COI)ELANDNG: Interspecific Backcross Mice Show Sex.Specific Differences In AlleUc Inheritance. Genetic* 1991, 128:813-821. SMALL1, MAR£CHAI.-DROUARDL MASSONJ, PEU.ETIERG. CO.~ET A. WElLJ.-H, DIEllIICHA: In Vlvo I m p o r t of a Normal o r Mutagenlzcd Heteroingoos Transfer RNA into the Mitochondria of Transgenic Plants: Towards Novel Ways of Influencing Mltochondrtal Gene Expression? F~tIBOJ 1992. 11:1291-1296. SNOWAA, SPIRATP: PoUch Vlgour a n d the Potential for Sexual Selection In Plants [Letter]. Nature 1991, 352:796-797. STAUBJM. NLM.IGAP: Long Regions o f Homologous DNA are Incorporated Into t h e Tobacco Plastid G~nome by Transformation. Plaltl Cell 1992, 4:39-45. STEEI£ DF. JINKS.ROBERTSONS: All Examination of o u Adaptive Reversion In S a c c h a r o m y c e s C e e v l M a ~ Genetic~ 1992. 132:9-21. [12]. STRINGH&MEG, JONES D. CANDIDOEPNh Expression of the Polyubiqoltin-Encoding Gene (ubq-1) in Tt-ansgenic Caenorhabditis-Elegans. Gene 1992, 113:165-173. SUEOKAN: Directional Mutation Pressure. Selective Constraints, and Genetic Equilibria. J MOl Etol 1992.34:95-11-t. Strl~El~ GK, MUILI~'JC. VOELCKELNL~, DAHL N, VAISANEN ML STEINBACHP, GLA.~.';IA. Scl~'Airrz CE. V~OOST BA. THIBODEAUSN, HAITE~NE, OObT"RAB& SCHINT£LA. CARBAUDM. MORRISCP, HOIAVOODJJ. Stq'HERL&NDGR: Linkage Homogeneity Near t h e Fraglle-X Locus in Normal and Fraglle-X Families. G e n o m i ~ 1991, 10:576-582. T,~':AHASHIY, GOIZ)SCHMIDTCIERMONq"M, SOEN.qY, FRA.'~ZENLG. ROCHMXJD: Directed Chloroplast T r a n s f o r m a t i o n in Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii: Insertinnal Inactivation o f t h e PsaC Gene Encoding the Iron Sulfur P ro t e i n DestabiUzes Photosystem i. I.AIBOJ 1991, 10:2033-2040. TARCLYNSKIMC, JENSEN RG, BOHNERTHJ: Expression o f a Bacterial M t l D Gene In Transgenlc Tobacco Leads t o P r o d u c t i o n and A c c u m u l a t i o n of MaanitoL Proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1992, 89:2600-2604. TOVARJ, LJCHTENSTEINC: Somatic and Meiotic Chromosomal Recombination Between Inverted Duplications In Transgenic Tobacco Plants. P k m l Cell 1992, 4:319-332. TSUJI H, HITOMI?4 T,LKAI~UL';HIE, MURATAM, IKEUCHI T, YA.~OTO K, TSUJIS, HOPOT: Induction of Distamycin-AAnducible Rare Fragile Sites and Increased Sister Chromatid Exchanges at thc Fragile Site. H u m Genet 1991, 87:254-260. UCHIDAY, TAKIOK, TIT&'~IK, IHARAy, TOMONAGAM: Th e Growth I n h i b i t o r y Factor that is Deficient In the Alzhelmers Disease Brain In a 68-amIno Acid MetallothloneIn-like ProteIn. Neuron 1991, 7:337. \VABDJE. DALEEM, BINNSAN: Activity of t h e Agrobacterium T-DNA T r a n s f e r Machinery is Affected by VirB Gene Products. proc Nail Acad Sci U S A 1991, 88:9350-9354 WASHBUthNJO, NIEECERDR. ANDERSONJR: Regulatory Role of Parasites I Impact on Host Population Shifts with Resource AvallabiUty. Science 1991. 253:185-188. WEBERKE: HOW Small are th e Smallest Selectable Domains of Form. Gena/cs 1992, 130:345-353. WILCOX MH, WILLL~M~P. SMITHDGE, MODUNB, FINCH RG. DENYERSP: Variation In t h e Expression o f Cell Envelope Proteins of Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci Cultured U n d e r iron-Restricted Conditions In H u m a n Peritoneal Dlalysate. J Gen Microbio11991, 137:2561-2570. WIIJ.L~tS AJ, HUNT DM, BOWMAKERJK, MOLLONJD: Th e Po ly mo r p h ic P h o t o p l g m e n t s of t h e Marmoset: Spectral TunIng a n d Genetic Basis. ~ I B O J 1992. 11:2039-2046. WORRELLAC, BRUNEAUJM, SU~hMERFELTK, BOERSIGM, VOELKERTA: Expression of a Maize Sucrose P h o s p h a t e S y n t h a s e In T o m a t o Alters Leaf



Genomes and evolution Exons and Introns Carbohydrate Partitioning. plant Cell 1991, 3:1121-1130. XU 5Z, Mum WM: Multistage Selection for Genetic GaLn by Orthogonal Transformation. Genetics 1991, 129:963-974. YOMOT, URABE I, OKADA H: NO Stop Codons in the Anilsense Strands o f the Genes for Nylon Ollgomef Degradation. P r ~ NatlAcadSo" U S A 1992, 89".3780-3784. ZHANGWG, MCELROYD, WU R: Analysis o f Rice Actl 5' Region Activity in Transgenlc Rice Plants. Plaot Cell 1991, 3:1155-1165. ZHWOTOCSKYLA. FELOSmUMW: On Models of Quantitative Genetic Variability - - a Stabilizing Selection-balance Model. Genetics 1992, 130:947

Exons and Introns BANERIEES, BENISONGIL GOLDBERGMW, ALLEN~ ATP Dependent Historic Phc~pborylation and Nudeosome Assembly in a Human Cell Free Extract. Nudeic Acids R~ 1991, 19:5999-6006. BELL-PEDERSEND, QUIRKSM, BRVKM, BELFORTM: I-tevl, the Endouucle~tse Encoded by the Mobile Td intron, Recognizes Binding and Cleavage Domains on Its DNA Target. Pr0c Nad Acad Sci U S A 1991, 88:7719-7723. BENNETTRI, SMITHAG: The Complete Nucleotide Sequence o f the intergenic Spacer Region o f an RDNA ~ n from Brs.ssica.Oleracea and Its Comparison with Other Crocifers. plant Mol Biol 1991, 16:1095-1098. BEZOUSKAK, C~JCHLOWGV, ROSEJM, TAYLORME, DPJCKAMER K: Evolutionary Conservation of i n t r o n Position In a Subfamily of Genes Encoding Carbohydrate-Recognition Domains. J Biol C£wm ]991,266:11604-11609. BURGERG, STRAUSSJ, SC~uXZOCCHIOC, LANGBF: n i r . ~ the Pathway-Specific Regulatory Gene o f Nitrate Assimilation in Aspergillus-Nldulans, Encodes a Putative GAL4-Type Zinc Finger Protein and Contains Four introns in Highly Conserved Regions. Mol Cell Bio11991, 11:57465755. CONKLINP~ WILSONRK, HANSONMR: Multiple Trans Splicing Events are Required to Produce a Mature Nadl Transcript in a Plant Mitochondrion. Genes Dev 1991, 5:1407-1415. COPER~NO DW, CHRISTOPHERDA. HAUJCKRB: A Mixed Group l l / g r o u p m Twtntron in the Eugiena GracilLs Chloroplast Ribosomal Protein S3 Gene: Evidence for intron Insertion During Gene Evoluilon. Nudei¢ Acids Re~ 1991, 19:6-t91~"i97. DRSOUZAAP, JUBIERMF, DELCHERE, LANCEUND. LEJEUNEB: A Trans-Spllcing Model for the Expression o f the Tripartite Nad5 Gene in Wheat and Maize Mitocbondria. Plant Cell 1991, 3:1363-1378. DOZIERC, AI~IEAUS, FERREIRAE, COLLJ, STEHEI~ND: An Alternatively Spliced C-mil/rM Messenger RNA is Predominantly Expressed in Chicken Muscular Tissues and Conserved Among Vertebrate Species. On¢ogene 1991, 6:1307-13] 1 GANTTJS,BALDAUFSI. CMJE PJ, WEEDONNF, PAbXER JD: Transfer of Rpl22 to the Nucleas Greatly Preceded Its Loss from the Chloroplast and involved the Gain o f an lntron. ~IIBOJ 1991, 10:3073-3078. G,~S DA, MAKAROFFCA. PALMERJD: Variable Intron Content o f the NADH Dehydrogenase Subunit4 Gene o f Plant Mltochondrta. Curt Genet 1992, 21:423-430. GOGUELV, DELAHODDEA. JACQC: ColMieCilOns Between RNA Splicing and DNA i n t r o n Mobility in Yeast MItgchondrta - - RNA and DNA Endonuclease Switching Experiments. Mol Cell Bio11992, 12.6~705. GOODALLGJ, FIUPOW]CZW: Different Effects o f i n t r o n Nucleotide Composition and Secondary Structure on Pre-mRNA Splicing in Monocot and Dlcot Plants. F~tlBOJ 1991.10:2635-2644. GUAIBERTOJM. BONNARDG, LAMA3W1NAl~ GPJENENBERGERJM: ExpreSsion o f the Wheat Mltoehondrlal Nad3rpsl2 Transcription Unit ~ Correlation Between Editing and Messenger RNA Maturation. Plant Cell 1991, 3:1109-1120. HARDYCM, CLARKWALKERGD: Nucleotide Sequence of the COX1 Gene in Kluyveromyces-Lactis MJtochondrtal DNA -Evidence for Recent Horizontal Transfer of a Group-H intron. Curt Genet 1991, [email protected]. HERPJNDL. BAOYJ, THOMPSONAJ, CHENYF: Self-Splicing of the t"hlamydomonas Chloroplast Psba introns. Plant Cell 1991, 3:10cj5-1107. I-I]RSCHAll, GLAN~SB, U Y, YOU Y, RUBtNCS: Cloning and Expression of an intron.Less Gene for AKAP-75, an Anchor Protein for the Regulatory Subunit o f CAMP-Dependent Protein Kinase-IIbeta. J Biol 1992, 267:2131-2134.

JOHNSONCA. DENSENP, HURFORDRK, COLTENHR. ~-I~EL RA:Type-I Human Complement C2 Deficiency - A 28-Base Pair Gene Deletion Causes Sldpping o f Exon-6 During RNA Splicing. J Biol Chem 1992, 267:9347-9353. KAJSERE, EBERHARDD, KNIPPERSR~ExOIXSEncoding the Highly Conserved Part of Human GlutaminylTransfer RNA Synthetase. J Mol Evo11992, 34:45--53. KOHLERRH, HORNR. LOSSLA. ZErSCHEK: Cytoplasmic Male Sterility in Sunflower ts Correlated with the Co-Transcription o f a New Open Reading Frame with the AtpA Gene. MoI Gen Genet 1991, 227:369-376. L~iOND Ah ASF/SF2 - - A Splice Site Selector. Trm*d~ Bio6bem Sci 1991, 16:452--453. LEEVD, STAPLETONM, HUANG B: Genomlc Structure of Chlamydomon~s Caltractin. Evidence for i n t r o n Insertion Suggests a Probable Genealogy for the EF.hand Superfamily o f Proteins. J Mol Bto11991, 221:175-191. LEEWJ, MA H, TAK&NOE, Y&'qGHQ, HAT&NAKAM, MAKIM: Molecular Diversity in Amino-Terminal Domaln~ o f Human Calpastatin by Exon Skipping. J B/O/ Chem 1992, 267:8437-8442. LI XY, ROGERSSW, ROGERSJC: A Copy o f Exon-3-intron3 from the Barley Aleurain Gene is Present on Chromosome-2. Plant Mol Bio11991, 17:509-512. LI XY, V&NHUIJSDUIJNENRH, MANTOVAN1R, BENOISTC, MATHIS D: Intron-Exon Org~nl='ation of the I~-Y Genes - Tissue-Specific Splicing Modifies an Activation Domain. J Biol Chem 1992, 267:8984-8990. IIpPOK B, B~r~CKE A, WISSINGERB: The CoxH Gene in Carrot Mltochondrla Contains TWO Introns. Mol Gen Genet 1992, 232:322-327. MA DP, KINGYT, KIM Y, LUCKETrWS: The Group1 Intron of Apocytochrome-B Gene from Chlamydomonas Smlthil Encodes a Site-Specific Endonuclease. Plant Mol Bio11992, 18:1001-1004. MIRAGUA[~ SEIWERTS, ]GELAll, ARESJR M: Limited Functional Evidence o f Phylogenetic Variation in Small Nuclear RNA: Yeast U2 RNA with Altered Branchpoint Complementarity i n h i b i t s Splicing and Produces a Dominant Lethal Phenotype. proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1991, 88:7061-7065. MOgRG, L~IBOWnXAM: Integratinn of a group 1 Intron into a Ribosomal RNA Sequence Promoted by a Tyrosyl T R N A Synthetase [Letter]. Nature 1991, 354:164-166. NAITOY, RIGGSCK, VANDERGONTL, RIGGSAF: Origin o f a 'bridge' Intron in the Gene for a Two-domaha Globin. proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1991, 88:6672~.676. NIELSENH, SIMONEM, ENGBERGJ: lttheritance o f the Group.I RDNA i n t r o n in TetrahymenaPlgmentosa. Dev Geuet 1992, 13:133-142. OH~LSTEDECA. BLANDMM, MERRIllBM, SAHYOUN N: Relationship o f Genes Encoding Ca2 +/Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Gr and Calspermin - - A Gene Within a Gene. proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1991, 88:5784-5788. OTTO E, KUN1MOTOM, MCLAUGHLINT, BE,'~ETTV: Isolation mad Characterization o f CDNAs Encoding Human Brain Ankyrtns Reveal a Family of Alternatively Spliced Genes. J Cell Bio11991, 114:241-253. PERLERFB, COMBDG, JACKWE, MORANIS, QIANGBQ, KUCERARB, BENNERJ, SLATKOBE, Nw&'.q

Genomes and evolution.

Bibliography of the current world literature This bibliography is compiled by geneticists and developmental biologists from the journals listed at the...
6MB Sizes 0 Downloads 0 Views