although not educated np to the satndard University graduates, and although ignorant of English, are sufficiently grounded in the principles and practice of Medicine and Surgery, to make them very desirable substitutes for the Koberaj; and there can be no doubt that they are valued and appreciated by the native population wherever they go. It has always seemed to us a matter of surprise that step3 have not been taken by the Medical and Educational Departments for extending this useful branch of the profesThese young men,

of the

Socially, politically, and philanthropically, it would be expedient to do so. It must tend not only to the comfort and welfare of the people, but would cement attachment to Government, and tend to allay mutual prejudices of race. It would do good alike to the recipient and the donor. The Medical Colleges already existing are not capable of supplying all the wants, and we would therefore suggest the advantage of founding other schools for vernacular instruction in Medicine. The means are ample, and exist in al most every large station throughout the country, and especially in the principal ones, such as Dacca, Patna, Berhampore, Allahabad, Delhi, Lucknow, Nagpore, and others. Those where a well found Hospital, like the Mitford Hospital at Dacca, exists, are peculiarly well fitted, and in the others the Civil Dispensaries, by a little enlargement, might be made not only more useful to the public, but of the greatest benefit as Schools of Medicine. A certain outlay would be necessary at the outset, but the money would be well bestowed, and the subsequent monthly charges would be comparatively light. The establishsion.

VERNACULAR MEDICAL EDUCATION. No branch of education has been

so successfully attempted, practical knowledge has more thoroughly taken root, than the science and practice of rational Medicine which is daily diffusing its benefits throughout the Presidency of Bengal. Medicine is no longer to be regarded as an educational experiment; it is an accomplished fact, and we really believe that if the social science and equalizing tendencies of the present day should find their legitimate issue in our withdrawal from the country, empty beer bottles would not be the only vestige of our short rule. But, of what has been proved to be so good, we should like to see a larger supply; and that which is productive of so much benefit, we desire to see more widely diffused. The larger stations throughout Bengal, and India generally, have little to complain of. Medical aid is available in them all, and even to a greater extent than this ; for in many a village far


removed from the Sudder Station the so-called is


Native Doctor"

actively at work, and doing good service ; service which is so well appreciated, that, even remote from any European influence, he rapidly supersedes the antiquated Koberaj and Hakeem. The demand, in fact, is greater than the supply, and it is with the view, not only of calling attention to the want, but of suggesting a remedy, The only present that we make these editorial remarks. sources of supply of Medical practitioners, educated in the vernacular, are the Medical Colleges of Calcutta and Agra, and the numbers they produce annually are not more than suff cient, even if enough, to supply the wants of Government for the subordinate posts in Hospitals and J ails. Some declining Government service altogether, or getting rid of it as quickly as possible, settle in their native or other villages, and commence the practice of their profession ; and we have repeatedly heard it said, by those well qualified to judge, that nothing could be more satisfactory than the result. But withal the numbers are too few, and it is very desirable that the class we speak of should be increased. The extensive existing means for doing so should be utilized. Within the last few years a vernacular, distinct from the Bengali, class, has been established in the Calcutta Medical College for the purpose of supplying Medical practitioners for the masses of the population in the Mofussil, and it is likely to be followed by the best of the Medical



ment necessary would be somewhat as follows:?The Civil Surgeon to be Superintendent and Principal. Three selected

subjects to be the education, and practical study of disease in the Hospital or Dispensary. The whole to extend on its completion, an exover a period of three or fcur years ; conducted amination by Assessors, presided over by the Deputy of the circle, which, if passed, would confer the Inspector-General diploma of Government Vernacular Licentiate. The students should be of three kinds: paying, free, stipendiary, with such conditions ssto service as the Government might please to attach Sub-Assistant Surgeons

essential elements of






for the two latter.

subjects might be arranged as follows :?1st, Anatomy, Physiology, and Surgery; 2nd, Medicine and Midwifery ; 3rd, Elementary Chemistry and Matcria-Medica,?all the Sut-Assistant Surgeons to instruct practically in the Hospital. The probable cost of this would be, sayCivil Surgeon's allowance as Superintendent and e3. The

Teacher of one branch 3 Sub-Assistant Surgeons at lis. '200 ..












Total Its. For this 30 time




200 600 200


40 young men might be educated yearly, and in number would be added to the useful but limited


have alluded to. We commend the subject to the consideration of Government, and shall be glad, if necessary, to



return to

and, by advice,

assist in its


Vernacular Medical Education.

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