Original Investigation

205

The impact of parity on perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by advanced maternal age ileri maternal ya§la komplike gebeliklerde paritenin perinatal sonuçlara etkisi Eralp Ba§er, Kerem Doga Seçkin, Selçuk Erkihnç, Mehmet Fatih Karsli, ¡¡kin Mahmut Yeral, Oktay Kaymak, Turhan Çaglar, Nuri Dani§man Department of Obstetrics and Gyneco/ogy, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Abstract

Ozet

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of parity on perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by advanced maternal age. Material and Methods: A total of 11 587 pregnancies were reviewed retrospectively from patient medical records. Singleton pregnancies greater than 24 weeks of gestation were included. The study group consisted of women >40 years old at the time of delivery, and the control group consisted of women aged between 20 and 30 years old. Data regarding age, parity, gestational age, mode of delivery, and obstetric and neonatal complications were collected. Firstly, pregnancies >40 years and the younger control group were compared altogether with respect to the obstetric and neonatal complications. Secondly, both groups were divided into subgroups according to parity, and a second comparison was made with controls. Results: Mean maternal age in the study and control groups was 43±2.2 and 24±2.8 years, respectively. In women >40 years old, all of the investigated obstetric and neonatal complications except postpartum haemorrhage and foetal malformations were higher when compared to younger controls (p40 year old group, the most significant complications were preterm delivery (45.3%), low 5-minute Apgar score (15.2%), and neonatal intensive care unit admission (15.2%). On the other hand, in the multiparous group, preeclampsia (16.6%), abruptio placentae (5.1%), foetal demise (7.2%), and macrosomia (9.6%) were found to be significantly higher when compared to controls.

Amaç: Bu çalijmanin amaci, paritenin ileri maternal ya§ ile komplike olmu§ gebeliklerde perinatal sonuçlara oían etkisinin incelenmesidir. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Toplam 11 587 gebelige ait takip dosyasi retrospektif olarak incelendi. Çali§maya 24 hafta üzeri tekiz gebelikler dahil edildi. Çali§ma grubu dogum sirasmda 40 ya§ ve üzeri oían gebe kadinlardan, kontrol grubu ise 20-30 ya§ arasi gebe kadinlardan olu§turuldu. Hastalann ya§, parité, gestasyonel ya§, dogum §ekli, obstetrik ve neonatal komplikasyonlara ait verileri toplandi. ilk olarak 40 ya§ üzeri gebelerie genç kontrol grubunun tamami obstetrik ve neonatal komplikasyonlar açisindan kar§ila§tinldi. Sonrasinda, her iki grup da pariteye göre ayrilarak (nullipar ve multipar), ikinci bir kar§ila§tirma yapildi. Bulgular: Çaligma ve kontrol grubunda ortalama maternal ya§lar sirasiyla 43±2.2 ve 24±2.8 yil idi. Kirk ya§ üzeri kadinlarda, postpartum kanama ve fetal malformasyonlar di§inda incelenen tüm obstetrik ve neonatal komplikasyonlar kontrollere göre daha sikti (p

The impact of parity on perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by advanced maternal age.

Bu çalışmanın amacı, paritenin ileri maternal yaş ile komplike olmuş gebeliklerde perinatal sonuçlara olan etkisinin incelenmesidir...
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