Published for the British Institute of Learning Disabilities

Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities 2016, 29, 317–329

The Effectiveness of a Weight Maintenance Intervention for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities and Obesity: A Single Stranded Study Dimitrios Spanos*, Catherine R. Hankey† and Craig A. Melville* *Institute of Mental Health & Wellbeing, College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK; †College of Medical, Veterinary and Medical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK

Accepted for publication 19 January 2015

Background The evidence base for weight management programmes incorporating a weight loss and a weight maintenance phase for adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) is limited. This study describes the weight maintenance phase of a multicomponent weight management programme for adults with intellectual disability and obesity (TAKE 5). Materials and Methods Thirty-one participants who had completed the 16 week TAKE five weight loss intervention (Phase I) were invited to participate in a 12 month weight maintenance intervention (Phase II). Content included recommendations of the National Weight Control Registry.

Results Twenty-eight participants completed Phase II with 50.4% maintaining their weight (mean weight change 0.5 kg, SD 2.2), 28.7% gaining weight (mean weight gain 5.4 kg, SD 2.2) and 21.6% losing weight (mean weight loss 8.0 kg, SD 3.0) at 12 months. Conclusion Further research is justified to investigate the efficacy of weight loss maintenance interventions in adults with intellectual disability and obesity, using controlled study designs.

Introduction

Definition of weight maintenance

For an individual with obesity, losing a moderate amount of weight (5–10% of baseline weight) is associated with significant health improvement (National Institute for Health & Clinical Excellence (NICE) 2006). However, there is a need to maintain weight loss to sustain any health benefits (Ferland & Eckel 2011), which can be a challenging and a difficult process. Evidence shows that 50–80% of individuals who have lost weight, tend to regain the weight they have lost, with 50% of the weight regain occurring within the first year (Collins et al. 2010). The need for individuals with obesity to receive ongoing support and guidance from health and non-health professionals to sustain their weight loss is widely recognized (Wadden et al. 2004). National clinical guidelines highlight the importance of a weight maintenance phase following immediately after intentional weight loss phase within weight management programmes (NICE 2006; Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) 2010).

Although there is considerable evidence to guide best practice in weight loss, much less is known about how people can sustain intentional weight loss over the long term (Stevens et al. 2006). The National Weight Control Registry (NWCR) is one of the few sources of information on weight maintenance in adults without intellectual disability and suggests that individuals are more likely to maintain their weight loss for at least a year when they monitor their weight at least once a week, continue to eat a low fat or low calorie diet, maintain a consistent eating pattern, be active by exercising for 1 h/day and reduce inactivity by watching

The Effectiveness of a Weight Maintenance Intervention for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities and Obesity: A Single Stranded Study.

The evidence base for weight management programmes incorporating a weight loss and a weight maintenance phase for adults with intellectual disabilitie...
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