Eur. Phys. J. C (2015) 75:1 DOI 10.1140/epjc/s10052-014-3191-x

Regular Article - Experimental Physics

Production of (1385)± and (1530)0 in proton–proton collisions √ at s = 7 TeV ALICE Collaboration CERN, 1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland Received: 13 June 2014 / Accepted: 23 November 2014 © CERN for the benefit of the ALICE collaboration 2015. This article is published with open access at

Abstract The production of the strange and double-strange baryon resonances ((1385)± , (1530)0 ) has been measured at mid-rapidity (|y|< 0.5) in proton–proton collisions √ at s = 7 TeV with the ALICE detector at the LHC. Transverse momentum spectra for inelastic collisions are compared to QCD-inspired models, which in general underpredict the data. A search for the φ(1860) pentaquark, decaying in the π channel, has been carried out but no evidence is seen.

1 Introduction The study of strange baryon resonances in proton–proton (pp) collisions contributes to the understanding of hadron production mechanisms and provides a reference for tuning QCD-inspired event generators. The strange-quark content makes these baryons a valuable tool in understanding production mechanisms, since the initial state colliding projectiles contain no strange valence quarks and therefore all strange particles are created in the collision. In addition, a measurement of resonance production in the pp system serves as a reference for understanding resonance production in heavy-ion collisions, where resonances, due to their lifetime of a few fm/c being comparable to the lifetime of the hadronic phase, are sensitive probes of the dynamical evolution of the fireball. Previous measurements at a colli√ sion energy of s = 0.2 TeV with the STAR detector at the RHIC have shown that the yields of (1385) in Au–Au in comparison to pp collisions indicate the presence of rescattering and regeneration in the time span between chemical and kinetic freezeout [1]. Forthcoming analysis of strange baryon resonances in Pb–Pb collisions by the ALICE collaboration will further explore those effects at higher energy and density of the colliding system. The results for the (1385)± and (1530)0 baryons in pp collisions will therefore serve as benchmark.  e-mail:

[email protected]

Measurements of differential (d2 N /(dyd pT )) and integrated (dN /dy) yields of the (1385)± and (1530)0 baryons are presented at mid-rapidity (|y|< 0.5) in inelas√ tic (INEL) pp collisions at s = 7 TeV, collected with the ALICE detector [2] at the LHC. The differential spectra are compared to Monte Carlo (MC) event generators. The mean transverse momentum  pT  is compared to those of other particles measured in pp collisions with the ALICE detector √ √ at both s = 7 TeV and s = 0.9 TeV, and with the STAR √ detector at s = 0.2 TeV. The (1530) reconstruction channel π is additionally analysed to investigate evidence of the φ(1860) pentaquark, previously reported by the NA49 experiment [3]. No such signal was observed by other experiments at different energies and with different beams and reactions [4–14]. This article is organized as follows. Section 2 gives a brief description of the main detectors used for this analysis and the experimental conditions. Section 2.1 describes track and topological selections. Signal extraction methods are presented in Sect. 2.2, and the efficiency corrections in Sect. 2.3. The evaluation of systematic uncertainties is discussed in Sect. 2.4. In Sect. 3, the pT spectra and the integrated yields of the studied particle species are given and compared to model predictions. In Sect. 4 the search for the φ(1860) pentaquark is discussed. Conclusions are presented in Sect. 5. 2 Experiment and data analysis The ALICE detector [2] is designed to study a variety of colliding systems, including pp and lead-lead (Pb–Pb) collisions, at TeV-scale energies. The sub-detectors used in this analysis are described in the following. A six-layer silicon inner tracking system (ITS) [15] and a large-volume time projection chamber (TPC) [16] enable charged particle reconstruction with excellent momentum and spatial resolution in full azimuth down to a pT of 100 MeV/c in the pseudorapidity range |η| < 0.9. The primary interaction vertex is determined with the TPC and ITS detectors with a resolution of 200 μm



Page 2 of 19

Eur. Phys. J. C (2015) 75:1

Table 1 Particles involved in this analysis and their PDG parameters [17]. Antiparticles are not listed for brevity. From [17], (1530)0 −→  + π has a branching ratio of ∼ 100 %, then (1530)0 −→− +π+ has a branching ratio of ∼ 66.7 % due to isospin considerations Valence quarks (1385)+

Mass (MeV/c2 )


1382.80 ± 0.35



1387.2 ± 0.5



1531.80 ± 0.32


Decay channel

Branching ratio (%)

(36.0 ± 0.7) MeV/c2


87.0 ± 1.5

(39.4 ± 2.1)


87.0 ± 1.5

(9.1 ± 0.5) MeV/c2

− +π+

66.7 99.887 ± 0.035 63.9 ± 0.5




1321.71 ± 0.07

4.91 cm



1115.683 ± 0.006

7.89 cm


Table 2 Track selection criteria. PV primary vertex, DCAr and DCAz distances of closest approach in the transverse plane and in the longitudinal direction, respectively Common selections |η|

0.15 GeV/c

Number of TPC clusters


χ 2 per cluster

Production of [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] in proton-proton collisions at [Formula: see text] 7 TeV.

The production of the strange and double-strange baryon resonances ([Formula: see text], [Formula: see text]) has been measured at mid-rapidity ([Form...
1MB Sizes 0 Downloads 8 Views

Recommend Documents